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humblest, had a shrine, with its im- ously feathered paganism of the age, before which burned lamp or Orient; and a priest of the ancient candle! There were numerous relig- pagan temple, if brought back to ious organizations which cele- life, would find himself perfectly at brated anniversaries, by processions home amid the ceremonial of a through the streets, preceded by Roman Catholic street-procession, sacred banners, the parade ending anniversary celebration, or elaborwith the offer of sacrifice before ate church performance. some famous image, to which in- In his “Marius,” Walter Pater cense had been so often burned and describes conditions, as they were lamps so often lighted that the holy under the philosophic Emperor, idol was blackened by the devotional Marcus Aurelius. Rome is in her smoke. But who could chide the decline. Her frontiers have not Romans for holding these begrimed receded, but her vigor has waned. old idols in reverent adoration ?

Mercenary troops fight her battles: Had not the images testified, un- lewdness prevails even in the royal mistakably, their profound interest households: the daughter of Auin human affairs? Wood and stone gustus, and the wife of Antoninus though they were, had not Divinity Pius have left names that will be made itself manifest, miraculously, bywords to the end of time: after through them?

awhile, the Pretorian Guards will All the Roman world knew that sell the Purple to the highest bidthe statue of Fortuna Muliebris had der; and Night will come down on spoken more than once; for the the world, priests so declared, and they had The thoughts of the idle rich are reduced her words to writing. To subjective. Men and women disdoubt, were sacrilege. Had not the

cover strange ailments in themimage of Apollo, at Comæ, wept selves. They revel in the fact that three days and nights? To be sure: they have “nerves.” They underthe miracle was solemnly attested. go horrible tortures, in the hope of Had not the images in the temple escaping pain. They pine away of Juno broken out into a profuse without visible cause; and they blosperspiration? Yea, verily. Not som back into buxom strength, by only that, but the idols in the sacred

reason of occult ministration. They grove of Fortuna had sweated

eat something, and get sick: they blood!

drink something, and get well. It Is there anything in these pagan is the heyday of the charlatan, the miracles that differs from those of faith-curist, the magician, those Roman Catholicism? Even the who prey upon valetudinarians. miraculous healing of Lourdes, and Fads rioted: fancies

fancies spawned: other such places had their proto- freaks luxuriated: men strove to be types in Pagan Rome. Absolutely lady-like: women struggled to be the papal system originated noth- mannish. Flourishing like a grove ing: after departing from the se- of green bay-trees, were the colleges vere simplicity and inexpensiveness of Æsculapius.

. These medicineof the early Church, it plucked men were likewise priests. Around plume after plume from the gorge- the healing art, the faith-cure and religious rites were entwined. The Marius, speedily was made whole; temples of this Grecian demi-god and he returned hoine “brown with were laden with the votive offerings health.” Selah. of grateful worshippers whose suf- The Roman emperors, returning ferings had been relieved by the to the Imperial City to celebrate precious secrets of the college: the some victorious campaign, were organization of the disciples of Æs- wont to bend their hauglity heads to culapius was almost identical with a couple of observances meant to that of the Roman Catholic priest- teach humility. In the chariot with hood.

the Conqueror, rode a common perAnd just as the modern priest son whose duty it was to remark, at speaks Latin, while officiating, so regular intervals during the trithe Roman priests spoke Greek. The umphal procession “Remember purpose, in each case being the that you are mortal.” This caution same, viz. to overawe the uniniti- was highly necessary, for the emated, by using a tongue which they perors were made gods (Saints?) do not understand.

after their death; and there was In reading of the journey of a always the danger of their becomsick Roman to a “holy” well of ing gods—in their own eyes—bepaganism, one is startled to realize fore they departed from this vale of how precisely the narrative cor

tears. responds to a Catholic pilgrimage The other custom was, that the to Lourdes. (There is nothing new Emperor should go down upon his under the sun.)

