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At the last annual meeting of the National Ed- offered in the common council of that city beucation Association of America, which was held cause of his public advocacy of the British side in Los Angeles, in July, the board of directors in the South African war. considered the question of the representation of Recently Justice Harlan, of the United States the association at the proposed Millennial Celebra- Supreme Court, gave an opinion sustaining the tion of King Alfred's death to be held at Win- Georgia courts in the case of A. W. Cunming chester. On the motion of the Hon. W. T. Har

and others vs. The Board of Education of Richris, it was resolved that a committee consisting of mond County, Ga. This case, instituted by colthe secretary and the treasurer of the Associa

ored persons of Richmond county, Ga., grew out tion and of Professor Charles Mills Gayley, of the of alleged discrimination on the part of the board University of California, be appointed to further in the matter of the maintenance of high schools. the plans for this celebration; and that Professor This board closed the colored high school for Gayley be the delegate of the Association to the

want of funds, leaving a white high school in Alfred Celebration in England, October 26, 1901. existence, and the suit was instituted for the pur- Book Reviews.

pose of securing an injunction to prevent the colPublic school teachers in San Francisco are re

lection of taxes for the maintenance of the school quired by a recent State law to join a pension as

system generally. sociation. Each pays $1 a month into the trea

In passing upon the case, Justice Harlan said sury and will be allowed to retire after thirty that the education of the young had been reyears' service with an annuity of $600 a year.

mitted to the several States, and that it siould be Teachers disabled before they have served thirty generally left to their control. The court had years will be allowed a proportionate annuity. A

not been able to discover that the Supreme Court reserve of $50,000 will be acquired by retaining of Georgia had erred in refusing to grant an inone-fourth of the receipts at the outset. This, junction, hence the verdict of that court adverse says the Lebanon Report, is a most cominendable

to the petition of the colored people was affirmed. act in behalf of the greatest and most patriotic By the will of the late Cornelius Vanderbilt, of army in the world—the public school teachers- New York, Yale University receives $100,000, that has yet been enacted by any State. The pubs and Vanderbilt University $50,000. lic schools are everywhere recognized as the pillar D. F. Converse, a mill owner of Spartanburg, of the country, and Bismarck hit the nail on the S. C., who died recently, left one-third of his eshead when he said, “ It was the public schools of tate, valued at $500,000, to Converse College, an Germany that won the battle of Sedan.” The institute for the higher eclncation of women, army and navy pale into insignificance in compa- founded by him in Spartanburg ten years ago. rison with our public schools in upholding the

A course in dyeing and bleaching has been esliberty of our country. What else but the edu

tablished in the University of North Carolina. cation of the masses makes our army and navy

The lectures are given by Professor F. P. Venso invincible? There is no more responsible posi- able and the laboratory work is in charge of Dr. tion than that of a model teacher, nor any other that

Thomas Clarke. The primary object in estabaccomplishes so much good. Yet, strange to say, lishing this course was to provide, for the increasthere is no body of men or women who manifesting vumber of the students of the University so little interest in behalf of their future welfare, who go into the cotton mills, something more dior for whom the State seems to care so little.- rectly applying to their future work.-Book RePennsylvania School Journal.

views. A little more than one hundred years ago Ben

VIRGINIA. jamin Franklin left $5,000 to Boston, his native

Dr. Southall, State Superintendent of Public city. It was to be loaned to artisans at 5 per cent.

Instruction, recently visited several districts in the for one hundred years and then invested for the State in the interest of the schools. The Doctor public good. The accumulated sum is now $366,

was much gratified at the flourishing of the schools 421, and the mayor and council have decided to

and the lively interest manifested in educational build with it a public library, reading-room, gym- matters. He made addresses at Onancock, Harnasium and baths. What a lesson this teaches us !

risonburg, Berryville and Warrenton to large asSouthwestern School Journal.

semblies of teachers gathered at these places for Resolutions calling for the immediate resigna- the purpose of hearing him. tion of Dr. E. Benjamin Andrews, superinten- At the annual meeting of the Richmond College dent of public schools in Chicago, have been Library Committee, the Librarian and Curator,

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Single copies, by mail, post.


10 or more
copies to
one ad.
dress, by

100 or more

copies (wrapped for mail

ing) by freight, at purchaser's expense.

