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father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his

younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall be20 come a multitude of nations. And he blessed them that day, say

ing, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim 21 and as Manasseh : and he set Ephraim before Manasseh. And

Ge. xxix. 26. And they (Joseph's brethren), hath multiplied you (Israel), and behold ye sat before him, the firstborn according to his are this day as the stars of heaven for multibirthright, and the youngest according to his tude. De. i. 10. The Lord make the woman vouth. Ge. xliii. 33. Reuben, thou art my (Ruth), that is come into thine house, like firstborn (said Jacob), my might, and the be-. Rachel and like Leah, which two did build ginning of my strength, the excellency of dig- the house of Israel, and do thou (Boaz) wornity, and the excellency of power, &c. Ge. thily in Ephrath, and be famous in Bethxlix. 3.

lehem. And let thy house be like the house 19 I know it, my son.] See verse 14. As of Pharez (whom Tamar bare unto Judah), of for Ishmael I have heard thee (said God to the seed which the Lord shall give thee of this Abraham), behold, I have blessed him, and young woman. Ru. iv, 11, 12 will make him fruitful, and will multiply him 2 0 Shall Israel bless.] And they (Reexceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, bekah's brother and mother), blessed Rebekah, and I will make him a great nation. But my and said unto her, Thou art our sister; be covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom thou the mother of thousands of millions, and Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in let thy seed possess the gate of those which the next year. Ge. xvii. 20, 21. And the hate them. Ge. xxiv. 60. God Almighty Lord said unto her (Rebekah), Two nations bless thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply are in thy womb, and two manner of people thee, that thou mayest be a multitude of shall be separated from thy bowels : and the people. Ge. xxviii. 3. See preced. com. one people shall be stronger than the other And he set Ephraim before Manasseh.] And people; and the elder shall serve the younger. on the west side shall be the standard of the Ge. xxv. 23. Those that were numbered of camp of Ephraim according to their armies. them, even of the tribe of Ephraim, were forty And his host, and those that were numbered thousand and five hundred. Of the children of them, were forty thousand and five huaof Manasseh, those that were numbered of dred. And by him shall be the tribe of Mathem, even of the tribe of Manasseh, were nasseh : and his host and those that were thirty and two thousand and two hundred. numbered of them, were thirty and two thou Nu. i. 33, 34, 35. His (Ephraim's) host, and sand and two hundred. Nu. ii. 18—21. On those that were numbered of them, were forty the seventh day Elishama, the son of Ammithousand and five hundred. And by him hud, prince of the children of Ephraim, shall be the tribe of Manasseh. And his host, fered for the tabernacle and altar), on the and those that were numbered of them were eighth day offered Gamaliel, the son of Pethirty and two thousand and two hundred. dahzur, prince of the children of Manasseh. Nu. ii. 19, 20, 21. His (Joseph's) glory is Nu.vii. 48. 54. The standard of the camp of like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns the children of Ephraim set forward according are like the horns of unicorns; with them he to their armies; and over his host seas ELshall push the people together, to the ends of shama, the son of Ammihud. And over the the earth; and they are the ten thousands of host of the tribe of the children of Manasseh Ephraim, and they are the thousands of was Gamaliel, the son of Pedahzur. No. X. Manasseh. De. xxxiii. 17. The Lord shall 22, 23. Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the bring upon thee (Judah), and upon thy son of Nun. Of the tribe of Joseph, namely, people, and upon thy father's house, days that of the tribe of Manasseh : Gaddi the son of have not come from the day that Ephraim Susi (were of those), which Moses sent to spy departed from Judah, even the king of As- out the land. And Moses called Oshes, the syria. Is. vii. 17. I prophesied as he (the son of Nun, Jehoshua. Nu. xiii. 8. 11. 16. Lord), commanded me (to prophesy unto the 21 Behold I die.] See chap. xlvii. 29. and wind, to breathe upon the slain that they may com. I go the way of all the earth (sesd live): and the breath came into them, and David to Solomon), be thou strong therefore, they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an and shew thyself a man. And keep the exceeding great army. Ez. xxxvii. 10. Of charge of the Lord thy God, to walk in his the tribe of Manasses were sealed twelve ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandthousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were sealed ments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were as it is written in the law of Moses, that thoa sealed twelve thousand. Re. vii. 6. 8. mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and · Become a multitude.) The Lord your God whithersoever thou turnest thyself: that the

Israel said unto Joseph, Behold, I die: but God shall be with you, and bring you again unto the land of your fathers. Moreover, 22 I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.

