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Plezeklah with their clothes rent, | And came even before the king's and be clean, and change your and told him the words of Rab Bate: for none miglit enter into the garments. shakeh. king's gate clothed with sackcloth.
Gen. xll, 14. Then Pharaoh sent Matth. XXVI, 65. Then the high
And in every province, whithersapriest rent his clothes, saying, He ever the king's commandment and and called Joseph, and they
brought him hastily out of the his decree came, there 2013 seat dungeon: and he shaved himself, hath spoken blaspliems, what further need have we of witnesses? mourning among the Jews, and
and he changed his raiment, and behold, now ye have heard his fasting, and weeping, and wailing, and many lay in sackcloth and
came in unto Pharaoh. blasphemy.
ashes. So Esther's maids and her Gen. xlv, 22. To all of them he Acts xiv, 14. Which when the chamberlains came and told it her. Eave each man changes of raiapostles, Barnabas and Paul, beard | Then was the queen exceedingly ment; but to Benjamin he gave
, they reut their clothes, and ran Etieved, and she sent raiment to three hundred pieces of silver, and in among the people, crying out. clothe Mordecai, and to take away Ave changes of raiment. Acts xvi, 22. And the multitude his sackcloth from him: but he received it not.
2 Kings V, 5, 22, 23. And the rose up together against them; and the magistrates rent off their Job xvi, 15. I have sewed sack- king of Syria said, Go to, go, and I clothes, and commanded to beat cloth upon my skin, and defled will send a letter unto the king of
Israel. And he departed, and them my horn in the dust.
took with him ten talents of silver,
Ps. IIXV, 13. But as for me, and six thousand pieces of gold, NOT ONLY WERE CLOTHES when they were sick, my clothing and ten changes of raiment. And
was sackcloth: I humbled my soul he said, All is well. My master RENT, BUT SACKCLOTH
with fasting, and my prayer re- bath sent me, saying, Behold, even WAS ALSO WORN, AND turned into mine own bosom. now there be come to me from CLOTHES WERE COVERED Isa. XXXVII, 1, 2. And it came to of the sons of the prophets: give
mount Ephraim two young men WITH DUST.
pass, when king Hezekiah heard Gen. xxxvil, 34. And Jacob rent it, that he rent his clothes, and them, I pray thee, a talent of sil
covered himself with sackcloth, And Naaman said, Be content, his clothes, and put sackcloth op
ver, and two changes of garments. on his loins, and mourned for his and went into the house of the take two talents. And he urged son many days.
was over the household, and shebbim, and bound two talents of silpass, that
when David was come priests, covered with sackcloth two of his servants; and they bare 2 Sam xv, 32. And it came to na the scribe, and the elders of the ver in two bags, with two changes to the top of the mount, where he unto Isaiab the propbet, the son them before him. Worshipped God, behold, Hushai of Amoz. the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent and earth upon with sackcloth, lament and howl:
Jer. iv, 8. For this gird yon his head.
Ps. cii, 26. They shall perish, but for the fierce anger of the LORD is thou shalt endure; yea, all of them 1 Kings xxl, 27. And it came to not turned back from us.
shall wax old like a garment: as a pass, when Ahab heard those
Jer. xlix, 3. Howl, O Heshbon, and they shall be changed.
vesture shalt thou change them, words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh,
for Al is spoiled: cry, ye daughters and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, oʻRabbah, gird you with sackcloth;
Zech. fil, 4. And he answered and went softly.
Lament, and run to and fro by the and spake unto those that stood hedges. ....
before him, saying, Take away 2 Kings vi, 30. And it came to pass, when the king heard the
Lam. 11, 10. The elders of the the fithy garments from him. words of the woman, that he rent daughter of Zion sit upon the And unto him he said, Behold, I his clothes; and be passed by upon ground, and keep silence: they have caused thine iniquity to pass the wall, and the people looked, have cast up dust upon their from thee, and I will clothe thee aud, behold, he had sackcloth heads; they have girded them with change of raiment. within upon his flesh.
selves with sackcloth: the virgins
of Jerusalem hang down their 2 Kings xlx, 1, 2. And it came to heads to the ground.