25 cts.

25 cts.

Report of Committee of Twelve

Rural Schools)......
Report of Committee on College

Entrance Requirements.
Report of Committee on Public

Report of Committee on Normal


20 cts. per

15 cts. per copy.

copy. 20 cts. per 15 cts. per copy.

copy. 13 cts. per 10 cts. per copy.

copy. 13 cts. per

10 cts. per copy. copy.

15 cts.

15 cts.

Dr. C. H. Ryland, submitted a report of the year’s

Our Bulletin Board. work. This library is one of the few in the South The Executive Committee of the National Eduthat has an endowment. The endowment is cational Association has made an arrangemeng

21,000, of which $1,000 was added during the with the JOURNAL whereby the valuable educayear. The library, as it stands at present, is the tional reports mentioned below may be purchased creation of the years subsequent to the Civil War. by all teachers and school officers of Virginia. The All books gathered from 1832 to 1864 were taken character of these reports is so well known, and away by an army order, and distributed in the their value to teachers and school officers so highly camps of the Northern army and in their hospitals appreciated, that we deem it unnecessary to do around the city after the surrender. This act of more than print the titles of the documents and the Northern army was in part the basis of the quote the special prices at which they may be bill before Congress to reimburse the College for secured. These prices are so low that cash must its losses during this occupation.

(accompany every order. The number of volumes now in the library is 13,320. Of these 312 were added during the past year. Lists of books were presented to the committee by the different professors and by the librarian, and a liberal appropriation made for their pur

paid.) chase. Several sets and series of historical and other works, essential to the best working of the Cllege classes, will be added.

The library hall is handsomely equipped and is kept open all day, and its tables are filled with all the leading magazines.

Set of Four Reports to one address, postpaid, 75 Dr. Ryland's report embraced the work of the

cents. Museum department also. During the year the

Send all orders to THE VIRGINIA SCHOOL JOURgift of $1,000 by Mr. James Thomas became avail

NAL, P. 0. Drawer 926, Richmond, Va., and be able for the purchase of statuary, cases and other

sure to send the cash with the order. equipment. The hall, which is one of the most beautiful in the country, is now graced by paint- For a brief period the American Monthly Reings, statuary and other choice art treasures deep- riew of Reviews and THE VIRGINIA School Jourly interesting to students and visitors. It is pro- Nal will be sent to any address, postpaid, for one posed to open the museum at regular hours to year, for $2.75. The regular price is $3.50. Our the public.

readers know that the American Monthly is indisThe committee elected Dr. Ryland to succeed pensable to lovers of good literature who wish to himself as Librarian and Curator, and Mr. John keep abreast of the times. Orders for this combiGarnett Broaddus, a student, in the College, his

uation should be addressed to THE VIRGINIA SCHOOL assistant for lhe present session.

JOURNAL, P.0. Drawer 926, Richmond, Va.

The Department of the Interior has recently Prince William county is a competitor for one of published a wall map of the United States, prethe three white Normal Schools in prospect for pared under the direction of the Commissioner summer. Superintendent of Public Instruction of the General Land office, 4 feet 11 inches by 7 Southall has been placed in possession of commun- feet 2 inches in size, mounted on muslin and atications from the authorities of the county asking tached to rollers ready for immediate use. In for the honor. An interesting statement is made addition to the features ordinarily characterizing by the Prince William people to the effect that

maps of the country, on this are shown by clearly the first Normal ever held in Virginia was con- defined boundaries, the several acquisitions of ducted in Prince William in 1877. No other Nor- territory upon this continent by the Government mal has since been held in the county. Prince of the United States as determined by the latest William contends that her turn is about due aguin. investigations, together with all military, Indian

and forest reservations. It is supplied by the On July first, five new students arrived at the Department at eighty cents per copy, the cost of Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute from printing, mounting, etc. The law permits the Cuba, four boys and one girl. They have come sale of only one copy to any individual, but to with the idea of fitting themselves for future use- schools and other institutions as many copies can fulness and returning home to help their people. be furnished as are desired for separate buildings