Lord may continue his word which he spake 15. I will go down with thee into Egypt, concerning me, saying, If thy children take and will also surely bring thee up again : heed to their way, to walk before me in and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine truth with all their heart, and with all their eyes. Ge. xlvi. 4. See De. chap. i. And the soul, there shall not fail thee (said he), a Lord, he it is that doth go before thee: he man of the throne of Israel. 1 Ki. ii. 2, 3, 4. will be with thee (said Moses to Joshua), fear Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son not: neither be dismayed. De. xxxi. 8. There of man, in whom there is no help or salvation shall not any man be able to stand before His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his 'thee (said the Lord to Joshua) all the days of earth, in that very day his thoughts perish, thy life. As I was with Moses, so I will be Ps. cxlvi. 3, 4. Your fathers, where are they? with thee ; I will not fail thee nor forsake thee. And the prophets, do they live for ever? But Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and my words and my statutes which I com- of good courage : be not afraid, neither be manded my servants the prophets, did they thou dismayed: for the Lord thy God is with not take hold of your fathers? And they re- thee whithersoever thou goest. Jos. i. 5. 9. turned and said, Like as the Lord of hosts And the Lord said unto Joshua, This day will thought to do unto us, according to our ways, I begin to magnify thee in the sight of all and according to our doings, so hath he dealt Israel, that they may know, that as I was with with us. Zec. i. 5, 6. Lord, now lettest thou Moses, so I will be with thee. Jos. iii. 7. thy servant (said Simeon, taking the child Jesus And behold, this day I am going the way of up in his arms) depart in peace, according to all the earth (said Joshua), and ye know in all thy word, for mine eyes have seen thy salva- your hearts, and in all your souls, that not tion. Lu. ii. 29, 30. David, after he had one thing hath failed of all the good things served his own generation, fell on sleep, and which the Lord your God spake concerning was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption. you; all are come to pass unto you, and not Ac. xiii. 36. I am now ready to be offered one thing hath failed thereof. Jos. xxiii. 14. (said St. Paul), and the time of my departure See Jos. chap. xxiv. The Lord liveth; and is at hand. 2 Ti. iv. 6. This Melchisedec, blessed be my rock : and let the God of my without father, without mother, without de- salvation be exalted. Ps. xviii. 46. scent (i. e. without pedigree, the line of his Land of your fathers. Abram took Sarai family is not mentioned, neither his birth, nor his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all his death), having neither beginning of days, their substance that they had gathered, and nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and God, abideth a priest continually. Here, men they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; that die receive tithes; but there, he receiveth and into the land of Canaan they came. Ge. them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. xii. 5. Sojourn in this land (said the Lord to He. vii. 3. 8. And they truly (the Levitical Isaac), and I will be with thee, and will bless priesthood), were many priests, because they thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will were not suffered to continue by reason of give all these countries, and I will perform the death; but this man (Jesus), because he conti. oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father. nueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. Ge. xxvi. 3. Jacob dwelt in the land wherein Wherefore he is able to save them to the his father was a stranger, in the land of uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing Canaan. Ge. xxxvii. 1. he ever liveth to make intercession for them. 22 Given to thee.] And he bought a parcel He. vii. 23, 24, 25. I think it meet (said St. of a field where he had spread his tent at the Peter), as long as I am in this tabernacle, to hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem's stir you up, by putting you in remembrance. father, for an hundred pieces of money. Ge. Knowing that shortly I must put off this my xxxiii. 19. He (who has two wives, one betabernacle, even as our Lord Jesus Christ hath loved and another hated,) shall acknowledge shewed me. 2 Pe. i. 13, 14.

the son of the hated for the firstborn, by God shall be with you.] That nation giving him a double portion of all that he hath, (Egypt) whom thou shalt serve will I judge; for he is the beginning of his strength; the but afterward shall they (Israel), come out with right of the firstborn is his. De. xxi. 17. great substance. Ge. xv. 14. Behold, I am The bones of Joseph which the children of with thee (said the Lord to Jacob), and will Israel brought up out of Egypt buried they in keep thee in all places whither thou goest, Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob and will bring thee again into this land; for I bought of the sons of Hamor, the father of will not leave thee until I have done that Shechem, for an hundred pieces of silver, and which I have spoken to thee of. Ge. xxviii. it became the inheritance of the children of

CHAPTER XLIX.

