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the name of the second called he Ephraim : For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction. And the seven years 53 of plenteousness, that was in the land of Egypt, were ended. And 54 the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. And when all the land of Egypt was famished, 55 the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph ; what he saith to you, do. And 56
52 Called he, &c.] See chap. xxix. 32-35; Chanaan, and great affliction : and our fathers XXX.6.13. and com. And Joseph saw Ephraim's found no sustenance. Ac. vii. 11. children of the third generation : the children According as Joseph had said.] See verse 30. also of Machir the son of Manasseh were And the dearth was in all lands.] Behold, brought up upon Joseph's knees. Ge. I. 23. I have heard (said Jacob) that there is corn in
Ephraim.] The Angel which redeemed me Egypt: get you down thither (my sons), and (said Jacob), bless “the lads" (" Ephraim and buy for us from thence ; that we may live, and Manasseh"); and let my name be named on not die. And the sons of Israel came to buy them, and the name of my fathers Abraham corn among those that came : for the famine and Isaac: and let them grow into a multitude was in the land of Canaan; and Joseph was in the midst of the earth. And his father governor over the land of Egypt), and he it (Jacob) refused to prefer the firstborn, Ma- was that sold to all the people of the land; nasseh), and said, I know it (that Manasseh is and Joseph's brethren came and bowed down the firstborn), my son: he also shall become a themselves before him, with their faces to the people, and he also shall be great: but truly earth. Ge. xlii. 2. 5, 6. And the famine was his younger brother shall be greater than he, sore in the land. Ge. xliii. 1. For yet there and his seed shall become a multitude of are five years of famine (said Joseph to his nations. Ge. xlviii. 16. 19. Joseph is a fruit- brethren, when sending them for his father). ful bough (said Jacob), even a fruitful bough Ge. xlv, 11. And there was no bread in all by a well ; whose branches run over the wall. the land, for the famine was very sore, so that Ge. xlix. 22. Comfort ye, comfort ye my peo- the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan ple, saith your God ; speak ye comfortably to fainted by reason of the famine. Ge. xlvii. 13. Jerusalem, and cry unto her that her war- 55 Famished.] And there was a great fafare is accomplished, and her iniquity is par- mine in Samaria : and, behold, they besieged doned : for she hath received of the Lord's it, until an ass's head was sold for fourscore hand double for all her sins. Is. xl. 1, 2. pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a cab of
The land of my affliction. He (the Lord) dove's dung for five pieces of silver. We sent a man before “them” (“Israel”), even boiled my son, (said a woman who cried Help Joseph, who was sold for a servant; whose my lord, o king! and to whom the king said, feet they hurt with fetters: he was laid in iron. What aileth thee ?), and did eat him, &c. Ps. cv. 17, 18. Woe to them that are at ease 2 Ki. vi. 25. 29. The word of the Lord that in Zion ; that drink wine in bowls, and anoint came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth : themselves with the chief ointments : but they Judah mourneth ; the gates thereof languish ; are not grieved for the afflictions of Joseph. they are black unto the ground, and the cry Am. vi. 6. God was with him (Joseph), and of Jerusalem is gone up; because the ground delivered him out of all his afflictions. Ac. is chapt; for there was no rain on the earth ; vii. 10.
the plowmen were ashamed, they covered their 53 Seven years of plenteousness.] See verses heads; their eyes did fail, because there was 29. 31. How are they brought into desolation, no grass. Jer. xiv. 1, 2. 4. 6. Even the seaas in a moment! as a dream when one awaketh. monsters draw out the breast, they give suck Ps. lxxiii. 19, 20. But first must he suffer to their young ones; the daughter of my many things, and be rejected of this genera people is become cruel, like the ostriches in the tion. Lu. xvii. 25.
