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THE PILOT, A Journal of Religion, Politics, Literature

and Art.

No. 1.–Vol. I.



Letters to the Editor.

SIR, It has been strongly represented to me that there has been a

growing feeling of dissatisfaction for some years past among members of “ As 'Brevity is the Soul of Wit' so short Letters are certainly more read the A.P.U.C., at the management, or rather want of management, under able than long ones. In my judgment an Editor should not be pestered with which it has long been languishing. For the last two years it has any which are not brief, concise, well-written, and to the point ; signed,

scarcely shown any outward sign of life at all; and for a much longer

period than that, I have heard constant complaints from persons who openly and honestly, with their writers' names.”_CHARLES LAMB.

either wished to join it, or wanted information, or to send their subscrip

tions, that they did not know where to write, or got no answer to their THE NEED OF CORPORATE REUNION.

letters when they did write. More than three years ago, a Local Secretary SIR,—So much has been written and said in this country about the complained to me that he had vainly applied for some of the printed remarkable Letter of “Presbyter Anglicanus" to His Eminence Cardinal papers of the Association for distribution, and had at last in despair had Manning on the proposal to form a Upiate Church of English High a fresh batch printed at his own expense ; but not many are likely to Churchmen in communion with the See of Rome, that it may not be have shown so praise worthy a zeal as this. And I suspect that the uninteresting to some of your readers to know what has been thought accessions to our numbers of late years have been exceedingly few. about the scheme among foreign Catholics on the Continent.

though no information whatever has been vouchsafed to us on the Soon after the Letter first appeared. I forwarded a copy of it to a subject, while many who belong to the Society are beginning to believe learned Professor of the Jesuit Üniversity of Innsbruck in the Tyrol : | that it is moribund, if not actually defunct. this is his answer:-

When the present General Secretary of the Association, the Rev. J.

E. Vaux, accepted that office about three years ago, he put out a green “The Letter • Christianity or Erastianism ? 'gave me great joy indeed. I paper of “Duties” and “Suggestions” for Local Secretaries, a copy of We must pray most earnestly that God will bring these things to a good

which is now lying before me. Nothing can be more excellent than the result for llis honour and the salvation of many souls.

plan of operations suggested in this paper, but it has the one serious “I do not see any difficulty in conceding a Uniate English Church.

drawback that—so far as I am aware—it has remained, like Turkish Perbaps some one might object, that Uniate Churches could only be

firmans, from that day to this, a paper scheme acd nothing more. Let formed out of historical Churches, which, though afterwards lapsed into

me quote one or two of its provisions. Duties—No. 5. “To promote schism, have still preserved intact in their constitution, discipline, and

the circulation of the Occasional Papers of the Association in their rites the old framework of their Catholic antiquity, like the Greeks, the

own neighbourhood and among their personal friends.” I have reason Armenians, and the Abyssinians. But in one case, at least, the Church

to know that the Secretary attached peculiar importance to this suggesbas allowed a Uniate Church, whose formation had only originated in

tion about Occasional Papers. Has a single paper of the kind been heresy, when she allowed the Utraquists in Bohemia to communicate in

circulated or written? I have never seen or heard of one myself. both kinds, of course after a formal adherence to the doctrine of the

Suggestions-No. 2. “In order to excite an interest in the question of Concomitantia.

Reunion, it is highly desirable that meetings should be held, parochial " Also the grantiug of the vernacular language in the Liturgy would

or otherwise, at which papers might be read, followed by discussion or be possible, since at present there are at least two Uniate Churches

conversation.” Nos, 2, 3, and 4 lay down some admirable rules about which use their modern vernacular language even in the Holy Mass;

the method of conducting these meetings, getting them reported, &c. the Melchites in Syria, who use Arabic, and the Greco-Armenians in

Has one such ineeting been held ? I have heard of none. Nor is this Hungary and Transylvania, who use the Rumenian. The latter rite

all. Even the annual General Meeting in London organized by the Assocomprises two millions of members. Perhaps it would be well to men

ciation, which it has often been proposed, with good reason, to hold tion these facts occasionally in public.”

twice a year-in summer and in the late autumn-has been suffered to This is what I now do to your readers, and I have no hesitation in drop; last year there was none at all. Moreover, it had often been expressing my cordial concurrence with my learned friend, the Professor suggested that a meeting should be held during the annual Church in the Jesuit College, who, I think, your readers will allow to be a very Congress, and on the one occasion when the experiment was tried, at correct writer of English for a foreigner.

