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that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. And the Lord said, I will destroy man, whom I have 7 created, from the face of the earth, both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them. But Noah found grace in the eyes of the 8

might have a strong consolation, who have be desolate. Jer. iv. 22. 27. Pull them out fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them before us. Heb. vi. 17, 18. Every good gift for the day of slaughter. How long shall the and every perfect gift is from above, and land mourn, and the herbs of every field cometh down from the Father of lights, with wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell whom is no variableness, neither shadow of therein? The beasts are consumed, and the turning. James i. 17.

birds. Jer. xii. 3, 4. Therefore shall the It grieved him, &c.] Oh that there were land mourn, and every one that dwelleth such an heart in them, that they would fear therein shall languish with the beasts of the me, and keep all my commandments always; field, and with the fowls of heaven. Hosea that it might be well with them, and with iv. 3. I will consume man and beast: I will their children for ever. Deut. v. 29. Oh consume the fowls of the heaven, and the that they were wise, that they understood fishes of the sea : and I will cut off man from this, that they would consider their latter end. off the land, saith the Lord. Zeph. i. 3. By Deut. xxxi. 29. How oft did they provoke the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the justified in his sight; for there is no difference. desert ? Ps. lxxviii, 40. Oh that my people Rom. iii. 20. 22. had hearkened to me, and Israel had walked 8 Found grace, &c.] Behold now, thy in my ways. Ps. lxxxi. 13. Forty years “servant" (** Lot'') hath found grace in thy long was I grieved with this generation. Ps. sight. Gen. xix. 19. And Moses said unto nov. 10. I beheld the transgressors and was the Lord, see, thou sayest unto me, thou hast grieved. Ps. cxix. 158. Oh that thou hadst found grace in my sight. And the Lord said hearkened to my commandments, then had unto Moses, thou hast found grace in my thy peace been as a river, and thy righteous- sight. Exod. xxxiii. 12. 17. The Lord will ness as the waves of the sea. Isa. xlviii. 18. give grace and glory. Ps. Ixxxiv. 11. The But they rebelled, and vexed his Holy Spirit. Lord preserveth all them that love him. Ps. Isa. Ixiñ. 10. As I live, saith the Lord God, cxlv, 20. So shalt thou (if merciful and true) I bave no pleasure in the death of the wicked. find favour and good understanding in the Ezek. Xxxiiii. 11. And he beheld the city, sight of God and man. Prov. iii. 4. For and wept over it, saying, if thou hadst known, whoso findeth "me" (" wisdom"), findeth life, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things and shall obtain favour of the Lord. Prov. schich belong unto thy peace, but now they viii. 35. A good man obtaineth favour of the are hid from thine eyes. Luke xix. 41, 42, Lord. Prov. xii. 2. The people which were And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, left of the sword found grace in the wilderwhereby ye are sealed unto the day of re- ness, even Israel. Jer. xxxi. 2. Fear not demption. Eph. iv. 30. Wherefore I was Mary (saith the angel), for thou hast found grieved with that generation, and said, they favour with God. Luke i. 30. (David) who do always err in their heart, and they have found favour before God, desired to find a not known my ways. But with whom was tabernacle for the God of Jacob. Acts vii. 46. he grieved forty years? Was it not with Now to him that worketh is the reward not them that had sinned? Heb. iii. 10. 17. reckoned of grace, but of debt. Rom. iv. 4.

7 I will destroy, &c.] The earth is the And if by grace, then is it no more of works, Lord's, and the fulness thereof; the world, otherwise grace is no more grace; but if it be and they that dwell therein ; for he hath of works, then is it no more grace. Rom. xi. founded it upon the seas, and established it 6. But by the grace of God I am what I am upon the floods. Ps. xxiv. 1, 2. The wicked (saith Paul), and his grace which was bestowed shall perish, and the enemies of the Lord upon me was not in vain; but I laboured shall consume; into smoke sball they consume more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but away. Ps. xxxvii. 20. The fear of the Lord the grace of God which was with me. I Cor. prolongeth days, but the years of the wicked xv. 10. When it pleased God, who separated shall be shortened. Prov. x. 27. The Lord me from my mother's womb, and called me hath made all things for himself; yea, even by his grace, to reveal his Son in me, that I the wicked for the day of evil. Prov. xvi. 4. might preach him among the heathen, imme

