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cating a proper tone to the fibres of the stomach, 4. The fired wick of a candle remaining after the muft greatly strengthen them for the performance Anne. A torch, snuff, and all, goes out in a mo. of their functions. In this climate a scarcity of mont. Addion. 3. Kesentment expreffed by soift{now is no iefs dreaded than a scarcity of corn, ing; perverle rcfentment. Not used unless in low wine, or oil. We are informed by a gentleman language.-.' who was at Syracuse in 1777, when there was a What bath been feen fcarcity of snow, the people of the town learned Either in fruffs or packings of the duke's. Shak. that a small velel loaded with that article was -Jupiter took fuff at the contempt. L'EArange. pafling the coast ; without a moment's delibera. 6. Powdered tobacco taken by the cofe.tion they ran in a body to the fhore and demand. - A charge of snuf the wily virgir threw. Pope. ed her cargo; which when the crew refused to (2.) SXUFF ($ 3. def. 6.) is ehicly make of deliver up, the Syracufans attacked and took, tobacco, other maiters being only added to give though with the lofs of several men.

it a more agreeable scent, &c.' The kinds of SNOWHILL, a poft town and port of entry of fnaff, and their keveral oams, are ingumerable, Maryland, on the Eastern Shore, capital of Wor. and new ones are daily invented; fo that it would cefter county. It is feated on the SE. bank of the be difficult to give a detail of them. We thall Pocomoke, 12 miles abore its influx into Chefa. only fay, that there are three principal furts: the peak Bay. It has a court-boufe, jail, &c. Its first granulated; the fecond an impalpable pow. chief trade is in corn and lumber. It is 125 miles der; and the third the bran, or coarfe part s. NE. of Norfolk, and 358 S. by W. of Philadel maining after lifting the fecond fort. “ Every phia. Lon. 75. 30. W. Lat. 38. 10. N.'

professed, inveterate, and incurable souff-taker SNOWTOWN, a town of the United States, (fays Lord Stanhope), at a moderate computain Lincoln county, Maine.

tion, takes one pinch in ten minutes. Every * * SNOW-WHITE. adj. (now and white.) White pinch, with the agreeable ceremony of blowing as snow.

and wiping the nose, &c. confumes a minute and A frow-white bull fhall on your shore be Nain, a half. One minute and a half out of every ten,

Dryden. allowing 16 hours to a snuff-taking day, amounts • SNOWY. adj. (from frow.] 1. White like to two hours and 24 minutes a day, or one day snow

out of every ten. This anounts to 36 days in a So shews a snowy dove trooping with crows, year. Hence if the practice be perfitted in 40 As yonder lady o'er her fellows thews. Shak. years, two entire years of the fouff-taker's life Snowy headed Winter leads.

Rowe. will be dedicated to tickling his nofc, and two The blushing ruby on her frowy breaf. more to blowing it. On calculating the expence

Prior. of snuff, Enuff boxes, and handkerchiefs, it will 2. Abounding with snow...

appear, that this luxury encroaches as much on Thence on the fnowy top

the income of the snuff-taker as it does on his Of cold Olympus rold the middle air. Milt. time; and that by a proper application of the

As when the Tartar from his Russian foe, time and money thus loft to the public, a fund By Aftracan, over the frocoy plains. Milton. might be constituted for the discharge of the na

* SNUB. n. f. (from frebbe, Dutch, a nole, or tional debt." See NICOTIANA. knubel, a joint of the finger.) A jag ; a (nag ;-a (.) * To SNUFF. v. a. (fuffen, Dutch.] 3. To knot in wood.

ui draw in with the breath. A heißer will put up Lifting op his dreadfrel club on bigh, her nose, and snuff in the air against rain. Barm. All arm'd with ragged fuubs. Fairy Queen, With delight he funff the smell

(1.) * TO SNUB. v. a. (Rather To fnib. Sce O f mortal change on earth. : - Milton. SNEAP, SNEB, SNIB.j 1. To check; to reprimand. He fouffs the wind.