OF NECESSITY OFTEN pass, when king lezekiah heard it,
WASHED. ihat he rent his clothes
and covered Ezek. xxvil, 30. And shall cause himself with suckcloth, and went their voice to be heard agaiust said unto Moses, Go unto the peo
Exod. xix, 10, 14. And the LORD into the house of the LORD. he sent Eliakim, which was over shall cast up dust upon their heads; ple, and sanctify them to-day and the household, and Shebna the they shall wallow themselves in to-morrow, and let them wash
their clothes. And Moses went scribe, and the elders of the the ashes.
down from the mount unto the priests, covered with sackcloth,
Micah 1, 10. Declare ye it not at people, and sanctified the people; to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Gatb, weep ye not at all: in the and they washed their clothes. Amoz.
house of Aphrah roll thyself in the Lev. xiii, 6. And the priest shall Neh 1x, 1. Now, in the twenty dust.
look on him again the seventh and fourth day of this month, the
day: and, behold, if the plague de children of Israel were assembled
CHANGES OF RAIMENT
somewhat dark, and the plague with fasting, and with sack
spread not in the skin, the priest clothes, and earth upon them. OFTEN REFERRED TO, AND shall pronounce him clean; it is Esther iv, 1-4. When Mordecal ALSO SENT AS A FREQUENT but a scab; and he shall wash his
PRESENT. perceived all that was done, Mor.
clothes, and be clean. decai rent his clothes, and put on Gen. XXXV, 2. Then Jacob said Lev. xv,5,8,11, 22. And whosoever Backcloth with ashes, and went unto his household, and to all that toucheth his bed shall wash his out into the midst of the city, and were with him, Put away the clothes, and bathe himself in cried with a loud and a bitter cry; 1 strange gods that are among you, I water, and be unclean until the even. And if he that hath the faste | clothes, and bathe his feshin gathereth the ashes of the helfer spit upon him that is clean; then water, and afterward he shall shall wash his clothes, and be unhe shall wash his clothes, and come into the camp.
clean until the even. bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even.
Num. XXXI, 24. And ye shall Num. viil, 7, 21. And thus shalt
And whomsoever he toucheth that
thou do unto them, to cleange wash your clothes on the seventh hath the issue, and hath not them: Sprinkle water of purifying day, and ye shall be clean, and rinsed his hands in water, he shall upon them, and let them shave all afterward ye shall come into the wash his clothes, and bathe nim- their flesh, and let them wash camp. self in water, and be unclean
their clothes, and so make them
selves clean. until the even. And whosoever
And the Levites OFTEN LAID UP AND MOTH. toucheth any thing that she sat were purified, and they washed
EATEN. upon shall wash his clothes, and their clothes; and Aaron offered
Job xili, 28. And he, as a rotten bathe himself in water, and be
them as an offering before the anclean until the even.
LORD; and Aaron made
an atone thing consumeth, as a garment ment for them to cleanse them.
that is moth-eaten. Lev. XVI, 26, 28. And he that let Num, xix, 7, 10. Then the priest
Job XXVII, 16. Though he heap go the goat for the scape-goat shall wash his clothes, and he shall up silver as the dust, and prepare shall wash his clothes, and bathe bathe his flesh in water, and
raiment as the clay. kis flesh in water, and afterward afterward he shall come into the
James v, 2. come into the camp. And he that camp, and the priest shall be un-ments are moth-eaten. burneth them shall wash his clean until the even, And he that! (See under Animals, MOTH,)
DISEASE AND DEATH.
DISEASE THE TOKEN OF SIN. Job v, 6, 7. Although affiction Jer. xlviii, 16. The calamity of
Deut. xxviii, 21. The LORD shall cometh not forth of the dust, Moab is near to come, and his afmake the pestilence cleave unto neither doth trouble spring out of fliction hasteth fast. thee, until he have consumed then the ground; Yet man is born from off the laud, whither thou unto
trouble, as the sparks fly you, all ye that pass by? behold, and
Lam. I, 12-14. Is it nothing to guest to possess it. upward.
see if there be any sorrow like John vi, 14. Afterward Jes'is Job x, 17. .Thou renewest thy unto my sorrow, which is done findeth him in the temple, and witnesses against me, and increas- unto me, wherewith the Lord hath said unto him, Behold, thou art est thine indignation upon me: amicted me in the day of his fierce made whole: sin no more, lest a changes and war are against me.
anger. From above hath he sent worse thing come unto thee.
