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« who will feed and fawn upon thee in the ♡ summer of profperitie; but, in an adverse 6 storme, they will shelter thee no more than an “ arbour in winter. ,

6 5. Beware of suretyship for thy best friends. “ He that payeth another man's debts, seeketh “ his own decay; but if thou canst not otherwise schufe, rather lend thy money thyself upon “ good bonds, although thou borrow it, fo fhalt “ thou secure thyself, and pleasure thy friend. " Neither borrow money of a neighbour nor a “ friend, but of a stranger; where, paying for “ it, thou shalt hear no more of it; otherwise 6 thou shalt eclipse thy credit, lose thy freedom, " and yet pay as 'dear a3 to another. But in “ borrowing of money, be precious of thy word, 6 for he that hath care of keeping days of pay66 ment, is lord of another man's purse.

66 6. Undertake no suit against a poor man, es without receiving much wrong; for, besides « (that) thou makelt him thy compeer, it is a

« base conquest to triumph where there is small La resistance. Neither attempt law against any

66 man, before thou be fully resolved that thou
“ haft right on thy side, and then spare not for
“ either money or pains; for a cause or two so.

“ followed and obtained, will free thee from suits . " a great part of thy life.

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« 7. Be

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66 7. Be sure to keep some great man thy “ friend, but trouble him not for trifles. Com. “ pliment him often with many, yet small gifts, « and of little charge; and if thou hast cause to 6 bestow any great gratuity, let it be something 56 which may be daily in fight, otherwise, in this 66 ambitious age, thou shalt remain like a hop 66 without a pole, live in obscurity, and be made “ a foot-ball for every insulting companion to “ spurn at.

6 8. Towards thy superiors be humble, yet

generous; with thine equals, familiar, yet rea 66 spective. Towards thine inferiours shew much 6 humanity, and some familiarity, as to bow the 6 body, stretch forth the hand, and to uncover " the head, with such like popular compliments. “ The first prepares thy way to advancement i " the second makes thee knowne for a man well “ bred; the third gains a good report, which, “ once got, is easily kept, for right humanitie “ takes such deep root in the minds of the mul. “ titude, as they are easilier gained by unprofit« able curtesies than by churlish benefits. Yet " I advise thee not to affcet or neglect popularitie s6 too much. Seeke not to be Effex. Shunne “ to be Rawleigh.

6 9. Trust not any man with thy life, credit, “ or estate, for it is mere folly for a man to en

6 thrali " thrall himself to his friend, as though, occasion « being offered, he should not dare to become “ thine enemie.

* 10. Be not fcurrilous in conversation, nor

satyricall in thy jests. The one will make « thee unwelcome to all company, the other « pull on quarrels, and get thee hatred of " thy best friends; for suspitious jests (when « any of them favour of truth) leave a bitterness « in the mindes of those which are touched. “ And albeit I have already pointed at this in. « clusively, yet I think it necessary to leave it to 6 thee as a speciall caution, because I have seene “ many fo prone to quip and gird, as they 66 would rather leese their friend then their jest ; « and if perchance their boiling braine yield a 6c quaint scoffe, they will travell to be delivered « of it as a woman with child. These nimble 66 fancies arę but the froth of wit."



“ I HAVE come to the Lord Keeper," says Puttenham, “ and found him sitting in his gal" lery alone, with the Works of Quintilian be

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« fore

was a I

“ fore him. Indeed, he was a most eloquent « man, of rare wisdom and learning, as ever I “ knew England to breed, and one that joyed " as much in learned men and good witts; from “ whose lippes I have seen to proceed more “ grave and natural eloquence, than from all " the Orators of Oxford or Cambridge.”

« Queen Elizabeth came, in one of her pro“ gresses, to visit Sir Nicholas Bacon, at his 6 houfe at Redgrave, and said to him, My " Lord, how small a house you have! He re“ plied, Madam, my house is small; but you « have made me too great for it.”


At the age of fixteen, Lord Essex took the degree of Master of Arts at Cambridge, and kept his public act. “ His Father,” says Sir Henry Wotton, “ died with a very cold conceit of him; « fome say, through his affection to his second 6 son Walter Devereux, who was indeed a 's diamond of his time, and both of a kindly and

6 delicate temper and mixture. But it seems, 166 the Earl, like certain vegetables, did bud and 6 open slowly ; Nature sometimes delighting to

66 play

“ play an after-game as well as Fortune, which 66 had both their turns and tides in course."

This amiable and accomplished Nobleman is thus described by Sir Henry Wotton:

" As he grew more and more attentive to 66 business, he became less curious of his dress, “ so that those about him had a conceit, that “- sometimes when he went up to the Queen, he

scarce knew what he had on. For his manner “ of dressing was this: his chamber being com. “ monly filled with friends or suitors of one kind “ or other, when he was up he gave his legs, “ arms, and breast to his ordinary servants, to 66 button and dress him with little heed, his head “ and face to his barber, his eyes to his letters, “ his ears to petitioners, and many times all at “ once. Then the Gentleman of his robes " throwing his cloke over his shoulders, he “ would make a step into his closet, and after a “ short prayer he was gone. Only in his baths « he was somewhat delicate.”

Lord Essex was a scholar, and an extremely elegant writer in prose and in verse. His advice

to the Earl of Rutland on his travels is admirable, · and, from the excellent observations which it con.

tains, may be still perused with advantage and : instruction.

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