1 AND Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves

together, that I may tell you that which shall befal you in the last

Joseph. Jos. xxiv. 32. Judah prevailed over and observe to do all the words. Gather unto his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; me all the elders of your tribes, and your but the birthright was Joseph's. 1 Ch. v. 2. officers, that I may speak these words in their Thus saith the Lord God, This shall be the ears, and call heaven and earth. For I know border whereby ye shall inherit the land, that after my death ye will utterly corrupt according to the twelve tribes of Israel. Jo yourselves, and turn aside from the way which 'seph shall have two portions. Ex. xlvii. 13. I have commanded you. And evil will befall Then cometh he (Jesus) to a city of Samaria, you in the latter days; because ye will do which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. to anger through the work of your hands. John iv. 5.

De. xxxi. 12. 28, 29. And this is the bless. Amorite, &c.] But in the fourth generation ing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed they (Israel) shall come hither again, for the the children of Israel before his death. Der iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full. Ge. xxxiii. 1, &c. The secret of the Lord is with xv. 16. They (the sons of Jacob) took their them that fear him, and he shall shew them (the Shechemites') sheep, and their oxen, and his covenant. Ps. xxv. 14. Touch not mine their asses, and that which was in the city, and anointed (saith the Lord), and do my prophets that which was in the field (being enraged at no harm. Ps. cv. 15. And it was revealed the humbling of their sister Dinah). Ge. xxxiv. in mine ears by the Lord of hosts, Surely this 28. And the children of Joseph spake unto iniquity (trusting in human means, and not in Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given me but God,) shall not be purged from you till ye die, one lot and one portion to inherit, seeing I saith the Lord God of hosts (respecting Judah). am a great people, forasmuch as the Lord hath Is. xxii. 14. Who hath believed our report! blessed me hitherto ? And Joshua answered and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed! them, If thou be a great people, then get thee Is. liii. l. The king (Nebuchadnezzar) anup to the wood country, and cut down for swered unto Daniel and said, Of a truth it is, thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and that your God is a God of gods, and a Lord of of the giants, if mount Ephraim be too narrow kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing thou for thee. And the children of Joseph said, couldest reveal this secret (of my dream), The hill is not enough for us; and all the Da. ii. 47. In the third year of Cyrus king Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley of Persia, a thing was revealed unto Daniel have chariots of iron, both they who are of whose name was called Belteshazzar, and the Beth-shean and her towns, and they who are thing was true, but the time appointed a of the valley of Jezreel. And Joshua spake long, and he understood the thing, and had unto the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim understanding of the vision. Da. x. l. Surely and Manasseh, saying, Thou art a great people, the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth and hast great power; thou shalt not have his secret unto his servants the prophets. one lot only; but the mountain shall be thine; Am. iii. 7. And it was revealed unto him for it is a wood and thou shalt cut it down; (Simeon) by the Holy Ghost, that he should and the outgoings of it shall be thine, for not see death before he had seen the Lord's thou shalt drive out the Canaanites though Christ. Lu. ii. 26. For therein (in the Gosthey have iron chariots, and though they be pel of Christ) is the righteousness of God strong. Jos. xvii. 14--18. So now the Lord revealed from faith to faith. As it is written, God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites The just shall live by faith; for the wrath of from before his people Israel, Ju. xi. 23. God is revealed from heaven against all the Yet destroyed I the Amorite before them godliness and unrighteousness of men, who (saith the Lord), whose height was like the hold the truth in unrighteousness. Ro. i. 17, height of the cedars, and he was strong as the 18. Let us consider one another, to proroke oaks: yet I destroyed his fruit from above unto love and to good works, not forsaking and his roots from beneath. Am. ii. 9. the assembling ourselves together, as the

manner of some is; but exhorting one another. CHAP. XLIX.-Gather yourselves together, And so much the more as ye see the day apa &c.] Gather the people together, men, and proaching. He. x. 24, 25. Let brotherly women, and children, and the stranger that is love continue. He. xiii. 1. After this I lookedy within thy gates (said Moses unto the priests, and behold, a door was opened in heaven the sons of Levi), that they may hear, and that (saith St. John), and the first voice which they may learn and fear the Lord your God, heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with

days. Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; 2
and hearken unto Israel your father. Reuben, thou art my first- 3
born, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency

me, which said, Come up hither and I will 2 Hearken unto Israel, &c.] Come ye chil-
shew thee things which must be hereafter. dren, hearken unto me, I will teach you the
Re. iv. 1.