Leeds in 1872, it proved a conspicuous success; the room was crowded What those of us English and foreign Roman Catholics, who cordially and the meeting enthusiastic. Nevertheless, since Mr. Vaux caine into bail the Letter of “ Presbyter Anglicanus," look forward to, is not a office, the experiment has never been repeated. Yet it is within my own secession from the English Church, however numerous, but the healing knowledge, that every year since then it had been resolved in Committee of the deplorable schism which has so fatally broken-up the Unity of many months before, that such a meeting should be held, and the Christendom, and paralyzed for so many ages the action of the Gospel officers of the Society were requested to make the requisite arrangeupon mankind at large.

ments; but when the time came, it was found to have fallen through. This schism has generated all the evils which now threaten-1 | How is this? Other Associations of various kinds find no difficulty in hesitate not to say-the very existence of the civilized world ; and if it utilising so excellent an opportunity for securing a hearing. be not healed, I feel certain there is no hope !

What occurred last year was this: The Finance Committee met early It has destroyed all the reasonable foundations of authority, whether in the summer, and it was decided on the representations of the Secrein the political or the ecclesiastical sphere.

tary, but very much against the wishes of some present, 'who foresaw It has rendered a public sound Religious Education impossible.

the practical result, that there should be no meeting held in London It has weakened, if not destroyed, the fundamental distinction between that year, but that instead of it all paids should be taken to get up an Right and Wrong; thus opening the floodgates that have unloosed that effective meeting in the Church Congress week. This was a double stream of Atheism, of Anarchy, and insane opinions, that at this mistake. In the first place, the class of persons likely to be present on moment threatens the very existence of civilized society.

the two occasions, is, for the most part entirely different, and the one It is impossible to overrate the importance of once more establishing meeting is therefore no sort of substitute for the other, though it is a in the minds of men the only true foundation of Authority: that which valuable supplement. In the next place, it was clear enough that this our Lord Jesus Christ in His goodness and mercy came to establish here, plea for doing less would end, as it did, in doing nothing. The London upon earth for the salvation of mankind hereafter, and for their well meeting was indeed abandoned; it took no trouble to carry out that being in the present life.

part of the amended programme. But when the time for the Church Here is Christendom, which ought to be One, rent asunder and Congress came round, no more was heard of a Reunion meeting than in divided into fiercely antagonistic sections. Instead of bringing mankind previous years since Mr. Vaux bas held office. within the domain of the everlasting Gospel, it is destroying itself. Now, Sir, nothing can be further from my intention or desire than to

How is this appalling evil to be remedied ? Not by scurrilous abuse of make personal attacks upon anyone; and I must beg that nothing I say each other, but by striving to love and respect all men, and whatever is may be taken to imply more than it contains. But, inasmuch as the good in them.

conduct and progress of the Association virtually depends almost wholly This is what I rejoice to see that good men in every denomination, on the action of its General Secretary, it is impossible, under its present even among our heathen brethren (for they are our brethren in Adam), circumstances, to avoid some reference to this matter ; amicus Plato, are beginning to see and to fet). Let us, then, in charity and a love of magis amica reritas. Mr. Vaux is reported to plead, in excuse of his peace, search into the old foundations of Authority, that so, in God's inaction, that he has not time to devote to the duties of an unpaid good time, we may be brought to that union in Jesus Christ, Who is Secretaryship. But he must bave known, when he accepted the office, our only Foundation, that mankind at last may reap the blessings which that it was unpaid ; and, although it may be desirable that it should be He came on earth to impart by membership in His One True Universal otherwise, there is certainly no hope of our funds being in such a Kingdom.

A. P. DE LISLE. condition as to authorize the appointment of a paid Secretary, while the Garendon Park, Loughborough, Feb. 29, 1876.

