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A true Copy of the B ULI:

169 engaged me, it appears evident to of France had bound themselves by you, that the bull excuses the kings indissoluble knots, did not stand to of France from keeping their oaths untie them by little and little. It when they find them a little incon. does not appear that, to disengage venient, and that by the help of a those princes, he made use of St. little equivalent in works of piety, Peter's keys; but luckily calling to they may infringe them in surety A mind, that the successors of that of conscience. This pope believed chief of the apostles are also furnishthat he gratified king John by thus ed with two Twords, he drew one making perjury smooth to him. of them, and cut at once the GorM. Barbeirac, in his notes upon

diaa knot.

I am, &c. Puffendorff, has quoted a fine passage from Libanius; which explains how

Here follows an entire copy of men may sometimes come to abandon B this remarkable Bull, as mentioned themselves to perjury. His thought in the preceding letter. is, that there is but a small number

A Brief from Pope CLEMENT VI. of them who commit this crime out

in Favour of John King of France, of a principle of impiety. The

and Queen JOAN. greatest number reckon upon the in-knite mercy of God, which they Quod Confesor poteft mutare Fota, & flatter themselves will be extended C Juramenta eprum. even to perjurers. There are some

VLEMENS Epifcopus, feruus fer. men, who feeing their affair: defperate, vorum Dei, carissimis in Chrifto and that they have but one single filiis, Joanni Regi & Joannæ Regiexpedient left to bring themelves na Franciæ illuftribus, Salutem & out of trouble, venture an oath, apoftolicam benedictionem. Votis vel They raise to themselves an illusion tris libenter annuimus, iis præcipuè thereupon, and flatter themselves D per qua, ficut piè desideratis, pacem, that by facrifices, vows and offerings & jalutem anime, Deo propitio, conthey may obtain from heaven the fequi valeatis. Hinc eft quòd nos velpardon of this false oath.

After all, tris fupplicationibus inclinati, vobis 'the punishment for perjury is a dis- & fuccefforibus veftris, regibus & re. tant evil, and the disorder of their ginis Franciæ, qui pro tempore fuerints affairs is an evil which requires an ac veftrum & eorum cuilibet, auctoimmediate remedy *. If this heathen E ritate apostolica, tenore presentium, in orator could have seen the bull of perpetuum indulgemus, ut confesor reClement VI. what would he have ligiofus, vel fecularis, quem veftrum fạid of this easy manner of com- & eorum quilibet duxerit eligendum, muting oaths, when they are never vota per vos forfitan jam emisla, ac so little inconvenient ?

per vos ese fucceffores vestros in polAmong the antient Romans, the terum emittenda, ultramarino, ac pentiffs had sometimes a right to F beatorum Petri & Pauli apostolorum, absolve vows, and to take cognizance ac cafiitatis & continentie votis dunof oaths. In certain cases they be- taxat exceptis ; nec non juramenta per lieved that they might commute vos præftita, & per vos & eos praa them, and settle the value of them. flunda in pofterum, quæ vos & illi sera But they were generally timorous vare commodè non pofletis, vobis & persons, whom the least scruple stop- eis commutare valeat in alia opera ped. Their fucceflors have known G pietaris, prout fecundum Deum, & how to decide these sort of quelions animarum vifirarum, & eorum faluti more boldly, witness our Clement. viderit expidire. Nulli ergo omnino This cunning man, in case the kings komnirum liceat hanc paginam noftre April, 1751.


rona Barbeirge ugen Puffonderf, p. 482,

T may be pleaded to jurifyian judices from the intemperance of TH

conceffionis infringere, vel ei aufu te- of this land deal fairly and safely merario contraire. Si quis autem hoc with them ; but at the same time attentare præsumpserit, indignationem they make bold to remonstrate, that omnipotentis Dei, & beatorum Petri they ought not to have harder mea& Pauli apoftolorum ejus, fe noverit fure than some of their relations of incurfurum.

