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1 AND Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and 2 kissed him. And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians 3 to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel. And
forty days were fulfilled for him; (for so are fulfilled the days of
those which are embalmed :) and the Egyptians mourned for him 4 threescore and ten days. And when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spake unto the house of Pharaoh, saying, If
now I have found grace in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the : 5 ears of Pharaoh, saying, My father made me swear, saying, Lo,
CHAP. L.-1 Fell upon his father's face.) I In that she hath poured this ointment on my will go down with thee into Egypt (said God body (said Jesus of the woman that anointed to Jacob), and I will also surely bring thee up his head), she did it for my burial. Mat. xxvi. again ; and Joseph shall put his hand upon 12. She hath done what she could said thine eyes. Ge. xlvi. 4. And thou shalt Jesus); she is come aforehand to anoint my teach them (the words which I command you, body to the burying. Mar. xiv. & And said Moses) diligently unto thy children; and when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine and Mary the mother of James and Salome, house, and when thou walkest by the way, had bought sweet spices, that they might and when thou liest down, and when thou come and anoint him. Mar. xvi. I. Upon risest up. And thou shalt bind them for a the first day of the week, very early in the sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringfrontlets between thine eyes. De. vi. 7, 8. ing the spices which they had prepared, and Fathers provoke not your children to wrath; certain others with them. Lu. xxiv. 1. Then but bring them up in the nurture and admo- said Jesus, Let her alone ; against the day of nition of the Lord. Ep. vi. 4.
my burying hath she kept this. John xii. 7. Wept upon him.] Abraham came to mourn And there came also Nicodemus (which at the for Sarah, and to weep for her. Ge. xxiii. 2. first came to Jesus by night), and brought a Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness mixture of myrrh and aloes; about an hunwhereof he died; and Joash the king of Israel dred pound weight. Then took they the came down unto him, and wept over his face, body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes, and said, O my father, my father, the chariot with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. 2 Ki. to bury. John xix. 39, 40. xiii, 14. And he (Jesus) cometh to the house 3 Threescore and ten days.] When all of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, the tumult, and them that wept and wailed they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all greatly; and when he was come in, he saith the house of Israel. Nu. xx. 29. And she unto them, Why make ye this ado, and weep? (the captive whom thou hast taken in war, and the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth. Mar. v. hast a desire to have her to wife) shall put the 38, 39. Jesus wept (near the grave of La. raiment of her captivity from off her, and shall zarus). Then said the Jews, Behold how he remain in thine house, and bewail her father loved' him. John xi. 35, 36. Devout men and her mother a full month; and after that carried Stephen to his burial, and made great thou shalt go in unto her, and be her husband, lamentation over him. Ac. viii. 2. I would and she shall be thy wife. De. xxi. 13. The not have you to be ignorant, brethren, con- children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains cerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow of Moab thirty days. De. xxxiv. 8. not even as others which have no hope. I 4 The days of his mourning.) See verse 10. Th. iv. 13.
Joseph spake, &c.] And he (Boaz) took 2 Embalmed Israel.] Joseph died, being ten men of the elders of the city, and said, an hundred and ten years old, and they em- Sit ye down here : and they sat down. Ra. balmed him, and he was put in a coffin in iv. 2. Egypt. Ge. 1. 26. And they buried him Found grace.) And (Abraham) said (to the (Asa) in his own sepulchres, which he had three angels), My lord, if now I have found made for himself in the city of David, and favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray laid him in the bed which was filled with thee, from thy servant. Ge. xviii. 3. and con. sweet odours, and divers kinds of spices, pre- 5 Made me swear.] And the time drew pared by the apothecaries' art: and they made nigh that Israel must die; and he called his a very great burning for him. 2 Chr. xvi. 14. son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have
I die: in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come again. And 6 Pharaoh said, Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear. And Joseph went up to bury his father: and with 7 him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, And all the house of Joseph, 8 and his brethren, and his father's house: only their little ones, and
found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy Ge. iii. 19. I know that thou wilt bring me hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and to death, and to the house appointed for all truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in living. Job xxx. 23. Their blood have they Egypt; but I will lie with my fathers, and shed like water round about Jerusalem: and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury there was none to bury them. Ps. Ixxix. 3. me in their burying-place. And he said, I If a man beget an hundred children, and live will do as thou hast said. And he said, Swear many years, so that the days of his years be unto me. And he sware unto him. Ge. xlvii. many, and his soul be not filled with good, 29, 30, 31.
