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OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY.
1 Which of the Tribes of Israel were not named after the sons of Jacob?
2. Which Tribe was omitted in the separate apportionment of the Land of Canaan ? What was the compensation for this exclusion ?
3. State what division of the kingdom took place soon after the death of Solomon, and under what circumstances.
4. The Israelites were condemned to wander forty years in the wilderness: How long after their departure from Egypt was this announced ? What reason is given for the exact time they were to wander?
5. What promise is connected with the appearance of the rainbow? 6. To whom did the prophet Ahijah foretell the death of her son ? 7. Relate the par ulars of the greatest trial of Abraham's faith.
8. Who of all the Israelites that were adults at the time of the coming out of Egypt lived to enter the land of Canaan ?
9. What circumstances are recorded of the father of the oldest man? 10. What do we read of the birth and dwelling of Ishmael ?
11. Who was Jezebel ? State the cause of her enmity to Elijah, and mention the circumstances of her death.
12. What injunctions were given to the Israelites in reference to manna? During what period was manna given to them?
13. Under which of their kings, and by what conqueror, were the ten Tribes carried into captivity?
14. Where was the Ark of the covenant originally placed, and where was it eventually fixed ?
15. Name the successive kings in Jerusalem from Ahaz, shewing their relationship to each other.
16. What were the three great feasts of the Israelites ? 17. What do you know of Athaliah?
18. On what occasion was the brazen serpent set up? When is it last mentioned in the Old Testament; and how is it referred to in the New ?
19. Where did the ministry of Moses end, and under what circumstances ?
20. In what relation did Hazael stand to Benhadad, and how did that relation terminate?
21. Give the genealogy of the first Phinehas beginning at Terah.
22. What tribes of Israel were settled on the east of the Jordan 23. Name the kings of Israel from Omri to Jehu.
24. In what way were the Israelites deceived by the Gibeonites? To what condition were the latter condemned? What is mentioned of them in the time of David ?
25. Give the first application of the word “ Jew," and shew how its use was extended.
26. Which of those prophets whose writings we possess were present at the final taking of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans?
27. In what relations did David stand to Saul?
28. Relate the circumstances of the passage of the Jordan by the Israelites.
29. Give the history of the Shunammite.
LITURGY OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. 1. EXPRESS the Baptismal formula in Greek; and shew how the Greek serves to remove an ambiguity in the English. Explain the relation in which Christian Worship stands to Christian Baptism. How did the Ancient Church symbolise this relation in its use of the Lord's Prayer? Which office of the Prayer-Book is almost entirely addressed to the Father? and which mainly to the Son? Give instances of Prayers offered immediately to the Holy Spirit. Can you produce Scripture authority for this? Explain the Doxology: “ By Whom and with whom in the Unity of the Holy Ghost all honour and glory be unto Thee, O Father Almighty, world without end.” When and with what view was the clause " as it was in the beginning" inserted in the Gloria Patri? 2. The Book of (1) Common Prayer:
Whence was the part of the Preface entitled “ Concerning the Service of the Church” derived? To what “ Service” would you therefore expect it to refer? Shew that this inference is confirmed by the nature of its contents. How does it serve to restrict the meaning of the term “ Common Prayer"?
and (2) Administration of the Sacraments : How was the word "Sacrament" used by ancient Christian writers ? How might this use originate? Quote a passage from a Heathen writer which is supposed to be the earliest allusion to the application of the term to the Eucharist. Give in Latin the first three questions and answers on the Sacrament in the Catechism.
and (3) other Rites and Ceremonies. Do any of these answer the definition of a Sacrament? If so, how do they nevertheless differ from the two called so pre-eminently? In 1689 it
was proposed to alter the first answer thus :-"A. Two only. Q. Are these necessary? A. Yes. They are generally necessary." Do any of our existing authorities thus nakedly assert that there are “two only"? Point out precisely the distinction.
3. What were the Canonical Hours? Can you adduce from the New Testament any instances of the observance of such Hours? What “Hours" existed in English before the time of the Reformation? How long before at least? What is the English name of the Collection in which these “Hours" are found? What were the general contents of such Collections? Illustrate by the following extracts, (1) from the Latin, and (2) from the English, the influence of these Offices on the Prayer-Book:
(1) “Mem. de Pace. Ant. Da pacem, Domine, in diebus nostris: quia non est alius qui pugnet pro nobis nisi tu Deus noster. Vers. Domine fiat pax in virtute tua. Resp. Et abundantia in turribus tuis. Ad Vesp. Oratio. Deus a quo sancta desideria. Ad Mat. Orat. sequens. Deus auctor pacis.”
(2) “Thou were not skoymus of the maidens wombe to delyver mankynde."
4. What is the origin of the term “the Lord's day"? On what do you rest the duty of keeping it holy? What other festivals are known to have been observed in the first three centuries? When was Trinity Sunday insti. tuted? How ought we, according to the 13th Canon, to "celebrate and keep the Lord's day and other holy-days”? Explain the following Rubric in the Sarum Breviary: “Si aliquod festum ix lectionum in aliqua Dominica per Adventum contigerit, semper differtur in crastinum. Et quando differtur in crastinum, tunc in Dom. erunt vespere de festo et solennis memoria de Dom." This year the feasts of SS. Andrew and Thomas (both “festa ix. lect.”) fall on the 1st and 4th Sundays of Advent respectively: how would you arrange the Services for those days, if you followed the above Rubric? Is the following rule still retained : “de quocunque festo fit servitium infra Adv. semper fit solennis mem. de Adv.”
