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Strangwell, alias Chipto, without issue; to whom succeeded his sister's son Gilbert, who was created the first Earl of Pembroke, and had issue Richard, the inheritor of Leynster by covenant and marriage of Eva, the sole daughter of McMorrow King of Leynster. This Richard conveyed to Henry the 2. all his title, and held of him the lordship of Leynster in 4 counties, Wexforde, Catherlag, Ossorey, and Kildare. Richard left issue a daughter Isabel, married to William Earl Marshal of England, now Earl of Pembroke, L. Strangbo, and L. of Leynster. William had issue 5 sons, who died without issue, when every of them (except the youngest) had successively possessed the father's lands, and 5 daughters, Maud, Jane, Isabel, Sibill, and Eve, among whom the patrimony was parted in anno H. 3. 31°. Of these daughters bestowed in marriage are descended many noble houses, as the Mortimers, Bruses, Clares, born subjects to the Crown of England, paying every one to the King his duties reserved. Hugh de Laci, conqueror of Meith, had issue Walter de Lacy, who held the same of K. John, paying a fine of 4 thousand marks sterling. And hence begin all the several claims there at this day, with allegiance sworn and done by their ancestors. At the very first arrival of Henry the 2., the Princes of Mounster came universally and did homage voluntarily, and acknowledged to him and to his heirs duties and pays for eVer. John de la Coursey, conqueror and Earl of Ulster, died without issue. King John, Lord of all Ireland, gave the earldom to Hugh de Lacey, who had issue Walter and Hugh, dead without issue male, and had one daughter married to Redmond Bourke, conqueror and Earl of Connaghe, which descended to divers heirs, owing service to the Prince. But Ulster is returned by devolution to the special inheritance and revenues of the Crown of England in this manner. The said Bourk had issue Richard, who had issue John, who had issue William, who was slain without issue, and had a daughter Elizabeth entitled to 31 thousand pound[s] yearly by the Kingdom of Ulster, whom Edward the 3, gave in marriage to Lionel his second son, Duke of Clarence, who had issue a daughter Philyp, married to Edmond Mortymer Earl of March, to whom succeeded his son Roger Mortymer, who had issue Edmond, Ann, Elynor. Edmond and Elynor died without issue. Ann was married to Richard Earl of Cambridge, son to Edmond Langley Duke of York, fifth son to E. the 3., which said Richard had issue Richard Plantagenet, father to E. the 4., father to Elizabeth, mother to Henry the 7., father to H. the 8, father to Mary, Edward, and Elizabeth. First, that the Irish (for of the rest there is no question) were subjects to the Crown of Britain before they set foot in Ireland, thus it appeareth. They dwelt in that side of Spain whereof Bayon was the chief imperial city, and the same then
in possession and obedience to Borgandyne, three hundred seventy-five years ere Christ was born, as it was to his successors many a day after, namely to Henry the 5., as” find noted in certain “Precepts of Government” dedicat[ed] by James Yong to James Bottler, Earl of Ormond, then Lieutenant of Ireland, A.D. 1416. From this coast and city,f now Earl of Bascoyne,f came the fleet of those Iberians, who in 60 ships met Bourguntyus on the sea returning from the conquest of Denmark, to whom they yielded oath and service, sued for a dwelling-place where by him, the conducted and planted them in Ireland, and became his liege people.
MacGilmorowe, K. of Ireland, with all his petit princes, lords and captains, summoned to K. Arthur's court held at Carlion A.D. 519, did accordingly their homage, and attended all the while his great feast and assembly lasted.
The Monarch of Ireland and all other, both reges and reguli, for them and for their friends, betook themselves to H. 2. in A.D. 1172, namely, these of the south, whilst he lay at Waterford; Dermot K. of Corke, which is the nation of the McCarteys, at Casshell; Donald K. of Lymrike, which is the nation of the O'Brens, Donald K. of Oserey, McShaghlene K. of Ofaly. At Doblyn did the like O'Keruell K. of Uryell, O'Roirke K. of Meath, Rhodorik K. of all Ireland and Connaught. This did they with consents and shouts of all the people, as the King of Lynster had done before them; and the King returned without any battle given. Only Ulster remained, which John de Coursey soon after conquered ; and O'Neyll, captain of all the Irish there, came to Doblyne to Richard the 2, in anno 1399, and freely bound himself by oath and great sums of money to be true to the Crown of England. The same time O’Brene of Thomond, O'Connor of Connaght, Arthur McMorrow of Lyenster, and all the Irish lords, which had been somewhat disordered, renewed their obedience.