and also that he have no burial, I say that an Lo, I die.] And Joseph said unto his untimely birth is better than he. Ec. vi. 3. brethren, I die; and God will surely visit Man goeth to his long home, and the mourners you, and bring you out of this land, unto the go about the streets. Then shall the dust land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, return to the earth as it was, and the spirit and to Jacob. Ge. I. 24. And Israel said shall return unto God who gave it. Ec. xii. unto Joseph, Behold, I die ; but God shall be 5. 7. with you, and bring you again unto the land Let me go up, &c.] Another of his disciof your fathers. Ge. xlviii. 21. And he ples said unto him (Jesus), Lord, suffer me (Jacob) charged them (his sons), and said unto first to go and bury my father. But Jesus them, I am to be gathered unto my people; said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury me with my fathers, in the cave that is bury their dead. Mat. viii. 21, 22. And he in the field of Ephron the Hittite: in the cave (Jesus) said unto another, Follow me. But that is in the field of Machpelah, which is he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury before Mamre in the land of Canaan, which my father. Jesus said unto him, Let the dead Abraham bought with the field of Ephron bury their dead; but go thou and preach the the Hittite, for a possession of a burying-place. kingdom of God. Lu. ix. 59, 60. Ge. xlix. 29, 30. I must die in this land 6 As he made thee swear.] See Ge. xlviii. (said Moses), I must not go over Jordan : but 21. and com. ye shall go over and possess that good land. 7 And with him went up.] And he (AbraDe. iv. 22. Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me ham) brought back all the goods, and also what thou hast done? And Jonathan told brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, him, and said, I did but taste a little honey and the women also, and the people. Ge. with the end of the rod that was in mine xiv. 16. hand; and, lo, I must die. 1 Sa. xiv. 43. 8 Only their little ones.] And Moses and
I have digged for me, &c.] And they Aaron were brought again unto Pharaoh ; and buried “him" (" Asa") in his own sepulchres he said unto them, Go, serve the Lord your which he had made for himself in the city of God: but who are they that shall go? And David, and laid him in the bed which was Moses said, We will go with our young, and filled with sweet odours, and divers kinds of with our old, with our sons, and with our spices, prepared by the apothecaries' art: and daughters, with our flocks, and with our herds they made a very great burning for him. 2 will we go; for we must hold a feast unto the Chr. xvi. 14. What hast thou here? and Lord. Our cattle also shall go with us; there whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed shall not an hoof be left behind; for thereof thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth must we take to serve the Lord our God, &c. him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth Ex. X. 8, 9. 26. Build you cities for your an habitation for himself in a rock? Is. xxii. little ones (said Moses to the Reubenites, Gad16. And (Joseph of Arimathea) laid "it" ites, and half tribe of Manasseh), and folds for (" the body of Jesus") in his own new tomb your sheep; and do that which hath proceeded which he had hewn out in the rock, and he out of your mouth. And the children of Gad, rolled a great stone to the door of the sepul- and the children of Reuben spake unto Moses, chre, and departed. Mat. xxvii. 60.
saying, Thy servants will do as my lord comBury me.] In the sweat of thy face shalt mandeth : our little ones, our wives, our flocks, thou eat bread, till thou return unto the and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust of Gilead. But thy servants will pass over thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. (Jordan), every man armed for war, before VOL. I,
9 their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen. And
there went up with him both chariots and horsemen: and it was a 10 very great company. And they came to the threshing-floor of
Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a
great and very sore lamentation : and he made a mourning for his 11 father seven days. And when the inhabitants of the land, the
Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, This
is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the name of it 12 was called Abel-mizraim, which is beyond Jordan. And his sons 13 did unto him according as he commanded them: For his sons
the Lord to battle, as my lord saith. Nu, seven nights, and none spake a word unto xxxii. 24-27.