Job xvi, 14. He breaketh me fire into my bones, and it prevail.
with breach upon breach; he run-eth against them: he hath spread OFTEN PAINFUL. noth upon me like a giant.
a net for my feet; he hath turned Job vii, 3, 4. So am I made to
Job xxx, 11, 26. Because he me back; he hath made me desopossess months of vanity, and hath loosed' my cord, and afflicted late and faint all the day. The wearisome nights are appointed me, they have also 'let loose the yoke of my transgressions is bound to me. When I lie down, I say, bridle before me. When I looked by his hand; they are wreathed, When shall I arise, and the night for good, then evil came unto me;
and come up upon my neck: he be gone?
and I am full of tossings and when I waited for light, there hath made my strength to fall; the to and fro unto the dawning of the came darkness.
LORD hath delivered me into their day.
Ps. Ixvi, 10. For thou, O God,
hands, from whom I am not able
to rise up. Job xxx, 15, 16, 19. Terrors are hast proved us: thou hast tried turned upon me: they pursue my us, as silver is tried.
Lam. 1i1,1,2, 31-33. I am the man soul as the wind; and my welfare Ps. Ixxxix, 30-33. If his children of his wrath. He hath led me,
that hath seen afliction by the rod passeth away as a clood. And now my soul is poured out upon me; my judgments; If they break my but not into light. For the LORD
forsake my law, and walk not in and brought me into darkness the days of affliction have taken statutes, and keep not my com- will not cast off for ever: hold upon me. lle hath cast me
But into the mire, and I am become their trangression with the rod, have compassion according to the
mandments; Then will I visit though he cause grief, yet will be like dust and ashes,
and their iniquity with stripes. multitude of his mercies. For he Eccles. V, 17. All his days also Nevertheless my loving-kindness doth not afflict willingly, nor he eateth in darkness, and he hath will I not utterly take irom bim, grieve the children of men. much sorrow and wrath with Liis nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. sickness. 180. xxxvIII, 9-11. The writing that thy judgments are right, and
Ps. cxix, 75. I know, O LORD, COMFORT AND HOPE UNDER of Hezekiah king of Judah, when that thou in faithfulness hast af
AFFLICTION. he had been sick, and was reflicted me.
Deut. viii, 5. Thou shalt also covered of his sickness: I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall
Eccles. vii, 14. In the day of consider in thine heart, that, as a
man chasteneth his son, so the go to the gates of the grave: I am prosperity be joyful, but in the deprived of the residue of my day of adversity consider: God also LORD thy God chasteneth thee. years. I said, I shall not see the hath set the one over against the 2 Sam. xxii, 17, 19. He sent from LORD, even the LORD, in the land other, to the end that man should above, he took me; he drew me of the living: I shall behold man find nothing after him.
out of many waters; They preno more with the inhabitants of Isa, xxl, 4. My heart panted, vented me in the day of my cathe world.
fearfulness affrighted me: the lamity: but the LORD was my stay. Rev. xvi, 10. And the fifth angel night of my pleasure hath he Job v, 11, 17. To set up on high poured out his vial upon the seat turned into fear unto me.
thosa that below; that those which of the beast; and his kingdom was Isa. xxvii, 7, 8. Ilath he smitten mourn may be exalted to safety full of darkness; and they guawed him, as he smote those that smote Behold, happy is the man whom their tongues for pain.
him or is he slain according to the God correcteth; therefore despise
slaughter of them that are slain not thou the chastening of the AlBUT SENT BY GOD. by him? In measure, when it mighty.