Dryden. 2. To pip.Near the fea-shores the heats and

The youth houghs of trees toward the sea are so fnabbed by Already seems to snuff the vital air. Dryden. the winds, as if their boughs bad been pared. My troops 'are mounted; their Numidian Ray.

steeds (2.) * To SNUL. V. n. (fnuffen, Dutch.) To Snuff up the wind.

Addison. fob with convulsion. i.

-My nag's greatest fauit was fnuffing up the air * SNUDGE. v. n. (friger, Danish.] To lie about Brackdendown. Sovift. . To fcent.. idle, close, or snug.

The cow looks up, and from afar can find Now eat his bread in peace,

.. The change of heav'n, and snuffs it in the wind. And snudge in quiet. Herbert.

Drsden. (1.) SNUFF. n. f. Ifnuf, Dutch, fnot.] 1. For thee the bulls rebellow through the Snot. In this sense it is not used. 2. The use. ;. groves, less excrescence of a candle: whence moucber la And tempt the stream, and snuff their absent chandelle.


Dryden. • My snuff and loathed part of nature should O'er all the blood-hounds boafts superior Burn itfeit out.

Sbal, skill, : Even at first life's taper is a fnuff. Donne. Once snuff*d, he follows with unalter'd aim. -If the liquor be of a close and giutinous confifa

Tickel. tency, it may burn without any fnff. Wilkins. 3. 3. To crop the candle.A candle almoft burnt out.

This candle burns not clear: 'tis I muft fnuff To hide me from the radiant fun, and folace it l'th' dungeon by a fnuff! Sbak. And out it goes.

Sixik --Agaiuft


- Againft a communion-day our lamps fhould be (3.) SNUG Corner Cove, a bay of the R. Pa drafted, our lights fruffed. Taylor.

i cific Ocean, on the E. fide of Prince William's To fruf the lights, and stir the fire,

Sound, and W. coaft of N. Arnerica. Lon: 146. And get a dinner for your hire. Swift. 30. W. Lat. 60. 50. N.

(3.) * T. SNUFF. V. n. . To snort; to draw * To SNUGGLE. V. n. (from fnug.) To lie breath by the nose.

close; to lie warm. The fury fires the pack, they fnteff. Dryden. SNYDERS, Francis, a Flemilh painter, born at Says Humpus, ft, my maler bag me pray Antwerp in 1979, and bred under bis countryman Your company to dine with kita to day: Henry Van Baleli. He first painted fruits : after. He fuffs, then follows.

King. wards animals, huntings, &c. in which he exceed . To foift in contempt.-Ye have fnuffad at it. ed alt his predeceffors. He also painted kitchens, Nel. č. 13.

&c. and gave dignity to subjects that seemed inSNUFFBOX, s. s. (fruff and box.) The box capable of it. He was appointed paiuter to Ferin which snuff is carried. It a gentleman leaves a dinand and Ifabella, and the royal family of Spain. Jungle on the table, and goeth away, lock it up The king of Spain and the elector Palatine adornas part of your pails. Secift.

i ed their palaces with his huntings. Rubens, Jos. Sir Plume, of amber Muffbox justly vain. Poper dinens, and Snyders, used to co-operate in the ea. • SNUFFER. mh fo (from snuff ) He that finifs. riching of each other's pictures according to their

• SNUFFERS. *. f. (from snuff The inftru: feveral talents; and thus the pictures became ment with which the candle is clipped.-When more valuable than if finished by either of them you have snuffed the candle, leave the fruffers On Singly. Snyders died in 1657. pen. Swift.