him ; for they saw that his grief was very 9 Chariots and horsemen.) And he (Pha- great. Job ii. 13. Devout men carried Steraoh) made him (Joseph) to ride in the second phen to his burial, and made great lamentachariot which he had, and they cried before tion over him. Ac. viji. 2. him, Bow the knee : and he made him ruler 1 1 The Canaanites.] Canaan begat Sidon over all the land of Egypt. Ge. xli. 43. his firstborn, and Heth. And the border of And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went the Canaanites was from Sidon as thou comest up to meet Israel his father to Goshen, and to Gerar unto Gaza, as thou goest unto Sodora presented himself unto him. Ge. xlvi. 29. and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even And he (Pharaoh) took six hundred chosen unto Lasha. Ge. X. 15. 19. There was a chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and strife between the herdmen of Abram's cattle captains over every one of them (to pursue and the herdmen of Lot's cattle. And the after the Israelites). And I, behold I said Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelt then in the God to Moses, who had cried unto him), will land. Ge. xiii. 7. And Abraham said unto harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they him (his servant), Beware that thou bring not shall follow them (the Israelites through the my son thither (to the land of the Canaanites) sea), and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, again. Ge. xxiv. 6. And Jacob said to his and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and sons) Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me upon his horsemen. And the waters (which (by their cruelty to the Shechemites) to make went back when Moses stretched out his hand me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, over the sea) returned (when he had done the among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. same) and covered the chariots, and the Ge. xxxiv. 30. horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that Abel-mizraim.] Even unto the great stone came into the sea after them: there remained of Abel (describing the cities of the Philistines) not so much as one of them. Ex. xiv. 7. 17. whereon they set down the ark of the Lord; 28. How then (said Rab-shakeh to the officers which stone remaineth unto this day in the of Hezekiah) wilt thou turn away the face of field of Joshua the Bethshemite, 1 Sa. vi. 18. one captain of the least of my master's (Sen- Beyond Jordan.] See verse 10. I pray nacherib's) servants, and put thy trust on thee (said Moses), let me go over and see the Egypt for chariots, and for horsemen? 2 Ki. good land that is beyond Jordan, that goodly xviii. 24. I have compared thee, O my love mountain, and Lebanon. Get thee up (said (the Church of Christ), to a company of horses the Lord) unto the top of Pisgah, and lift up in Pharaoh's chariots. Can. i. 9.
thine eyes westward, and northward, and 10 Beyond Jordan.] See verse 11. These southward, and eastward ; and behold it with be the words which Moses spake unto all thine eyes, for thou shalt not go over this Israel on this side Jordan; in the wilderness, Jordan. De. iii. 25. 27. Are they not in the plain over against the Red Sea. De. (mounts Gerizim and Ebal) on the other side i. 1.
Jordan, by the way where the sun goeth down, Seven days.) See verse 4. He that toucheth in the land of the Canaanites, which dwell in the dead body of any man shall be unclean the champaign over against Gilgal, beside the seven days. Nu. xix. 11. The children of plains of Moreh? De. xi. 30. Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab 1 2 According as he commanded.] See Ge. thirty days. De. xxxiv. 8. And they (the xlvii. 29. and xlix. 29–32. and com. Honour inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead) took their (Saul's thy father and thy mother, that thy days may and his sons') bones, and buried them under a be long in the land which the Lord thy God tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days. 1 Sa. giveth thee. Ex. xx. 12. Jacob and our faxxxi, 13. David lamented with this lamenta- thers were carried over into Sychem, and laid tion over Saul, and over Jonathan his son. in the sepulchre that Abraham bought for a 2 Sa. i. 17. They (Job's friends) sat down sum of money of the sons of Emmor the father with him upon the ground seven days and of Sychem. Ac. vii. 16. Children, obey your
carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a burying-place of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre. And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, 14 and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father. And when Joseph's brethren saw that their 15 father was dead, they said, Joseph will paradventure hate us, and will certainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him. And they sent a messenger unto Joseph, saying, Thy father did 16 command before he died, saying, So shall ye say unto Joseph, 17 Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph
parents in the Lord, for this is right. Ep. 16 Sent a messenger, &c.] The fear of man vi. I.
bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust 13 The cave of the field, &c.] See Ge. xxiii. in the Lord shall be safe. Pr. xxix. 25. 16, 17, 18; xxv. 9; xxxv. 27, 28, 29; xlix. 17 Forgive, I pray, &c.] Forgive us our 29, 30, 31. And Manasseh slept with his debts, as we forgive our debtors. If ye forfathers, and was buried in the garden of his give men their trespasses, your heavenly Faown house, in the garden of Uzza; and Amon ther will also forgive you : but if ye forgive his son reigned in his stead. 2 Ki. xxi. 18. not men their trespasses, neither will your
15 Their father was dead.] And Esau Father forgive your trespasses. Mat. vi. 12. hated Jacob his brother, because of the bless- 14, 15. So shall my heavenly Father do also ing wherewith his father had blessed him: and unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning every one his brother their trespasses. Mat. for my father are at hand, then will I slay my xviii. 35. Take heed to yourselves : if thy brother Jacob. And these words of her elder brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and if he repent, forgive him : and if he trespass called Jacob her younger son, and said unto against thee seven times in a day, and seven him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching times in a day turn again to thee, saying, thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill I repent; thou shalt forgive him. Lu. xvii. thee. Ge. xxvii. 41, 42.
3, 4. Be ye kind one to another, tenderJoseph will peradventure hate, &c.] And hearted, forgiving one another, even as God, for he (Joseph) put them (his brethren) altogether Christ's sake, hath forgiven you. Ep. iv. 32. into ward three days. Ge. xlii. 17. Upon Put on therefore as the elect of God, holy them that are left alive of you (disobedient and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, Jews), I will send a faintness into their hearts humbleness of mind, meekness, long-suffering; in the lands of their enemies; and the sound forbearing one another, if any man have a of a shaken leaf shall chase them; and they quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave shall flee, as fleeing from a sword ; and they you, so also do ye. Col. iii. 12, 13. shall fall when none pursueth. Le. xxvi. 36. They did unto thee evil.] See verse 20. He A dreadful sound is in his (the wicked man's) looketh upon men; and if any say, I have ears; in prosperity the destroyer shall come sinned, and perverted that which was right, upon him: he believeth not that he shall re- and it profited me not: he will deliver his soul turn out of darkness, and he is waited for of from going into the pit, and his life shall see the sword. Job xv. 21, 22. There were they the light. Job xxxiii, 27, 28. They intended in great fear, for God is in the generation of evil against thee; they imagined an evil device the righteous. Ps. xiv. 5. There were they which they are not able to perform. Ps. xxi. in great fear, where no fear was : for God hath 11. He that covereth his sins shall not prosscattered the bones of him that encampeth per; but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them against thee : thou hast put them to shame, shall have mercy. Pr. xxviii. 13. Confess because God hath despised them. Ps. liii. 5. your faults one to another, and pray one for The wicked flee when no man pursueth ; but another, that ye may be healed: the effectual the righteous are bold as a lion. Pr. xxviii. 1. fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth These (the Gentiles) having not the law, are much. Ja. v. 16. a law unto themselves : which shew the work The servants of the God of thy father.] of the law written in their hearts, their con- Except the God of my father (said Jacob to science also bearing witness, and their thoughts Laban), the God of Abraham, and the fear of the mean while accusing, or else excusing one Isaac had been with me, surely thou hadst another. Ro. ii. 15.
