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the King and the Lords, by reason whereof L. Peter de Gauvestoune was banished England, and then he came into Ireland with his wife and his sister, the Countess of Glosiin,” and landed at Dubling with a great power, and there abode a while. William McWalter, that strong thief and murderer, was taken and brought into the King's Bench at Dublinge before the L. John Ougane, Justice, and condemned and drawn after horses' tails through the city to the gallows, and there hanged for his just desert. The same year John LeDecer, mayor of Dubling, builded a certain bridge over the Lyffe, by the monastery of Saint Wolston's, upon his own charges; and also drew water and builded the first conduit that ever was in Dubling. He builded Saint Mary Friars Minors, where he buried. He also builded Saint John's hospital in Dublinge, and did make several altars in churches there, to which he gave good ornaments. He also builded Saint Mary Chapel, and every Friday he had all the Friars Preachers to his house to dinner. In the summer L. John Ougane went to a Parliament into England, and in his stead William Bourke was made Keeper of Ireland. At Saint Simon and Jude's t even, the same year, L. Roger Mortymer with his company arrived in Ireland, who was rightful heir of Methe, and also the daughter of L. Peter son to L. Galfrayd Genevill, and there they took seisin of Methe, the L. Galfrid giving them place, and entering into" Friars Preachers at Tryme. Dermot O'Demcy was slain at Tully by L. Peter de Gavestoune's servants. Richard Bourke, Earl of Ulster, kept a great feast in Tryme the same year at Whitsuntide, and there made Walter Lacye and Hue de Lacye knights. Assumption even, the Earl of Ulster came against Peter Gaveston, Earl of Cornevall, to Drogheda, and went from thence into Scotland. The same year Matilde, the Earl of Ulster's daughter, was carried into England to be married to the Earl of Guierne (?), which within one month after was married. Mauricius Canstonef killed Richard Tallone, and Rupenses' killed the said Mauricius; and soon after the Lord David Canstone was hanged at Dublinge. Sir James de Audle, L. Justice 1207, and killed 1272 in Thoman. Sir Nicholas and John Werdone was killed, 1271. The castles of Leckes, Roscaman, and Slighagh was broken this same time, 1271. Sir Geoffrey Geneveld, L. Justice 1273. Sir John Werdon died 1274.

Peter de Gaviston came to Ireland.

J. Le Decer, mayor of Dublinge, builded the bridge of Saint Wolston's.

Mortymer, heir of Methe, by right, and heir apparent to the Crown.

Audle, L. Justice.

Certain castles broken.

* Sic.

+ “iuge ys,” MS.
f “Condon" in margin (by Carew).
§ Sic. “Roche” in margin (by Carew).
| Sic ; “1270° is written over it by another hand.

Roger Mortemer, Earl of Merge, was put in the Tower, and there suffered, 1330. Sir John Stanley, Lieutenant in Ireland." Moriche FitzMorich builded the castle of Roscamane again, and Thomas de Claroe killed O’Bren, King of Thomand, 1277. Sir Rathe Pipard, L. Justice, and O'Hanlone, discomfited O'Nell in battle, 1279. Sir Theibau Butler was discomfit in Delven, and Sir Thybald Werdone did lose his men and his horses in Affaly, and Sir Geoffrey Geneveld was discomfited, 1285. Sir Thomas de Claro, Sir Nicholas Tathe, and Sir Nicholas Telinge died, 1287. [died and was buried with thef] Sir Geoffrey Geneveld was made Friar Preachers; of Treym, 1319. And Sir Persse Bremengham then died. Sir Richard Bourke, Earl of Ulster, with a great company, went unto Boun-Rath in Thoman, and there was by Sir Richard de Claro then taken, and John son of William Lasy and many more killed. Sir Walter Faunt and Sir Eustace Pouer then died, 1311. Sir William Londers then died, and Sir Richard Londers. Sir Theebau Werdon L. Justice, 1214.: Sir Edward Bruce and the Scots arrived in Ireland, 1315. The field that was given by Sir John Bremingham, in whose company was Richard Tute and Miles Werdone, wherein was killed 8224 Scots. Sir Richard de Clare and four knights and many more in Thomand was slain, 1318. | Sir Edward Powninges made L. Deputy in A.D. 1494. In H. 5's time was L. Deputies in Ireland, John Talbot of Holanshyere, Thomas Langaster, Steven Scrope, John Duke of Bedford, James Bottler. In the year of our L. 1043 the Irish entered England, burned, killed, and did much harms in England, as Fabyan witness[es], the 6. part of his book, f. 258. I find in another book that a King of Ireland burnesd] England from the West sea to the East sea, one Gormondus, in the King Caretheus's time, about A.D. 400. John Stowe's book, f, 55. King Richard the 2. came to Ireland the 22 year of his reign, and after his return into England was taken beside Chester, and after was miserably slain at Poumfret Castle, and before he was murdered he with an axe slew four of 8 that came to slay him.

