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Limerick, 3 March : Sir Gerald Courcy, Lord Courcy; Sir
116. THE GARRISON.
“Ordinary Entertainments and Wages of the Garrison of Ireland.” Sir Wm. Drury, the Lord Justice, hath a fee of 200 marks sterling per annum. For his diets, 10l. sterling a week as President of Munster, and as Lord Justice 50l. a month; as captain of horsemen 68, a day, his petty captain 3s., a guydon-bearer, 18d., two officers at 12d. a piece, and 100
I 578. horse at 9d. The Treasurer, Marshal, and Master of the Ordnance have 6s. 8d. each a day, and the Treasurer 20 horsemen at 9d., 20 footmen harquebuziers at 8d., &c. (See p. 44) List of ships' charges. P. l. 117. The REVENUE. Vol. 628, p. 378. “A brief collection of the increase of Her Majesty's revenue, arrearages and casualties, &c.” in the year 1578, 20 Eliz. Pp. 9. Ibid., p. 385. II. Amount of the “revenue, impost, customs, [and] casualties received ” from 1573 to 1578. P. 1. 118. SIR HENRY SYDNEY, LORD DEPUTY. Vol. 616, p. 135. “Matters thought fit to be enquired of by commission in
Ireland,” chiefly respecting the revenues.
II. “Questions to be resolved by the Deputy,” chiefly respecting the cesse for the army and his own household.
III. “Faults found with the Deputy.”
Concordatums granted to commissioners travailing with him for their wages and diet, whereof there has been no necessity. Concordatums granted to victuallers for losses. No controlment over the buildings now in hand. Rejection of men of long service for men of less experience. That some of his household servants are officers for the Queen, and that the principal officers in his house are corrupt.
Pp. 3. Endorsed.
Iv. “Certain Points delivered by the Lords to be resolved of by the Lord Deputy,” Sir Henry Sydney.
(1.) How the yearly charges have surmounted the proportion undertaken by the Lord Deputy; the first year, 1,558!.; the second year, 6,051. ; the three quarters, 1,3431. (2) Whether the building of certain towns, houses, and bridges, undertaken by the Lord Deputy, be performed. (3) What revenue possessed by usurpers or concealers has been recovered. (4) Whether her Majesty's known revenue heretofore duly levied in the provinces of Connaught and Munster be duly answered. (5.) How it happened that her Majesty was answered the two first years in revenue but 4,000l. the year. (6.) To set down the increase of the revenue. (7.) Why the charges are grown so excessive in loss of victuals, rewards, and commissioners, especially during the last three quarters. (8.) In what state the country was left at his departure from thence.
(1.) Upon his entry into the government he found the realm in divers places disquieted, the plague universal through the English Pale, and the numbers in pay far greater than he meant to have continued. Having settled the country, at his coming to Dublin in May 1576, he determined to reduce t the garrison; but then the rebellion of the Earl of Clanricard's sons burst out. Moreover, the Lord President's pay before his arrival, and the continuance of the Earl of Essex's horseboys in that year, did exceed the suma noted in that first article. In the second year the bruits of James FitzMorrice's invasion, confirmed out of France and other foreign parts, were the principal cause of continuing a greater number in pay than otherwise would have been, besides the want that year of 1,000l. of the assignation from hence. The rebellion of the O’Mores and Occonnors caused that year's charge in show to be greater than in the former year; and he thought, upon the likelihood of the foreign invasion, it were less ill for him to be noted of a surplus charge, than by diminishing the charges to put the State in hazard. The cause of the exceeding of the three quarters grew upon the bruits of Stewklei's invasion, and the continuance of the rebellion of the O’Mores and Occonnors, the rather maintained through those rumours and reports. Rorie Oge, the chief of them, and more than 700 others were slain and destroyed ; by which service Leinster was thoroughly quieted. And further, in all the said time, there have been some pensioners in the army increased by several warrants from hence. (2.) He caused certain fortifications to be begun at Knockfergus and elsewhere, but perceiving the excessive charges daily to increase, he thought fit to make stay of them. (3.) Touching concealed lands, there have been recovered to her Majesty by his travail to the sum of 691. 17s. 5d., and recovered from usurpers and revived, the sum of 290/. (4.) The revenues in Munster and Connaught are better answered than heretofore. (5) Explains the cause why her Majesty was answered the two first years of his government in revenue but 4,000l. (6.) He has increased the revenue as well in the time of his former as in his latter government. (7.) Explains the cause why the charge for victualling seems to be so great. (8.) He refers himself to the letters sent from the Council there to her Highness at his departure. Pp. 6. Endorsed.