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or departments. The Department also publishes THE AMERICAN BOOK COMPANY small maps about 2 by 3 feet, unmounted, of the

makes important additions several States and Territories in which public to its High School and College List lands of the United States are located, which are

by the purchase sold at 12 cents per sheet. All remittances in

of the Harper texts. payment for maps should be by draft or postal money order made payable to the order of the For the past few years the American Book Financial Clerk, Department of the Interior, Company has been pursuing the policy of conWashington, D. C.

stantly enriching its list of publications in the

direction of high school and college work. It has The Southern edition of Vick's GARDEN AND

made connections with important authors and FLORAL Guide for 1900 is a very handsome cata

has been developing its plans constantly to meet logie. James Vick's Sons, the reliable seedsmen,

every demand for secondary and higher educaof Rochester, N. Y., are selling the best seeds,

tion. plants, and bulbs at low prices.

When, therefore, Harper & Brothers, in their Book Table.

recent reorganization found it expedient to part For more than half a century Messrs. D. Appleton & Co. with their high school and college text-books, the have been engaged in the publication of the choicest pro- American Book Company saw an excellent opductions from the pens of distinguished authors of the past portunity to make a long stride in the direction and present, of both Europe and America. Their latest

in which their plans had been trending for some great undertaking, the publication of the TWENTIETH Cen. TURY Text-Books, under the general editorial supervision of years, and, accordingly, purchased the entire list.

, Dr. Nightingale and Prof. Thurber, will meet the de- The books thus secured from Harper & Brothers mands of the country along the higher plane of educational

number about four hundred titles. They include work by furnishing a complete and correlated series of textbooks fully embodying the latest advances in our education.

important works in literature, history, mathematNearly one hundred volumes of this remarkable series are

ics, natural science, and ancient and modern lanin preparation, and several volumes have been issued. We guages. A large number of these are well known have received :

to scholars and specialists throughout the counPlant RELATIONS. A First Book in Botany. By Jno. M.

try, and have been in publication for so ne years. Coulter, A. M., Ph. D., head Professor of Botany, University of Chicago. (264 pps., cloth, $1.10.)

These are works of standard excellence, which This book will adınirably supplement work in the labora

are practically without competition in this countory and the field by organizing the results obtained from

try. There is also the very widely-used and apinvestigation and giving explanations of them. It is a work proved Rolfe's Shakespeare in forty volumes, anof great excellence, beautifully printed and illustrated.

notated for school use and special study, and other LA TULIPE NOIRE. By Alexander Dumas. Abridged and

English Classics similarly edited. Then there are annotated by Edgar E. Brandon, A. M., Professor of some twenty Latin, Greek, and Classical dictionFrench in Miami University. (40 cents.) American Book aries, which are monuments of critical study and Company

are unrivaled in their respective tields. The StuAn excellent abridgment of one of Dumas' best works.

dent's History Series, containing some thirty volThe omissions of the original are supplied by a satisfactory

umes, is well known in higher schools and to speEnglish resume. As a reader for elementary or somewhat cial students of history. advanced pupils, this edition will prove altogether satisfac

Among the recent works brought out by Hartory. The Black Tulip is in Dumas' best style. The con

per & Brothers, which have had immediate intinued story, full of life and incidents dramatic and pathetic,

dorsement of the best scholars and have enjoyed will prove a valuable addition to the library of the young

wide use among the secondary schools of the student of French.

country, are Hill's Rhetorics, Phillips & Fisher's STORIES OF ANIMAL LIFE. By Charles Frederick Holder, Geometries, Ames's Physics, Buehler's Exercises

LL. D., author of “Elements of Zoology. (60 cents.)
American Book Company.

in English, and there are still newer books which This is a charming addition to the admirable series of th

promise equally well. “ Eclectic School Readers,” issued by the American Book

An important eonsideration to the American Company. We have already noticed with pleasure Need

Book Company in this purchase, as furthering ham’s “ Out-Door Studies" and Kelley's “Short Stories of

their general policy in this line of publication, Our Shy Neighbors," earlier numbers of this series.

was the acquisition of a large number of books These books will delight every lover of field, forest and

soon to be published, written by many of the stream, (and the broader his experience the more pleasure

best known men in leading colleges and univerwill he receive), and will create a desire to know, by personal

sities. observation, more of the out-door and out-of-the-book world. Doubtless the change will be welcomed by the

Dr. Holden is an enthusiast in the field of natural history, public since it will be a distinct advantage to and his pages glow with life. His pen is as quick in telling

schools and colleges to have these books furhis stories as his eyes are keen in observation.