SNYTE, a river of England, which rises in * To SNUFFLE. vi n. fnafreken, Dutch.) To Leicestershire, and running through Nottingham, speak through the role ; to breathe hard through falls into the Dean at Shelton. the nose.- A water-fpaniel came down the river, (1.) SO, king of Egypt. See EGYPT, 9; and and with a fnufting grace, waited with his eye to SA BACHUS. see whetber be couid efpy the duck's getting up (z.) * So, adv. (fwa, Saxon; fooy Dutch; Jos again. Sidney:-

German. J. In like manner. It anfwers to as Bagpipes of the loudest drones,

either preceding or following. Noting compari. Wah nuffling broken-winded tones. Hudibras. Con. -It came to the ape'to deliver his opinion, who As whom the fables feign of monstrous fize, fnelt and freulied, and considered on't. L'Etr. So itretch'd out huge in length the arch fiend Some femfelels Phillis in a broken note, i

lay. Senang at note, and croaking in his throat.

Thick as autumnal leaves that Arew the

Dryden. - brooks, • SNUFFLER. n. f. [from forefle.) He that In Valombrosa, where th' Etrurian fhades peaks through the nose.

High over-arch'd embow'r, so thick beftrewn SNUFF-MILL, n. f. (Snuff and mill.] a mill for Abject and loft lay there.

Milton grinding snuff. In Scotland, it is used for snuff. So pleas'd at first the tow'ring Alps we try. by; beoce the well known song of Sauney's mür.

SNUFF-TAKER, R. f. [fruff and taker.] One A's into air the purer spirits fow, wbo takes snuff to excéls,

So flew her soul to its congenial place. Pope. SSUFF-TAXING, M. fo the act of taking fnuff, 2. To fuch a degree.-Why is his chariot fo long, for it cannot be called an art. For these two in coming ? Fudg. y, 28.words we are indebted to Earl Stanhope; but his Can nothing great, and at the height, bordihip uses this laft as an adjective. See SNUFE, Remain so long, but its own weight

Will ruin it?

Ben Yonfon. To SNUG. v. n. (Jniger, Durcha! To lie Where the pow'r that cñarms us fo? Waller. cieke:

-I viewed in my mind, so far as I was able, the There fnugging well, be well appear'd con. beginning and progress of a rifing worid. Burnet. tent.

Sidney. Why fhould we mourn that he so foon is - As the loving couple lay fnugging together, Ve. freed?

Dryden. tas, to try if the cat had changed her manners – Upon our first going into a company of Aranwith ber hape, turned a mouse foofe into the gers, our benevolence or averfion rises towards fcchamber. L'Efrange.

veral particular persona, before we have heard (1.) • SNUG. adj. (from the verb.) I. Clofe; them fpeak, or so much as know who they are. free from any inconvenience, yet not splendid. Addison. They spy'd à country farm,

We think our fathers fools, so wise we're Where all was snug, and clean, and warm.


Prior. Our wifer sons, no doubt, will think us fo.. 2. Close; out of notice.

Popes Lie frag, and hear what criticks fay. Swift. 3. In fuch a manner.3. Slity or infidiously clofe.

Certain colours, minglid fo and fo. Suckling Did I not fee you, rafcal, did I not !

-We feeing what he is, may cortainly know that When you lay fnug to snap young Damon's he is not fo or so. Locke.-I Thail minutely tell him goat ?

Dryden, the freps by which I was brought into this way, (2.) SNUG Bay POINT, a cape in the Straits of if so be any thing in my example is worth his non Merchan; 8 miles WNW. of Cape Froward. tice. Locke. This gentleman is very much in Sir




Roger's esteem, so that he lives in the family ra. So thou, my deareft, trueft, best Alicik, ther as a relation than dependent. Addison. 4. It Vouchsafe to lodge me in thy gentle heart. is regularly answered by as or that, but they are

Rowe sometimes omitted.

1o. In like manner; noting concession of one pro • So frown'd the mighty combatants, that hell position and assumption of another, answering to Grew darker at their frown.

