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H. OF R.)
[Oct. 5, 1837.
of it, it is the people's own money, and they can better bear All these judgments and executions, &c., or scarcely this sacrifice than the sale of their property, or taking more with any exception, are for gold and silver, and yet they money out of their pockets.
produce little or no difficulty or alarm. And why, sir ? It I have said nothing, sir, in regard to the particular mer- is, that there is a creditor, or plaintiff, watching and ready its of the bill, but only of some of the amendments, and to receive his debt in any current money, and specie is not have availed myself of this opportunity to throw out some either demanded, or expected to be demanded. So it always of my opinions generally in regard to the means of relief has been, and will be, with the Government, when it had from the present difficulties. I will go a very little further, no more money than it needed, and did not attempt, by and trouble the House no longer. In my opinion, the bank or otherwise, to regulate the currency. If the Govwhole difficulty arises from our having, or having had, or ernment have a little more than it can immediately pay out, having supposed we had, and still supposing we have, 100 and lose some by depreciation or otherwise, it will be but much money in the Treasury. Remove this, and all is sim- small in all probability, and they ought to lose it, as others ple and easy
are liable to do. As to large surpluses either here, or loolged I agree perfectly with the President of the United about among the States, I would as soon undertake to adStates in believing we have nothing to do in providing a minister medicine to the dead as to produce a cure for the curreney, further or other than as the constitution literal. evil effects while the fact remained. ly mentions. That instrument fixes a standard to be used These operations, sir, are simple and easy in my estiwhen debtor and creditor come to points, and cannot agree mation ; but let the sheriffs and constables, banks and the as to what the debt shall be paid in. The debtor can like, undertake to regulate the currency and demand speget clear by offering, and the creditor can require, if he cie, and insist upon it whether the creditor or debtor wantpleases to do so, the specie which is the standard. Con- ed either to receive or to pay it or not, you would have gress cannot add to nor take from this privilege, in regard trouble enough. No man would venture to inflict this to either. Every law about money, without saying more, generally. Few men fail to adjust these things to the satrefers to specie only. Every judginent; every execution isfaction of the people if possible. It is only in a roundfor inoney, without any thing more said in relation as to about way through a bank, as it was done in 18 19-20, that point, is for specie of course. The Treasurer and Sec- and about that time, that this cruelty can be extensively retary of the Treasury have by the constitution the control inflicted. of the moncy belonging to the United States to a great ex- To conclude, then, sir, I will vote for the sale of these tent. You may shelter them by authorizing them to place bonds, or any other funds belonging to the United States, the money in this or in that bank. But you cannot make with a view of getting clear of all surpluses, real or sup: them more responsible.
posed. I want to square off. The more we are entangled I heard, sir, a great man, I admit him to be so, proving with or without money, the more likelihood there is that that somehow the notes of a bank which did not pay specie we may at last have to open the doors to this bank, which, were paper money, but that the notes of a bank that paid with its old name and old propensities, is just at the threshspecie at the pleasure of the holder, were not paper money. old, waiting for a chance to enter. It has been often said T'he notes of banks last year were not paper money! The that that bank makes no application here at this time, but notes of the same bank this year are paper money! Yet waits for the proper time. And when is the proper time? the same notes this year will buy more property than the Just, I suppose, when it has thrown so many difficulties, specie they promised to pay, had it been got, would have and obstacles, and arguments, and objections in the way bought. Paper money this year, then, is better than specie of every thing we can propose or offer that we are willing last year. Make a law directing the officer to place his to call on them. They do not bring in any will truly, but money in a specie paying bank; it is grounded on distrust they endeavor to drive out all bills until some one shall of the officer. If he be not honest, I say it shelters him; bring that in. It appears to me impossible that a man for he may take witnesses, and demand specie for perhaps should not feel himself besieged here by that corporation a note of one hundred dollars, and get it, and then from year to year. It has been the case ever since I came deposite tive hundred thousand under the law, and he here. The stages were broken down, and wrapping paper and the bank may divide it in specie, and stop specic pay reduced in price from four cents a pound to three, with ments.
melancholy and alarming representations of evils that never There is no getting round it. Put the money in an iron have happened. I have voted for measures, I expect again chest, and who is to keep the key ? Defend it with bayo- to vote for measures I do not altogether like, for fear that, nets, and who is to keep the bayonets offit? There is no at last, that institution should be rechartered, which I view way to keep such vast sums safely out of the hands of the as injurious to the whole Union, and particularly destrucimpmediate owners.