shooteth forth, thou wilt debate Job xi, 16. Becanse thou shalt Gen. xxxi, 42. Except the God of with it: he stayeth his rough wind forget thy misery, and remember my father, the God of Abraham, in the day of the east wind. it as waters that pass away. and the Fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst sent Jer. viii, 15. We looked for
Job xxxiv, 31, 32. Surely it is me away now empty. God hath peace, but no good camé; and for meet be said unto God, I have seen mine affliction, and the labour a time of health, and behold borne chastisement, I will not of
send any more: That which I see of my hands, and rebuked thee trouble. yesternight.
not, teach thou me; if I have done Jer. xv, 11. The LORD said, 2. Sam. vii, 14. I will be his Verily it'shall be well with thy iniquity, I will do uo more. father, and be shall be my son. If remnant; verily I will cause the Ps. xxxiv, 19. Many are the afhe commit iniquity, I will chasten enemy to entreat thee well in the fictions of the righteous: but the him with the rod of men, and with time of evil, and in the time of Lord delivereth him out of them the stripes of the children of men. affliction.
Ps. xcl, 18. Ho shall call upon chasteneth not? But if yo be afdicted I went astray: bnt now me, and I will answer him: I will without chastisement, whereof all have I kept thy word. It ood be with him in trouble; I will de- are partakers, then are ye bastards, for me that I have been leted; liver him, and honour him. and not sons.
that I might learn thy statutes. Ps. cxxix, 1.2. Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth, AFFLICTION SOMETIMES
Isa. XXVI, 8, 9, 16. Yea, in the
way of thy judgments, O Lord, may Israel now say: Many a time
NOT IMPROVED. have we waited for thee; the de. have they afflicted me from my yonth; yet they have not prevailed time of his distress did he tres and to the remembrance of thee.
2 Chron. xxviii, 22. And in the sire of our soul is to thy name, against me. Ps. cxl, 12. I knory that the pass get more against the LORD: With my soul have I desired thes this is that king Ahaz.
in the night; yea, with my spirit LORD will maintain the cause of
Job xv, 11. Are the consolations within me will I seek thee early: the afflicted, and the right of the of God small with thee? is there for when thy judgments are in poor. any secret thing with thee?
the earth, the inhabitants of the Ps. cxlvi, 8. The LORD openeth the eyes of the blind: the LORD turneth not unto him that smiteth thee; they poured out a prayer
isa. Ix, 13, 14. For the people LORD, in trouble have they visited
world will learn righteousness. raisell them that are bowed down: them, neither do they seek the when thy chastening was upon the Lord loveth the righteous. LORD of hostf;Therefore the LORD them.
Ps. cxlvil, 2, 3. The LORD doth will cut off from Israel head and build up Jerusalem: he gathereth tail, branch and rush, in one day.
Isa. xlvill, 10. Behold, I havo together the outcasts or Israel. Ho lealetli the broken in heart, your children; they received no of aflliction.
Jer. il, 80. In vain have I smitten I have chosen thee in the surnace
refined thee, but not with silver; and bindeth up their wounds. Prov. iii, 11. My son, despise devoured your prophets, like a correction: your own sword hath
Lam. lii. 19-21, 27, 28. Rememnot the chastening of the Lord; destroying lion.
bering mino afliction and my neither be weary of his correc
Zeph. iii, 2. She oboyed not the gall. My soul hath them still in
misery, the wormwood and the tion. Isa. XXV, 3, 4. Therefore shall she trusted not in the LORD; sheme. This I recall to my mind,
voice; she received not correction; remembrance, and is humbled in the strong people glorify thee, the drew not near to her God. city of the terrible nations shall
therefore have I hope. It is good fear thee. For thou hast been a
for a inan that he bear the yoke
ADVANTAGES OF AFFLIC- in his youth. He sitteth alone, strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a re
and keepeth silence. because hó fuge from the storm, a shadow 2 Chron. xxxiii, 12, 13. And wben hath borne it upon him. from the heat, when the blast of he was in affliction be besought Hosea v, 15. I will go and rethe terrible ones is as a storm the LORD his God, and humbled turn to my place, till they acknowagainst the wall.
himself greatly before the God of ledge their offence, and seek my Micah vi, 9. The LORD's voice his fathers, and prayed unto him: face: in their affliction they will crieth unto the city, and the man and he was entreated of him, and seek me early. of wisdom shall see thy name: heard
supplication, and 2 Cor. iv, 17. For our light liear ye the rod, and who hath brought him again to Jerusalem amiction, which is but for a mnoappointed it.
