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that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king 32 over the children of Israel. And Bela the son of Beor reigned in 33 Edom: and the name of his city was Dinhabah. And Bela died, 34 and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. And
Jobab died, and Husham of the land of Temani reigned in his 35 stead. And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who
smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the 36 name of his city was Avith. And Hadad died, and Samlah of 37 Mazrekah reigned in his stead. And Samlah died, and Saul of 38 Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. And Saul died, and 39 Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. And Baal
hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead : and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife's name was
Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. 40 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, accord
ing to their families, after their places, by their names; duke 41 Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth, Duke Aholibamah, duke 42 Elah, duke Pinon, Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram : these be the dukes of Edom, accord
ing to their habitations in the land of their possession : he is Esau the father of the Edomites.
33 Bozrah.]. The sword of the Lord is hold upon them. All the inhabitants of filled with blood. It is made fat with fatness; Canaan shall melt away. Ex. xv. 15. for the Lord hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a 40 These are the names.] See verse 31. great slaughter in the land of Idumea. Is. Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom xxxiv. 6. Who is this that cometh from Edom, were ; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke with dyed garments from Bozrah ? this that Jetheth, duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the Pinon, duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibar, greatness of his strength ? I that speak in duke Magdiel, duke Iram ; these are the dukes righteousness, mighty to save. Is. Ixiii. 1. of Edom. I Ch. i. 51-54. I have sworn by myself, saith the Lord, That See verse 15, 16, and com. also com. on verse Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, 39. “ Hadar." a waste, and a curse ; and all the cities thereof Alvah. Or Aliah. See 1 Ch. i. 51. shall be perpetual wastes. Behold, he (the 43 Dukes of Edom.] See verse 15. 18, 19. Lord) shall come up and fly as the eagle, and 30, 31, 39. spread his wings over Bozrah ; and at that Their possession.] See verse 7, 8. Now day shall the heart of the mighty men of these are the generations of Ishmael, AbraEdom be as the heart of a woman in her ham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's pangs. Je. xlix. 13. 22. I will send a fire handmaid, bare unto Abraham. Ge. xxv. 12. upon Teman, which shall devour the palace of Meddle not with “them" (" the children of Bozrah. Am. i. 12. I will surely gather the Esau which dwelt in Seir"), for I will not remnant of Israel ; I will put them together give you (said the Lord to Moses) of their as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the land ; no, not so much as a foot breadth; bemidst of their fold. Mi. ii. 12.
cause I have given Mount Seir unto Esau for a 37 Rehoboth.] Out of that land (Shinar) possession. De. ii. 5. went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and Father of the Edomites.] And Esau said to the city Rehoboth, and Calah. Ge. x. 11. Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Re- red pottage, for I am faint; therefore was his hoboth by the river reigned in his stead. I name called Edom. Ge. xxv. 30. He is Ch. i. 48.
Esau, the father of the Edomnites. Ge. XXXV. 39 Hadar.) And when Baal-hanan was 43. It was not "you" (" said Joseph to his dead, “ Hadad" (or Hadar ") reigned in his brethren") that sent me hither, but God; stead; and the name of his city was “ Pai” and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, (“or Pau"); and his wife's name was Mehe- and Lord of all his house, and a ruler throughtabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of out all the land of Egypt. Ge. xlv. & SeMezahab. 1 Ch. i. 50. Then (after Hadar's raiah begat Joab, the father of the valley of death) the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; Charashim. I Ch. iv. 14. the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take
And Jacob dwe Canaan. The sold, was feedinihah,
AND Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, 1 in the land of Canaan. These are the generations of Jacob. 2 Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren ; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives : and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report. Now Israel loved Joseph more than all 3 his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours. And when his brethren saw that 4 their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him,
CHAP. XXXVII-1 Wherein his father, 3 Loved Joseph more.] The Father loveth &c.] See chap. xvii. 8; xxiii. 4; xxviii. 4; the Son, and hath given all things into his and xxxvi. 7. and com. By faith Abraham hand. John iii. 35. Then the disciples looked sojourned in the land of promise, as in a one on another, doubting of “whom " he strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with (Jesus) spake (" that should betray him "). Isaac, and Jacob, the heirs with him of the Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one same promise. But now “they" (" Abra- of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, &c. John ham and the other patriarchs," &c.), desire a xiii. 22, 23. better country, that is an heavenly; wherefore, Son of his old age.] We have a father God is not ashamed to be called their God, (said Joseph's brethren to Joseph), an old man, for he hath prepared for them a city. He. and a child of his old age, a little one. Now xi.19. 16.
therefore (said Judah), when I come to thy 2 Generations of Jacob, &c.] These are servant (Jacob), my father, and the lad (Benthe generations of the heavens and of the jamin) be not with us (seeing that his life is earth when they were created, in the day that bound up in the lad's life), it shall come to the Lord God made the earth and the hea- pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with vens. Ge. ii. 4. These are the generations us, that he will die. Ge. xliv. 20. 31. of Noah. Ge. vi. 9.