tive to the prosperity of the South. Sir, why is it that But stick to the simplicity of the constitution. Collect New Orleans, exporting, as she does, an amount of promoney for the only legitimate object for which you have duce far more than any one State in the Union, even than the right to collect it. Let the law call for money, and New York, should not be able to import directly any thing nothing more; and direct money to be paid, and noth- worth speaking of from abroad? It is not because she ing more—I mean, naming the amounts, to whom pay- wants currency, either in paper or specie; she has that able, &c.
which is better than either-cotton, that will buy any thing If the public creditor demand specie, by the constitution in any market. I cannot but believe that it is owing to he must have it. If he should not, the collecting officer the concentration of moneyed capital produced in the being, as he should always when he can be, the disbursing North by the former Banks of the United States, trading officer, the thing is settled naturally and easily in the usual upon that which is our own money, (for cotton, tobacco, way, in any money that is current at the time. How sim- and rice amount to eighty out of one hundred millions, ply and easily this thing is exemplified in the case of sher- and in that proportion of all the experts of the whole Uniiffs, constables, and such like officers in the collection of ted States,) the profits from which must pay for all the private debts, and the revenue of some The States. Very imports, if they are ever paid for, into the l'nited States little money is lost in their hands. None are very jealous in that same proportion; and these barks must have been of their power and station. Ten times the amount of the the cause, in some degree, if not mainly, of that unnatural proper revenue of the United States is thus collected of pri- and apparently unaccountable fact. vate claims and demands, with very little loss in the course After Mr. Bouldin bad concluded, the House adof the year.
Oct. 6, 1837.]
Extension of certain acts of Congress—Florida War.
[H. OF R.
Friday, OCTOBER 6.
made with all the emphasis of manner which peculiarly BILL TO EXTEND THE OPERATION OF CER- distinguish his remarks, by announcing to the House that
he was about to make a statement never before communi. TAIN ACTS OF CONGRESS.
cated to this House or to the country, and the substance Mr. THOMAS suggested the calling up of the bill re- of that communication was, the manner in which the reported by the Committee on the Judiciary as to continuing ports of the majority and minority of that committee had in operation certain laws until the end of the next session been made up. And how was it? Why, sir, stripped of of Congress. This bill had been referred to a Committee its coloring, and stated in brief space, it was, in sum and of the whole, and Mr. Tuomas moved to discharge substance, that the members of the majority had furnished that committee, and to take up the bill in the House. The their chairman—the individual of their party first named on motion prevailed.
the committee-with their separate views, to be embodied The bill being before the House,
into a report, and Mr. Mann had, in addition, furnished Mr. BRIGGS moved to recommit the bill to the Com- his notes of the proceedings and evidence before the committee on the Judiciary, with instructions to enumerate in mittee ; and this chairman of the majority, instead of perthe act the titles of the different laws to which it had allu- forming the labor of embodying these views in the form of sion. Motion lost.
a report, had entrusted them to their clerk, to be arranged The bill was then ordered to be engrossed and read a and reduced to form. Now this was the whole substance third time this day. At a subsequent hour, this bill was of the charge announced to the House with so much soread a third time, passed, and ordered to be sent to the lemnity, and upon which the answer imputed by the genSenate for concurrence.
tleman was grounded. Was there any thing censurable FLORIDA WAR.
or extraordinary in this? Was there any thing which
should call down the indignation of this House, or of the The House then proceeded to the unfinished business of community, as might be inferred from the remarks made the morning hour, which was the consideration of the fol- by the gentleman from Virginia ? luwing resolution submitted by Mr. Wise on the 19th of The offence particularly imputed to his predecessor was, September :
that he had actually furnished the notes he had taken of “Resolved, That a select committee be appointed by the proceedings, as a member of the committee, to assist ballot 1o inquire into the cause of the Florida war, and into in making out the report of the committee. the causes of the delays and failures, and the expenditures [Mr. Wise interrupted Mr. L., and said that was not which have attended the prosecution of that war, and into the pith of the charge against the gentleman's predecessor. the manner of its conduct, and the facts of its history gen- The charge was that he denied that he knew the conerally; that the said committee have power to send for tents of the report until it was read in the committee; and persons and papers, and that it have power to sit in the Mr. Pearce himself had said it was Mr. Mann who furrecess, and that it make report to the next session of Con- nished the offensive matter for the report. The charge gress.”