into his kingdom. Then Manas- ment, worketh for us a far more Nah.1,9,12. What doye imagine seh knew that the LORD he was exceeding and eternal weight of against the LORD? he will make an God.
glory. utter end: afliction shall not rise Job XXXVI, 8-10, 21. And if they Heb. xll, 11. Now, no chastening up the second time. '
lus saith be bound in fetters, and be helden for the present seemeth to be the LORD. Though they be quiet, in cords of affliction; Then be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless and likewise many, yet thus shall sheweth them their work, and atterward it yieldeth the peaceable they be cut down, when he shall their transgressions that they fruit of righteousness unto them pass through. Though I have have exceeded. He openeth also which are exercised thereby. afllicted thee, I will afllict thee their ear to discipline, and comno more. mandeth that they return from
DISEASES GENERALLY, Acts vil, 10. And delivered him iniquity. Take heed, regard not
SICKNESS. out of all liis a Mictions, and gave iniquity: for this hast thou chosen him favour and wisdom in the rather than afiction.
Gen. xlviii, 1. And it came to sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; Ps.lv, 19. God shall hear, and pass after these things, that one and he made him governor over afflict them, even he that abideth told Joseph, Behold, thy father is Egypt, and all his house.
of old. Selah. Because they sick: and he took with him his Phil. iv. 19. But my God shall have no changes, therefore they two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. supply all your need according to fear not God.
2 Sam. xii, 15. And Nathan dehis riches in glory by Christ P3. Ixxviii, 34, 35. When he slew parted unto his house: and the Jesus.
them, then they sought him; and LORD struck the child that Uriah's Heb. xii, 5-8. And ye have for they returned and enquired early wife bare unto David, and it was
after God: And they remembered very sick. gotten the exhortation which
that God was their Rock, and the 18a, 1, 5. Why should ye be speaketh unto you as unto chil
stricken any more? ye will revolt dren, My son, despise not thou high God their Redeemer. the chastening of the Lord, nor
Ps. xciv, 12, 13 Blessed is the more and inore. The whole head faint when thou art rebuked of man whom thou chastenest, o is sick, and the whole heart faint. him: For whom the Lord loveth LORD, and teachest him out of ihy
Dan. viii, 27. And I Daniel he chasteneth, and scourgeth law; That thou mayest give him fainted, and was sick certain days: every son whom he receiveth. If rest from the days of adversity, afterward I rose up, and did the ye endure chastening, God deal- until the pit be digged for the king's business; and I was astoneth with you as with sons: for wicked.
ished at the vision, but none unwhat son is he whom the father Ps. cxix, 67, 71. Before I was derstood it.
Micah vi, 13. Therefore also and it became a boil breaking | light, but behold obscurity; for will I make thee sick in smiting forth with blains upon man, and brightness, but we walk in darkthee, in making thee desolate be- upon beast.
ness. We grope for the wall like cause of thy sins.
Lev. xiii, 18-23. The flesh also, the blind, and we grope as if we John xi, 14. Now a certain in which, even in the skin thereof, had no eyes: we stumble at noon. man was sick, named Lazarus, of was a boil, and is healed, And in day as in the night; wc are in de Bethany, the town of Mary and the place of the boil there be a solato places as dead men. her sister Martha. (It was that white rising, or a bright spot, Mary which anointed the Lord white, and somewhat reddish, and CONSUMPTION. with ointment, and wiped his feet it be shewed to the priest; And
Lev. XXVI, 16. I also will do this with her hair, whose brother if, when the priest seeth it, behold, unto you; I will even appoint over Lazarus was sick.)
Therefore it be in sight lower than the skin, you terror, consumption, his sisters sent unto him, saying, and the hair thereof be turned that shall 'consume the eyes, and Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest white, the priest shall pronounce cause sorrow of heart. .... is sick. When Jesus heard that, him unclean: it is a plague of he said, This sickness is not unto leprosy broken out of the boil
. smite thee with a consumption.. .
