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ye have done ? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly 16 divine? And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord ?
what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves ? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my
thou done (said the Lord to Cain :) ? thy bro- through all the countries whither thou hast ther's blood crieth unto me from the ground. driven them, because of their trespass that Ge. iv. 10.
they have trespassed against thee. Da. ix. 7. Wot ye not, &c.] And Abimelech said, I Now, when they (the Jews) heard this" wot not who hath done this thing (taken away (" that Jesus was raised up, whom they had the well by violence from Abraham): neither crucified"), they were pricked in their heart, didst thou tell me, neither yet heard I of it, and said unto Peter, and to the rest of the but to-day. Ge. xxi. 26. But he (Joseph) apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? refused (the solicitations of his master's wife), Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be and said unto his master's wife, Behold, my baptised every one of you, in the name of master wotteth not what is with me in the Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye house, and he hath committed all that he hath shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Ae. to my hand. Ge. xxxix. 8. And when the ii. 37, 38. people saw that Moses delayed to come down God hath found out, &c.] See Ge. Ixxvi. out of the mount, the people gathered them- 18—28. And when they (the lean kine in selves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Pharuoh's dream) had eaten them (the fat Up, make us gods which shall go before us: kine) up, it could not be known that they had for as for this Moses, the man that brought eaten them; but they were still ill favoured as us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not at the beginning: and I saw in my dream what is become of him. Ex. xxxii. 1.
(said Pharaoh), and behold, seven ears came Divine.] See verse 5. and com.
up in one stalk, full and good. Ge. xli. 21. 22. 16 Judah said, &c.] Thy servant became But if ye will not do so (go all of you armed surety for the lad unto my father (said Judah over Jordan before the Lord, until he hath to Joseph), saying, If I bring him not unto driven out his enemies from before him, said Moses thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father to the Reubenites, Gudites, and Manassites), befor ever. Ge. xliv. 32. And Judah said unto hold, ye have sinned against the Lord, and Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and be sure your sin will find you out. Nu. XXXÏ. we will arise and go; I will be surety for him; 23. The children of Israel committed a tres. of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring pass in the accursed thing: for Achan the son him not unto thee, and set him before thee, of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, then let me bear the blame for ever. Ge of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed xliii. 8, 9.
thing: and the anger of the Lord was kindled What shall we say unto my lord.] If there against the children of Israel. So Joshua rose be a controversy between men, and they come up early in the morning, and brought Israel by unto judgment, that the judges may judge their tribes : and he brought the family of them, then they shall justify the righteous, and Judah ; and Zabdi was taken: and he brought condemn the wicked. De. xxv. 1. And now, his household man by man; and Achan the O God (said Ezra), what shall we say after son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of this (after giving us a wall in Judah and in Zerah, was taken. Jos. vii. 1. 16. 18. AdoniJerusalem)? for we have forsaken thy com- bezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having mandments, which thou hast commanded by their thumbs and their great toes cut off, thy servants the prophets, saying, The land, gathered their meat under my table: as I have unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean done, so God hath requited me. And they land with the filthiness of the people of the brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died. lands, with their abominations, which have Ju. i. 7. A man that doeth violence to the filled it from one end to another with their blood of any person shall flee to the pit: let uncleanness. Ezr. ix. 10, 11. Behold, I am no man stay him. Pr. xxviii. 17. With what vile (said Job), what shall I answer thee? I judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged; and will lay mine hand upon my mouth. Job xl. with what measure ye mete, it shall be mes4. He that justifieth the wicked, and he that sured to you again. Mat. vii. 2. There is condemneth the just, even they both are abo- nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; mination to the Lord. Pr. xvii. 15. And neither hid, that shall not be known. L.. now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of xii. 2. Judah, judge, I pray you, between me and my Iniquity of thy servants.] I will be surety vineyard. Is. v. 3. O Lord, righteousness for him (said Judah to Jacob); of my hand belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of shalt thou require him: if I bring him not face, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and unto thee, and set him before thee, then let to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all me bear the blame for ever. Ge. xliii. 9. By Israel that are near, and that are far off, this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be
lord's servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found. And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in 17 whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father. Then Judah came 18 near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as ·Pharaoh. My lord 19
purged ; and this is all the fruit to take away (said Peter on the day of Pentecost), let me his sin ; when he maketh all the stones of the freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, altar as chalkstones that are beaten in sunder, that he is both dead and buried, and his sethe groves and images shall not stand up. pulchre is with us unto this day, &c. Ac. ii. Is. xxvii. 9. O Lord, righteousness belongeth 29. unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at Anger burn against thy servant.] And. this day. Da. ix. 7.
