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Methe given to De
Lacy. ,

Coursey,

Item, all these foresaid five daughters during the life of their father and brethren were all married in England to lords; who, after the death of their brothers, made partition betwixt them of all Leynister in form following. The eldest had the county of Catherlaghe, the second the county of Wexforde, the third the county of Killkeney, the fourth the county of Killdare, the fifth had the manor of Donamase in Lexe, with other lands in the county of Killdare. Item, the county of Methe was given by King Henry FitzEmpress to Sir Hugh de Lacy, to hold of the King by knights' fees; which Sir Hugh did conquer the same, and gave much thereof to lords and gentlemen to hold of him. And as the said Sir Hugh was building the Castle of Derwaghe in West Methe, he was traitorously slain by a mason of his own. And it is written in the Chronicles that “ lbi cessawit Comquaestus Hibernia.” Item, the said Sir Hugh had issue two sons, Sir Walter and Sir Hugh, which Sir Hugh was afterwards Earl of |Ulster. Item, the said Sir Walter had issue two daughters, and died. The eliest was married to Sir Theobald de Verdon, the other to Geoffrey Genevill, which made partition of all Methe betwixt them, so as the manor of Trym was allotted to Sir Geoffrey Genevill's portion, to whom our Sovereign Lord the King is heir. Item, the manor of Loghesewdy in West Methe was allotted to Sir Theobald de Verdon's portion, who had no heir but daughters, which were married in England to the Lord Furnifall and others, who dwelled still in England, and took such profits as they could get for a while, and sent small defence for their lands in Ireland, so as, within few years after, all their portions was lost except certain manors within th' English Pale, which Thomas Baron of Slane, Sir Robert Hollywoude, Sir John Cruse, and Sir John Bedlowe, knights, purchased in King Richard the Second's days. Item, as concerning the portion of Connaght, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, which married the second daughter of William Earl Marshal, Sir William de Burke, and Sir William Bermydgham of Anry, under King Henry FitzEmpress, were the principal conquerors of Connaght, who with their complices did inhabit the same, and made it English, and obeyed the King's laws, from O’Brene's country to Slyggo in length, which is above 60 miles and more; which continued so in prosperity 160 years to King Edward the Third's days. Item, Sir John Courcy, under King Henry Fitz-Empress, was the chief conqueror of Ulster, who about the getting of the same had seven battles with Irishmen, whereof he wan five and lost two." Nevertheless he gat it, and reduced it to English rule and order, and continued so above 20 years, unto such time as King John, having him in displeasure for certain evil report he should have made by the said King John for the killing of Arthur, son to Geoffrey, elder brother to the said King John, wrote into Ireland to Sir Walter de Lacy, and to his brother Sir Hugh, to have the said Sir John Courcy taken and sent into Engtand; to the execution whereof, the said Sir Hugh de Lacy went with an host into Ulster, and had battle with the said Sir John at Downe, in which battle were many slain on both sides, and the said Sir John prevailed at that time. Item, the said Sir Hugh had made practice with certain of the said Sir John Courcie's men, so as they promised to betray their master for money. Whereupon, the Good Friday next ensuing, the said Sir Hugh took the said Sir John going about the churchyard of Downe ; and that done, the said Sir Hugh paid the said Sir John's men such sums of money as he promised them, and incontinent did hang them all for their falsehood for betraying their master, etc. Item, the said Sir Hugh de Lacy sent the said Sir John Courcy to King John, which was put in the Tower of London, and never came into Ireland, ne none of his blood; yet was he delivered out of prison with honour, as appeareth by the Chronicles. Item, for the said act King John gave to the foresaid Hugh th' earldom of Ulster, who enjoyed the same during his life, and had issue one daughter, and died. Item, the said Hugh de Lacy's daughter was married to Sir Walter de Burke, Lord of Connaght, which Sir Walter was Earl of Ulster and Lord of Connaght, and had them both, then being obedient to the King's laws; and had a son, Sir William de Burke, who enjoyed the said earldom of Ulster and lordship of Connaght in prosperity during his life, and had issue Sir Richard de Burke, who was Earl of Ulster and Lord of Connaght, and might dispend yearly by the same 10,000l. sterling and above; which Richard had issue William; which William had issue but one daughter, and was traitorously slain by his own men. Item, the foresaid William Earl of Ulster's daughter and heir was married to Lionel Duke of Clarence, second son to King Edward the Third, who came into Ireland, as is aforesaid, and was the King's Lieutenant of the same, and had all Ulster and Connaght in rest and peace, obedient to the King's laws as long as he tarried in Ireland, which was not very long. Item, what th' Earl Strangebowe's name was, and what his arms are upon his tomb at Saint Sepulchre's church at Dublin; and his name shall appear as well in the note of his death specified in the church, as also in the gift of Dublin from the said Earl to the King, which remaineth in the records, the copy whereof I desire. Item, what th' Earl Marshal's name was, and his arms specified upon his tomb in the priory of Kilkeney. 2 Item, what the arms were of McMoroghowe's, King of Leynister. so