sent me away empty. Ge. xxxi. 42. The
18 wept when they spake unto him. And his brethren also went and
fell down before his face; and they said, Behold, we be thy 19 servants. And Joseph said unto them, Fear not: for am I in the 20 place of God? But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but
arms of his (Joseph's) hands were made strong the ground. Ge. xliv. 14. Joseph said unto by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; his brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father even by the mighty God of thy father who yet live? And his brethren could not answer shall help thee. Ge. xlix. 25. Whosoever him: for they were troubled at his presence. shall give to drink unto one of these little Ge. xlv. 3. ones a cup of cold water only, in the name of 19 Fear not.] See Ge. xlv. 5. Be of good a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in cheer (said Jesus to his disciples, as he walked no wise lose his reward. Mat. x. 42. The on the sea): it is I; be not afraid. Mat. xiv. King (in the description of the last judgment) 27. But they (the apostles who heard that shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say Jesus was risen, from the tuo disciples going to unto you, inasmuch as ye have done it unto Emmaus) were terrified and affrighted (whes one of the least of these my brethren, ye have Jesus himself stood in the midst of them), and done it unto me. Mat. xxv. 40. And when supposed that they had seen a spirit: and he the ten heard "it" (the “ ambitious suit of said unto them, Why are ye troubled ? and Zebedee's sons), they began to be much dis- why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Lu. pleased with James and John. Mar. X. 41. xxiv. 37, 38. As we have therefore opportunity, let us do For am I in the place of God.] And Jacob's good unto all men; especially unto them who anger was kindled against Rachel (who said, are of the houshold of faith. As many as walk Give me children, or I die); and he said, da I according to “this rule" (" the dependence on in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee Christ only"), peace be on them, and mercy, the fruit of the womb ? Ge. XXX. 3. To me and upon the Israel of God. Ga. vi. 10. 16. belongeth vengeance, and recompence (saith Though I might be much bold in Christ, to God), their foot shall slide in due time : for enjoin thee that which is convenient, yet for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the love's sake I rather beseech thee ; yea, brother, things that shall come upon them make haste. let me have joy of thee in the Lord : refresh De. xxxii. 35. And it came to pass when the my bowels in the Lord. Philem. 8. 20. king of Israel (Jehoram) had read the letter
Wept when they spake unto him.] And they (sent by the king of Syria, that Naaman might be (Joseph's brethren) said one to another, We cured of his leprosy), that he rent his clothes, are verily guilty concerning our brother, in and said, Am I God, to kill and to make that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he alive, that this man doth send unto me to besought us, and we would not hear; there- recover a man of his leprosy? 2 Ki. v. 7. fore is this distress come upon us. And Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art wicked! Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not and to princes, Ye are ungodly? How much unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child ; less to him that accepteth not the persons of and ye would not hear ? therefore behold princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the also, his blood is required. And they knew poor? for they all are the work of his hands. not that Joseph understood them; for he spake When he giveth quietness, who then can make unto them by an interpreter. And he turned trouble? and when he hideth his face, who himself about from them, and wept; and re- then can behold him ? whether it be done turned to them again, and communed with against a nation, or against a man only. Job them, and took from them Simeon, and bound xxxiv. 18, 19. 29. Dearly beloved, avenge him before their eyes. Ge. xlii. 21–24. not yourselves, but rather give place unto Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to wrath ; for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I me I pray you; and they came near : and he will repay, saith the Lord. Ro. xii. 19. We said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold know him that hath said, Vengeance beinto Egypt: now therefore be not grieved, nor longeth unto me; I will recompense, saith the angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his for God did send me before you to preserve people. He. x. 30. life: it was not you that sent me hither, but 20 Ye thought evil against me.] And when God. Ge. xlv. 4, 5. 8.
his (Joseph's) brethren saw that their father 18 Fell down before his face.) Abraham bowed loved him more than all his brethren, they down himself before the people of the land (of hated him, and could not speak peaceably Canaan). Ge. xxiii. 12. See Ge. xxxvii. 7- unto him. And when they saw him afar off 11. and com. fc. Joseph's brethren came and (sent by his father to see whether it were well bowed down themselves before him, with their with his brethren, fc.), even before he came faces to the earth. Ge. xlii. 6. Judah and near unto them, they conspired against him, his brethren came to Joseph's house (for he to slay him: and they said one to another, was yet there), and they fell before him on Behold, this dreamer cometh: come non