119. LORD DEPUTY SYDNEY.
Vol. 621, p. 49. “The particular notes of such lands, yearly rents, compositions, and casualties as have been received and advanced to
her Majesty by Sir Henry Sydney, Lord Deputy there, in the
120. SIR HENRY SYDNEY. Vol. 607, p. 32. “A brief memorial of Sir Henry Sidney's service in Ireland, during his deputation.”
Pp. 2. Endorsed,
1579. Feb. 9. 121. THE CESSE. Vol. 628, p. 136a. “Certain Articles delivered to John Nettervill and Henry
Burnell, agents for the country, to be by them imparted to the noblemen, knights, and such other the gentlemen of the country.” (1) “They are willed to consider of the last agreement taken before the Lord Chancellor and others of her Majesty's Council.” The country was to make a monthly payment towards the victualling and oats. The four months being expired, it is demanded whether they will continue the like manner for three months longer. The victualling house will not be ready before that time. (2) They made default in December and January. (3) They are to set down the baronies which contribute. (4.) To set down whether they have imposed a charge on the country towards the costs of the agents. (5) To consider a note annexed of the things necessary for the Governor's household, and the prices paid for the same. (6.) To take order for competent provision at such towns in Ulster, Munster, and Connaught, as are most apt for the Governor and soldier to pass through in journeys. (7) Accates to be brought to markets without forestalling. (8.) To consider of a remedy for any disorder of the soldier. Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.
Ibid., p. 134. II. Account of the “cesse of the Lord Deputy's household from Michaelmas 1577 for a whole year to ensue,” levied on Meath, Dublin, Kildare, Westmeath, and Louth, and consisting of wheat, beer, malt, oat malt, beeves, muttons, porks, and butter, “over and above the port corn reserved upon leases to serve to his only use.” List of the prices of veals, geese, green geese, chickens, &c., for the same household.
Iola III. “The qualifications of the cesse granted to Sir Henry anol l ; S. Sydney, Lord Deputy, at Drogheda, 25 Sept. 1575, at an assembly at —,” 170 Nov. anno supradicto.” Confen p. copies. Pp. 3.
* Dlank in MS.
[March..] 122. THE CESSE.
Final Order of the Privy Council.
The inhabitants of the Pale to be eased of the ancient subsidy on ploughlands and of the cesse, and to have imprests for the victualling. To pay I d. a day for every one of 1,070 soldiers. To victual as many of that number as the Lord Justice shall appoint. To yield 9,000 pecks of oats, &c.
Signed : W. Burghley, T. Sussex, A. Warwyk, R. Leycester, &c.
Contemp. copy. P. 1 #.
II. “A perfect note and agreement of the just proportion of victuals agreed upon by the gentlemen of the l’nglish Pale of Ireland, and Francis Lanny and William Grene, victuallers;” which will furnish 1,070 allowances for one year.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.
123. A Discourse of Coy NE and LIVERY [by SIR HENRY
Coyne and Livery is an extortion and violent taking of meat, drink, and money by the warlike retainers of such as pretend to have captainry, rule, or charge of defence of countries as well upon their own as upon their neighbours. They who take it say that it cannot be taken away until a better mean may be found for defence of the countries under their rule.
Now, if this their argument be for the Irishry, then to weaken the enemies of the English race is good policy; if for the English race, some of them are degenerate into Irish, and others continue loyal and civil, and do not use coyne and livery. These, when no English army was in the realm, did beat McWilliam Owghter, grandfather to the Earl of Clanricard, at Knoktooe; and they always have been the stronger and more able to defend the Pale and to chastise their enemies. Others of the English race not degenerate, bordering on the Irishry, by using this extortion have wasted their own and their neighbours, and are not able to defend themselves, as the English Pale is ; and both the meaner freeholders and their tenants and manurers of the ground have been in many countries banished, and the land left desolate and waste. The county of Waterford in goodness of soil is not a third part so fruitful as Kilkenny, yet by leaving of coyne and livery it defends itself as well as Kilkenny, and yields thrice so much rent.
But it were a question needful what enemies they fear, for respect of whom they would continue this extortion. The Earls of Ormond, Desmond, and l&ildare have no Irish
* This document is written by the same hand as the “Memorial of Sir Henry Sydney's service " on p. 32, and his letter of 20 May 1577 on p. 48, in vol. CO7.