Aaron said, Let not the anger of my “lord" We are my Lord's servants.] See verse 9. ("Moses”) wax hot : thou knowest the people, and com. and verse 14. under “Fall before that they are set on mischief (excusing himself him," &c.
for making the golden calf). Ex. xxxii. 22. 17 God forbid, &c.] That be far from thee The queen Vashti refused to come at the (said Abraham to the Lord, interceding for king's commandment by his chamberlains : Sodom) to do after this manner, to slay the therefore was the king very wroth, and his righteous with the wicked: and that the anger burned in "him" ("Ahasuerus"). Es. righteous should be as the wicked, that be far i. 12. How long, Lord ? wilt thou be angry from thee : shall not the Judge of all the earth for ever? shall thy jealousy burn like fire ? do right? Ge. xviii. 25. And Joseph said Ps. lxxix. 5. unto “them” (“his brethren") the third day A s Pharaoh.] Thou shalt be over my house (that they were in ward), This do, and live: (said Pharaoh to Joseph), and according unto for I fear God. Ge. xlii. 18. The God of thy word shall all my people be ruled : only Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, in the throne will I be greater than thou: I He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling am Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man in the fear of God. 2 Sa. xxiii. 3. When I lift up his hand or foot in all the land of shall receive the congregation. I will judge Egypt. Ge. xli. 40. 44. The king's wrath is uprightly. Ps. lxxv. 2. He that justifieth as the roaring of a lion ; but his favour is as the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, dew upon the grass. Pr. xix. 12. Now if ye even they both are abomination to the Lord. be ready that at what time ye hear the sound Pr. xvii. 15.
of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, He shall be my servant.] See verse 10. and dulcimer, ye fall down and worship the
In peace unto your father.] Let us make a image which I have made ; well: but if ye covenant with thee (said Abimelech to Isaac); worship not, ye shall be cast the same hour that thou shalt do us no hurt, as we have not into the midst of a burning fiery furnace; and touched thee, and as we have done nothing who is that God that shall deliver you out of unto thee but good, and have sent thee away my hands? Then (when his order was not in peace. Ge. xxvi. 29. And they sent the complied with) was Nebuchadnezzar full of coat of many colours, and they brought it to fury, and the form of his visage was changed their father, and said, This have we found; against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego: know now whether it be thy son's coat or no; therefore he spake, and commanded that they and he knew it, and said, It is my son's coat; should heat the furnace one seven times more an evil beast hath devoured him: Joseph is than it was wont to be heated : and these without doubt rent in pieces. Ge. xxxvii. 32, three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed33.
nego, fell down bound into the midst of the 18 Let thy servant, I pray thee.] Oh let burning fiery furnace. Da. iii. 15. 19. 23. not the Lord be angry (said Abraham, inter- Daniel said before the king (Belshazzar), o ceding for Sodom), and I will speak : oh let thou king, the most high God gave Nebunot the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet chadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and mabut this once. Ge. xviii. 30. 32. Then the jesty, and glory, and honour: and for the woman of Tekoah, who by a parable inter- majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, ceded with David for the return of his son Ab- and languages, trembled and feared before him: salom) said (unto the king), Let thine hand- whom he would he slew, and whom he would maid, I pray thee, speak one word unto my he kept alive, and whom he would he set up, lord the king. And he said, Say on. 2 Sa. and whom he would he put down. Da. v. 17, xiv. 12. Mark well, O Job, hearken unto 18, 19. The Father judgeth no man; but hath me: hold thy peace, and I will speak (saith committed all judgment unto the Son. John God). Job xxxiii. 31. Men and brethren v. 22.