fear of the Lord. Ps. xxxiv. 11. My son,
Last days.] And now, behold (said Ba- hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake
laam to Balak), I go unto my people. Come, not the law of thy mother, for they shall be an
therefore, and I will advertise thee what this ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains
people (Israel) shall do to thy people (the about thy neck. Pr. i. 8, 9. Hear, ye chil-
Moabites) in the latter days. Nu. xxiv. 14. dren, the instruction of a father, and attend to
When thou art in tribulation, and all these know understanding ; for I give you good
things are come upon thee, even in the latter doctrine, forsake ye not my law; for I was
days, if thou turn to the Lord thy God, and my father's son, tender and only beloved in
shalt be obedient unto his voice (for the Lord the sight of my mother; he taught me also,
thy God is a merciful God), he will not forsake and said unto me, Let thine heart retain my
thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the cove- words; keep my commandments and live.
nant of thy fathers which he sware unto them. Pr. iv. 1-4. My son attend unto wisdom,
De. iv. 30, 31. I know that after my death and bow thine ear to my understanding. Pr.
(said Moses) ye will utterly corrupt yourselves, v. 1. My son, keep thy father's command-
and turn aside from the way which I have ment, and forsake not the law of thy mother.
commanded you: and evil will befall you in Pr. vi. 20. My son, keep my words, and lay
the latter days. De. xxxi. 29. And it shall up my commandments with thee. Hearken
come to pass in the last days, that the moun- unto me now, therefore, O ye children, and
tain of the Lord's house shall be established attend to the words of my mouth. Pr. vii. 1.
in the top of the mountains, and shall be 24. Now, therefore, hearken unto me, O ye
exalted above the hills, and all nations shall children, for blessed are they that keep my
flow unto it. Is. ii. 2. Behold, the days ways. Pr. viii. 32. Hearken unto thy father
come that all that is in thine house, and that that begat thee, and despise not thy mother
which thy fathers have laid up in store, until when she is old. My son give me thine heart,
this day, shall be carried to Babylon, nothing and let thine eyes observe my ways. Pr.
shall be left, saith the Lord. Is. xxxix. 6. xxiii. 22. 26.
The anger of the Lord shall not return until 3 My firstborn.] Leah conceived and bare
he have executed, and till he have performed a son, and she called his name Reuben (i. é.
the thoughts of his heart. In the latter days “ see a son"). Ge. xxix. 32. Reuben, Jacob's
ye shall consider it perfectly. Je. xxiii. 20. first-born (came into Egypt with Jacob and his
There is a God in heaven (said Daniel to Ne- sons). Ge. xlvi. 8. This is the first-born
buchadnezzar) that revealeth secrets, and said Joseph to his father, speaking of his son
maketh known to the king what shall be in Manasseh), put thy right hand upon his head.
the latter days. And he that revealeth secrets Ge. xlviii. 18. (of) the children of Reuben,
maketh known to thee what shall come to Israel's eldest son, were numbered, forty and
pass. Da. ii. 28, 29. Now I am come (said six thousand and five hundred. Nu. i. 20, 21.
the angel to Daniel) to make thee understand Reuben the eldest son of Israel : the children
what shall befall thy people in the latter days; of Reuben, Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, Carmi.
for yet the vision is for many days. Da. x. 14. Nu. xxvi. 5. These are the sons of Israel:
In the last days it shall come to pass that the Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar
mountain of the house of the Lord shall be and Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin,
established in the top of the mountains, and it Naphtali, Gad, and Asher, 1 Ch. ii. 1, 2.
shall be exalted above the hills; and people Now the sons of Reuben, the first-born of
shall flow unto it. Mi. iv. 1. And it shall Israel ; (for he was the first-born ; but, foras-
come to pass in the last days (saith God), I much as he defiled his father's bed, his birth-
will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh, and right was given unto the sons of Joseph the
your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, son of Israel, and the genealogy is not to be
and your young men sball see visions, and reckoned after the birthright, &c.), The sons
your old men shall dream dreams. Ac. ii. 17. I say of Reuben, the first-born of Israel, were
Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. 1 Ch. v.
latter times some shall depart from the faith, 1. 3.
giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines My might.] He (who may have two wives,
of devils. 1 Ti. iv. 1. This know also, that the one beloved, the other hated, shall acknow-
in the last days perilous times shall come. ledge the son of the hated for the first-born,
2 Ti. iii. 1. (God) hath in those last days by giving him a double portion, for he is the
spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath beginning of his strength; the right of the
appointed heir of all things, by whom also he first-born is his. De. xxi. 17. Hě (the Holy
made the worlds. He. i. 2.