Both man and beast.] My people is foolish, diately I conferred not with flesh and blood. they have not known me: they are sottish Gal. i. 15, 16. The Lord grant unto him children, and they have none understanding; (Onesiphorus) that he may find mercy of the they are wise to do evil, but to do good they Lord in that day. 2 Tim. i. 18. For the have no knowledge. The whole land shall grace of God, "that bringeth salvation, hath

9 Lord. These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man, 10 and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God. And 11 Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. The earth

also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with vio

appeared to all men,” (or that bringeth sal- riah) did that which was right in the sight vation, to all men hath appeared"). Titus ii. 11. of the Lord, but not with a perfect heart. Being justified by his grace, we should be 2 Chron. xxv. 2. “That man" (" Job'') was made heirs according to the hope of eternal perfect, and upright, and one that feared God, life. Titus iï. 7. Let us, therefore, come and eschewed evil. And the Lord said unto boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may Satan, hast thou considered my servant Job, obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time that there is none like him in the earth, a of need. Heb. iv. 16. And (God) spared perfect, and an upright man, one that feareth not the old world, but saved Noah, the eighth God, and escheweth evil. Job. i. 1. 8. Mark person, a preacher of righteousness. 2 Pet. the perfect man, and behold the upright, for ii. 5.

the end of that man is peace. Ps. xxxvii. 37. 9 The generations, &c.] See chap. ii. 4. And “they" ("* Zacharias and Elizabeth'') were and chap. v. I. Now these are the genera- both righteous before God, walking in all the tions of the sons of Noah; Shem, Ham, and commandments and ordinances of the Lord Japheth; and unto them were sons born, after blameless. Luke i. 6. I count all things but the flood. Gen. x. 1.

loss for the excellency of the knowledge of A just man, &c.] For thee (Noah) have I Christ Jesus my Lord, that I may win Christ, seen righteous before me in this generation and be found in him ; not having my own Gen. vii. 1. The just, upright man, is laughed righteousness, which is of the law, but that to scorn. Job xii. 4. But the path of the which is through the faith of Christ, the just is as the shining light, that shineth more righteousness which is of God by faith : let us and more unto the perfect day. Prov. iv. 18. therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus For there is not a just man upon earth that minded. Phil. iii. 8. 15. doeth good and sinneth not. Eccles. vii. 20. Noah walked with God, &c.] See chap. v. Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and 22. 24. And (God) said unto him (Abram), Job, were in it (the land that sinneth), they I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and should deliver but their own souls by their be thou“ perfect" (or " upright''). Gen. xvii. righteousness, saith the Lord God. Though 1. And he (Israel) blessed Joseph, and said, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, as I live, God, before whom my fathers, Abraham and saith the Lord God, they shall deliver neither Isaac, did walk, bless the lads. Gen. xlviii. son nor daughter: they shall but deliver their 15. “ Thou” (the Lord") hast shewed unto own souls by their righteousness. Ezek. xiv. thy servant David, my father (said Solomon) 14. 20. Behold, his soul which is lifted up, great mercy, according as he walked before is not upright in him : but the just shall live thee in truth, and in uprightness of heart, by his faith. Hab. ii. 4. And behold, there with thee. 1 Kings iii. 6. Luke i. 6. and 2 was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Pet. ii. 5. preced. com. Simeon; and the same man was just, and de- 21. Before God, &c.1 And the Lord said vout, waiting for the consolation of Israel; and unto Noah, come thou, and all thy house into the Holy Ghost was upon him. Luke ii. 25. the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before And behold there was a man named Joseph, me, in this generation. Gen. vii. 1. And à counsellor; and he was a good man, and a "he" (Nimrod") was a mighty hunter bejust. Luke xxiii. 50. And they (the men fore the Lord. Gen. x. 9. The men of Sodom sent by Cornelius) said, Cornelius, the centu- were wicked, and sinners before the Lord. rion, a just man, and one that feareth God, Gen. xiii. 13. Because thine heart was tenand of good report, was warned from God, der, and thou didst humble thyself before God, &c. Acts x. 22. For therein is the righte- and didst rend thy clothes, and weep before ousness of God revealed, from faith to faith, me; I have even heard thee also, saith the as it is written, the just shall live by faith. Lord. 2 Chron. xxxiv. 27. See Luke i. 6. Rom. i. 17. That no man is justified by the above. For not the hearers of the law are law in the sight of God, it is evident ; for the just before God, but the doers of the law shall just shall live by faith. Gal. iii. 11. By the be justified. Rom. ii. 13. Now we know, " which" (" preparing an ark") he (Noah) that what things soever the law saith, it saith condemned the world, and became heir of the to them who are under the law; that every righteousness which is by faith. Heb. xi. 7. mouth may be stopped, and all the world may (God) saved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, become "guilty before God" (or " subject to 2 Pet. ii. 5.