against the gentleinan's predecessor was that he was guilty Mr. GLASCOCK had moved to amend the foregoing of falsehood.] resolution, by striking out all after the word “ Resolved, Mr. L. resumed, and said from the estimation in which and insert the following:
the character of Mr. Pearce appeared to be held by the “ That a select committee be appointed to inquire into gentleman from Virginia, as exhibited in his former rethe cause of the Florida war, and the causes of the extra- marks, he should hardly suppose that he (Mr. W.) would ordinary delays and failures, and the expenditures which introduce him (Mr. Pearce) as a witness against any one. have attended the prosecution of the same, and all the facts [Mr. WISE. Well, I do confess I would not place connected with its history generally ; and that said com- much reliance on Dutee J. Pearce.) inittee have power to send for persons and papers.
Mr. L. resumed. He did not understand the gentleman The question immediately pending was the motion of from Virginia, either formerly or now, to say that Mr. Mr. Howard to strike out the words “ that a select com- Pearce told him that Mr. Mann knew the contents of the mittee be appointed,” and insert “that the Committee on majority report; but he understood it that the gentleman Military Affairs be instructed."
inferred that fact from the circumstance that Mr. Pearce Mr. LOOMIS, of New York, who was occupying the told him that Mr. Mann furnished the notes from which floor when this subject was last up, and interrupted by the offensive matter was taken. If he was mistaken in the orders of the day, resumed his remarks, and said this, he desired to be corrected and set right. The testithat, when this matter was last under considera:ion, he mony did justify the inference, and he could see no imhad commenced some observations in vindication of his propriety whatever in that circumstance; he considered it predecessor, [Abijah Mann, jr.,) from the censures cast the duty of every member of the committee to give his upon him by the gentleman from Virginia. He had char- views to the member who drew up the report, and to furacterized the attack made upon his predecessor, six months nish his notes of the proceedings also, if use could be made after occurrences had transpired, and when the circum- of them. It had appeared that the majority had not signstances of the parties had entirely changed, as extraordi- ed the report as drawn, but had amended it by striking nary, and, in his view, entirely unjustifiable; and he was out parts of it, to make it meet the concurring views about proceeding, when interrupted, to show that no cen- of the six individuals who composed that majority. This sure could be imputed to his predecessor, even from the was to have been expected, and the report of the mistatement of the gentleman from Virginia himself. He nority shared no better fate. That was drawn by the was well aware that he might leave the character of his gentleman from Virginia bimself, and his colleagues hud predecessor to its own vindication wherever it was known; declined signing it, as he understood the gentleman to and if he had not some observations which be wished to
say; and, finally, the gentleman from Virginia alone, be. submit on another branch of the subject, and more directly ing the minority of the minority, and one out of the nine, pertaining to merits, he should have contented himself had drawn up and signed his report alone. This report, to let this matter rest where it was, after so long a lapse of the gentleman had informed the House, he wrote with his time; but he would show, in a few words, that no cen- own hand, crossed the l's and dotted thc i's himself, and sure was imputable to the majority of that committee, or he (Mr. L.) presumed that be agreed to it unanimously. the individuals who had been designated. The gentleman I have done with this branch of the subject, and have from Virginia had prefaced his charges loy a statement, said more perhaps than was necessary to say upon it.
H. OF R. ]
(Oct. 6, 1837.