less fiery qualities, who have nothing Datum Avinioni XII, calend. A else to urge in their behalf, but that Maji, anno none,

they dispatch those who abuse them

only in about half the time that your From the London Gazetteer.

petitioners do it. To the Right Worshipful FOOL of exceeding detrimental to civil society,

That drunkenness being a crime Great Britain. The humble Remonftrance and Pe- B fpect of persons, or regard to the

it ought to be punished, without retition of the Spirits ;

liquor wherewith a man intoxicates Shiweth,

himself. sundry demerits That the preindictment or presentment against m-g-s, f-n-s, p-y.c- -rs, your petitioners, the blame of all

ad-s, g-ls, and others in publick the mischiefs said to be occasioned C stations, than from the drunkenness by them, ought to be laid at the of coblers, porters, car-men, &c. door of the weak or evil minded and if so, then it is good logick to wretches that abuse them ; for not- conclude, that wine ought to be prowithstanding they are of a very hibited rather than geneva, &c. sharp, petulant constitution, yet they That the abuse of any thing is no never injure any but such as try their argument for its being prohibited or temper too often, or provoke them D loaded with high duties, otherwise beyond measure.

it would be requifite to lay a heavy That tho' multitudes of the lower tax on beef, plumb pudding, custard, class of people, besides too many of and ragoo's, because many great and a better rank, have been guilty of middling folks shorten their days by great misdemeanors, both with re- cramming themselves too much there. gard to themselves and their neigh. with, as all honeft eminent physicians bours, for want of being sufficiently E can attest and demonstrate. upon their guard again it your pe- That gold and filver ought not to titioners ; yet such evils ought no be banished the commonwealth, bemore to be charged to their account, cause one may find abundance of who are but paffive instruments or men of all ranks and degrees, who ingredients, than the sword of a man would not scruple to sell their counwho kills his fellow creature for a try, and barter all that is good and point of honour, ought to be in. F praiseworthy in the fight of God and dicted for murder, or the rope which man for it. puts an end to the troubles of him That all reformations should bethat hangs himself in a fit of melan- gin at the head, otherwise the tail choly or despair.

never can be kept in order. That your petitioners humbly ap- That most of the unhappy females prehend there is a plot hatching that ply about the streets of this mea against them, the true nature and G tropolis, owe their ruin to winefull extent of which they are not yet bibbers, and feldom or never let joformed of. They acknowledge themselves out to gin-drinkers, till it very necessary that some methods the former have cast them off. fhould be taken to make the people 5




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171 Wherefore your petitioners hum. lihood, either by binding myself to bly beg your worship to take the some genteel business, or by serving premises into your serious conside. some lady as her maid, she as often ration, and draw such consequences few in a pasion, and told me, there therefrom, as in your great wisdom had not been a trade in her family you fhall judge proper.

for these 200 years, and she had And your petitioners, as in duty A rather see me starve than go to service, bound, will ever pray, &c. I thought this an odd way of reason.

ing; for, proud as she seemed to be, The Folly of Persons priding them- she was mean enough to folicit, and felves upon their noble Difcent,

accept of private charities, her an. without Means to support it: In the nuity being but 151. a year. She Story of Cleora.

had a part of a house to herself; WAS the only daughter of a half. B her parlour was elegantly furnished,

her buffet adorned with several pieces the younger branch of a very poor of old family plate ; and, I verily noble family, and my mother a dis- believe, she would rather have wanted tant relation before marriage, but bread (which, by the bye, the very of had no fortune. As I was their on- ten did) than have sold a tea spoon chat ly child, they spared no cost on my had the family arms upon it. But, education ; and if my circumstances C alas! how different was that part of were to have been judged by the her furniture which was out of sight! manner in which I was brought up, For while her parlour looked like no one would have imagined but that of a princess, her bedchainber that I was to have had goool. at resembled that of a beggar. Her Jeast, to my portion ; but instead of