present system of “masterly inactivity” continues, and there is nothing to show for the money. Who cares to subscribe when they can see no siastically, for its extinction; to influence the votes of Convocation, or result of their subscriptions? But I must add, that for several years raise up for itself a siogle Episcopal champion. But, while thanking there had been a paid clerk, appointed by the Committee sometime God for these inner successes, we should guard against letting a too before Mr. Vaux came into office, to relieve the Secretary of his routine exclusive contemplation of them direct our attention from our cutward work, and the holder of this post was thoroughly competent and had weakness and its probable results. his heart in the work. Mr. Vaux, however, made hardly any use of his While “ Evangelicals” are busy attacking us and we are as busily services, and last year persuaded the Committee to dismiss him, on the defending ourselves, a third party is reaping the fruits of our struggle ; plea that he was useless. One further remark occurs to me in this con and is silently, but surely, moulding the future of the Church of nection: the Fioance Committee used at one time to meet frequently, England. The Erastian principle, always more or less strong since the and could, at least, do something towards promoting the general interests days of the Reformation, is making now huge and unprecedented of the Association. Since the present Secretary came into office, it has advances. How is it being met ? Not by principle as in Germany, but barely met once a year, and then only when some pressure has been put upon by diplomacy, by finesse, by expediency. This, Sir, is a policy which him to summon it, and its members are left in entire ignorance of what not only never does, and never can, succeed, but which does not deserve is going on. Whatever, therefore, may be his want of leisure for con- success. The lips of Divine Truth itself have said, " they that take the ducting the business of the Association, it seems that he has deliberately sword shall perish by the sword.” It will be small consolation to us if omitted to avail himself of such helps as lay ready to his hand. I must we see-as those of us who live long enough undoubtedly will see the add, that Mr. Vaux is now publicly announced to be the Secretary of truth of this Divine Law exemplified in the person of the Church the Eastern Church Association, which is, I suppose, a paid office. | Association and of the party which aids and abets it in its un-Christian There may not be anything necessarily incompatible in the two offices, reliance on the powers of this World, should we ourselves be involved in though it is hardly desirable that they should be held by the same the same condemnation. What, to a Catholic, can be more fearfully person, especially now wben some very burning questions" are raised portentous than to see clergy pleading the things of God before secular in connection with the Eastern Church, about which there is great and secularized Courts—and that not even in propria personâ-that were difference of opioion among those equally interested in the cause of bad enough, but by the mouths of lawyers profoundly ignorant of the Reunion. Be that as it may; if Mr. Vaux complained before of not subject-matter they undertake to defend, and, bound by professional having sufficient time for the affairs of the A.P.U.C., his leisure is not etiquette, to “take the other side,” if need be, in the very next suit? I likely to be increased by undertaking the additional duties of Eastern repeat that this is a policy which neither can, nor ought to, succeed. It Church Secretary. Nor is it uncharitable to surmise that he is likely to is playing into the hands of Erastianism in the vain hope of thereby pay more attention to the duties of the latter office, if they are remunera | saving sundry shreds and patches of our Catholic heritage. tive, than to the former which is unpaid.

Surely, Sir, it is time to speak out, when Catholics are found among There are some, I know, who maintain that siace the Vatican Council the aiders and abettors of Erastianism. We used to have a wholesome the work of the A.P.U.C. is at an end. I do not think so myself, but it horror of “the accursed thing;” now many who, like myself, have clung is too wide a question to enter upon here, and there is the less need for for these twenty years, through evil and good report, to the “movedoing so, as that obviously cannot be the explanation of the present ment,” are grieved and astonished to see a disposition to make terms policy, or no policy, of its officials. It was three years after the Council with it. Witness, for instance, the introduction of the “ New Lecwhen our present Secretary took office, and issued the excellent paper

tionary”-not, perhaps, in itself so very great a matter, but quite a big just now referred to, which appears never to bave been acted upon. enough straw to indicate the direction of the current. Can anything be And nothing has occurred, to say the least, to make the prospects of more fatuous than the course taken by the clergy, with some few excepReunion any worse in 1876 than in 1873. This consideration, there

tions? Here was a Lectionary-whether better or worse than its fore, is irrelevant here. The upshot of the matter, I venture to think,

predecessor, is nihil ad rem-evolved out of the inner consciousness of is, that all who are interested in the work of the A.P.U.C., and, not

an essentially lay body-appointed not by the Church, but by the State least, those who, like myself, have belonged to it eince its first establish

-the Royal Commissioner on Ritual! A well-known Bishop assures ment, now nearly twenty years ago, have a fair right to call on the us the New Lectionary is by no means perfect. Were it so, it would President of the Association to take steps, whether by calling a general still be Cæsar's Lectionary. The clergy were bound, by oath, to a meeting of its members or otherwise, to put matters on a more satis certain course of Scriptural reading, till the Church, which imposed the factory footing, or another year will pass away, like the last, without its

obligation, saw fit to relax it; and every clergymen has solemnly giving any outward signs of life. And it the present General Secretary declared that “the Church"-and not the State—“ hath authority to finds himself, through causes beyond his control, unequal to the duties ordain, change, and abolish ceremonies or rites.” Did the Church, of his office, it would be better to look out for a successor who is more which " ordained" the Old Lectionary,“ change or abolish” it in favour happily circumstanced for the purpose, however one may regret the of the new ? Not a wit. It was notorious at the time that the opposinecessity for a change.

tion was so strong, that the Prime Minister contemplated withdrawing AN ORIGINAL MEMBER OF THE A.P.U.C.

the Bill for legalizing it, and was only withheld from doing so by a AND A MEMBER OF THE FINANCE COMMITTEE. regard for the bookselling interests. What line did the Catholic clergy

take when confronted with Cæsar's Lectionary? That of principle SIR,-Having been, through the kindness of a friend, favoured with a -to have nothing to do with it? Save in some few instances, no. copy of your Prospectus, will you allow me to express my gratification Some began its use at once; some, I am told, bad a meeting in with its contents ? At the present day, when the general tone of the which they pledged themselves not to use it-a sure harbinger of what Church press seems in favour of the doctrine of Expediency, it will be a actually followed, its subsequent adoption ! Only a few here or there great boon to those Churchmen (and I feel sure they exist in large avail themselves of the State permission, kindly accorded, to go on using numbers) who are unflinching advocates of Principle, to have a public the Old Lectionary for a term of years. Expediency gained the day; organ on their side of the question. I feel sure that with a faithful the new Lessons were “shorter” or “better,” or it was “not worth carrying out of the programme, the new paper must deserve and earn making “a bother about ;” and the result is that in hundreds of success.