A coat of many colours.] And it came to His father's wives. And she (Rachel) pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, gave him (Jacob) Bilhah her handmaid to that they stript Joseph out of his coat, his wife. When Leah saw that she had left coat of many colours that was on him. And bearing, she took Zilpah her maid and gave they sent the coat of many colours, and they her Jacob to wife. Ge. xxx. 4. 9. and com. brought it to their father, and said, This have And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid we found, know now whether it be thy son's (were), Dan, and Naphtali ; and the sons of coat, or no. Ge. xxxvii. 23. 32. Have they Zilpah, Leah's handmaid, Gad, and Asher. (Israel) not sped (sang Deborah and Barak) ?
Have they not divided the prey, to every man Evil report.] Now Eli was very old, and a damsel or two? To Sisera a prey of divers heard all that his sons did unto all Israel ; and colours, a prey of divers colours of needlehow they lay with the women that assembled work, of divers colours of needlework on both at the door of the tabernacle of the congrega- sides, meet for the necks of them that take the tion. And he said unto them, Why do ye spoil ? Ju. v. 30. Then Amnon hated “her" such things ? It is no good report that I hear, (“Tamar") exceedingly, and she had a garye make the Lord's people to transgress. 1 Sa. ment of divers colours upon her: for with ii. 22, 23, 24. The world cannot hate "you" such robes were the king's daughters, that (said Jesus to his disciples), but me it hateth, were virgins, apparelled. 2 Sa. xii. 15. 18. because I testify of it that the works thereof The king's daughter is all glorious within, her are evil. John vii. 7. It hath been declared clothing is of wrought gold ; she shall be unto me of you, my brethren, by them which brought unto the king in raiment of needleare of the house of Chloe, that there are con- work: the virgins her companions that follow tentions among you. 1 Co. i. 11. It is re- her shall be brought unto thee. Ps. xlv. 13, ported commonly that there is fornication 14. And of thy garments thou (Jerusalem) among you, and such fornication as is not didst take, and deckedst thy high places with so much as named among the Gentiles. 1 divers colours, and playedst the harlot thereCo. v. 1. First of all, when ye come to- upon. Ez. xvi. 16. gether in the church, I hear that there be 4 Hated him.] See verse 5. 11. 18—24. divisions among you, and I partly believe it. But unto Cain and his offering “he" (" the 1 Co. xi. 18,
Lord") had no respect. Ge. iv, 5. And Esau
-5 and could not speak peaceably unto him. And Joseph dreamed a
dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated him yet the 6 more. And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this dream
hated Jacob, because of the blessing where- and said, Behold, the sun and the moon and with his father blessed him. Ge. xxvii. 41. the eleven stars made obeisance to me. Ge The archers (said Jacob, pronouncing blessings xxxvii. 9. And he (Jacob) dreamed a dream, on his sons) have sorely grieved “him” and behold a ladder set upon the earth, and ("Joseph"), and shot at him, and hated him. the top of it reached to heaven, and behold Ge. xlix. 23. And “he” (“ Jesse") sent the angels of God ascending and descending and brought "him” (“ David") in (at the on it. Ge. xxviii. 12. And “they" (Pkadesire of Samuel). Now he was ruddy and raoh's " butler and baker") dreamed a dream withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly both of them, each man his dream in one to look to. And the Lord said, Arise, anoint night, each man according to the interpretshim, for this is he; then Samuel took the tion of his dream, the butler and the baker of horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of the king of Egypt, which were bound in the his brethren. And the Spirit of the Lord prison. Ge. xl. 5. And Joseph remembered came upon David from that day forward. the dreams which he dreamed of them (his I Sa. xvi. 12, 13. And Eliab his eldest bro- brethren), and said unto them, Ye are spies, ther heard when he (David) spake unto the &c. Ge. xlii. 9. If there be a prophet among men (respecting Goliath): and Eliab's anger you (saith God to Aaron and Miriam), I the was kindled against David, and he said, Why Lord will make myself known unto him in a camest thou down hither? And with whom vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. hast thou left those few sheep in the wilder. Nu. xii. 6. And when Gideon was come (ta ness; I know thy pride, and the naughtiness oppose the Midianites), there was a man that of thine heart, for thou art come down that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Be thou mightest see the battle. 1 Sa. xvii. 28. hold I dreamed a dream, and lo, a cake of But mine enemies are lively, and they are barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, strong; and they that hate me wrongfully are and came unto a tent, and smote it that it multiplied : because I follow the thing that fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay good is. Ps. xxxviii. 