Of course in these “Short Stories ” older readers will nished by a well-equipped text-book house, decome across much with which they are familiar ; at the 'eame voting its energies solely to the business of edutime, few will fail to get new views, and always in an enter

cational publication, and closely in touch, through taining way; but the book is intended, primarily, for boys and girls of ten and twelve years. No well ordered child

its numerous depositories and agents, with the will fail to be delighted and instructed.

institutions of learning throughout the country.


Official Department.


JOSEPH W. SOUTHALL, Superintendent Public Instruction, EDITOR.

The Journal is sent regularly to County and City Superintendents and Clerks of District School Boards, and must be carefully preserved by them as public property, and transmitted to heir successors in office.

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Result of Examination for State Certificates, 1899. We are enabled to publish in this number of THE JOURNAL the names of those who obtained life and professional certificates at the examination held last summer. While it is gratifying to note that twelve persons succeeded in securing certificates in 1899 as against eight the previous year, yet this number is all too small for the expense and labor involved in preparing and holding the examinations, and in correcting the papers. Then again, it is found on investigation that out of the twenty-nine applicants woo failed to complete the examination in 1898, only six stood the examination in 1899. This is very strong proof that there is something wrong about the method of holding the examinations. Teachers frequently stand the examination without having made any previous preparation, and others pursue their studies in such an irregular or desultory manner as to receive but little advantage either in mental discipline, professional culture, or special preparation for the examination. So far as we can ascertain, it is the unanimous opinion of those who have held, and those who have stood, these examinations that candidates for life diplomas and professional certificates should pursue systematically the course of study required for these honors, and that they should be requir a to file in advance with the Department of Public Instruction applications setting forth their qualifications and the studies on which they intend to be examined at the next examination.

One reason for the small number of teachers who take these examinations may be found in the fact that they are held only at the summer normal institutes, and that consequently they are not accessible to the great majority of those who would otherwise take them. This suggests the propriety of establishing centers in the various sections of the State where these examinations may be held under such restrictions and regulations as may be deemed necessary. In view of the present situation, it is highly probable that such a policy may be adopted. These examinations are of great value in the public school system of Virginia, and the honor that attaches to those who successfully complete them is : wholesome stimulus to professional work among teachers.

Following are the names of those who received certificates ou the last examination, and those who passed on separate subjects : Stratton, Miss Eleanor,

Bristol, Va. Life Diploma. Brotherton, Miss Annie,

Pearisburg, Va. Professional Certificate. Burger, Miss Mary C.,

Fincastle, Va. Professional Certificate. Cook, Roland E.,

Salem, Va. Professional Certificate. Hardy, Miss Bessie B.,

Salem, Va. Professional Certificate. Lash, Miss Hattie L.,

Portsmouth, Va. Professional Certificate.

Crowder, May,

Wytheville, Va. Reading, Spelling, Grammar, Geography, Physiology. Calhoun, Bessie,

Coyner's Springs, Va. Reading, Spelling, Geography, Physiology, Civil

Government, School Laws. Holmes, Mrs. Charlotte B. M.,

Pine, Va. Reading, Spelling, Geography, U. S. History, Physi

ology, Civil Government, School Laws. Higginbotham, Miss Lillian B,

Montvale, Va. Reading, Spelling, Geography, V. S. History, Physi

ology, Civil Government. Jones, Miss Mary F.,

Mt. Pleasant, Va. Reading, Spelling, Geography, Algebra. School Laws. Newlee, Miss Virginia,

Blacksburg, Va. Reading, Spelling, Grammar, U. S. History, Physiol

ogy, Civil Government. Perkinson, Miss Birdie,

Leader, Va. Reading, Spelling, Geography. Ritter, Miss Mary,

Graham, Va. Reading, Spelling, Geography, U. S. History, Physi

ology, Civil Government, School Laws. Sale, Miss S. Virginia,

Fairfield, Va. Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography, U. S. History, Physiology, Civil Government.

Un!form Examinations For Teachers' Certificates.

(Continued from December Number.)