“Catholic” churches we get so large a portioa of our choir office as the There are two questions, each connected with the other, which I should Lessons, not from the Church of England at all, but direct from the gladly see discussed in your columns if you can find space, and for | State! If this is not Erastianism, what is ? The principle of brevity's sake I state them at once.

« Nationalism," as laid down in the 34th Article, received its highest I. Why was the Union Review given up?

development in France, when under “Gallican" influences, alınost II. Is the A.P.U.C. defunct or only hybernating? and, if the latter, every diocese had its mushroom “ Liturgy;” but at last the compilers of when will it awake to active life again? I could dilate at much length the “ diocesan uses” were bishops and clergy, and the authority which with respect to this last question, on the opportunities that have arisen | imposed them, was distinctly ecclesiastical. Our lively neighbours would for work duriog the last two years, but they will be obvious to all your have been considerably astonished if their Breviaries had been revised readers. Whether the officials of the Association have embraced those and put forth by Royal Commissions! To me it has always seemed opportunities I know not, but I ask, like Miss Dartle, " for information." that everyone who uses the New Lectionary must adopt a new reading of

J. CHARLES L. STAHLSCHMIDT. the Article. If the State may impose lessons, why not prayers, hymns, 61, Mark-lane, E.C., March 9, 1876.

Epistles, Gospels ? why not the Ordinary or even the Canon of the

Mass? So that after all it is not every particular or National Church” QUO TENDIMUS?

which hath authority to ordain, chauge, and abolish ceremonies or rites SIR,—A writer has told us that it is the part of wisdom to consider

of the Church," but "every particular Nation or State.” This is one the terminus ad quem as well as the terminus à quo. I am afraid we are

terminus ad quem, and what has Ritualism done to oppose it ? in danger of letting the very considerable inner success of Catholic Originally, every Bishop possessed within certain limits the “jus principles in the Church of England blind us to the tendencies of the liturgicum." Later on, local Churches were to follow the use of their Church of England as a body corporate.

inetropolitan church. Rome modified the principle further at Trent, by From “Evangelical Protestantism” we have nothing to fear. It can abrogating in favour of the revised Roman liturgy all local uses which hinder and thwart the “movement," and prosecute its adherents; but could not claim a prescription ot 200 years. Our Reformers went a step its balcyon days are over, and, as a power to mould the future of the further, and abrogated all local uses in favour of one, but that one was Church, it is powbere. Will Catholicism rise on its ruins and mould put forth by ecclesiastical (as well as by civil) authority, and as its that future? Many think so: more hope what they can hardly dare to putters-forth declared “ by the aid of the Holy Ghost.” Now, it seems, think : but where are the signs ?

the State claims and exercises the power of abrogating that use in favour I have spoken of the inner success of Catholic principles. God forbid of others of its own devising. What will come next, and next? that I should devy or underrate them. “Ritualism" has been a success Our enemies accuse vs of obeying or disobeying our Bishops just as it where alone it bas sought success. It bas been the home missionary of suits us. This is certainly becoming our attitude towards the state. We England. Hated and reviled by the World ; snubbed and anathematized pick and choose what we will consider “essential” and what “indifferent:" by its proper defenders, the Bishops; it has lived in the hearts of the and here we elect to resist, and here to obey. Can any attitude be more people. Its triumpbs have been won at the altar and in the confessional. undigoified, or more immoral ? Meanwhile the State is determined to It is at once its glory and its danger, that while in wardly strong it is crush us, and crush us it will, unless we substitute Principle for Expeoutwardly weak : strong enough to bring strong hard-headed men to diency. If we fight the World with the World's weapons we shall repentance and confession; to enlist the enthusiasm of the young and infallibly be worsted. the sympathies of adults on the side of religion and the Church ; while Is it too late, Sir, to combine, under a well-considered principle of too weak in numbers, prestige, organization and enthusiasın to prevent resistance, the flood of Erastian Latitudinarianism which is threatening Parliament from legislating, not merely unanimously but even entbu. I to overwhelm the Church of England ? Is it too late for Catholics to

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