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York. Take not, good cousin, further than you
should, Left you mis-take: The heavens are o'er your
head. Boling. I know it, uncle; and oppose not Myself against their will.-But who comes here?
Percr. The castle royally is mann'd, my lord, Against thy entrance.
Yes, my good lord,
North. Belike, it is the bishop of Carlisle.
6 I know it, uncle; and oppose not
Myself against their will. But who comes here?] These lines should be regulated thus:
I know it, uncle; and oppose not myself
Against their will. But who comes bere?
I regard the word myself, as an interpolation, and conceive Shakspeare to have written
and oppose not
Against their will.
" — a servant, thrill’d with remorse,
“ Oppos'd against the act.” Steevens,
Well, Harry; what, will not this castle yield?] The old copy destroys the metre by reading-Welcome, Harry; The emenda tion is Sir T. Hanmer's. STEVENS.
BOLING. Noble lord,
[To North. Go to the rude ribs of that ancient castle; Through brazen trumpet send the breath of parle Into his ruin'd ears, and thus deliver. Harry Bolingbroke On both his knees, doth kiss king Richard's hand; And sends allegiance, and true faith of heart, To his most royal person: hither come Even at his feet to lay my arms and power; Provided that, my banishment repealid, And lands restor'd again, be freely granted : If not, I'll use the advantage of my power, And lay the summer's duft with showers of blood, Rain'd from the wounds of slaughter'd Englishmen: The which, how far off from the mind of Boling
broke It is, such crimson tempest should bedrench The fresh green lap of fair king Richard's land, My stooping duty tenderly shall show. Gó, signify as much; while here we march Upon the grassy carpet of this plain.[NORTHUMBERLAND advances to the Castle, with
a Trumpet. Let's march without the noise of threat’ning drum, That from the castle's totter'd battlements Our fair appointments may be well perus’d. Methinks, king Richard and myself Thould meet With no less terror than the elements
Go to the rude ribs, &c.] It is observable that our author in His addresses to persons, often begins with an hemistich. So, in Troilus and Cressida, Act II. sc. iii :
“ Agam. Princes,
“ What grief hath fet the jaundice on your cheeks?" This observation may be of use in other places, where in the old copies, by the mistake of the transcriber, the metre is destroyed by this regulation not being observed. MALONE,
Of fire and water, when their thund'ring shock
A parle founded, and answered by another trumpet within Flourish. Enter on the walls King RiCHARD, the Bishop of Carlisle,' AUMERLE, SCROOP, and SALISBURY. York. See, fee, king Richard doth himself ap
pear, As doth the blushing discontented fun From out the fiery portal of the east; When he perceives the envious clouds are bent To dim his glory, and to ftain the track Of his bright passage to the occident. Yet looks he like a king; behold, his eye, As bright as is the eagle's, lightens forth Controlling majefty; Alack, alack, for woe, That any harm should stain so fair a show! K. Rich. We are amaz’d; and thus long have
we stood To watch the fearful bending of thy knee,
[To NORTHUMBERLAND. Because we thought ourself thy lawful king: And if we be, how dare thy joints forget
9_ the Bishop of Carlisle,] was Thomas Merkes. WALPOLE:
2 See, see, king Richard doth himself appear,] The following fix lines are absurdly given to Bolingbroke, who is made to condemn his own conduct and difculp the king's. It is plain these fix and the four following all belong to York. WARBURTON.
It should be observed that the four last of these lines are in all the copies given to York. STEEVENS.
To pay their awful duty to our presence ?
Purpd supposition e word teftament war, that epithet
* The purple teftament of bleeding war;] I once thought that Shakspeare inight have had the sacred book (which is frequently covered with purple leather) in his thoughts; but the following note renders such a supposition extremely doubtful. MALONE.
I believe our author uses the word teftament in its legal fense. Bolingbroke is come to open the teítament of war, that he may peruse what is decreed there in his favour. Purple is an epithet referring to the future effusion of blood. STEVENS.
Mr. Steevens is certainly right in his interpretation of this paffage. See Julius Cæfar:
" Now, while your purpled hands do reek and fmoke,
" Fulfil your pleasure." Malone. * But ere the crown he looks for live in peace,
Ten thoujand bloody crowns of mothers' fons
Shall ill become the flower of England's face:] By the Aswer of England's face is meant the choicest youths of England, who shall
To scarlet indignation, and bedew
be slaughtered in this quarrel, or have bloody crowns. The flower of England's face, to design her choicest youth, is a fine and noble expression. Pericles, by a similar thought, said “ that the destruction of the Athenian youth was a fatality like cutting off the spring from the year.” WARBURTON.
Dr. Warburton reads---light in peace, but live in peace is more suitable to Richard's intention, which is to tell him, that though he should get the crown by rebellion, it will be long before it will live in peace, be so settled as to be firm. The flower of England's face, is very happily explained. Johnson.
The flower of England's face, I believe, means England's flowery face, the flowery surface of England's foil. The same kind of expression is used in Sidney's Arcadia, p. 2: “ - opening the cherry of her lips," i. e. her cherry lips. Again, p. 240, edit. 1633: « — the sweet and beautiful flower of ber face." Again, Drayton, in Mortimer's Epistle to Queen Isabell:
“ And in the field advance our plumy crest,
STEEVENS. 2 Her pastures' grass--] Old copies pastors. Corrected by Mr. Theobald. Malone.
3 And by the buried hand of warlike Gaunt;] Dr. Warburton would read
And by the warlike hand of buried Gaunt; and this, no doubt, was Shakspeare's meaning, though he has affectedly misplaced the epithets. Thus, in King John, we have
- There is no malice in this burning coal," instead of
“ There is no malice burning in this coal.”