the judgment of God"). Rom. iii. 19. Perfect in his generations, &c.] (Or up Filled with violence, &c. 1 The wicked, and right"). The heart of Asa was perfect, all him that loveth violence, his (the Lord's) soul his days. 2 Chron. xv. 17. And he (Ama- hateth. Ps. xi. 5. Destroy, O Lord, and

lence. And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt : 12 for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth. And God said 13 unto Noah, the end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them : and, behold, I will destroy them

divide their tongues, for I have seen violence upon the earth. Gen. vii. 1. 21. And God and strife in the city. Ps. lv. 9. Let not an said, this is the token of the covenant which " eril speaker" (or a man of tongue") be I make between me and you, and every established in the earth; evil shall hunt the living creature that is with you, for perpetual riolest man to overthrow him. Ps. cxl. ll. generations. And the bow shall be in the Violence shall no more be heard in thy land; cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may Wasting nor destruction within “thy” bor- remember the everlasting covenant between ders (the city of the Lord"). Isa. Ix. 18. God, and every living creature of all flesh, Violence and spoil is heard in “her” (Judah"), that is upon the earth. And God said unto Jer. vi. 7. “ They" (" Idolaters'') have filled Noah, this is the token of the covenant, which tbe land with violence, and have returned to I have established between me, and all flesh provoke me to anger. Ezek. viii. 17. By that is upon the earth. Gen. ix. 12. 16, 17. the multitude of thy merchandise, they have Hast thou marked the old way which wicked filled the midst of thee" (" Tyrus") with men have trodden ? which said unto God, violence; and thou hast sinned, therefore I depart from us; and what can the Almighty will cast thee, as profane, out of the mountain do “for them" (or to them"). Job xxii. of God. Ezek. xxviii. 16. Hear the word of 15. 17. And all flesh shall see the salvation the Lord, ye children of Israel; for the Lord of God. Luke iii. 6. By which also “ he' hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the (Jesus") went and preached unto the spirits land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, in prison, which sometime were disobedient. nor knowledge of God in the land (of Israel). 1 Pet. iii. 19, 20. (God) spared not the old By swearing, and lying, and killing, and world, but saved Noe the eighth person, a stealing, and committing adultery, they break preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood out, and blood toucheth blood. Hosea iv. 1, 2. upon the world of the ungodly. 2 Pet. ii. 5. O Lord, how long shall I cry, and thou wilt 13 The end of all flesh, &c.] O “thou" not hear ? even cry out unto thee of violence, (Babylon) that dwellest upon many waters, and thou wilt not save? Hab. i. 2. Because abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and thou (Chaldea) hast spoiled many nations, all the measure of thy covetousness. Jer, li. 13. the remnant of the people shall spoil thee; Now is the end come upon thee (Israel). because of men's blood, and for the violence An end, the end is come upon the four corners of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell of the land. Ezek. vii. 2, 3. An end is come, therein. For the violence of Lebanon shall the end is come, it watcheth for thee; behold cover thee, and the spoil of beasts, which made it is come. Ezek. vii. 6. The end is come them afraid, because of men's blood, and for upon my people of Israel ; I will not again the violence of the land, of the city, and of all pass by them any more. Amos viii. 2. But that dwell therein. Hab. ii. 8. 17.

the end of all things is at hand ; be ye there12 Looked upon the earth, &c.] See verse 8. fore sober, and watch unto prayer. 1 Pet. And the Lord said, I will go down now, and iv. 7. see whether they have done altogether accord. Filled with violence, &c.] See verse 4. 11, ing to the cry of it, which is come unto me. 12. Simeon and Levi are brethren, instruGen. xviii. 21. He looketh upon men, and ments of cruelty are in their habitations (or if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that their swords are weapons of violence"). Gen. which was right, and it profited me not, he xlix. 5. will deliver his soul. Job xxxiii. 27, 28. The With the earth, &c.] See chap. vii. 23. I Lord looked down from heaven upon the beheld the earth, and lo it was without form children of men, to see if there were any that and void, and the heavens, and they had no did understand and seek God. Ps. xiv. 2. light. For this shall the earth mourn, and The Lord looketh from heaven, he beholdeth the heavens above be black; because I have all the sons of men. From the place of his spoken of it, I have purposed it, and will not habitation he looketh upon all the inhabitants repent, neither will I turn back from it. Jer. of the earth. Ps. xxxiii. 13, 14. God looked iv. 23. 28. By faith Noah, being warned of down from heaven upon the children of men, God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, to see if there were any that did understand, prepared an ark to the saving of his house, by that did seek God. Ps. liii. 2. The eyes of the which he condemned the world, and bethe Lord are in every place, beholding the evil came heir of the righteousness which is by and the good. Prov. xv. iii.

