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Jan. 30.

Vol. 597, p. 225a.

Jan. 30. Vol. 597, p. 226.

Jan. 30.

Vol. 597, p. 227.

victuals. The Achates has spent in this river two months'
victuals to small purpose or none. I have revictualled her
and another vessel, and 1,100 soldiers, for one month, and
directed some to Kilmalloke and some to Youghali. I hope
that by this means Desmond shall be kept occupied in the
county of Limerick till my coming, and the poor town of
Youghall reedified. Money and victuals must be sent.
Ormond mistrusts the hollow hearts of divers of the best
in Munster to be confederate in the treason, for none have
assisted him since these stirs began ; neither do the Lords
leave their honest affected neighbours unspoiled. These
matters are chiefly to be objected against the Lord Barrie.”
Waterford, 29 January 1579. Signed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.


Sent by Hooper.
Treasure and victuals must be sent out of England. Her

Majesty should write to the Lords in Munster to stir them

up with affection to serve her in this action, declaring her

determination to root out all the sparks of this rebellion.
Waterford, 30 January 1579. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. 1.


In my former letter I left to your direction the service to be attempted by the captains now sent to your relief.

“Wherein soever you shall think good by advice of Sir James FitzGarrett, and allowed by those gent' and captains to be attempted, you may proceed in it with my good allowance.” Wictuals will be sent to Youghall on Monday next. “I wish that the captains were doing somewhat, and kept occupied 10 or 12 days, that we be not burdenous to this country, and blamed for idleness, especially these light nights, which serve so well for any attempt to be made upon the enemy. And because you are advertised of the breaking of Strongallie, you may do well to view the place, as also Inesquie and Inshnegranaughe, and whether they be guarded with any ward of rebels.”

Waterford, 30 January 1579. Signed.

Mr. Sinott, of Wexford, has a lease of the castle of Insequie, and has his ward in it.

Contemp. copy. P. 1 #.


I have received your letters touching munition to be delivered you instead of a debt appearing to be due in othe

* In the margin: “The Lord Barrie a noted traitor.” O


Jan. 30.

Vol. 597, p. 227a.

Jan. 31. Vol. 597, p. 228.

governors’ times for the diets of soldiers cessed there; which
tickets you allege to have been delivered into the hands of
Sir William Drurie, and yet to remain with my Lady or some
of her servants. I have written to my Lord Keeper to
examine whether the said tickets may be possibly found.
In the mean season I will furnish you with anything for your
defence, “so as you enter into band, as this city hath done,
not to utter it, but to remain as a store.”
Waterford, 30 January 1579. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. l.


NANCE, or to his clerk RICHARD DOWNES.
To deliver certain munition to Gilbert Yorke, captain of
The Achates, and to William Lumbert.
Waterford, 30 January 1579.
Signed by the Lord Justice at the beginning.
II. List of the munitions to be delivered.
Contemp. copy. P. 1.

289. PELHAM to the QUEEN.

Sent by Hoper of Barstable.

“I have sent your Highness a cipher herein closed, because it may be doubted how letters will come to my hands, when I shall be encamped far from the port-towns. The causes are these. First, forasmuch as I have discovered many arguments that the rebels are weary of the war, and are doubtful of the forces coming against them, insomuch as the Earl and his brethren come not together but upon oath and a kind of protection, and have their followers apart, mistrusting also Saunders to have come with false persuasion from foreign princes, I desire to be directed from your Majesty that if the Earl of Desmond shall secretly offer any such humble submission as may carry with it honour to your Majesty, with the delivery of his brothers, Sanders, and other of the principal rebels, whereby quietness may follow, whether with any such terms I may receive him to your Majesty's mercy.

“Secondly, whereas it is certain that some of the Lords, pretending to do your Majesty service, and yet as far in the confederacy as those in open action, do suffer the rebels to live in their countries, [and to] feed upon their tenants in so small numbers as they might withstand and overthrow at their pleasures,-whether I may not apprehend such, and either send them into England, there to know the greatness of their sovereign, or to Dublin, there to be tried upon their misbehaviours, and what manner of trial I shall allow to such ; of which sort, to make it plain to your Majesty, the Earl of Clancare and the Lo, Barrie will be (as I am informed) manifestly detected.

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“Thirdly, whether the noblemen's sons in Munster, being now pledges in Cork and other places, and such other as I think good shortly to possess myself of for the assurance of their inconstant fathers, may not be sent prisoners into Eng. land to some place of strength, to work the more effectual dealings in their parents, who find such friendship in all cities of this realm, as they make no accompt of the restraint of their children in those places either for terror or any hard dealing. “ Farther, whether if the Countess of Desmond sue to go over to your Majesty as she hath of late pretended, having as I hear furnished herself with the plate of Youghall to bear her charges either in Spain or England, whether I may license her so to do or not, for the ports are so laid, as she will hardly adventure to do it without license. “Lastly, I desire to know your Majesty's resolution, what course of government shall be taken in this province of Munster, and who shall be left governor amongst them, when God shall give an end of these wars, which either in one kind or other I hope shall be in short time after the supply of all our wants.” Waterford, the last of January 1579. Signed.

