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A Course of Mathematics: In Three Volumes: Composed for the Use of the Royal ...
No preview available - 2016
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Page 65 - In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference, as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference.
Page 243 - Or, by art. 3 14 of the same, the pressure is equal to the weight of a column of the fluid, •whose base is equal to the surface pressed, and...
Page 80 - A solid angle is that which is made by the meeting of more than two plane angles, which are not in the same plane, in one point. X. ' The tenth definition is omitted for reasons given in the notes.
Page 329 - ... to secure uniformity, his trees were all felled in the same season of the year, were squared the day after, and the experiments tried the 3d day.
Page 162 - Cor. 3. An equation will want its third term, if the sum of the products of the roots taken two and two, is partly positive, partly negative, and these mutually destroy each other. Remark.
Page 160 - ... preceding equation is only of the fourth power or degree ; but it is manifest that the above remark applies to equations of higher or lower dimensions : viz. that in general an equation of any degree whatever has as many roots as there are units in the exponent of the highest power of the unknown quantity, and that each root has the property of rendering, by its substitution in place of the unknown quantity, the aggregate of all the terms of the equation equul to nothing.
Page 74 - Prove that, in any plane triangle, the base is to the difference of the other two sides, as the sine of half the sum of the angles at the base, to the sine of half their difference : also, that the...
Page 255 - And when this is compared with the proportion of the velocity and length of gun in the last paragraph, it is evident that we gain extremely little in the range by a great increase in the length of the gun, with the same charge of powder. In fact the range is nearly as the 5th root of the length of the bore ; which is so small an increase, as to amount only to about a...