wilderness; the tongue of the sucking child 54 Seven years of dearth.] See verses 3, 4. cleaveth to the roof of his mouth for thirst; 6, 7. 27. And there in the land of Goshen) the young children ask bread, and no man will I nourish thee (for yet there are five years breaketh it unto them; the hands of the pitiof famine), lest thou and thy houshold, and ful women have sodden their own children; all that thou hast, come to poverty (said they were their meat in the destruction of the Joseph, as a message to his father by his bre- daughter of my people. La. iv. 3, 4. 10. thren). Ge. xlv. il. He (the Lord) called Go unto Joseph.] See verse 40, 41. The for a famine upon the land: he brake the king sent and loosed him, even the ruler of the whole staff of bread. Ps. cv. 16. Now there people; and let him go free; he made him came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and lord of his house, and ruler of all his substance;
the famine was over all the face of the earth : And Joseph opened
all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians; and the famine 57 waxed sore in the land of Egypt. And all countries came into
Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn; because that the famine was so sore in all lands.
1 Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said
to bind his princes at his pleasure, and teach and for the asses: and he fed them with his senators wisdom. Ps. cv. 20—22. Lo, a bread for all their cattle for that year. When voice from heaven, saying, This is my be that year was ended, they came unto him the loved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Mat. second year, and said unto him, Buy us and iii. 17. While he yet spake, behold a bright our land for bread, and we and our land will cloud overshadowed them (at the transfigura- be servants unto Pharaoh : and give us seed, tion on the mount); and behold a voice out of that we may live, and not die, that the land be the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, not desolate. And Joseph bought all the land in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him. of Egypt for Pharaoh ; only the land of the Mat. xvii. 5. The Word was made flesh, and priests bought he not; for the priests had a dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, portion assigned them by Pharaoh, and did eat the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) their portion which Pharaoh gave them. Then full of grace and truth. Of his fulness have Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have all we received, and grace for grace. John i. bought you this day, and your land, for Pha14. 16. But my God shall supply all your raoh ; lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall need according to his riches in glory by Christ sow the land. And it shall come to pass in Jesus. Phi. iv. 19. For it pleased the Father the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part that in him (Christ) should all fulness dwell. unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your Col. i. 19.
own, for seed of the field, and for your food, 56 The face of the earth.] And it shall and for them of your houshold, and for food come to pass, after the end of seventy years, for your little ones. Ge. xlvii. 14—24. that the Lord will visit Tyre, and she shall 57 AU countries.] When Jacob saw that turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his with all the kingdoms of the world upon the sons, Why do ye look one upon another ! face of the earth. Is. xxiii. 17. Then said And he said, Behold, I have heard that there he unto me (said Zechariah of the angel), This is corn in Egypt; get you down thither, and is the curse that goeth forth over the face of buy for us from thence. And Joseph's ten the whole earth. Ze. v. 3. For as a snare brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt; shall "it" (“ the second coming of Christ") but Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent come on all them that dwell on the face of the not with his brethren; for he said, Lest, perwhole earth. Lu. xxi. 35. And (God) hath adventure, mischief befall him. And the made of one blood all nations of men for to sons of Israel came to buy corn among those dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath that came. Ge. xlii. 1-5. As for you (said determined the times before appointed, and Joseph to his brethren), ye thought evil against the bounds of their habitation. Ac. xvii. 26. me, but God meant it unto good, to bring to
Sold unto the Egyptians.) Joseph was the pass, as it is this day, to save much people governor over the land, and he it was that sold alive. Ge. I. 20. Remember thy servants, to all the people of the land. Ge. xlii. 6. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (said Moses to the And Joseph gathered up all the money that Lord, in prayer); look not unto the stubbornwas found in the land of Egypt, and in the ness of this people, nor to their wickedness, land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: nor to their sin ; lest the land whence thou and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh's broughtest us out say, Because the Lord was house. And when money failed in the land not able to bring them into the land which he of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the promised them, and because he hated them, he Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give hath brought them out to slay them in the us bread: for why should we die in thy pre- wilderness. De. ix. 27, 28. He (the Lord) sence ? for the money faileth. And Joseph called for a famine upon the land: he brake said, Give your cattle; and I will give you the whole staff of bread. He sent a man before for your cattle, if money fail. And they "them" (" Israel"), even Joseph, who was sold brought their cattle unto Joseph : and Joseph for a servant. Ps. cv. 16, 17. gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, CHAP. XLII.- When Jacod sau, &c.]
unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another? And he said, 2 Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die. And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt. 3 But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; 4 for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him. And the sons 5
And the seven years of dearth began to come, 2 Get you down thither.] And it came to according as Joseph had said : and the dearth pass, when they had eaten up the corn which was in all lands, but in all the land of Egypt they had brought out of Egypt, their father there was bread. And all countries came into said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food. Egypt for to buy corn, because that the famine And Judah spake unto him, saying, If thou was so sore in all lands. Ge. xli. 54–57. wilt send our brother (Benjamin) with us, we When Jacob heard that there was corn in will go down and buy thee food. Ge. xliii. Egypt, he sent out our fathers first. Ac. 2. 4. Haste ye (said Joseph to his brethren), vii. 12.
and go up to my father, and say unto him, Saw.] Behold, I have heard that there is Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me corn in Egypt. Ge. xlii. 2. And the officers lord of all Egypt: come down unto me, tarry of the children of Israel did see that they not. Ge. xlv. 9. were in evil case, after it was said (by Pharaoh), That we may live.] And Judah said unto Ye shall not minish ought from your bricks of Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and your daily task (though he alloweth them no we will arise and go; that we may live, and straw). Ex. v. 19. And all the people saw not die, both we and thou, and also our little the thunderings and the lightnings, and the ones. Ge. xliii. 8. I shall not die, but live, noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smok- and declare the works of the Lord. Ps. cxviii. ing; and when the people saw it, they re- 17. In those days (when the Assyrians were moved and stood afar off. Ex. xx. 18. So destroyed by the angel of the Lord) was Hezewhen he (Elijah) saw "that" (" what Jezebel kiah sick unto death; and Isaiah the prophet, had threatened") he arose, and went for his the son of Amoz, came unto him, and said life, and came to Beer-sheba, which belongeth unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Set thine to Judah, and left his servant there. 1 Ki. house in order, for thou shalt die, and not xix. 3. When Ephraim saw his sickness, and live. Is. xxxviii. 1. It is written, Man shall Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to not live by bread alone (said Jesus to Satan), the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb. Yet but by every word that proceedeth out of the could he not heal you, nor cure you of your mouth of God. Mat. iv. 4. wound. Ho. v. 13. When they (with whom 3 Ten brethren.] And the sons of Israel Paul was in conference) saw that the gospel of came to buy corn among those that came. the uncircumcision was committed unto me, And they said (unto Joseph), Thy servants are as the gospel of the circumcision was unto twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the Peter ; they gave to me and Barnabas the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is right hand of fellowship. Ga. ii. 7. 9.
this day with our father, and one is not. Why do ye look one upon another ?] And Ge. xlii. 5. 13. the Lord said unto Joshua (who had sunk in 4 Benjamin, &c.] And they (Jacob and despair because the Israelites had turned their family) journeyed from Beth-el, and there backs before their enemies), Get thee up; was but a little way to come to Ephrath : and wherefore liest thou upon thy face? Jos. vii. Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour. 10. And it came to pass, at the seven years' And it came to pass, when she was in hard end (during which time the Shunammite woman labour, that the midwife said unto her, Fear sojourned from her home, by the advice of not; thou shalt have this son also. And it Elisha, to avoid the famine), that the woman came to pass, as her soul was in departing (for returned out of the land of the Philistines: and she died), that she called his name Ben-oni; she went forth to cry unto the king for her but his father called him Benjamin; and house and for her land. And the king talked Rachel died, &c. Ge. Xxxv. 16—19. with Gehazi, the servant of the man of God, Lest peradventure mischief befall him.] And saying, Tell me, I pray thee, all the great he (Jacob) said (to Reuben), My son (Benjathings that Elisha hath done. 2 Ki. viii, 3, 4. min) shall not go down with you; for his Arise (said Shechaniah to Ezra), for this matter brother is dead, and he is left alone ; if mis(our strange marriages) belongeth unto thee. chief befall him by the way in the which ye We also will be with thee. Be of good cou- go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs rage, and do it. Ezr. X. 4. Why do we sit with sorrow to the grave. Ge. xlii. 38. And still ? assemble yourselves, and let us enter the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become into the defenced cities, and let us be silent as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, there. Jer. viii. 14.
