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fore this of France, the annals of all time have not furnished an instance of a complete revolution. That revolution seems to have extended even to the constitution of the mind of man. It has this of wonderful in it, that it resembles what Lord Verulam says of the operations of Nature: It was perfect, not only in its clements and principles, but in all its members and its organs, from the very beginning. The moial scheme of Trance furnishes the only pattern over known which they who admire will instantly resemble. It is, indeed, an inexhaustiblo repertory of ono kind of examples. In my wretched condition, though hardly to be classed with the living, I am not safe from them. They have ligers to fall upon animated strength; they have hyenas to prey upon carcasses. The national monagorio is collected by the first plysiologists of the time; and it is defectivo in no description of savage nature. They pursue even such as me into the obscurest retreats, and haul them before their revolutionary tribunals. Noitler sex, nor age, nor the sanctuary of the tomb, is sacred to them. They have so determined a hatred to all privileged orders, that they deny even to the departed the sad immunities of the grave. They are not wholly without an object. Their turpitude purveys to their inalice; and they unplumb the dead for bulléts to assassinato the living. If all revolutionists were not proof against all caution, I should recommend it to their consideration, that no persons were ever known in history, cither sacred or profane, to vex the scpulchre, and by their sorceries to call up the prophetic dead, with any other cvent than tho prediction of their own disastrous fate. -"Leavo
« me, oh, leave me to repose!”
In one thing I can excuse the Duke of Bedford for his attack upon me and my mortuary pension : llc cannot readily comprehend the transaction he condemus. What I have obtained was the fruit of no bargain, the production of no intrigric, tho result of no compromise, the effect of no solicitation. The first suggestion of it never came from me, mediately or immediately, to his Majesty or any of his ministers. It was long known that the instant my engagements would permit it, and before the heaviest of all calamities had forever condemned me to obseurity and sorrow, I liad resolved on a total retreat. I hart executed that design. I was entirely out of the way of serving or of hurting any statesman or any party, when the ministers so gencrously and so nobly carricd into effect the spontaneous bounty of the crown. Boil descriptions have acted as became them. When I could no longer serve them, the ministers have considered my situation. When I could no longer hurt them, the revolutionists have trampled on my infirmity. My gratitude, I trust, is cqual to the manner in which the benclit was conferred. It came to me, indecd, at a time of life, and in a state of enind and body, in which no circuunstance of fortune could alford me any real pleasure. But this was no fault in the royal donor, or in his ministers, who were pleascd, in acknowledging the merits of an invalid servant of the public, to assuage the sorrows of a desolate old man.
It would ill become me to boast of anything. It would as ill become me, thus called upon, to depreciate the value of a long liso spent with unexampled toil in the service of my country. Since the total body of my services, on account of the industry
which was shown in them, and the fairness of my intentions, have obtained the acceptance of my sov ercign, it would be absurd in me to rango myself on the side of the Duke of Bedford and the Corresponding Society, or, as far as in mc lies, to permit a dis. pute on the rato at which the authority appointed by our Constitution to estimate such things lias been pleased to set them.
Loose libcls onglit to be passed by in silence and contempt. By me they have been so always. I knew, that, as long as I remained in public, I should live down the calumnics of inalice and the judgments of ignorance. If I happened to be now and then in the wrong, (as who is not?) like all other men, I must bear the consequence of my faults and my mistakes. The libels of the present day are just of the same stuff as the libels of the past. But they derive an importance from tho rank of the persons they coinc from, and thic gravity of the place where they were uttered. In some way or other I ought to take some notice of them. To assert iyself thus traduced is not vanity or arrogance. It is a demand of justico; it is a demonstration of gratitudo. f I am unworthy, the ministers are worse than prodigal. On that hypothesis, I perfectly agree with the Duke
I Lof: Bedford.
For whatever I have been (I am now no more) 1 put myself on my country. I onght to be allowed a reasonable freedom, because I stand upon my delivcrance; and no culprit ought to plead in irons. Even in the utmost latitude of defensive liberty, I wish to preserve all possible decorum. Whatever it may be in the cycs of these noble persons themselves, to me their situation calls for the most pro
found respect. If I should happen to trespass a little, which I trust I shall not, let it always be supposcd that a confusion of characters may produce mistakes, – that, in the masquerades of the grand carnival of our age, whimsical adventures happen, odd things are said and pass off. If I should fail a single point in the high respect I owe to those illustrious persons, I cannot be supposed to mean the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Lauderdale of the House of Peers, but the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Lauderdale of Palace Yard, - the Dukes and Earls of Brentford. Thero they are on the paveincit; there they seem to come nearer to my humble level, and, virtually at least, to have waived their high privilege.
Making this protestation, I refuse all revolutionary tribunals, where men have been put to death for no other reason than that they had obtained favors from the crown. I claim, not the letter, but the spirit of the old English law,- that is, to be tricd by my peers. I declinc his Gracc's jurisdiction as a judge. I challenge the Duke of Bedford as a juror to pass upon the value of my services. Whatever his natural parts may be, I cannot recognize in his few and idle years the competence to judge of my long and laborious lisc. If I can help it, he shall not be on the inquest of my quantum meruit. Poor rich man! he can hardly know anything of public industry in its exertions, or can estimate its compensations when its work is done. I have no doubt of his Grace's readiness in all the calculations of vulgar arithmctic; but I shrewdly suspect that he is little studied in the theory of moral proportions, and has never learned the rule of threc in the arithmetic of policy and state
His Grace thinks I have obtained too niuch. I answer, that my cxertions, whatever they have been, were such as no hopes of pecuniary reward could possibly excite; and no pecuniary compensation can possibly reward them. Between money and such services, if done by abler men than I am, there is no common principle of comparison : they are quantities incommensurable. Money is made for the comfort and convenience of animal life. It cannot be a reward for what mere animal life must, indeed, sustain, but never can inspire. With submission to lis Grace, I have not had more than sufficient. As to any noble use, I trust I know how to cmploy as well as ho a much greater fortune than he possesses. In a moro confined application, I certainly stand in need of evcry kind of relief and cascment much more than ho docs. When I say I have not received more than I deserve, is this the language I hold to Majesty ? No! Far, very far, from it! Before that presence I claim no merit at all. Everything towards me is favor and bounty. One style to a gracious benefactor; another to a proud and insulting foc.
His Grace is pleased to aggravate my guilt by charging my acceptance of his Majesty's grant as a departure from my ideas and the spirit of my conduct with regard to economy. If it be, my ideas of
economy were false and ill-founded. But they are the Duke of Bedford's ideas of cconomy I have contradicted, and not my own. If he means to allude to certain bills brought in by me on a message from the throne in 1782, I tell him that there is nothing in my conduct that can contradict cither the letter or the spirit of those acts. Does he mean the Pay-Office Act? I take it for granted lic does