whole conversation was the geneathis, I had not the least prospect of logy of her family, and all her a fixpenny piece from any relation or D thoughts seemed to be taken upin friend whatever. My poor father confidering how she should conceal used often to comfort himself with her poverty, and at the same time saying, that as his Cleora was nubly convince the world he was nobly born, he was resolved the should born. In this fplendid distress I spent have an education suitable to her a twelvemonth, and heartily tired I birth. But, alas! when I was a. was of my situation. For my aunt, bout 22, in one month I lost both E tho' she had too much pride to let father and mother, and had nothing me ferve any body else, suffered me, to support me but my genteel educa. nay, often obliged me to do things, tion, and nothing to boast of but which the lowest maid-fervants think the nobility of my parentage. I was beneath them. And while the kindnow at a great loss what to do; for ly entertained me on charity, as the as I was bred to no trade, nor in. called it, the frequently made use of nured to any service, I seemed to be F my living with her, as an argument excluded from the two only means to procure bounties from her friends, to get my bread. While I was re- 'I his I could not bear, and was revolving this in my mind, a maiden solved to leave her at any rate ; but aunt of mine, by my father's side, in endeavouring to avoid this poor, who had for many years been starving proud, mean, well-born lady, i nargenteely on a small annuity, invited rowly escaped an evil of a more me to her house. She was one of G dreadful nature ; for as I was young, those people who cloath and feed not ugly, and evidently in distrets, themselves with che thoughts of their a gentleman that lodged opposite to nobility : And as I frequently ex- us, having, as I afterwards found, press'd my desire of getting my live. fixed on me as a prey, took an op

Y 2

portunity, portunity, when my aunt was gone ing, unexperienced as I was in life, I á visiting, or rather begging, seeing determined to apply to for relief; and me at the door, artfully to begin an as distress makes even our sex bold, acquaintance, which a correlpon- I went and entered myself for a nur. dence foon improved into something fery maid's place, and by this means, like friendship. He extorted com- in a week, I got into a very good plaints from me, feemingly entered A family ; nor had I been a month in into my distress, pitied me, and pro- my nursery before my lady distested that he loved me; and, alas ! I charged her own maid, and being almost believed him, which I really acquainted with my story, gene. think, if I know myself, was more rously preferred me to attend upon her owing to my miserable situation, self. I now began to feel a real joy than any motive of liking to him : after the danger 1 had avoided from However, as I thought I could not B my lover, and to see that ridiculous be more unhappy, I one day resolved, creature, my 'aunt, with the highest tho' «ith fearand trembling, to throw contempt. What a change of fitua. myself at once into his protection, tion was here! from pride, poverty, and trust to his generosity ; this I idleness, naftiness, and misery, fup. had promised him, and this I should ported only by the confideration of have certainly done, had I not re- being nobly born, to that of being ceived a letter from him that very C honeftly and usefully employed, afternoon to justify my fears, and kindly treated, poflefling every conconvince me, that instead of a pro- veniency and comfort of life, and tector, I had only found a betrayer. noching to rob me of my happiness But here, in the height of my misery but the thought of being a servant. from this disappointment, an acci. Alas! what a bugbear has false pride dent of an extraordinary kind re. made service to our sex! For my lieved me from my distress. My Down part, the only difference I congood aunt returning home about five, sider between miltress and servant is dicappointed of a dinner where the but the name; for as to happiness, went, desired me to broil the re- they are or may be upon a footing. mains of a pound of mutton chops, It is often said, that one misfortune left the preceding day ; but as the generally treads upon the heels of faid her grand pappa, my lord. another ; but I have never heard the was very fond of thallots with roalt E fame acknowledged of good fortune. mutton, the ordered me to fetch But this only shews that the world in fome, and put a halfpenny into my general are more ready to complain hand for that purpose ; for as me of what they suffer, than to acknow. knew the alliances of her family for ledge what they enjoy. I am very 100 years, so she was also particular- ready to say, I esteem my removal ly acquainted with their refpective from my aunt into service as a haptastes, with which the constantly en. F piness ; as I must say the same of tertained me ; and, as I suppose, to my removal from that happy serprove, that people who were nobly vice, to that of marrying a worthy born, were formed of different ma- tradesman, who tho' he has no noterials from the vulgar; a thing she bility of blood to boast, yet, if hoherself verily believed. I went nour is justly defined to be honesty of on my errand to the next herb shop, heart, in that excellent quality he is where the woman, who had always exceeded by none. I can say no more taken me for å servant, thinking G but that I am happy : But, what I deserved a better place, gave me a would make one laugh, I received a bill of the universal regilter-office, letter full of resentment from my then juft set up, which, after read. aunt, in which the charged me with