5. How often does the Prayer-book require that the Holy Communion should be received ? How often administered? What traces of a daily celebration are to be found in the Scriptures? From what direction does Bishop Cosin infer it to have been “ the intent of our Church that the Sacrament should be propounded every day for them to come unto and receive that were godly disposed”? How do you explain our use of the earlier part of the office when there is to be no celebration?
The “Canon” of 1549 consists of (1) Sursum Corda, Preface and Seraphic Hymn; (2) Prayer for all Estates of Men; (3) Invocation ; (4) Recital of Words of Institution; (5) Prayer of Oblation; (6) Lord's Prayer; (7) Preparation of Communicants; (8) Communion. Explain these several parts; and compare the Missal of Sarum and our present Office. In the ancient Office de Extrema Unctione occurs the following Rubric: “ Deinde communicetur infirmus, nisi, &c.; in quo casu dicat sacerdos infirmo : Frater in hoc casu sufficit tibi vera fides et bona voluntas : tantum crede et manducasti.” What are the exceptions specified in the corresponding Rubric of the Prayer-Book ? and how far do they agree with the earlier ones?
6. (a) What sanction have Immersion, Affusion, and Sprinkling respectively from Scripture, Tradition, and our present Baptismal Offices ? On what do these Offices rest the necessity of Baptism? What are the common Scripture arguments for Infant Baptism? How far do you consider them valid ? What the Office of the Sponsor in Adult Baptism? What other Offices are assigned to him in Infant Baptism ? Are these parts of his proper function ?
(6) In what relation does Confirmation stand to Baptism and the Eucharist? The Service is now prefaced by an Exhortation and Stipulation :—at what revision were these introduced? Bishop Taylor, writing after the last revision, speaks of the “way, which the Church of England and Ireland follows, that after infancy but yet before they understand too much of sin ....
then it is good to bring them to be confirmed.” What was the age at which the Rite was then usually administered? The 112th Canon seems to fix an age before which all persons ought to be confirmed: what is it?
7. What are the characteristic distinctions of the Bishop, the Priest, and the Deacon? The Forms of Ordaining Deacons and Consecrating Bishops expressly connect their Offices with Offices mentioned in the New Testament:—quote the words. Compare the functions assigned to the Priest with the account of the Priestly Office given in Heb. v. 1. What ground in Scripture has the following Canon: “Presbyter cum ordinatur, episcopo eum benedicente et manum super caput ejus tenente, etiam omnes presbyteri qui præsentes sunt manus suas juxta manum episcopi super caput illius teneant” (Conc. Carth. iv. c. 3)? Is it observed with us? Explain the following questions, which are put to candidates for the Diaconate:-(1) “Do you trust that you are inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost?” (2) “Do you think you are truly called .... to the Ministry of the Church?” In what terms does the Clergyman declare his assent to the Prayer-Book ?
8. How did the terms Shrove- Tuesday, Churching, Anthem originate? With what event is the prayer“ grant that we, which know Thee now by faith, may after this life have the fruition of Thy glorious Godhead" connected ? Shew how this prayer serves to illustrate one explanation of the word “ Collect.” For what day is the 8th Psalm, 0 Lord our Governour, appointed? Point out in detail the application of it. “ The book of Isaiah was begun in Advent, and the book of Genesis in Septuagesima.” What guided this selection? Is it so still ?
9. Explain the following Rubrics by reference to previously existing usages, and give their several dates : “ The Absolution, to be pronounced by the Minister alone": "" the
Minister, Clerks, and People shall say the Lord's Prayer with a loud voice": "then shall be said or sung, without any Invi. tatory, this Psalm, Venite”: “then shall the Minister proceed to deliver the same (i.e. the Communion) to the people in their hands”: “the Priest coming to the Font (which is then to be filled
with pure water.)" 10. In the following clauses, explain the meaning or construction of the words and phrases printed in Italics: illustrate from the Bible or Prayer-Book, and give either the original or some authorized translation: “In all time of our wealth”: “ the Father incomprehensible”: “thou
shalt prevent him with the blessings of goodness”: “let them go down quick into hell”: “that we may... daily endeavour ourselves to follow, &c.": "by whom all things were made” (Nic. Creed): “the Sacramental Bread and Wine remain still in their very
Natural Substances”: “ with my body I thee worship.” 11. Adduce the passages of Scripture on which the following statements are founded; and discuss the interpretations put upon them: “S. Stephen, who prayed to Thee, O blessed Jesus”: “lest, after the
taking of that Holy Sacrament, the devil enter into you, as he entered into Judas”: “God...Who... by the Baptism of Thy well-beloved Son Jesus Christ in the river Jordan didst sanctify water to the mystical washing away of sin”: “God, Who hast consecrated the state of Matrimony to such an excellent mystery, that in it is signified and represented the spiritual marriage and unity betwixt Christ and His Church”: “such persons... were punished in this world, that their souls might be saved in the day of the Lord.”
GREEK TESTAMENT. 1. TRANSLATE:
Του δε Ιησού γεννηθέντος εν Βηθλεέμ της Ιουδαίας εν ημέραις “Ηρώδου του βασιλέως, ιδού μάγοι από ανατολών παρεγένοντο εις Ιεροσόλυμα.
(1) To whom was the name Jesus first given, and on what occasion ? What is its meaning? How do you suppose that the prophecy kal égovor το όνομα αυτού 'Εμμανουήλ was fulfilled ?