6. [n] Define the three branches of the government. [6] What Departments are represented in the

President's Cabinet ? 7. [a] Why was Monroe's administration called the

“ Era of Good Feeling ”? [1] What is the

Monroe Doctrine ? 8. [a] What infringement of the Monroe Doctrine

was attempted during the Civil War ? [b]

The result? 9. [a] Which of the Presidents have come into of

fice by right of succession and not election ?

[b] Who would be President in case of the plied with demand of United States to withdeath of the President and Vice-President ?

draw French troops. (6) Maximilian, Arch10. What losses occurring simultaneously in the East duke of Austria, deserted by Napoleon, rashly and the West placed the Confederacy on the

remained in the country and was captured defensive entirely, and when ?

and shot by the Mexicans.
9. (a) Tyler; Fillmore; Johnston; Arthur. (6)

Secretary of State.

10. Gettysburg in Pennsylvania; Vicksburg, Mis

sissippi, July, 1863. 1. (a) Canada; 1763, result of French and Indian

War. (6) Purchase, 1819.
2 (a) Southeastern part of New York and adjoin-

ing territory; 1664. (6) Near Atlantic coast,
from Maine to Florida.

1. Describe the spinal column. 3. (a) Roger Williams. (6) Massachusetts; Vir

2. What are the duties of the involuntary muscles? ginia. (c) Revolutionary War.

3. What are the advantages of rest ? 4. (a) Revolutionary; 1812; Mexican; Civil.

(b) 4. What are the functions of the perspiration ? Enforcement of oppressive laws regulating 5. Give the course of the blood in the pulmonic cirthe commerce and manufactures of the colo

culation. nies, and taxation without representation.

[a] What is the function of a gland ? [6] What Mexican Cession.

is the work of the kidneys ? 5. (a) Democratic and Republican; Republican 7. Compare venous with arterial blood. to Federalist; Democratic to Anti-Federalist.

8. What are the duties of the spinal cord ? (6) Whig and Democratic.

9. How is the average temperature of the body 6. (a) Legislative, vested in Congress, which con

maintained ? sists of Senate and House of Representatives. 10. Describe the sense of smelling. Two Senators from each State, chosen by State Legislature, serve six years. Number of Representatives from each State depends on

PHYSIOLOGY-ANSWERS. population of State; they are elected by the people to serve two years. Judicial, vested 1. The spinal column is composed of twenty-four in one Supreme Court and inferior courts es

pieces of bone, each called a vertebra, and betablished by Congress. Judges are appointed tween every two vertebræ is a thick piece of by the President, approved by the Senate;

cartilage. hold office for life unless removed for miscon- 2. To regulate light to the eye, to move the food in duct. Executive Department enforces the laws and through the digestive organs, and to promade by Congress. President and Vice-Pres

duce respiration and the circulation of the ident are at the head of this branch of the gov

blood. ernment, are chosen by the State electors 3. To enable the blood to remove wastes from nerve chosen by the people, and serve four years. and muscle, and to permit these parts to lay Vice-President presides over the Senate. (6)

up new stores of oxygen. State; Treasury; War; Navy; Interior; At- 4. (1) To cool the body by its evaporation ; (2) torney-General; Postoffice; Agriculture.

to relieve the blood of an excess of water; 7. (a) People practically united in one political and (3) to remove certain wastes from the party, and cordial support of the administra

blood. tion. (6) In opposition to the plan of reduc- 5. From the right ventricle of the heart, through ing the revolted Spanish-American colonies

the pulmonic artery to the lungs, returning to European dependence, President Monroe

through the pulmonic veins to the left ventricle sent a message to Congress which declared that,

of the heart. “ We should consider any attempt on the 6. (a) To take from the blood the materials with part of European powers to extend their sys

which to make its proper secretion, as milk tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dan

or bile. (6) To cast out the nitrogen and mingerous to our peace and safety, and that the eral wastes of the body. American continents

are hence

7. The venous blood is dark in color from a lack of forth not to be considered as subjects for fu

oxygen and laden with carbonic acid and ture colonization by any European powers.”

wastes received in all parts of its circulation. 8. (a) The French Emperor took advantage of the The arterial blood is of a bright scarlet color, Civil War in the United States to conquer

full of oxygen, and has but little carbonic Mexico. At the close of war Napoleon com

acid in it.

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