Mortemer died.

f. 101.

Roscamane repaired.

Botlers discomfit
in Delven.

Bourke, Earl of
Ulster, taken.

When the Scots
arrived in Ireland.

Watter and John
Lacey was with the
Scots.

Irish invaded
England.

Gormondus builded
Gormond-Chester
in England.

Ric, the 2, slain.

* These two paragraphs are inserted at the foot of the page by a different hand.

f These words are interlined by another hand.

f Sic.

§ “that” is an interlineation.

| From here to the end of f. 101, the Chronicle consists of notes made by different hands.

A man being in the sea 6 days, in a chest, without meat, and came to land.

Duke of Ireland.

Teobald Werdon.

f. 102.

The Rodys besieged.

There was one James Tive of Watterford, being at sea in a ship which was drowned at a place called the 7 Stones, within 20 miles of England, and by chance found his chest, and made [a] hole in the same, and nailed the chest to a hatch of the ship, and came to land within the chest, being 20 miles off, and was 6 days upon the sea, and fed but upon a rasse" of ginger and his own urine. This was the help of God. (1567.) Robert de Veere, called Marquis of Doublinge, was also called Duke of Ireland in the 11. Ric. 2, as appearethf in the Statute Book, c. 4. Theobald Werdone by his wife Margaret de Lacy had issue Johane, that married Thomas Fornywall, and Elizabeth, that married Bartelme Bricwas ().f Margaret married after William Blond, and Elizabeth married after Henry Ferres. Christopher Plunket, L. Deputy; L. Welles, Deputy, 27 H.6.; and then after the Baron of Delven,

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Because an evil chance happened, to the great rebuke of all Christian princes, I intend briefly to declare the same miserable chance. In the beginning of this year Sultan Solyman Pac, called the Great Turk, which was but the 8. of the line of Ottoman the First, that took upon him to be a great captain or ruler, and to whom Sultan Selyme, his father, had left| th’Empires of Constantynople, Trapesonde, Alexandry, and Babylon, with many divers kingdoms and realms. Which Sultan Solyman the year before had gotten the town of Belgrado, being the key of Hungary; because he saw all the great princes in Christendom now at discord, thought it most for his honour and profit to make war in the Isle of the Rodes, and to take the same, which Isle had been kept by the space of 214 years by the brethren or knights of the Order of Saint John's of Jerusalem.

Divers things moved him to take this enterprise. One was, because this Isle stood so, that the religious of the same oftentimes took and destroyed his ships as they came with gold and other riches from Egypt, Syrye, and other East parts to Constantynople, so that by them of that Isle he sustained more hurt than by all Christendom, because the said Isle stood in the entry toward Constantynople. Another motion was, because his father, when he died, charged him to assay to take the Rhodes, for to be revenged of the shame that they had

* Sic. MS

# “aperyd,” MS.

f “ forgherse ” in margin (by Carew).