lest he put forth his hand, and take also of
of Israel came to buy corn among those that came: for the famine 6 was in the land of Canaan. And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before
the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever, stood up one of them (the prophets who came therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the from Jerusalem unto Antioch) named Agabus, garden of Eden. Ge. iii. 22, 23. And “they" and signified by the spirit that there should (the "inhabitants" of the earth having one be great dearth throughout all the world: language) said, Go to, let us build us a city which came to pass in the days of Claudius and a tower, whose top may reach unto hea. Cæsar. Ac. xi. 28. ven : and let us make us a name, lest we be 6 Governor.] Thou shalt be over my house, scattered abroad upon the face of the whole and according unto thy word shall all my people earth. Ge. xi. 4. And Jacob lifted up his be ruled; only in the throne will I be greater eyes and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and than thou. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, with him four hundred men; and he put the See I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. handmaids and their children foremost, and Ge. xli. 40, 41. And he (God) hath made Leah and her children after, and Rachel and me (Joseph) lord of all Egypt. Joseph is yet Joseph hindermost. Ge. xxxiii. 1. 2. And alive (said his brethren to their father), and he God Almighty give you mercy before the is governor over all the land of Egypt. Ge man (said Jacob to Judah), that he may send xlv. 8. 26. He (the Lord) called for a famine away your other brother (Simeon) and Ben- upon the land; he sent a man before them, jamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I am even Joseph, who was sold for a servant, whose bereaved. And (on their return to Egypt) he feet they hurt with fetters; he was laid in (Joseph) lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother iron. The king (Pharaoh) sent and loosed Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this him; he made him lord of his house, and your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto ruler of all his substance. Ps. cv. 16—21. me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, God delivered him out of all his afflictions, my son. Ge. xliii. 14. 29. My lord asked and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight his servants (said his brethren to Joseph), say- of Pharaob king of Egypt; and he made him ing, Have ye a father or a brother? And we governor over Egypt and all his house de said unto my lord, We have a father, an old vii. 10. man, and a child of his old age, a little one; He it was that sold, &c.] And when all and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of the land of Egypt was famished, the people his mother, and his father loveth him. And cried to Pharaoh for bread. And Pharaoh we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph ; his father; for if he should leave his father what he saith to you, do. And the famine his father would die. And thy servant, my was over all the face of the earth. And Joseph father, said unto us (when we told him we opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the would not go down unless our youngest brother Egyptians. Ge. xli. 55, 56. was with us), Ye know that my wife bare me Bowed down themselves. And he (Abretwo sons; the one went out from me, and I ham) lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three said, Surely he is torn to pieces, and I saw men stood by him ; and when he saw them be him not since; and if ye take this also from ran to meet them from the tent-door, and me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring bowed himself toward the ground. Ge. xviii. 2. down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. And there came two angels to Sodom at even : How shall I go up to my father (said Judah), and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure seeing them rose up to meet them; and be I see the evil that shall come on my father. bowed himself with his face toward the ground. Ge. xliv. 19, 20. 22—34.
Ge. xix. 1. Bebold, we were binding sheaves 5 For the famine, &c.] And there was a in the field (said Joseph, relating his dream to famine in the land (of Canaan), and Abram his brethren), and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood the famine was grievous in the land. Ge. xii. round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf. 10. And there was a famine in the land be. And his brethren said unto him, Shalt thou sides the first famine that was in the days of indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed Abraham; and Isaac went unto Abimelech have dominion over us? And they hated king of the Philistines, unto Gerar. Ge. xxvi. 1. him yet the more for his dreams and for his And all countries came into Egypt, to Joseph, words. And he dreamed yet another dream, for to buy corn, because that the famine was and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream so sore in all lands. Ge. xli. 57. Now there more. And, behold, the sun and the moon, came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and and the eleven stars, made obeisance to me. Chanaan, and great affliction, and our fathers Ge. xxxvii. 7-9. And Judah and his brefound no sustenance. Ac. vii. 11. And there thren came to Joseph's house (for he was yet
him with their faces to the earth. And Joseph saw his brethren, 7 and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food. And Joseph 8 knew his brethren, but they knew not him. And Joseph remem- 9 bered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
there), and they fell before him on the ground. good or bad; and what cities they be that Ge. xliv. 14. Behold, I will make them of they dwell in, whether in tents or strong holds ; the synagogue of Satan, which say they are and what the land is, whether it be fat or Jews, and are not, but do lie; I will make lean, &c. Nu. xiii. 2-20. And Joshua, the them to come and worship before thy feet, son of Nun, sent out of Shittim two men to and to know that I have loved thee. Re. spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even iii. 9.