With respect to the resolution and the amendment be- As to the old matter, with regard to the committee of fore the House, there was one part of it which Mr. L. investigation, so often alluded to, Mr. Wise said he should considered objectionable. It was that part which gave 10 not touch upon it again ; but he would remark that the the proposed committee power to send for persons and gentleman from New York (Mr. Loomis) had given abunpapers. This was a high power which this House pos- Jant evidence of his fitness to succeed Abijah Mann. To sessed, and which, in bis opinion, ought never to be show, by a single fact, indisputably proved, that frauds entrusted to a committee, except in cases of clear necessi- and corruption have attended this Florida war, Mr. W 19E ty. No such necessity was shown in this case. It was produced and read the following papers : a power very liable to abuse; and though it was not to be
“ STEUBENTILLE, OA10, October 1, 1837. expected that a committee of the House would sanction “ Dear Sir: The enclosed letters will sufficiently exany abuse, yet he thought that prudence dictated to the plain their object, without the addition of many remarks of House to reserve to itself these extraordinary powers, un
my own. less a case of necessity was presented. It would be timo « On my arrival at Wheeling, a few days ago, on duty, enough to grant such a power when a committee should I was informed of a gross instance of peculation, said to inform the House that they had sought information of have been committed in Florida by an agent in the employ some person who had refused to disclose it. Does any of the United States, and I immediately addressed a letter one doubt but that the Secretary of War would disclose
to the gentleman who was said to have witnessed the fraud, any fact or circumstance within his knowledge, that a a copy of which is herewith enclosed, marked A. You committee might require, without being called up as a will perceive that (having implicit confidence in the integwitness and sworn ? Or would any officer in the service rity of the officers of the army) I expressed the opinion in refuse to answer any communication from a committee ? | advance that the fraud was committed by a citizen,' and The resolution before the House embraced a wide range,
not by an officer of the army.' It is with honest pride I It would be almost matter of necessity under it to seek mention the fact that I was not mistaken in my conjecture, information from the officers now engaged in carrying on as there is no individual in the army of the name of Skinthat war. The commanding general and all his officers I will now venture the further prediction that, whenwould, by this resolution, be subject to be called here
ever you ferret out the rats, you will find them to belong to testify before this committee.
to the 'sovereign people,' and not to our much-abused little This war had already undergone several partial investi
army. gations before courts martial and courts of inquiry. A “The individual (Skinner) above alluded to, I undergreat amount of evidence had been taken relating to it, stand, was, at the time, a citizen of Irwinton, Alabama. and large sums expended-thousands upon thousands in
“In one particular, however, my information was ineliciting facts. There was now no charge of any conceal- correct, as it was stated to have occurred in Florida, and ment by any person; and he (Mr. L.) was averse to in- you will perceive by Mr. Smith's answer (marked B) that stituting a tribunal to try the comparative merits of the it took place at Fort Mitchell, Alabama. I do not start several officers who had been engaged in that service.
this new game with any expectation or wish of diverting The difficulties attending the prosecution of that war, and you from the chase in Florida, but simply to show you that which had produced so much delay and expenditure, had the late Creek war is equally worthy of notice. been explained by several gentlemen in this very debate. “We, my dear sir, are no politicians. We obey the We had been told of the great extent of wilderness, of the orders of our superior, and endeavor to do our duty, leavswamps and everglades, impenetrable to the whites, in ing the strife of party to those whose constitutional right which the savages concealed themselves. We had been it is to select our rulers. The only boon we ask is to have told of the difficulty of transporting the necessaries of war, rigid justice meted out to us. If the army has not met and, above all, of the sickly and unwholesoine climate.
the expectations of the country, and has failed in the FlorThese were, doubtless, the true causes ; but he (Mr. ida war, it should be borne in mind that fifteen thousand L.) was not averse to an investigation, but he preferred it citizen soldiers' have failed also. If three major generals should be in the ordinary mode, and by the Military Com- of the army' have been unsuccessful, it should not be formittee, as moved by the gentleman from Maryland. gotten that the Governor of Florida, having the public
Mr. L. concluded by moving to strike out that part of Treasury at his command, and a whole summer to make the resolution which gives power to send for persons and his preparations, was, likewise, unsuccessful. If the 'Amerpapers. The CHAIR said this amendment would not now be inserted on the floor of Congress and in the public papers, I
ican arms have been disgraced,' as has been so often asorder until the amendment pending was disposed of. thank my God thit I did not (although I served in three
Mr. GLASCOCK then modified his amendment, by in campaigns) witness the humiliating spectacle. With but serting the following: “except such as may be engaged at one exception, wherever the Indians were seen, they were the time in the service."
charged and driven until they were lost in swamps and Mr. WISE suggested to the gentleman that, as the hammocks. If we could not pursue them further and catch House was to adjourn on Monday week, the commit- them, it was because the God of our natures did not endow tee should have power to sit during the recess, and not us with the fleetness of the savage, and the scenting faculhave the investigation confined to ten days.
ties of the bloodhound. If the army is inefficient, there Mr. GLASCOCK replied that it would be continued at
inust be some reason for it, as every effect has a cause. the regular session of Congress.