knees; and, in this painful fashion, Marius reaches the holy well, and go up a long flight of marble stairs. enters the temple which has been Even the enlightened Marcus Arebuilt about it. The walls are cov- lius humored the pagan populace by ered with thankful acknowledge- observing this ancient and absurd ments of those who have been cured. custom: he made his way up the A lurking fragrance of incense is in via sacra, on his knees, after having the air. Ceremonial lights burn, put down the rebellion of Cassius. here and there. “A singular expres- If you will go to Rome, (Italy,) sion of sacred order, a surprising the guide will point out to you a cleanliness and simplicity” prevail. flight of marble steps, called the via Certain priests, men whose coun- sacra; and you will see a parcel of tenances bore a deep impression of human donkeys (male and female) cultivated mind, each with his little making their way up these steps, group of assistants, were gliding on their knees. round silently, to perform the morn- They don't any more know that ing salutation to the god” (Apollo,) they are imitating a pagan performraising the closed thumb and fin- ance, in doing this, than they know ger of the right hand with a kiss in that the entire papal establishment the air, as they came and went on excepting sermon, song, prayer their sacred business, bearing their and baptism-are pagan, from the frankincense and lustral water''- shaven crown, to the beads on which "holy' water.

prayers are "told." Full of faith, the ailing pagan, Falconio got a firm clinch on his risibles, some months ago, and told the stair-case to the city of Rome. the Washington correspondents of Such is the papal legend. Whether the metropolitan press that the via the same angel carried Mary's hut sacra had been the stair-case of to Spoleto, and a lock of her hair Pontius Pilate's palace, at Jerusa- to Milan, and a drop of her malem; and that Christ ascended these ternal milk to the Eternal City, I steps, when going before the Ro- really cannot say. Perhaps, Falman; and that an angel transported conio knows.

To A Violet

J. T. Hudson

Bloom, fairest flower that decks the sod
In sylvan haunts by elfins (rod !

Thy changeless hue

Of heavenly blue
E'er lifts my thoughts away to God!

Bloom on! Bloom on! Brief is thy stay-
Ephemeral-doomed to decay!

In passing by,

The zephyrs sigh
That thou so soon must pass away!

Bloom on! Bloom on! Sweet violet,
Let no vain chiding nor regret

Of days to be

Come over thee!
Bloom on! Bloom on! All else forget!

The Palo Duro Canon-A Natural National


Cecil Horne


INCE the introduction of a bill ending desert, across which may be seen in Congress, a few years ago, to toiling a wagon train, while the desoappropriate one hundred thousand late

way is strewn with the white bones dollars for the purpose of converting of horses and hapless emigrants who the Palo Duro Canon into a national have perished in the attempt to cross park, considerable interest has been this Sahara of America. But instead manifested in this heretofore compara- of a barren, arid waste there is an emtively unknown place of American pire rising as if by magic on these once grandeur and beauty. The Bill also fruitless plains. Railroads are being provided for the purchase of the buf- hurriedly built; magnificent automofalo ranch of Colonel Charles Good- biles fly over the level prairies at a night, on which ranges the largest herd rate of sixty miles per hour; cities are of buffalo in the United States. Mr.

Mr. rising to the music of progress; some Goodnight's ranch is on a branch of said that God made the plains for the the main Palo Duro Canon and ad- cattle, but now the large ranches are jacent to it.

being cut up into farms, the cowboy is The bill was unsuccessful; first, be- giving place to the farmer, who turns cause this canon is so unfamiliar; sec- the wide, flat acres with great steam ond, because our people do not suffi- plows; the earth is being made to ciently appreciate the park idea; and, furnish water that the heavens have lastly, because many of the members of denied, and bountiful harvests are proCongress believe that the Federal gov- duced; there are churches, schools, ernment has no right or power to es- and other public enterprises; and, tablish parks of any kind. But in a withal, there is a healthy spirit of push very different spirit the Canadian gov- and progress that must, in a few years, ernment has purchased and moved into attract the attention of the whole counthe Dominion every buffalo that could try. Opportunities there are calling be secured in the Dakotas. This action and beckoning to the young men and was approved and commended by the women of the crowded communities of British government.