II. “A Cipher sent to her Majesty.”
Contemp. copy. Pp. 4}.


Sent by Mr. Hoper of Barstable.

Sir William Stanley and Sir Peter Carew are returned to me from Youghall, where they left their companies. After their departure hence, in passing the ford at Lismore, the soldiers, being noway assisted with boats or troughs from Sir James FitzGarrett, did lose the most part of their match and powder. Strongallie Castle had in it a ward of Spaniards, who set it on fire and fled to their boats. The captains took a prey of cattle, and with it departed to Youghall, where they now remain. I have sent them victuals, powder, shoes, and netherstocks. This departure of the Spaniards has emboldened the soldiers.

Waterford, 3 February 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 23.


Sent by Hoper.
State of her Majesty's houses. Athlone, Maryborough,
Philipstown, Laughline, Dungarvon, and Kilmainam are very

* 13 of the ciphers “signify nothing;” 18 are equivalent to certain common words of one syllable ; and 43 represent the names of so many important persons and places. There are, moreover, two ciphers for each letter of the alphabet.


Feb. 4.

Vol. 597, p. 232.

Feb. 4.
Vol. 597, p. 233a.

Feb. 5. Vol. 597, p. 235.


much decayed. The Castle of Dublin must also have some
little help. Knockfergus, the fort at Blackwater, and Cather-
lough should be amended. Artificers must be sent out of
Waterford, 4 February 1579. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. 1.


Concerning the controversy between him and one Devereux, respecting lands, and the Berwick soldiers that were appointed to Athie, with an account of the taking of Strangallie Castle. Youghall is greatly wasted with fire. At Kilmalloke there is a ward of 500 footmen and 50 horse. The rebels begin to jar amongst themselves Waterford, 4 February 1579. Signed. Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.


Sent by Mr. Prindercase.

Your opinion of the Countess of Desmond's desire to depart beyond seas is sound. I like that Thorneton's victuals are so supplied. For Walter Hope, though I condemn the dishonest gain which he seeketh, yet necessity compelleth us to bear with him until the provision be finished. For Sackeford, I will commend his offers into England. The controversy between Bisse and Talbot. The Berwick soldiers were placed at Athie, on the petitions of the burgesses of Marriborough. The soldiers' journey to Youghall. The munition at Waterford. I can procure only 20!, from the Mayor and his brethren ; nor can one penny be gotten by Mr. Watterhowse of the imposts. The shipwright is to go to Sir Nicholas Malbie, with direction that he attend me at Limerick.

The general hosting was by me prorogued to the 10th of March. I purpose upon the 12th to depart towards Youghall and Cork, and from thence to take my journey to the county of Limerick.

Waterford, 4 February 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 3.


I am sorry for your sickness, and for any hindrance that may come to you by the soldiers. Touching the composition [for the cesse], it is to be wished that it may be kept; but the best is for every good subject to banish the cause, which is the traitors themselves. Her Majesty and the governors have ever conceived well of you and your house. Waterford, 5 February 1579, Signed. Contemp. copy. P. #.

1580. Feb. 5.

Vol. 597, p. 235a.


I have written to Captain Apsley to premonish him of his followers or tenants. Lord Power is to attend me with his rising out. The Sovereign of Clonmell writes that he had received intelligence from Sir Tibott Butler that the Earl of Desmond was come into Arlowe with a great force, whereof many were strangers. My letters formerly written signified that the Lord of Upper Ossory refused to come to Kilkenny for the cause between you and him to be heard. As I perceived that he bent his course another way, I thought it not convenient to send the Chief Baron or Mr. Waterhouse.

Waterford, 5 February 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. 14.

Feb. 8. 296. PELHAM to the Coux CIL at DUBLIN.

Vol. 597, p. 230a.

Feb. 9. 297.

Vol. 597, p. 237.

Feb. 9. 298.

Vol. 597, p. 238.

Touching a riot at Kilkenny.
Waterford, 8 February 1579. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. l.


Touching the attachment of the Baron of Burnechurch, late sheriff of the county of Kilkenny, for suffering a condemned person to escape, who however, at the last assize at Kilkenny, being there condemned for burglary, was appointed to be the executioner and hangman for such as were hanged, drawn and quartered for treason. Last year the Baron was the taker of the O'Mores that were executed at Kilkenny. His father died in the prosecution of rebels.

Waterford, 9 February 1579.

Contemp. copy. P. 1).


I wish Sir Nicholas Malbie good success in his journey with your band of footmen. “This night my Lord of Ormond is come hither, and hath stayed my departure towards Cork till Monday next upon this occasion, that the Earl of Desmond is come into Arlowe upon the skirts of his country, where, with such bands of footmen as are assigned to go to Kilmallocke, and with his own forces, he meaneth to visit the traitors between this and Monday, and to meet me in the way to Youghall.”

A principal man of Desmond's, being his foster brother, is taken by Ormond. He confesses “that two Spanish frigates are arrived in Kerrie at Dingle, and sent from two several ports of Spain to discover; and by chance both arrived in that haven. The one hath brought letters from the King of Spain to the Earl and his brethren; the other came to know the certainty of James FitzMorris and Doctor Sanders. That frigate, meeting presently with the Doctor, stayed not above

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