Milton. as. As a war thould be undertaken upon a jul There is fomething equivalent in France and motive, fo a prince ought to consider the condi Scotland; so as 'tis a very hard calumny upon our tion he is in when he enters on it. Swift. 11. S foil to affirm that ro excellent a fruit will not grow sometimes returns the sense of a word or fentenci here. Temple. 3. In the same manner.- . " going before, and is used to avoid repetition; as · Me easily indeed mine may neglect,

the two brothers were valignt, but the eldeji wa But God's propos'd deliverance not so. Milton. more to; that is, more valiant. The French arti

To keep up the tutor's authority, use him with 'cle le is often used in the fame manner. Thi great respect yourself, and cause all your family to mode of expreflion is not to be used but in fami do fo too. Locke.According to thc multifarioul. liar language, nor even in that to be commend ness of this immutability, jo are the possibilities of ed.being. Norris. 6. Thus, in this manner.- ., The fat with plenty fills my heart,

Not far from thence the mournful fields ap. The lean with love makes me too fo. Cowle pear,

*** Who thinks his wife is virtuous, though not d So call'd from lovers that inhabit there. Dryden. Is pleas'd and patient till the truth he know, Does this deserve to be rewarded fo? Dryd. .

Denban It concerns every mắn, to enquire into those Not to admire is all the art I know matters, whether they be so or not. Tillotson.--No To make men happy, and to keep them fo. nation ever complained they had too broad, too

!!... Creeck deep, or too many rivers ; they understand better -One may as well say, that the conflagration shal than fo. Bentley

. ." be only national, as to say that the deluge was So when the first bold Yestel dar'd the feas, Burnet. annut, wenn High on the itern the Thracian rais'd his strain. For having once been guilty, well they knoy

Pope. To a revengeful prince they till are fo. Drga -This is certain that so it is. Locke. 7. There.. He was great ere fortune made him lo. Drsa fore; for this reason; in consequence of this. - I laugh at every one, said an old cynick, wh

The god, though loth, yet was constrain'd r' laughs at me. Do you for replied the philold obey :

pher; then you live the merrieit lite of any mal So back again him brought to living light. in Athens. Addison. They are beautiful in them

Fairy Queen. felves, and much more to in that noble languag Trafficke, or rove ye, and like theeves op- peculiar to that great poet. Addison Cunmod prefle .

i place books have been long uted by, indu&riou Poor strange adventurers; exposing so it young divines, and still continue jo. Swifi.--Ast Your foules to danger?.

Chapman, his using ludicrous, 'expressions, my opinion w -And so all that he hath to do is to endeavour by that they are not fo. Pope prayer and ufe of the means, to qualify himself. The blest to day is as completely fo, for this blefled condition, Hammond. - It leaves As who began a thousand years ago. . . Pop instruction, and so instructers, to the fobriety of 12. Thus it is; this is the Atate.-the settled articles and rule of the church. Holy. How forrow shakes him ! day.

De So, now the tempeft tears him up. - Dryden Some are fall'n, to disobedience fall’n; 13. At this point ; at this time. . .. And so from heav'n to deepest hell. Milton.

I'll weep and figh; -God makes him in his own image an intellectue And, leaving % his service, follow you, Sba al creature, and so capable of dominion. Locke. 8. 14. It notes a kind of abrupt beginning. Weli.On these terms; noting a conditional petition : 0, fo, and had you a council answered by as.

Of ladies too? Who was your speaker? So grant my fuit, as I enforce my might,

Ben Yonja In love to be thy champion.

Dryden. 15. It sometimes is little more than an expletiv • So may the guilt of all my broken vows, though it implies fome laient or surd comparitu My perjuries to thee be all forgotten;

In French, fi.-Au astringent is not quite jo pre As here my soul acquits thee of my death, per, where relaxing the urinary passages is pece As here I part without an angry thought. Rowe. Tary. Arbuthnot. 16. A word of affumption

So may kind rains their vital moisture yield, thus be it.--There is Percy; if your father wi And swell the future harvest of thy field. Pope. do me any honour, lo; if not, let him kill th 9. Provided that; on condition that; modo. next Percy himself. Sbak.- I will rever bear a ba Evil into the mind of God or man

mind : if it be my deftiny, for: if it be not, May come and go, yo unapprov'd, and leave Shak. 17. A form of petition.No fpot or blame behind.