20 asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother? And
we said unto my lord, We have a father an old man, and a
child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he 21 alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him. And thou
saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set 22 mine eyes upon him. And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot
leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would 23 die. And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest
19 Asked his servants.] And Joseph saw him. Ge. xxxvii. 33–35. And Jacob their his brethren, and he knew them, but made father said unto them (his sons), Me have ye himself strange unto them, and spake roughly bereaved of my children : Joseph is not, and unto them; and he said unto them, Whence Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin are ye? and they said, From the land of away. And Reuben spake unto his father, Canaan to buy food. And Joseph said unto saying, Slay my two sons if I bring him not them, Ye are spies : and they said unto him, to thee. And he said, My son shall not go Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants down with thee ; for his brother is dead, and come; we are all one man's sons. Ge. xlii. he is left alone. Ge. xlii. 36, 37, 38. 7-11. And the man asked us straitly (said He alone is left of his mother.] See verses Joseph's brethren to their father) of our state, 27. 29. Now when he (Jesus) came nigh to and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet the gate of the city, there was a dead man alive? have ye another brother? And “he" carried out, the only son of his mother, and (“Joseph," upon their return from Canaan) she was a widow. Lu. vii. 12. lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Ben- 21 Bring him down. By the life of Phajamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this your raoh (said Joseph) ye shall not go forth hence, younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? except your youngest brother come hither. And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my But bring your youngest brother unto me; son. Ge. xliii. 7. 29.
so shall your words be verified, ye shall not 20 We said unto my Lord.] Thou (Judah) die. And they did so. Ge. xlii. 15. 20. art he whom thy brethren shall praise. Ge. And he (Joseph) lifted up bis eyes, and saw his xlix. 8.
brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, A child of his old age.] See Ge. xxxv. 18. Is this your younger brother, of whom ye Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his spake unto me? And he said, God be grachildren, because he was the son of his old cious to thee, my son. Ge. xliii. 29. age. (And when he sent him to his brethren That I may set mine eyes upon him.] I will who fed the flock in Shechem) they said one to set mine eyes upon " them" (" that are carried another, Behold, this dreamer cometh. Ge. away captive of Judah," whom I have sent ont xxxvii. 3. 19. And they (his sons) said unto of this place into the land of the Chaldeans) Jacob, The man asked us straitly of our state, for good, and I will bring them again to this and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet land. Je. xxiv. 6. If it seem good unto alive? have ye another brother? And we “thee" (" Jeremiah'') to come with me (said told him according to the tenor of these words. the captain of the guard of Nebuzar-adas) Could we certainly know that he would say, into Babylon, come, and I will look well unto Bring your brother down ? Ge. xliii. 7. And thee. Je. xl. 4. And though they go into Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the captivity before their enemies, thence will I lad with me, and we will arise and go; that command the sword, and it shall slay them we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, (Israel), and I will set mine eyes upon them and also our little ones. Ge. xliii. 8. And for evil, and not for good. Am. ix. 4. the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, 22 His father would die.] See rerse 30 and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and If mischief befall him (Benjamin) by the way in Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard. Ge. the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my xlvi. 21.
gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. Ge. xlii. 38 And his brother is dead.] And he (Jacob) 23 Except your youngest brother, &c.] See knew it, and said, It is my son's coat, an evil Ge. xlii. 15. 20. in com. on “ Bring him dowon," beast hath devoured him : Joseph is without fc. verse 21. And Judah spake unto him doubt rent in pieces. And Jacob rent his (Jacob) saying, The man did solemnly protest clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and to us, saying, Ye shall not see my face except mourned for his son many days: and all his your brother be with you. But if thou (xcis sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort Judah) wilt not send him, we will not go him, but he refused to be comforted, and he down, for the man said unto us, Ye shall not said, For I will go down into the grave unto see my face except your brother be with you. my son mourning. Thus his father wept for Ge. xliii. 3. 5.
brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more. And 24 it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. And our father said, Go again, 25 and buy us a little food. And we said, We cannot go down : 26 if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down : for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us. And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my 27 wife bare me two sons : And the one went out from me, and I said, 28 Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since: And if ye 29 take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. Now therefore when I 30 come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life; It shall come to pass, 31 when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die : and
24 We told him, &c.] And they came see whether it be well with thy brethren, and unto Jacob their father, unto the land of well with the flocks, and bring me word Canaan, and told him all that befell unto again. Ge. xxxvii. 13, 14. them. Ge. xlii. 29. See com. on verse 19. Surely he is torn.] It is my son's coat 25 See chap. xliii. 2. 5.
(said Jacob), an evil beast hath devoured him, 26 See chap. xliii. 4, 5.
Joseph is without doubt rent, in pieces. Ge. We cannot go down.] I cannot rise and xxxvii. 33. Me have ye bereaved of my chil. give thee (said the person from within to his dren, Joseph is not, and Simeon is not. My friend). Lu. xi. 7.
son (Benjamin) shall not go down with you: 27 My wife bare me two sons.] And Jacob for his brother is dead, and he is left alone. loved Rachel, and said, I will serve thee seven Ge. xlii. 36. 38. years for Rachel thy younger daughter. And 29 If ye take this also.] See Ge. xlii. 36. Laban said, It is better that I give her to thee 38. preced, com. If I be bereaved of my chilthan that I should give her to another man. dren, I am bereaved. Ge. xliii. 14. My soul And Jacob served seven years for Rachel. is full of troubles, and my life draweth nigh And Jacob said unto Laban, Give me my unto the grave : I am counted with them that wife. It came to pass in the evening that he go down into the pit, I am as a man that hath took Leah his daughter, and brought her to no strength. Ps. Ixxxviii. 3, 4. him. He gave him Rachel his daughter to Sorrow.] See verse 31. and com. verse 28 wife also. Ge. xxix. 18, 19, 20, 21. 23. 28. under “Surely he is torn." Then (when Israel God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened breaks my covenant) my anger shall be kindled to her, and opened her womb, and she con- against them in that day, and I will forsake ceived and bare a son, and said, God hath them, and I will hide my face from them, and taken away my reproach, and she called his they shall be devoured, and many evils and name Joseph, and said, The Lord shall add to troubles shall befall them. So that they will me another son. And it came to pass, when say in that day, Are not these evils come Rachel had born Joseph, that Jacob said unto upon us because our God is not among us? Laban, Send me away, that I may go unto De. xxxi. 17. See Ps. lxxxviii. 4. preced. mine own place and to my country. Ge. com. XXX. 22-25. And they journeyed from 30 When I come to thy servant.] See verses Bethel, and there was but a little way to 17. 31. 34. come to Ephrath, and Rachel travailed, and His life is bound up, &c.] And it came to she had hard labour : and it came to pass pass, when he (David) had made an end of when she was in hard labour, that the mid- speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan wife said unto her, Fear not, thou shalt have was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan this son also: and as her soul was in de- loved him as his own soul. 1 Sa. xviii. 1. parting (for she died) she called his name And the king (David) was much moved Ben-oni, but his father called him Benjamin. (having heard of his son's death), and went Ge. xxxv. 16, 17, 18. The sons of Rachel up to the chamber over the gate and wept, Jacob's wife, Joseph and Benjamin. Ge. and as he wept, thus he said, O my son xlvi. 19.