When Ireland first received Christendom, they gave themselves into the jurisdiction, spiritual and temporal, of the see of Rome. The temporal lordship PP. Adrian conferred upon Henry 2, and he gave the same to John his younger son, afterward King of England, and so it returned home to the Crown.
§Fabian reciteth in the fifth part of his book, folio 104, that a King of Ireland called Gormondus came into Britain, now called England, in the year of our Lord 586, where as he did great acts both there and in France, that no man was of power
King of Ireland
* “I” omitted 2
there to withstand his force. He was both politic, stalworth, that no man [was] his compeer in all Europa, being a prince. I find there also that no king nor prince in those days there was anointed.
Appeareth in Fabian, in the fifth part, f. 139, Anno Domini 665, that Saint Denis' church beside Pareysse was covered with plates of silver.
During the siege of Rone arrived at Harflew the L. of Kyllmayne in Ireland with a band of 16 hundred Irishmen armed in mail with darts and skaynes after the manner of their country, all tall, quick, and dely wer" persons, which came and presented themselves before the King, lying still at the siege, of whom they were not only gently entertained, but also, because that the King was informed that the French King and the Duke of Burgoyn would shortly come and either raise the siege or victual or man the town at the north gate, they were appointed to keep the north side of the army, and in especial the way that cometh from the forest of Lyons; which charge the Lord of Kylmayne joyfully accepted, and did so their devoir that no men were more praised, nor did more damage to their enemies than they did, for surely their quickness and swiftness did more prejudice to their enemies than their great barded horses did hurt or damage the nimble Irishmen. Thus was the fair city of Roan compassed about with enemies. Halle testify this, the sixth year H. 5.
Memd. quod 13. die Febr. anno Regni R. E. 14, venit Nicholaus Dominus de Houth in pleno Scaccario, et coram Thes, et Baron. ejusdem Scaccarii, juratus de veritate dicenda,
recognovit quod antecessores sui feoffati fuerunt a Johanne
Rege Angliae, avo praedicti R. Edwardi, de terris et tenementis suis de Houthe, unde dicit se habere cartam ipsius R. Johannis. Idem etiam N. recognovit quod praedicti antecessores sui facere consueverunt sectam ad comitatum Dublin. Et dicit quod ipse Nicholaus per corpus fecit hactenus servitium suum ad portam Castri Dublin. pro terris et tenementis suis praedictis, et praedicti antecessores sui hoc fecerunt, etc.
- Imperator Romanorum.
* Sic. f This leaf is misplaced. At the end of it a contemporary hand has written “Verte, f. 155 ;” The four leaves ff. 158, 155, 156, 157, are the work of a hand which does not appear in the rest of the book. 2 P
Redditus Domini R. per annum in diversis com. Hibern. at
Novum Castrum de Lenan, 147l 5s. 8d., de firma cujusdam
Burgens. de Drogh, ex parte Urield, 40l. de firma eiusdem villae.
Burgens de Drogh, ex parte Mid. 40 mar. per annum.
It. prat. ibidem, 15s per annum.
Prisa vinorum ibidem, ob. incerto.
* There is another copy of this in Carew MS. 608, evidently derived from the Book of Howth, which, if the description there given be correct, was at one time preserved in Dublin Castle.
i “ob octo,” MS.
Firma terr. Thomae de Arundel, 50s. per annum.
Civitas Waterford, 100 mar. de firma ejusdem villae.
De Thoma fil. Maur. pro honore de Dungarvan, 200 mar.
De Fratribus Milit. Templi, 2 paria cyrothec. furr. pro terr. de Offach.
De Clonoridan, 1 sparver.;
De Tyrmany et Maghry,
De Fechelm O'Konwyr, 300 mar. de firma 3 cantr. in Connat.
De Ricardo de Rupella, 130l. pro cantr. de Omany.
De Ricardo de Burgo, 10 mar. de firma de 30 cantr.
Ker’. De Galfr. de Clahull, di. mar. pro wrecco maris habendo in terris suis, Offerbe.
Item, de terris et tenementis Domino Regi adquisitis.
Manerium de Saltu Salmon salt, $ 77l. 10d. ob. per annum.
* Sic; qu. “mercato.” f At the foot is written, “The beginning of this is the f. 158 of this book.” f “spuer,” MS.