Milton. Ready are th' appellant and defendant, -So the doctrine be but wholesome and edifying, So please your highness to beho.d the fight. though there should be a want of exactness in the

Shal manner of speaking cr reasoning, it may be over 18. So much as. However much. This is, looked. Atterbury.

think, an irregular expreflion.-So much as yo

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admire the beauty of his verse, his profe is full as an ancient town of Etruria, in the Siennese, with good. Pope. 19. So fo. An exclamation after a bishop's fee; feated on a high mountain, near furue thing donc or known. Corrupted, I think, the river Flora, 30 miles SE. of Sicnna. It is faid

to be almost deserted on account of the unwholeI would not have thee linger in thy pain; fome air; but this is almost incredible, as towns

Sbak. feated on mountains have generally the best of So fa; it works: now mistrefs, sit you faft. air. Lon. II. 46. E. Lat. 42. 40. N.

Dryden. (3.) SOANA, a mountain of the French empire, 0. So fc. (col, cofi, Italian.) Indifferently, not in the dep. of the Doria, and late principality of Lucb amiss nor well.- ,

Piedmont; 10 miles S. of Aosta. His leg is but folos. and yet ’tis well. Sbak. SOANDA, an ancient town of Armenia. -Deliver us from the nauseous repetition of As SOANE, a river of Hindooftan, which rises in and So, which some lo writers, I may call them the S. border of Allababad, from the lake, which 1) are continually founding in our ears. Felton. allo gives rite to the NERBUDDA ; but the Soane, 1. So tben. Thus then it is that; therefore, flowing in an opposite direction to that river, atSu ben the Vollcians ftand but as at first. • ter running a long course of 1500 miles, falls into

Shak. the Ganges above Patna. This river, with the -To a war are required a juft quarrel, fufficient Gangy and the Nerbudda, by nearly surroundLurces, and a prndent choice of the designs : so ing the S. part of Hindouitan, make it a penin, then, I will first juftify the quarrel, balance the for. sula. and propound deligns. Bacon.

SOANES, an ancient people of COLçais, near I. 60A, a town of Cuba; 60 miles N. of St mount Caucasus, in whose territories the rivers

abounded with golden lands, which they gathered 12.) SOA, an inand of Scotland, one of the finall in sheep Skins; whence Strabo deduces the origin HEBRIDES, icar St Kilda...

of the fable of Golden Fleece. Strabo 11. 11.) To SOAK. V. n. (focian, Saxon.) 1. To SOANGUR, a town of Hindooftan, in Guze. citerped io moisture.-

rat; 50 miles S. of Siorat, and is W. of NooFor thy conceit in foaking will draw in pour. , Mure iban the common blocks.

Shak. (1.)* SOAP. n. f. fape, Saxon; (apo, Latin.) A To cater by degrees into pores.-Lay a heap fubitance uled in washing, made of a lixivium of

carth in great froits upon a bollow vestel, put. vegetable alkaline ashes and any unetuous subng a canvass between, and pour water upon it, Atance.-Soap is a mixture of a fixed alkaline salt Iu as iw fuck through. Baco.-Rain soaking into and oil; ils virtues are cicanting, penetrating, ata the itrate, which lie near the surface, bears with it tenuauing, and resolving; and any mixture of any ail facha moveable matter as occurs. Woodward, oily substance with talt may be called a foap. Are 3. To drink gluttonoudy and intemperately. butimot -- He is like fullers foap. Malacbi.--AbubThis is a low term.-The idle chat of a joaking ble blown with water, first made tenacious by dife web. Luke.