the North and East. The first of the above reasons is The second reason, that our peorapidly disappearing, because the plains ple not not sufficiently appreciate country, or Panhandle of Texas, where the park idea, is also undergoing the canon is situated, is now the most a logical change. The older our narapidly developing part of the country. tion becomes the more attention will be So phenomenal has been the growth of paid to the esthetic side of our national this section that to well informed peo- life, to early landmarks, to places of ple the West is still wild and wooly, historical interest, to our natural scenan unbroken, untrodden expanse, where ery, to the preservation of the monuthe cowboys hold domain over their ments of the past, and the creation of herds, and the Indians chase the buffalo new ones, and to the creation of those over bare and trackless prairies. There things that may add to the beauty, atare geographies and histories still used tractiveness, and pleasantness of Amerias text books in which the plains of Texas are pictured as a vast and un- And with this change of opinion it is impossible that the Palo Duro Canon scientific exploration of the canon, map will be entirely overlooked. The canon

can life.

it, obtain photographs of its scenery, extends from near the line of New note the minerals, and make a collecMexico, about one hundred miles in a tion of its fauna and other museum southeasterly direction across the Pan- specimens. handle. It varies in width from a half- In June our party arrived at Goodmile to a mile and a half, and its ex- night, Texas, whose history is insepartreme depth is about fifteen hundred ably linked with that of the canon. feet. It has been described by an early Just at the foot of the plains, where writer as “a great saber slash in the the table land drops down into the valheart of the plains.” Notwithstanding ley, and the cold water runs through the fact that this is the second largest the big rocks, in the very shadow of the canon in the world, that the natural cap rock of the "baldies," is this little scenery there rivals any to be found in town, named in honor of the veteran Colorado, that it was the last great bat- ranch and cattleman of the West, Col. tle ground of the pioneers, the most Charles Goodnight. Before the war, stubbornly disputed Indian strongholds when the fierce Comanches and buffalo and the most typical part of the West, held possession of the beautiful plains, it has remained practically unnoticed he selected the Palo Duro canon and until recent years.

the adjacent territory as the best The history of previous expeditions adapted place in all the West, every into this region may be written in a mile of which he had traversed, as the short paragraph. George Wilkins Ken- ideal place for a great stock and cattle dal, in his “Narrative of the Texan ranch. The natural scenery and picSanta Fe Expedition" (New York, turesqueness of the country lent charm 1844), merely makes mention of cross- to the land in the eyes of this cultured ing Palo Duro creek. The report pub- man in an uncultured country. . lished in 1854, of Lieut. R. B. Marcy, Mr. Goodnight still lives on a small 5th Infantry, U. S. A., of an explora- ranch which extends up to the Fort tion of Red river two years prior, gives Worth and Denver railroad, and upon a short account of the Palo Duro

which grazes the herd of buffalo, and, Canon. Gen. George B. McClellan, including the government herd in the then a captain, acted as astronomical Grand Canon, comprises the remnant observer for the expedition. In 1899 of the great herds that once roamed at Mr. W. L. Black, of the Geological will over the prairies of the Dakotas, Survery of Texas, made a small collec- Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. It tion of fauna in the Panhandle country required much labor, patience and skill but did not enter the canon. Professor

to bring within stated limits these fierce, Cope, of the Philadelphia Academy of powerful animals. Now, however, they Sciences, made a similar but more ex- are fairly well domesticated, so that tensive trip two years later. In 1908

one may ride or drive among them in members of the United States Biolog- safety. But these proud beasts still ical Survey, collected specimens north maintain the reserve and bearing of of the Palo Duro.

freedom; they were never meant to But last summer an expedition much be tamed. Since this is the native more elaborate and extended than home of the buffalo, as fine specimens previous ones, fitted out under the

as ever tempted the arrows of the fierce auspices of Baylor University, Waco, Comanches may be found on Mr. GoodTexas, was conducted by Mr. John K. night's ranch. He slaughters one ocStrecker, naturalist. The principal ob- casionally, sells a few here and there, jects of the enterprise were to make a and now and then makes some of his

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