But on this head I have not time to dwell, although many Mr. WISE hoped that, as the session was now to close reflections are presented to my mind. One remark, how. in about eight days, that gentleman would also consent to ever, I will make, and I do it with the frecdom of an old incorporate in his amendment the power to sit during the acquaintance. If the country is dissatisfied with the army,
in God's name let it be disbanded; for I would rather be Mr. W. went at some length into the exposure of the an humble practitioner of the humblest hamlet than see the indisposition of the inajority in the House in relation to
army insulted by the taunts and stale gibes of every newsthe proposed investigation. He saw very plainly that the sarne state of things existed now as ever before. The
• In conclusion, I must distinctly disavow any and every leopard would as soon change his spots (said Mr. W.) as political motive in forwarding you this communication. this House will change its determination to do nothing lo- My sole aim is to vindicate the character of the army, and wards exposing the corruption of this Government.
to add my humble mite towards an investigation which, I
Oct. 6, 1837.)
(H. of R.
hope and confidently believe, will place it once more 'rectus (Note, (by the writer of the two above letters.)-I apin curia.' If such be the aim of your resolution, (and prehend that Mr. Smith has inadvertently made a mistake that it is I shall be the last to doubi,) I say "God speed you.' in the year, as it was probably 1837 instead of 1836.] No man can be more anxious to see the abuses in the army Mr. W. then adverted to the proposition to strike from ferreted out and the correction applied than myself. Fur- his resolution the power to send for persons and papers. ther, you are at liberty to make whatever use of these pa- He would tell gentlemen that, without this power, it would pers you may think proper.
be impossible to bring to light the frauds and corruptions (Signed by an Assistant Surgeon of the Army.] of this Government. Even with such a power, it would (A.)
be alınost impossible. He alluded to what he had himself
seen in investigating committee rooms, and to the fact that “WHEELING, (Va.,) Sept. 28, 1837.
there were witnesses in this city who could have been ad“Sır : I have learned, since my arrival at this place, that duced in proof of the misconduct of officers of the Governyou witnessed, on a recent occasion, in Florida, an in- ment, had it not been actually dangerous to them to sumstance of peculation on the part of a public agent, who mon them. Their bread depended on their silence. Inhad public funds in his possession, &c.
dividuals who, he well knew, could have testified in these “ The fraud, if perpetrated by an officer of the United
matters, had come to him, at his lodgings, with tears in States army, would form the basis of charges, which, if their eyes, and begged him not to summon them. The proven, would cause his name to be instantly stricken proscription practised in the Government, as now adminis. from the army roll, and consigned to merited infamy.
tered, hermetically sealed the mouths of witnesses. And “ If, however, it should turn out that it was committed by yet it is now said that it is dangerous to give a committee a citizen instead of an officer of the army, as I am induced of this House power to send for persons and papers! Oh! to believe was the case, it is due to justice and to the army most kind, indulgent, he would not say servile, representathat the truth should be known; so that no part of the tives of the people ! stain should attach to men who value their honor and rep- Mr. HOWARD said that he would not have troubled utation above all price ; which they will neither compromit the House with any further observations upon the amendthemselves, nor suffer any human being to trifle with.
ment which he had submitted, if it had not been that he At any rate, let the truth be told, blast whom it may. I wished distinctly to say to the House and the nation that therefore respectrully request that you will furnish me with it was not his wish to smother investigation into either the a full statement (accompanied by a deposition) of all the causes or conduct of the Florida war. On the contraparticulars of the transaction, the names of the parties, &c., ry, he thought that the members of any committee to which the time and place where it occurred, and any other mat- the inquiry might be sent would not do their duty to the Ler you may deem necessary for ferreting out the perpetra House, the country, or themselves, unless they gave the cors, &c., to be used by me as I think may best subser ve freest scope to the examination, regardless of the persons the ends of justice.
upon whom the censure night fall, if any censure was due, “ Very respectfully, &c., your obedient servant.
and influenced solely by a spirit of strict justice and im(Signed as above. ]
partiality to all. Having said this, he had a right to ex“ Mr. A. Y. Smith, Triadelphia, Ohio county, Va.” pect, and did expect, from the gentleman from Virginia, [B.]