C urcey taken.

f 151.

§
Rebellions that hath been in England.”

A number of the nobility, gentlemen, and commons of England that hath rebelled against their natural Prince since William Conqueror's time; also thousands more I do overpass, for tediousness of time, which I do omit. The occasion of this remembrance is, for that when any of England birth come to Ireland, they report and brag that all that therein is are traitors, as who would say and affirm that there was nor is any treason ever in England committed. The truth is, that no country that is known ever more rebelled against their Prince than England; so hereby you do understand the cause of this rehearsal. Robert Courtoys rebelled against his father William the Conqueror; the Earl of Northumberland, Roger Mortymer, Earl of Shrewsbury, his son Robert, Bishop of Durham, Earl of Cornwall; King Steven against King Henry 2.; town of Exeter; H. 2.'s sons against their father; John against his brother King Richard the First; Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishop of London, Bishop of Ely, Bishop of Winchester, Bishop of Hereford, Earl of Pembroke, Earl of Chester, and many other barons, took part with Lewis, the French King's son, and did to him homage; Simon Monford, Earl of Leicester; Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester; Robert Ferers, Earl of Derby; Hugh Spenser, Chief Justice; Henry Mounford, son and heir to the Earl of Leicester; Sir Geoffrey Gray, Sir Henry Hastynges, Sir John FitzJohn, Sir Robert Wenpound, Sir John G[r]yvyll, Sir Robert Rosse, Sir William Marmyon, Balven Wacke, Sir Gilbert Gyfford, Sir Nicholas Megrawe, Sir Geoffrey de Lucey, Sir John Vesey, Sir William Mounteysey, the Londoners, Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishop of Worcester; Robert Bygotte, Earl of Norfolk; Sir Humfrey Bothoun: Earls of Hereford, of Warwick, of Arundel; John Mencell, Chief Justice; Sir Roger Mortymer and Hue Bygrawe, Sir Peter Savoy, Sir James Audley, Sir Peter de Mounford, the Barons of the Five Ports, Earl of Hereford, William de Mount Canysse, Adam de Nue Market, Balven Wacke, Hue Nevyll, Sir Hue Spencer. Most of those did offend against H. 3., called the Barons' War, which had part-takers of the Commons above a 100,000. In E. 2.'s time, the Earl of Hereford, Thomas Earl of Lancaster, Sir Humfrey Bohoum, Earl of Hereford, Sir John Moubray, baron; Sir Roger Clyfford, baron; Sir Goyslyng Danyell, baron; Sir Roger Tocket, Robert Benefeld, Sir Roger Mortymer, Sir William Soullan, Sir William Elmenbryge, Sir John Gyfford, Sir John Tyerse, barons; Sir William FyzWyllams, Sir Barth. de Bladysmore,” Sir Waram of Ifeld, Sir Henry Bradborne, Sir William Cheny, barons; John Page, Sir Henry Womyngton, Sir Henry Monford, Sir William Elmyngbryge, Sir William Flemyng, Sir Thomas Culpeper, Sir Francis Waldenhame, baron; Sir Barth. de Bladysmore, Sir Barth. Asbornham, barons; Sir Roger Mortimer of Wygmore, Sir John Goldyngton, Sir Edmond of the Peche, Sir William Trussell, Sir John Cromell. E. 3. and his mother took E. 2., his father, and she being his wife also ; both Spensers, father and son, put to death; and so did they with the King E. 2. Sir Roger Mortymer, Earl of Merge, Kent, and Exesse, rebelled; Robert Tryvylyan, justice; Sir Nicholas Breiure, mayor of London; Sir John Salisberey, Sir John Bewchampe, Simon Bourley, John Huske, John Holt, John Looghton, Richard Gray, William Bourke; Robert Fulthepe, justice; Sir Thomas of Wodstocke, Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Arundel, the Earl of Warwick. R. 2. put to death Duke of Armnall (), Duke of Surrey, Earl of Salisbury, Sir Thomas Blount, Sir Benet Seylley, Thomas Wyntersell, Sir John Holland, Duke of Exeter, Spencer Earl of Gloucester, Sir Barnabe Brockes, Sir John Seylley, Sir John Maudley, Sir John Ferbey, Sir Perse of Exston, Thomas Persey, Earl of Worcester, Sir Henry Perssey, son and heir to the Earl of Northumberland, and many thousand more. John Old Castell, L. Cobhame; Sir John Mortemer; Commons of Kent; England divided between H. 6. and the Duke of York; I mean the Commons—sometime one and sometime another; Earl of Oxenford, L. Aubry his son, Sir Thomas Todymham, William Terell, John Mongary, Duke of Somerset, L. Hungerford, L. Rosse, Sir Philip Wentworthe, Sir Edmond FyzKneyght, Black Jakes, John Breysse, Thomas Hount, Sir Thomas Hussey, Sir Raffe Gray, Sir John Gray; Northern men rebelled ; L. Ryvers, Sir John his son, Sir Robert Wells, Earl of Warwick, Sir Thomas Dymmocke, Duke of Clarence, Sir Geoffrey Gyat, Claphan, L. Saint John, L. FyzHughe, Earl of Oxenford; Kentish men rebelled; Radcleff, Sir Geoffrey Gyat, Earl of Worcester, L. Barnes, Bastard Faconbrege, Duke of Buckingham, Catysby, Lowell, Ratcleff, Duke of Norfolk, L. Haward, Brakenbury, Sir William Stanley; Cornishmen rebelled ; L. Audley, Flammocke, L. Fyz Watter, Sir William of Deynseire, Sir James Terell, one Welbourne, Sir John Wyndham, Sir Robert Corsoune, Edmond De la Polle, Em