Absalom, my son, my son Absalom ! would 28 One went out, &c.] And Israel said God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed the my son. 2 Sa. xviii. 33. flock in Shechem ? Come, and I will send 31 When he seeth that the lad, &c.] And thee unto them, and he said unto him, Here the messengers answered and said (unto Eli am I: and he said to him, Go, I pray thee, the priest), Israel is fled before the Philistines,
thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our 32 father with sorrow to the grave. For thy servant became surety
for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, 33 then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever. Now therefore, I
pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my 34 Iord; and let the lad go up with his brethren. For how shall I
go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.
and there hath been also a great slaughter brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh. among the people, and thy two sons also, Ro. ix. 3. Hophni and Phinehas are dead, and the ark Instead of the lad, &c.] By so much was of God is taken. And it came to pass when Jesus made a surety of a better testimony. he made mention of the ark of God, that he He. vii. 22. Hereby perceive we the love of fell from off the seat backwards, by the side God, because he laid down his life for us, of the gate, and his neck brake and he died, and we ought to lay down our lives for the for he was an old man, and heavy. ] Sa. brethren. 1 John iii. 16. iv. 17, 18. The sorrow of the world worketh 34 Lest peradventure, &c. And the man death. 2 Co. vii. 10. But I would not have of thine (said the Lord to Eli, through a man you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them of God) whom I shall not cut off, from mine which are asleep, that ye sorrow not even altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to as others which have no hope. 1 The. grieve thine heart, and all the increase of iv. 13.
thine house shall die in the flower of their Shall bring down, &c.] See verse 29. And age: and this shall be a sign unto thee, that Judah said unto his brethren, What profit is shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni it if we slay our brother and conceal his and Phinehas, in one day they shall die both blood : come, and and let us sell him to the of them. 1 Sa. ii. 33, 34. Behold, I will Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon gather“ thee" (" Josiah") to thy fathers, and him, for he is our brother, and our flesh. thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace, And his brethren were content: and he neither shall thine eyes see all the evil that I (Jacob believing that he had been devoured by will bring upon this place, and upon the inan evil beast) mourned for his son: he refused habitants of the same. 2 Ch. xxxiv. 28. For to be comforted, and he said, For I will go how can I endure to see the evil that shall down into the grave unto my son mourning. come unto my people ? Or how can I endure Ge. xxxvii. 26, 27, 34, 35. And David said to see the destruction of my kindred ? Es. unto Abiathar (who had escaped from the murder viii. 6. The king of Babylon slew the sons of the priests by Saul), I knew it that day, of Zedekiah before his eyes, he slew also all when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he the princes of Judah in Riblah. Then he put would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the out the eyes of Zedekiah ; and the king of death of all the persons of thy father's (Abi- Babylon bound him in chains, and carried melech's) house. 1 Sa. xxii. 22.
him to Babylon, and put him in prison till 32 Surety for the lad.] See Ge. xliii. 8, the day of his death. Je. lii. 10, 11. 9. 16.
Come on my father.] Moses told his father33 Therefore, I pray thee, &c.] Yet now in-law all that the Lord had done unto Phaif thou wilt forgive their sin (in making the raoh, and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake; golden calf); and if not, blot me, I pray thee, and all the travail that had come upon them out of thy book which thou hast written (said by the way, and how the Lord delivered them. Moses to the Lord). Ex. xxxii. 32. Scarcely Ex. xviii. 8. If I rejoiced at the destruction for a righteous man will one die : yet per- of him that hated me, or lifted up myself adventure for a good man some would even when evil found him, Oh that one would dare to die. But God commendeth his love hear me, behold, my desire is that the towards us, in that while we were yet sin. Almighty would answer me. Job xxxi. 29. ners, Christ died for us. Much more then, 35. The sorrows of death compassed me, and being now justified by his blood, we shall be the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found saved from wrath, through him ; for if, when trouble and sorrow. Then called I upon the we were enemies, we were reconciled to God name of the Lord. Ps. cxvi. 3, 4. Trouble by the death of his Son; much more, being and anguish have taken hold on me, yet reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. Ro. thy commandments are my delight. Ps. v. 7–10. I could wish (said Paul) that cxix. 143. myself were accursed from Christ, for my