faith. Heb. xi. 7. “Whereby" (" by the An flesh had corrupted.] See verses 4,5. Thee word of God") the world that then was, have I seen (Noah) righteous before me, in being overflowed with water perished; but this generation. And all flesh died that moved the heavens, and the earth which are now, by

14 with the earth. Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt

thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with 15 pitch. And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The

length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it 16 fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits. A window shalt

thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above;

and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof: with 17 lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it. And, behold,

I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy

the same word, are kept in store, reserved the ark) went in male and female of all flesh, unto fire against the day of judgment, and as God had commanded him (Noah), and the perdition of ungodly men. 2 Pet. iii. 6, 7. Lord shut him in. Gen. vii. 16. When once But the day of the Lord will come as a thief the master of the house is risen up, and hath in the night; in the which the heavens shall shut to the door, and ye begin to stand withpass away with a great noise, and the ele- out, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, ments shall melt with fervent heat; the earth Lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and also, and the works that are therein, shall be say unto you, I know you not whence ye are; burnt up. Seeing then that all these things then shall ye begin to say, &c. Luke xiii. shall be dissolved, what manner of persons 25, 26. ought ye to be in all holy conversation and With lower, &c.] (And he, the man in godliness, looking for and “ hasting unto the Ezekiel's vision, measured) the door posts, and coming" (or " hasting the coming") of the day the narrow windows, and the galleries of the of God, wherein the heavens, being on fire, temple) round about on their three stories, shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt Ezek. xli. 16. Over against the twenty cubits with fervent heat. 2 Pet. iii. 10. 12.

which were for the inner court, was gallery 14 Make thee, &c.] For as in the days that against gallery in three stories. Ezek. xlii. 3. were before the flood, they were eating and 17 Behold I, &c.] See verse 13, &c. For drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain until the day that Noe entered into the ark; upon the earth forty days and forty nights; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be, and every living substance that I have made Matt. xxiv. 38, 39. They did eat, they drank, will I "destroy" (or blot out") from off the they married wives, they were given in mar- face of the earth. And all flesh died that riage until the day that Noe entered into the moved upon the earth; and every living ark. Luke xvii. 27. By which (spirit) also substance was destroyed which was upon he (Christ) went and preached unto the spirits the face of the ground; and Noah only rein prison; when once the long-suffering of mained alive, and they that were with him in God waited in the days of Noe while the ark the ark. Gen. vii. 4. 21. 23. And I, behold, was a preparing. 1 Pet. iii. 20.

I establish my covenant with you, and with Pitch it. And when she (his mother) could your seed after you. Gen. ix. 9. And I, be. no longer hide him (Moses), she took for him hold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime (said God). Erod. xiv. 17. I, even I, will and with pitch, and put the child therein. chastise you seven times for your sins. Lev. Exod. ii. 3.

xxvi. 28. See now, that I, even I, am he, and 15 Cubits, &c.] Fifteen cubits upwards did there is no God with me. Deut. xxxii. 39. the waters prevail. Gen. vii. 20. Nine cubits The Lord sitteth upon the flood. Ps. xxix. 10. was the length thereof (of Og's bedstead), and I, even I, am he that comforteth you. Isa. four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit li. 12. Behold I, even I, am against " thee" of a man. Deut. iii. 11.

(Jerusalem") and will execute judgments in 16 A window, &c.] At the end of forty the midst of thee, in the sight of the nations, days, Noah opened the window of the ark Ezek. v. 8. I, even I, will bring a sword upon which he had made. Gen. viii. 6. And as “ you" (the mountains and the hills, fc. the ark of the Lord came into the city of Israel), and I will destroy your high places. David, Michal, Saul's daughter, looked through Ezek. vi. 3. Behold I, even I, will both search a window, and saw king David leaping and my sheep, and seek them out. Ezek. xxxiv. dancing before the Lord; and she despised 11. Behold I, even I, will judge between the him in her heart. 2 Sam. vi. 16. And when fat cattle and the lean cattle. Ezek. xxxiv. 20. Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of I, even I, will tear (as a young lion) and go it, and she painted her face, and tried her away. Hos. v. 14. (God) spared not the old head, and looked out at a window. 2 Kings world, bringing in the flood upon the world of ix. 30.

