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action active actual alleged army become belligerent called causes changes character Christian circumstances citizens civilised claims common concerned condition conduct Conference considerations constitution countries course Declaration of Paris direct discussion distinct doctrine doubt duty effect efforts engaged England equal especially Europe European evils existence fact favour force Foreign France further Government grounds hand held humanity important independence influence institutions interests International Law Intervention involved Italy kind leading least less limits matter means ment military mode moral nature Neutrality object obvious occasion operations opinion organisation party Peace permanent persons political popular population possible Powers practice present principles questions reason reference relations respect result rules Russia schemes seems side society sort success territory tion trade Treaty true Wars whole wholly
Page 315 - That this object would be exceeded by the employment of arms which uselessly aggravate the sufferings of disabled men, or render their death inevitable ; That the employment of such arms would, therefore, be contrary to the laws of humanity; The Contracting Parties engage mutually to renounce, in case of war among themselves, the employment by their military or naval troops of any projectile of a weight below 400 grammes, which is either explosive or charged with fulminating or inflammable substances.
Page 208 - V. The contracting parties further engage, that when the said canal shall have been completed, they will protect it from interruption, seizure, or unjust confiscation, and that they will guarantee the neutrality thereof, so that the said canal may forever be open and free, and the capital invested therein secure.
Page 208 - ... with reference to any means of communication by ship-canal which may be constructed between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by the way of the river San Juan de Nicaragua, and either or both of the lakes of Nicaragua or Managua, to any port or place on the Pacific Ocean, the President of the United States has conferred full powers on John M.
Page 219 - The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, within the limits determined by the Act annexed to the treaties of the 19th of April, 1839, under the guarantee of the Courts of Great Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia, shall henceforth form a perpetually neutral State. " It shall be bound to observe the same neutrality towards all other States.
Page 209 - The governments of the United States and Great Britain, having not only desired, in entering into this convention, to accomplish a particular object, but also to establish a general principle, they hereby agree to extend their protection, by treaty stipulations, to any other practicable communications, whether by canal or railway, across the isthmus which connects North and South America, and especially to the inter-oceanic communications, should the same prove to be practicable, whether by canal...
Page 210 - In consideration of these concessions, in order to secure the construction and permanence of the route or road herein contemplated, and also to secure, for the benefit of mankind, the uninterrupted advantages of such communication from sea to sea, the United States recognizes the rights of sovereignty and property of Honduras in and over the line...
Page 206 - ... the ancient rule of his Empire, and in virtue of which it has, at all times, been prohibited for the Ships of War of Foreign Powers to enter the Straits of the Dardanelles and of the Bosphorus; and that, so long as the Porte is at Peace, His Majesty will admit no Foreign Ship of War into the said Straits.
Page 315 - That the only legitimate object which States should endeavour to accomplish during war is to weaken the military forces of the enemy...
Page 340 - Prisoners of war may be employed on certain public works which have no immediate connection with the operations on the theatre of war, provided the employment be not excessive, nor humiliating to their military rank, if they belong to the army, or to their official or social position, if they do not belong to it.
Page 339 - Art. 23. Prisoners of war are lawful and disarmed enemies. They are in the power of the enemy's government, but not of the individuals or of the corps who made them prisoners. They should be treated with humanity. Every act of insubordination authorizes the necessary measures of severity to be taken with regard to them. All their personal effects except their arms are considered to be their own property.