Jericho. And they went and came into an 7 Roughly.] And Joseph remembered the harlot's house named Rahab, and lodged there. dreams which he dreamed of them, and said And the king of Jericho sent unto Rahab, unto them, Ye are spies ; to see the nakedness saying, Bring forth the men that are come to of the land ye are come. Ye are spies; hereby thee, &c. And the woman took the two men, ye shall be proved. By the life of Pharaoh and hid them, and said thus, There came men ye shall not go forth hence, except your unto me, but I wist not whence they were. youngest brother come hither. Send one of About the time of the shutting of the gate the you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye men went out, whither the men went I wot shall be kept in prison, that your words may not; pursue after them quickly, for ye shall be proved, whether there be any truth in you. overtake them. But she had brought them And he put them all together into ward three up to the roof of the house, and hid them with days. If ye be true men, let one of your bre the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order thren be bound in the house of your prison. upon the roof. So the two men (having proBring your youngest brother unto me; so shall mised to spare Rahab and family, and directed your words be verified, and ye shall not die. her to distinguish the window of her house by a Ge. xlii. 9–20. And his disciples came and scarlet line,) returned, and descended from besought him (Jesus), saying, Send her (the the mountain (where, by Rahab's direction, woman of Canaan, who sought mercy for her they had hid themselves for three days to avoid daughter, who was grievously vered with a the pursuers), and passed over, and came to devil) away, for she crieth after us. But he Joshua the son of Nun, and told him all things answered and said, I am not sent but unto the that befell them. Jos. ii. 146. and 23. And lost sheep of the house of Israel. Then came the house of Joseph sent to descry Beth-el: she and worshipped him, saying, Lord help and the spies saw a man come forth out of the me. But he answered and said, It is not city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we meet to take the children's bread, and to cast pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we it to dogs. Mat. xv. 23—26.
will shew thee mercy, Ju. i. 23, 24. David 8 But they knew not him.] Their eyes were sent out spies (from the wilderness of Ziph, holden that they should not know him. Lu. where he hid himself from Saul), and underxxiv. 16. And when she (Mary Magdalene) stood that Saul was come (after him into the had thus said (complaining that she knew not wilderness) in very deed. 1 Sa. xxvi. 4. And where they had laid her Lord), she turned “they" (the “chief priests and scribes") herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and watched him (Jesus), and sent forth spies, knew not that it was Jesus. John xx. 14. which should feign themselves just men ; that When the morning was now come (after Peter they might take hold of his words, that so they had toiled all night fishing, and caught nothing) might deliver him into the power and authoJesus stood on the shore; but the disciples rity of the governor. Lu. XX. 20. By faith knew not that it was Jesus. John xxi. 4. the walls of Jericho fell down after they were
9 Remembered the dreams, &c.] See chap. compassed about seven days. By faith the Xxxvii. 5-9. and com.
harlot Rahab perished not with them that Ye are spies.] See verse 9. 16. 30, 31. 34. believed not, when she had received the spies Send thou men (said the Lord to Moses), that with peace. He. xi. 30, 31. they may search the land of Canaan, &c. Nakedness of the land. And when Moses And Moses, by the commandment of the Lord, saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron sent them from the wilderness of Paran. All had made them naked unto their shame among those men were heads of the children of Israel. their enemies :) (to whom they had given their And Moses sent them (twelve in number, one gold to make the golden calf): then Moses of each tribe,) to spy out the land of Canaan, said, Who is on the Lord's side? Ex. xxxii. &c, to see the land, what it is; whether it be 25.