the ungodly. 2 Pet. ii. 5. The door, &c.] And they that went in (to Bring a flood, &c.] And the flood was forty

all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and. every thing that is in the earth shall die. But with thee will I 18 establish my covenant: and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee. And of every 19 living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female. Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every 20 creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall

days upon the earth; all in whose nostrils was I will establish my covenant between me and " the breath of life,” (or the breath of the thee, and thy seed after thee, in their genespirit of life"), died. Gen. vii. 17. 22. (The rations, for an everlasting covenant, to be a ricked) were cut down out of time, whose God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee: my foundation was overflown with a flood. Job covenant will I establish with Isaac, &c. Gen. xii. 16. The Lord sitteth upon the flood. xvii. 4. 7. 21. Ps. xxix. 10. The floods have lifted up, O Come into the ark, &c.] And the Lord said Lord, the floods have lifted up their voice; the unto Noah, come thou and all thy house into floods lift up their waves; the Lord on high is the ark; and Noah went in, and his sons, and mightier than the noise of many waters, yea his wife, and his sons' wives with him, into

has the mighty waves of the sea. Ps. xcii.. he ark, because of the waters of the flood; 3, 4. A fruitful land (turneth he) into bar- in the self-same day entered Noah, and Shem, redness, for the wickedness of them that dwell and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and therein. Ps. cvii. 34. For this is as the Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons waters of Noah unto me. Isa. liv. 9. It is with them, into the ark. Gen. vii. 1. 7. 13. he that calleth for the waters of the sea, and Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, poureth them out upon the face of the earth. and shut thy doors about thee, hide thyself as Anus. ix. 6. And (they in the days of Noe) it were for a little moment, until the indignaknew not until the flood came, and took them tion be overpast, for behold the Lord cometh all away. Matt. xxiv. 39. The flood came, out of his place to punish the inhabitants of and destroyed them all. Luke xvii. 27. the earth. Isa. xxvi. 20, 21 ; see Heb. xi. 7;

The breath of life, &c.] See chap. i. 7. 1 Pet. iii. 20. with Pet. ii. 2. 5. at verse 13. And they went in unto Noah into the ark, 19 Two of every sort, &c. Of every clean two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the of life. Gen. vii. 15.

male and his female; and of beasts that are Skall die, &c.] See verse 7; Ps. cvii. 34. not clean by two, the male and his female ; of abere. As by one man sin entered into the fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and world, and death by sin, and so death passed the female ; of clean beasts and of beasts that upon all men,” for that all have sinned" (or are not clean, and of fowls, and of every thing "in thon all have sinned"). As by one man's that creepeth upon the earth, there went in disobedience many were made sinners; so by two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male the obedience of one shall many be made and the female; and they that went in, went righteous. That as sin hath reigned unto death, in male and female, as God had commanded Even so might grace reign through righteous- him. Gen. vii. 2, 3. 8. 16. Bring forth every ness into eternal life, by Jesus Christ our living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, that Lord. Rom. v. 12. 19. 21. The wages of sin they may breed abundantly in the earth, and 2x death. Rom. vi. 23. For the creature was be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth. Gen. made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by viii. 17. O Lord, thou preservest man and reason of him who hath subjected the same, beast. Ps. xxxvi, 6. in hope, because the creature also shall be 20 After their kind, &c.] See chap. i. 20. delivered from the bondage of corruption, into 24. And (Peter) saw heaven opened and a the glorious liberty of the children of God; certain vessel descending unto him, wherein for we know that “the whole creation" (or were all manner of four-footed beasts of the "eeery creature") groaneth and travaileth in earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, pain together until now. Rom. viii. 20, and fowls of the air. Acts x. 11, 12 21, 22.

Two of every sort, &c.] See chap. i. 28; 18 Establish my covenant, &c.] I will ii. 19; vii. 8. 16. Yea, the stork in the heaven Establish my covenant with you; neither shall knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle, all flesh be cut off any more, by the waters of and the crane, and the swallow, observe the time a flood; neither shall there any more be a of their coming, but my people know not the food to destroy the earth. Gen. ix. Il. Be- judgment of the Lord. Jer. viii. 7. And ye hold my covenant is with thee, and thou will not come to me, that ye might have life. (Abram) shalt be a father of many nations; John v. 40

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