folving a little foap in it, after a while will appear 2-) * T. SQAX, V. a. I. To macerate in any tinged with a grtat variety of colours. Newton.-Ditore; to steep: to keep wet-uill moisture is Soap-earth is found in great quantity on the land bibed; to drench.

near the bapks of the river Hermus. Woodward. Many of our princes

-Soap-aihes are much commended, after the foapLe drown's and foak'd in mercenary blood. boilers have done with them, fur cold, or four

Shak. lands. Mortimer.-As rain-water diminishes their -Their land thall be soaked with blood. · Ija. salt, fo the moistening of them with chamber-lee, XXI. 7.

or soap-luds adds thereto, Mortimer. Their deep Galesus forks the yellow lands. (7.) SOAP is a composition of caustic fixed al

Dryden. kaline salt, and oil, sometimes hard and dry, fome-Wormwood, put into the brine you foak your times soft and liquid ; much used in washing and curn in, prevents the birds-eating it. Mortimer, 2. wbitening linens, and by dyers and fullers. Soap To draw in through the pores.

may be made by several metbods, which, howTo fuck the moisture up, and foak it in ever, all depend upon the same principle. The

Dryden. soap which is used in medicine is made with3. To drain ; to exhaust. This seems to be a out heat. See CHEMISTRY, Index; aiso SAPO. It term, perhaps used erroneously for luck. NACEOUS, and SA PONULÆ. . Franta that draw much nourishment from the (3:) SOAP, ACCOUNT OF THE MANUFACTURE cats, and foak and exhaust it, hurt all things that. OF. In manufactures, where large quantities of it from by them. Bacon. His forts, and his garri. are prepared, soap is made with heat. A lixivi. fuos, and his feastings, could not but foak his ex, um of quicklime and feda is made, but it is less chequer. Wotton.

concentrated than that aboye-referred to, and onSOAKER. ned fram foak.] : 1. He that ma ly so much that it can sustain a fresh egg. A part cerates in any moiture. 2. A great drinker. In of this lixivium is even to be diluted and mixed a language.

with an equal weight of oil of olives. The mix, SOAL, or SOLÉ, See PLEURONECTES, N° 6. ture is to be put on a gentle fire, and agitated,

11.) SOANA, in ancient geography, a river of that the union may be accelerated. When the Abania. Pol.

I mixture begins to unite well, the rest of the lixiSOANA, or SUANE, in modern geography, vium is to be added to it; and the whole is to be

**. i. .
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digented with a very gentle heat, titl tlie soap be used in making this are lees drawn from pot-al completely made. A trial is to be made of it, to and lime, boiled with tallow and oil. First, th examine whether the just proportion of oil and ley of a proper degree of strength (which must h alkali has been observed. Good soap of this kind estimated by the weight of the liquor), and ta ought to be firm, and very white when cold; dot low, are put into the copper together, and as fog Tubject to become moift by exposure to airy and as they bail up the oil is added; the fire is the entirely mifcible with pure water, to which it damped or stopped up, while the ingredients ri communicates a milky appearance, but without main in the copper to unite ; when they are 1 any drops of oil Boating on the surface. When nited, the copper is again made to boil, being & the soap has not these qualities, the combination led with kees as it boils, till there be a sufficies Sias not been well made, or the quantity of fait quantity put into it; then it is boiled off and py or of oii is too great, which faults must be cor. Anto caiks. When the soap is firft made it a rected. In soft or liquid roaps, groen or black pears uniform ; but in about a week the tallo

