Civilization and Black Progress: Selected Writings of Alexander Crummell on the South

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University of Virginia Press, 1995 - African Americans - 265 pages
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Friend and mentor to W. E. B. Du Bois, outspoken critic of Booker T. Washington, and founder of the American Negro Academy, Alexander Crummell (1819-1898) played a pivotal role in later nineteenth-century debates over race and black intellect. Yet compared with the widely available texts of Du Bois and Washington, Crummell's speeches and publications remain relatively inaccessible. Here, for the first time, is a full scholarly edition of Crummell's most significant writings on the South. The eighteen texts that J. R. Oldfield has assembled cover the last twenty-three years of Crummell's life, when he was at the height of his influence as both an Episcopal minister and president of the ANA. All of the pieces, directly or indirectly, are concerned with the fate of Southern blacks in the areas of politics, education, religion, gender, and race relations. Oldfield provides a thorough biography of Crummell in his introduction, as well as detailed annotations to the text, tracking down often-obscure sources for Crummell's numerous quotations. Additionally, Oldfield prefaces each address with a concise statement of its immediate context and its importance to Crummell's work as a whole. More specific publication information is listed in an Appendix. As this collection makes clear, Crummell's writings speak in the elegant and scholarly voice of a transitional figure who bridged two radically different worlds separated by the bloodshed and upheaval of the Civil War.

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Introduction I
Editorial Method
The Social Principle among a People and Its Bearing on Their Progress
The Destined Superiority of the Negro 133
The Assassination of President Garfield
The Dignity of Labour and Its Value to a New People
A Defence of the Negro Race in America from the Assaults on Charges of Rev J L Tucker D D of Jackson Mississippi
Her Neglects and Her Needs
Common Sense in Common Schooling
An Address before the Garnet Lyceum of Lincoln University
The Best Methods of Church Work among the Colored People
The RaceProblem in America
Incidents of Hope for the Negro Race in America
At Hampton Institute 1896
Civilization the Primal Need of the Race
The Prime Need of the Negro Race

Excellence an End of the Trained Intellect
The Need of New Ideas and New Aims for a New Era
Alexander Crummell 10

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About the author (1995)

J.R. Oldfield is Lecturer in Modern History at the University of Southampton. He is the author of Alexander Crummell (1819-1898) and the Creation of an African-American Church in Liberia.

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