* This heading is written by Carew. That which follows is written by a different hand to that of the preceding “fragment.”

* Badlesmere 2 f Peak?

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sone, Dodley, Duke of Buckingham, Sir Thomas More, L.
Rycheford, Noreys, Weston, Breerton, Marcus; Lincolnshire
rebelled ; Yorkshire rebelled; L. Houssey, L. Darsey, Robert
Constable, Robert Ayske, Sir Francis Pygott, Mercus of Exeter
L. Mountagywe, Sir Edward Nevyll, abbots of Redyng, Glen-
senberry, Colchester, Cromell Earl of Essex, Walter L. Hon-
gerford, Abel Pouell, Fetherston, Leymert Gray, L. Dacres of
the South. This rehearsal aforesaid is till the 32 H. 8.
There was dissension and discord between K. Steven and
H. 2.
There was discord between E. 2., the father, and his son
E. 3. and the mother.
There was discord between Ric. 2. and H. 4.
There was discord between H. 6. and E. 4.
There was discord between E. 5. and Ric. 3.
There was discord between Ric. 3. and H. 7.
One of those Princes put down another.

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The Title of the Crown of England [to] every part of
Ireland, and to the whole, divers ways.

Alexander the 3. confirmed the gift of Adrian, as in both their charters is expressed at large. Nynyam,” the legate, on the Pope's behalf, doth accurse and

discommunicate all those that flit from the obedience of the

Kings of England.
The clergy twice assembled, once at Cassell, the 2snd] at
Armagh, plainly determined the Conquest to be lawful, and
threatened all people, under pain of Holy Church's indignation,
to accept the English Kings for their Lords from time to time.
The style of the King of Ireland was lately condescended
unto by Paulus 4. in anno 1555.
It would ask a long volume to recite but the names of such
Irish princes who since the Conquest have continually, upon
occasions, and revolts, or petitions, sworn truth and faith to
the Kings of England from time to time, received honours,
wages, fees, pardons, and protections; and this I think no
reasonable man will doubt of a right so old continued, and so
ratified, so increased, justified, so many ways confessed.t
I will begin with the pedigrees of William Earl Marshal,
for thereupon depend many records in Ireland, and the Queen's
right to Leynster. Walter FitzRichard, who came from Nor-
mandy with William Conqueror, died L. Strangbow of

153.

* Sic. f Note at foot of page by a different hand:—“L. Stanley was made Earl of Derby l H. 7."

f “petygrew,” MS.

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