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1751. Humorous LETTER on CHANTING,

173 dishonouring her family by marrying had like to have done our business, a tradesman ; and said she was re- and of which I was several weeks folved not to take any notice of me, before I could recover: To all the do any thing for me, or give me a rest I could say something that was morsel of bread if I was starving. pretty and well conceited, with the The great happiness I found in per. help of my good friend Dr. Bifle ; severance, is the reason why I would A but when he threw in that home persuade all parents to educate their question-" I dare put it to the children in proportion to their cir- warmest advocate for chanting, whecumstances, and assure all those of ther he should not know better, than my sex, that labour under the preju- so to prefer a suit to the king, or to a dices of education, whose minds are lord,” my heart misgave me at once ; poisoned with false pride, that in- I found that in vain was it to apply to dustry generally meets with success ; B either the rationale or to custom, to that in England, service is no llavery; help me to give a direct answer;nor is it any disgrace, but rather an so to work I set my brains, how to honour to any one, be their birth or

get off of this ugly business; and at education what it will, to be a ser. length, after several weeks intense vant, when it becomes necessary for meditation in vain, and being very their support ; for sure, nothing can near giving it over several times, be shameful that is honest. The C

at last it jumped into my head on a rooting this false pride from their sudden, as I was one day returning heads, would preserve thousands from

in good spirits from courting --I do destruction.

not hold (observe me) that I am

obliged to give him quite a direct To the Author of the LONDON answer, because he fated the quesMAGAZINE.

tion his own way ; but I hall give SIR,

D him one, notwithstanding, to the purLITTLE thought, after so no. pose, and which will shew, that singing table a defence as I had made

is not so inconsistent with petitioning for chanting * against Paul Diflinct, as he would make us believe. In a ever to see any so daring, as to enter word then, I can tell him ; whatthe lists again; I so effectually con- ever it be to a lord, a song has often founded the old fellow, with the ra. been thought the best way to prefer tionale of it, that he durst never show E a suit to a lady; his head fince ; at least, if he has

Souvent, pour attendrir un coeur, done it, it has been under a different

Il ne faut qu'une Chanfonette t. name; for, to tell you the truth, { do not know what to make of Za. Thus much may serve, then, for chariah Fervent ; I sometimes think that devilish, troublesome, imperti he has too much of Old Paul in him, nent question of his. And now I must to be any other than he : They nei. F take my turn, and question him ; ther of them deal in any thing but and I will undertake to put cases to reason, and there is a strange relem- him, in which let him deny that blance in their manner of thinking: chanting is most agreeable, if he can. But be that as it will, whether he be To begin then, what can be Paul's second, or Paul himself, I more suitable to the impression that am resolved now to make an end of the recital of the commandments him for ever: I am sure, he intended G should make upon us, than at the in his heart to do no less by me and end of every one to ling the petition, my friends, when he levelled at us Lord, have mercy upon us, and that unconscionable blow, which

inSee all on ibis subjekt, in cur Mag. for 3750, P: 363, 462, 503. And in our Mag. for Fab, laft, . 77

f Bruneties par Ballerden



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