One of "Israel) smote all the first-born in

4 of dignity, and the excellency of power: Unstable as water, thou ., shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then 5 defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch. Simeon and Levi are 6 brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations. O my

soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine

Egypt; the chief of their strength in the ta- And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have bernacles of Ham. Ps. lxxviii. 51. He smote troubled me to make me to stink among the also all the first-born in their land (Egypt), inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites, the chief of all their strength. Ps. cv. 36. and the Perizzites; and I being few in num

4 Unstable as water.] Let him (that lack- ber, they shall gather themselves together eth wisdom) ask in faith, nothing wavering; against me and slay me; and I shall be defor he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea stroyed, I and my house. Ge. xxxiv. 25–30. driven with the wind and tossed. A double- The sons of Simeon, Jemu el, and Jamin, and minded man is unstable in all his ways. Ja. Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the i. 6. 8. " These" ("false teachers ") as na- son of a Canaanitish woman. And the sons tural brute beasts, made to be taken and de- of Levi, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. Ge. stroyed, speak evil of the things that they xlvi. 10, 11. He also that is slothful in his understand not ; having eyes full of adultery, work is brother to him that is a great waster. and that cannot cease from sin, beguiling un- Pr. xviii. 9. stable souls: an heart they have exercised Instruments of cruelty.] See Ge. XIXÎv, with covetous practices ; cursed children. 25–30. preced. com. 2 Pe. ii. 14. Beloved, account that the long- 6 O my soul, &c.] O my soul, thou hast suffering of our Lord is salvation ; even as trodden down strength (said Deborah in her our beloved brother Paul also, according to song). Ju. v. 21. Why art thou cast down, the wisdom given unto him, hath written unto O my soul ? and why art thou disquieted withyou. As also in all his epistles, speaking in in me? hope thou in God : for I shall yet praise them of these things; in which are some him for the help of his countenance. Why things hard to be understood, which they that art thou cast down, O my soul ? and why art are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: also the other Scriptures, unto their own de- for I shall yet praise him who is the health struction. 2 Pe. iii. 15, 16.

of my countenance, and my God. Ps. xlii. Thou shalt not excel. See Ge. xlvi. 8. and 5. ll. See Ps. xliii. 5. Bless the Lord, O Nu. xxxii. Let Reuben live and not die, and my soul, and all that is within me, bless his let not his men be few. De. xxxiii. 6.

holy name. Ps. ciii. 1. My heart maketh Because thou wentest up, &c. See Ge. a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, be Xxxv. 22. Neither shalt thou desire thy cause thou hast heard, O my soul, the sound neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy of the trumpet, the alarm of war. Je. iv. 18 neighbour's house, his field or his man-ser- I will say to my soul (said the rich man in fae vant, &c. De. v. 21. Cursed be be that lieth parable), Soul, thou hast much goods laid up with his father's wife; because he uncovereth for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, his father's skirt; and all the people shall say, and be merry. Lu. xii. 19. Amen. De. xxvii. 20. Forasmuch as he come not thou, &c.] See com, on verse (Reuben) defiled his father's bed, his birth- for Ge. xxxiv. 30. Destroy thou them, O right was given unto the sons of Joseph the God; let them fall by their own counsels. son of Israel. 1 Ch. v. 1. It is reported Cast them out in the multitude of their transcommonly, that there is fornication among gressions, for they have rebelled against thee. you, and such fornication as is not so much as Ps. v. 10. I have not sat with vain persons, named among the Gentiles. I Co. v. 1. neither will I go in with dissemblers. " I have

5 Simeon and Levi are brethren.] And she hated the congregation of evil doers, and will (Leah) conceived again, and bare a son (after not sit with the wicked. Ps. xxvi. 4, 5 Reuben), and she called his name Simeon. Draw me not away with the wicked, and with And she conceived again, and bare a son, and the workers of iniquity, which speak peace said, Now this time will my husband be joined to their neighbours, but mischief is in their unto me, because I have born him three sons, hearts. Ps. xxviii. 3. Shall the throne of therefore was his name called Levi. Ge. iniquity have fellowship with thee, which xxix. 33, 34. It came to pass on the third frameth mischief by a law? They gather day, when they (the men of Shechem) were themselves together against the soul of the sore (after circumcision), that two of the sons righteous, and condemn the innocent blood of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, Ps. xciv. 20, 21. Surely thou wilt slay the took each man his sword, and came upon the wicked, O God; depart from me therefore, we city boldly, and slew all the males. The sons bloody men. Ps. cxxxix. 19. If they say, of Jacob came upon the slain and spoiled the Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let city, because they had defiled their sister. us lurk privily for the innocent without cause;

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