aps, cheaper oils are employed, as oil of nuts, Ieparates from the oil into those white grain of hemp, of fish, &c. Those soaps, excepting in which we fee in the common soap. Soap thu confiftence, are not effentially different from white made would appear yellow, but by a mixture foap. Fixed alkalis are much disposed to unite indigo added at the end of the boiling, it is rei with oils that are not volatite, both vegetals: and dered green. animal, for this union can be made even without (7.) SOAP, HARD, is made with lees from afh heat. The compound resulting from it partakes and tallow, and is most cominonly boiled twice at the same time of the properties of oil and of the first, called the half boil, has the same opi alkali; but these properties are modified and tem ration as the first half boil of soft white soap. (S pered by each other, according to the general rule $11.) Then the copper is charged with fre af combinations, Alkali formed into soap has not fees again, and the firft half-boil put into it, whet pearly the same acrimony as when pure ; it is it is kept boiling, and fed with lees as it boils, ti even deprived of almost all its causticity, and its it grains or is boited enough; then the ley is di other faline alkaline properties are almost entirely charged from it, and the foap put into a framet abolished. The oil contained in foap is less com- cool and harden. Common Calt is made use boftible than when pure, from its union with the for the purpose of graining the foap; for whe alkali, wkich is an uninflammable body. It is the oil or tallow has been united with the ley, a mifcible, or even foluble in water to a confiderable ter a little boiling, a quantity of fait is throw degree, by means of the alkali. Soap is entirely into the mass, which diffuiving readily in wate ísluble in spirit of wine; and still better in aqua. but not in the oil or taltow, draws out the watı witæ sharpened by a little alkaline salt, according in a considerable degree, fo that the oil or tallo to Mr G offroy. The manufacture of soap in imited with the falt of the ley swims on the top 3.ondon first begao iR 1524; before which time When the key is of a proper strength, kfs falt this city was served with white fooap from foreign neceffary to raise the curd when it is too weal countries, and with grey soap speckled with white There is no certain time for bringing off a bol from Britol, which was sold for a penny a pound; ing of any of these forts of fqap: it frequent and also with black loap; which sold for a half- takes up part of two days. penny the pound. The principal soaps of our (6.) SOAP, MEDICIMAL USES, &C. OF. Alk own manufacture are the soft, the hard, and the line soaps are very useful io many arts and trade ball soap. The soft soap is either white or green. and also in chemifry and medicine. Their pril See 6. When oil unites with alkali in the for. cipal utility confits in a detersive quality that the mation of soap, it is littie altered in the connec- receive from their alkali, which is capable of a tion of its principles; for it may be separated ing upon oily matters, and of rendering them 1 from the aikali by decomposing soap with any ponaceous and mifcible with water. Hence loa acid, and may be obtained nearly in its original is very useful to cleanse any subkances from a ftate.

fat matters with which they are foiled. Soap (as) SOAP, ACID. This is formed by the addi. therefore daily used for wathing linen and wod tion of concentrated acids to the expressed oils. len cloths from oil, and for whitening filt at Thus the oil is rendered partially soluble in wa. freeing it from the refinous varnith with which ter; but the union is not sufficiently complete to is covered. Pure alkaline ligiviums might be en answer any valuable purpose.

ployed for the same purposes; but when the (s.) SOAP, BALL, commonly used in the north, activity is not mitigated by the oil, as it is in toa 38 made with lees from afhes and tailow. The they are capable of altering, and even of deltro lees are put into the copper, and božied till the ing entirely by their cauticity, mof subftance watery part is quite gone, and there remains nos especially animal matters, as filk, wool, a thing in the copper but a sort of saline matter; whereas soap cleanses from oil almost as ettece (the very ftrength or effence of the ley :) to this ally as pure alkali, without danger of altering che tallow is put, and the copper is kept boiling destroying the stuff. Soap was imperfe&ly kno and itirring for above half an hour, in which time to the ancients. It is mentioned by Pling as the soap is made; and then it is put out of the of fat and aftes, and as an invention of the Cau copper into tubs or baskets with Shects in them, Aretæus fays, that the Greek's obtained to and immediately (whilft soft) made into balls. It knowledge of its medical use from the Roman requires near 24 hours in this process to boil a. Its virtues, according to Bergius, are deten way the watery part of the ley..

i résolvent, and aperient, and its use recomme (6.) SOAP, GREEX SOFT. The chief ingredients in jaundice, gout, calculous complaints,


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