§ This account of the siege of Rhodes is derived from Hall's Chronicle. Ff. 102, 103, and 103 (bis) are written by a different hand from that of the main body

of the work.
| “lost,” MS.

done to his grandfather Mahomet, the Great Turk, which was with dishonour beaten from the siege of the Rhodes. But the greatest occasion of all was the exhortation of a great councillor of the religion, called Andrew Admyrall, born in Portyngale, which knew the whole estate and in what case the town stood in. The cause why this Andrew Amyrall bare malice to his religion was because, after the death of Friar Fabryca de Laretto, Lord Master of their religion, he was not elected to that honour, but one Philip de Wyllyers de Lysle" Adame, of France, was named to be Lord Master. Wherefore the said Andrew provoked the Turk to come to the Rhodes. The Great Turk seeing so great an occasion offered, and desiring honour, and also knowing the fortress of the Rhodes to lack munitions;—for surely the brethren of the said Order were both of such wealth and pride, and also lived after such an ungracious and ungodly fashion, that they took neither heed of their vow and solemn profession, nor also did foresee the thing to come, so that the great wealth of them,t so that they thought the Turk durst not once attemp to set on their garrison; and so they, being elevate in this point of pride, left their town unfurnished, and so were suddenly surprised, as you shall hear. Wherefore the said Turk covertly provided for 300 sail, in the which he carried all his artillery and all other things necessary; in the which army were 60 mariners and pioneers prepared for the only intent to dig and mine. All the rest of the army of the Turk came by land to a place called Fysko, which standeth so directly against the Rhodes that a fire may be seen from the one side to the other. From which the Turk sent letters to the above-named Philip de Wyllyers, Lord Master of the said religion, signifying to him that he would have the said Isle for great damage that they had done to him and his people; and if they would yield to him the said Isle, he promised on his faith, and by Mahomet his first prophet, they should have no damage nor hurt by him, and that they that would depart should go in safety, and they that would tarry and serve him should have good wages; and if they refused this to do, he sware that he would subvert the walls of their fortress, and destroy them all, and make them slaves; which letter was dated at Constantynople, the first day of June. The said Lord Master and his company were greatly abashed at this letter, but yet like hardy gentlemen they intended to defend them, and made all the preparations that they could do in so short a space, and wrote to all princes Christian of their need and distress. But the Turk, like a vile serpent, knowing the great division amongst the Christian princes, so that he knew that they could send no succours to the Rhodes, sent two hundred thousand" Turks, which arrived in the Isle of the Rhodes on Midsummer day, which was the festivalf day of the Rhodians, in honour of Saint John Baptist. Which sudden coming sore abashed the Rhodians, being but 600 knights and 5 hundred other meet to bear arms; yet, of noble courage and trusting in God, they determined to defend the enemies of God. And the 28, day of July the Turk arrived there in his own person, which much encourage[d] his people. When the Turk was arrived, he bent his ordnance towards the town, and did no great harm. When he saw that the walls were of that defence that ordnance did little harm, he caused all his pioneers to cast earth one bank over another still till they came within a bowshot of the walls; and although that many of the pioneers were slain with ordnance of the town, they never ceased till they had made a bank of earth higher by 10 foot than the wall of the town, and there they laid their ordnance, so that no person durst stir on the walls or bulwarks. And thus with mountains of earth was the town environed, and behind the mountains lay the bashaws and chief captains off Turk, which were ever ready to take their advantage. And daily they shot into the town and beat down houses, and slew the people in the streets, for they upon this mount might easily see into the town. Beside this, the Turk caused so many mines to be made in divers places, that they within were not able to make counter mines for lack of people, in so much as women were set a-work to dig and carry; by reason whereof, a great part of the walls were overthrown, and if they within had not made countermines, the town had been gotten within a short space. Also the Turks in September gave to the Rhodians four great assaults, like valiant warriors, but the Christian men within so valiantly defended them, that at every assault they lost at the least 2 hundred| men; and at the fourth assault they lost 10 hundred| Turks and more. The Great Turk, seeing the loss of his men at the assaults, sent for Moustaffa Bashaw, through whose counsel he took on him this enterprise, and much blamed him that he had made him believe that he might have the town within 12 days, or in a month at the most. Wherefore in that fury he would have put him to death, if the other bashaws had not entreated for him. But in conclusion the Turk determined clearly to raise his siege and to depart ; and so had done, if that same [k]night Sir Andrew Amyrall that you heard of before, and a

f. 103.

sk 4, Lyste,” MS.

A.D. 1523.

f. 103 (bis).S

* “CC. hondrede M.,” MS.
+ “festfwll,” MS.
t Or should “Turke’ be Turkey?
§ This leaf is an insertion.
| “thousand” in Hall.

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