(Mr. W187,) that, upon whomsoever else he might cast the
imputation of desiring to stifle inquiry, he would exempt “ WHEELING, Sept. 30, 1837.
him (Mr. H.) from being included in it. Sia: Your letter of the 28th instant came to hand this
When the resolution was under consideration some two morning. In answer to your inquiries, I have to state, that weeks ago, the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Bell) had the transactions to which you allude occurred at Fort made some statements which appeared to be strong arguMitchell, Alabama, and not in Florida, as you were in
ments in favor of sending the subject to the Military Comformed. The particulars were substantially the follow- mittee. Perhaps the House had forgotten the debate which ing:
then took place, although they seldom forgot any thing I arrived at Fort Mitchell on the steamer Anna Calhoun, which that gentlemen said. The disappearance of resolufrom Appalachicola, the boat having on board freight for
tions from before the eye of the House, and sudden reapthe United States army; the freight on which amounted to about one hundred dollars. When the amount of the pearance at a distant day, was a great practical inconve
According to his classic reminiscences, there was charge was made known to Skinner, who was acting as somewhere in Greece a river which plunged under ground Quartermaster for the United States, he (Skinner) told and started up, to the surprise of those to whom it unesW. W. Crenshaw, clerk of said boat, to make the bill pectedly showed its curreni, far away from the place of its amount to five hundred dollars; upon which Crenshaw re
submersion. It was just so with some of our resolutions. plied, that if he (Skinner) would give him one hundred dollars he would do so; to which Skinner immediately had the skeleton of an army, but that it was not filled up.
The honorable gentleman from Tennessee had said that we
for which Skinner gave him one hundred dollars, and Cren- that when a lieutenant of a company fell in action, the shaw receipted the hill for $500. This transaction occur
command devolved upon a sergeant, and that there appearred about the 1st of February, 1836, at Fort Mitchell,
ed to be a deficiency in the number of officers on duty Alabaina.—[See note.)
there. - This is a correct statement of the transaction, so far as
Mr. HOWARD said that he had so understood the genobserved by me, and as stated to me, after the transaction, tleman, and would use that fact to show the propriety of by Crenshaw.
referring this subject to the Military Committee, because "I am, dear sir, your most humble servant,
that committee could, and doubtless would, urge upon the A. Y. SMITH.”
House a bill which had been reported every year since he “Ouro COUNTY, VA., to wIT :
had been in Congress, and the necessity for which was " Personally appeared before me, a Justice of the Peacefully shown by the Florida war. He alluded to a bill esfor the county aforesaid, A. Y. Smith, and accordingly tablishing a corps of engineers, detached altogether from took oath that the foregoing statement is correct and true duty in the line. Every body knew that a general order to the best of my (his] knowledge and belief.
had been issued last winter, recalling officers of the army A. P. WOODS."
from engineer duty, and directing them to repair to their
H. Or R. )
[Oct. 6, 1837.
respective regiments. The services of those officers, acting among the first to advocate the investigation then asked for. as engineers, were very useful to the country, and the He stood almost alone in the first instance in favor of the pressing demands for them from all quarters had caused | inquiry, their absence, on furlough, from their posts in line. The Mr. WISE would do the gentleman the justice to say experience of the Florida war showed the absolute necessity that he did ; but at that time he was not exactly recognised of separating the two arms of service. Such a measure as one of the party. would, of itself, be of great service to the organization of Mr. GLASCOCK replied that, whether he was consid
But there were probably other improvements ered as one of the party or not, no man in his section of which might be proposed, after a minute examination into country ever doubted where he stood in relation to the the manner in which the war had been carried on. He prominent measures of General Jackson's administration. desired to attain some practical good, instead of having No man ever doubted that; even his political enemies nevmerely a barren inquiry, and, therefore, was in favor of er doubted it; or, if they did, no act of his life authorized referring the matter to a committee which could report it, and it was entirely gratuitous on their part. But to bills in the discharge of its regular duty, instead of stop- proceed to the question before the House: he confessed, so ping with a resolution either censuring or not censuring far as the resolution was concerned, the true and proper some officer of the Government.