Deut. xxviii, 22. The LOPD shall death, but for the glory of God, But if the priest look on it, and, that the Son of God might be behold, there be no white hairs glorified thereby. therein, and t it be not lower
DEAFNESS. Phu. 11, 26. For ho longed after dark; then the priest shall shnt unto him one that was deaf, and than the skin, but be somewhat
Mark vii, 32. And they bring you all, and was full of heaviness, him 'up seven days. And if it because that ye had heard that he spread much abroad in the skin, and they beseech him to put his
had an impediment in his speccl; had been sick.
then the priest shall pronounce hand upon him. 2 Tim. iv, 20. Erastus abode at him unclean: it is a plague. But Corinth: but Trophimus bavo I if the bright spot stay in his place, left at Mlletum sick.
and spread not, it is a burning Lev. xix, 14. Thou shalt not boil; and the priest shall pro- curse the deaf, nor put & stum. nounce him clean.
blingblock before the blind, but LEANNESS.
shalt fear thy God: I am the
2 Kings xx, 7. And Isalah said, 2 Sam. xlii, 4. And he said unto Take a lump of figs. And they
LORD. him, Why art thou, being the took and laid it on the boil, and he king's son, lean from day to day? recovered.
Isaiah xxix, 18. And in that day
shall the deaf hear the words of wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar,
the book, and the eyes of the blind my brother Absalom's sister.
shall see out of obscurity, and out
of darkness. Job xvi, 8. And thou hast filled
Lev. xix, 14. Thou shalt not me with wrinkles, which is a witcurse the deaf, nor put a stum
DEBILITY. ness against me: and my leanness bling-block before the blind, but
Job xxxill, 22. Yea, his soul rising up in me beareth witness shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD.
draweth near unto the grave, and to my face.
his life to the destroyers. Job xxx, 22. Thou liftest me up that makoth the blind to wander Deut. xxvii, 18. Cursed be he
Ps. cii, 23. He weakeneth my to the wiud; thou causest me to out of the way: and all the people strength in the way: he shortened ride upon it, and dissolvest my shall say, Amen.
my days. substance. P3. xxii, 17. I may tell all my
Matth. ix, 27. And when Jesus Ezek. vii, 17. All hands shall be bones: they look and stare upon departed thence, two blind men feeble, and all knees shall be weak me.
followed him, crying, and saying, as water. P3. cil, 11. My days are like a
Thou son of David, have mercy on
us. shadow that declineth; and I am
DEMONIACAL POSSESSION. withered like grass.
John ix, 1-3, 39, 40. And as Matth. iv, 24. And his fame went Ps. cix, 24. My knees are weak Jesus passed by, he saw a man throughout all Syria: and they through fasting, and my flesh which was blind from his birth. brought unto him all sick people faileth of fatness.
And his disciples asked him, say- that were taken with divers ing, Master, who did şin, this man, diseases and torments, and those
or his parents, that he was born which were possessed with devils, SPECIAL FORMS OF blind? Jesus answered, Neither and those which were lunatick, DISEASE MENTIONED IN hath this man sinned, nor his and those that had the palsy; and SCRIPTURE.
parents: but that the works of be healed them.
God should be made manifest in
(See under MIRACLES.) Lev. XXVI, 16. I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over
DROPSY. you terror, consumption, and the Deut. xxviil, 29. And thou shalt
(See under MIRACLES.) burning ague, that shall consume grope at noon-day, as the blind the eyes, and cause sorrow of gropeth in darkness, and thou heart; and ye shall sow your seed shalt not prosper in thy ways; and
DUMBNESS. in vain; for your enemies shall thou shall be only oppressed and Luke 1, 20. And, behold, thou eat it
spoiled evermore, and no man shalt be dumb, and not able to shall save thee.
speak, until the day that these BOILS. Job xxix, 15. I was eyes to the things shall be performed, because
thou believest not my words, Exod. 1x, 10. And they took blind, and feet was I to the lame.
which shall be fulfilled in their ashes of the furnace, and stood Isa. lix, 9, 10. Therefore is judge
season. beforo Pharaoh; and Moses ment far from us, neither doth sprinkled it up toward heaven; justice overtake us: we wait for