course, in his judgment, would be to adopt the amendment Mr. GLASCOCK regretted that it became his duty he had submitted. He differed from the gentleman from again to address the House on this subject; but, as he had Maryland as to the manner in which this committee should thought proper to move an amendment to the original res- be appointed, and as to what committee the matter should olution, and in consequence of remarks made to day, he be referred to. In his opinion, the true course of policy felt it his duty to do so. It seemed now, from the remarks was, that a select committee should be appointed by the of the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. W 198,] that he evin- Chair; and he again repeated that, if the committee was to ces a great indifference from that heretofore evinced by him effect any practical good, it should be so constituted as to in relation to the disposition to be made of the resolution have the confidence of the people of the country. The offered by him; and he seems to think that there is no dis-gentleman from Tennessee had opposed the appointment of position on the part of the majority of the House to go political partisans on the committee, and had intimated into the investigation proposed. Sir, (said Mr. G.,) that that he (Mr. G.) had used some expressions of a similar gentleman must see entirely different from himself, if he nature. This, however, was not the proper inference to has recently discovered any thing like a disposition to evade draw from his remarks. He was as much opposed to havthis question. He had expressed himself on a former oc- ing political partisans on the committee as the gentleman casion in favor of this inquiry, and he was still desirous himself, but he desired to have it so constituted as to emthat it should be had. He felt it to be due to all the offi- brace men of some weight of character, and to be composed cers in the army who have been engaged in that unfortu- of men who would do justice to all the interests concerned. nale war-he felt it due to the Government, and he felt it He wished to see the rights of all the officers who were endue to the people of the country—and, whatever disposition gaged in that service protected, and the investigation to be the gentleman now feels disposed to make of this question, conducted in such manner as to be of some practical benehe hoped the majority of the House would maintain its fit; and with this view he had submitted the amendment original intention to carry out the investigation. His oliject now under consideratton. in not wishing the committee to sit during the recess, was Sir, (said Mr. G.,) the situation in which I stand to the to save as much as possible the country from the expenses ex-President of the United States, will not permit me to already incurred in the prosecution of that war, particular- pass over in silence the bitter denunciations which have ly when all the ends of all parties asking this investigation been uttered against him on this floor by gentlemen of the could be attained without it. It has been truly and justly opposition. My attachment for him was formed at an early remarked by the gentleman from Maryland, (Mr. How- period of my life, under peculiar circumstances, and the ART,] that there are weighty and important documents, most trying scenes, and it gives me pleasure to say that which will occupy the attention of the members of the there are but few acts of his whole life, either civil or milcommittee, which may be appointed at this time, during itary, which has not served to increase rather than to dithe recess, which will give them the opportunity of form- minish that attachment. But to what source shall I trace ing correct opinions in relation to the matter, and enable this violent opposition to him ; the bitter invectives which them to proceed promptly to the execution of their duty at have been heaped upon him, emanating from the most bilthe next session of Congress. But what astonished him ter feelings ? Sir, to bis hostility to the Bank of the Unimost was, to find the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. W186] ted States; to the veto which he stamped upon the bill rereading letters and docunients to the House for ihe purpose chariering that institution in 1832; because he had the of forestalling public opinion in relation to this inquiry. moral courage to effect that which his friends in this House Mr. G. confeseed that this was pursuing a course which he failed to effect; because he threw himself in the breach, and had been taught from the commencement of his political armed with the virtue and integrity of the people, and suslife, in all transactions, studiously to avoid. He had been tained loy the constitution, grappled with the monster, and taught that, whenever an investigation was to be had triumphantly overthrew it. This, sir, “is the head and where it was expected that all the testimony would be front of all his offending,” and to this cause alone may be brought to bear upon every point, it was improper to fore- traced the vindictive feeling of his adversaries. But, sir, stall public opinion, and produce a prejudice in the public we hail that act as the greatest in his political career; one mind, by introducing evidence in advance, and sending it that has covered him with glory, and one that will serve 10 forth to the country.
perpetuate his name and his memory, even if unconnected Mr. WISE said this was very different ground from that with any other act of his life. Sir, the character of Antaken by the gentleman's party last session, when it was drew Jackson is the property of his country; his services insisted on that specific charges should be made against are too well known to that country not to be appreciated ; the Executive Departments before a committee should be they have secured to him the affections of the people, which asked for to investigate them.
the combinations of his enemies can never deprive bim of. Mr. GLASCOCK said this was not the first time that Permit me (said Mr. G.) here to state, that he was in the party to which he belonged had been referred to. As hopes he would not have found it necessary to vindicate for himself, he was only responsible for his own acts; and the character of one needing no vindication, but my leelthe gentleman would do him the justice to say that he was 'ings, under the circumstances, could not and cannot be