19. They that hate me along. And his fellow answered and said, without a cause are more than the hairs of This is nothing else save the sword of Gideon, mine head, they that would destroy me, being the son of Joash, a man of Israel; for into his mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty. Ps. hand hath God delivered Midian and all the host. Ixix. 4. His brethren therefore said unto Ju. vii. 14, 15. In Gibeon the Lord appeared him, Depart hence, and go into Judea, that to Solomon in a dream by night; and God thy disciples also may see the works that thou said, Ask, what I shall give thee. 1 Ki. 17. doest : for neither did his brethren believe in 5. The secret of the Lord is with them that him. John vii. 3. 5. If the world hate you, fear him; and he will shew them his cores ye know that it hated me before it hated you; nant. Ps. xxv. 14. Nebuchadnezzar dreamed if ye were of the world, the world would love dreams wherewith his spirit was troubled, and his own; but because ye are not of the world, his sleep brake from him. Da. ii. 1. I saw but I have chosen you out of the world, there a dream (said Nebuchadnezzar), which made fore the world hateth you. John xv. 18, 19. me afraid, and the thoughts upon my bed, We ourselves were sometimes foolish, disobe- and the visions of my head troubled me. dient, deceived, serving divers lusts and plea- Da. iv. 5. I will pour out my Spirit upon all sures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and flesh (saith the Lord), and your sons and your hating one another. Tit. ii. 3. He that daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall hateth his brother is in darkness, and knoweth dream dreams, your young men shall see not whither he goeth, because that darkness visions. Joel ji. 28. Surely the Lord God hath blinded his eyes. I John ii. 11. In will do nothing (evil), but he revealeth his this the children of God are manifest, and the secret unto his servants the prophets. An. children of the devil; whosoever doeth not iii. 7. righteousness, is not of God, neither he that And they hated him yet the more. So loveth not his brother. For this is the mes- verse 4. 8. The archers have sorely grieved sage that ye heard from the beginning: that him (said Jacob of Joseph when blessing kii we should love one another. 1 John iii. 10, children), and shot at him, and hated him 11. If a man say, I love God, and hateth his Ge. xlix. 23. I have given them" (sy brother, he is a liar; for he that loveth not disciples "), thy word (O Father, saith Jesus), his brother whom he hath seen, how can he and the world hath hated them, because they love God whom he hath not seen. 1 John are not of the world, even as I am not of the iv. 20.
world. John xvii. 14. 5 Dreamed a dream.] And he dreamed 6 Hear, I pray you.] Then Judah came yet another dream, and told it his brethren, near unto “himn" (" Joseph"), and said, oh,
which I have dreamed : For, behold, we were binding sheaves in 7 the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf. And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign 8 over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words. And 9 he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more ; and, behold, the sun and
my Lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. Ps. anger burn against thy servant, for thou art ii. 2-6. The stone which the builders reeven as Pharaoh. Ge. xliv. 18. And when fused is become the head stone of the corner. "they" (“the Shechemites") told it to Ps. cxviii. 22. But his citizens hated him Jotham (that they made Abimelech king), (the nobleman in the parable, who went into a he went and stood in the top of mount far country to receive a kingdom), and sent a Gerizim, and lifted up his voice, and cried, message after him, saying, We will not have and said unto them, Hearken unto me, ye this man to reign over us. Lu. xix. 14. And men of Shechem, that God may hearken unto he (Jesus) beheld them, and said, What is this you. Ju. ix. 7.
then that is written, The stone which the 7 Your sheaves stood round, &c.] And builders rejected is become the head of the Joseph was governor over the land, and he it corner. Lu. xx. 17. Of a truth, against thy was that sold (corn) to all the people of the holy child Jesus, whom thou (0 God) hast land; and Joseph's brethren came and bowed anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with down themselves before him with their faces the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were to the earth. And Joseph remembered the gathered together, for to do whatever thy dreams which he dreamed of them. Ge. hand and thy counsel determined before to be xlii. 6. 9. And when Joseph was come home, done. Ac. iv. 27, 28. This Moses whom
they” (“his brethren") brought him the they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler present which was in their hand into the and a judge ? the same did God send to be house, and bowed themselves to him to the a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the earth. Ge. xliii. 26. And Judah and his angel which appeared to him in the bush. brethren came to Joseph's house (for he was Ac. vii. 35. He that despised Moses' law yet there), and they fell before him on the died without mercy under two or three witground. My lord (said Judah to Jacob, nesses. Of how much sorer punishment, supspeaking of. Joseph) asked his servants, saying, pose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath Have ye a father or a brother? Ge. xliv. trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath 14. 19.
counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith . 8 Shalt thou indeed reign over us?] See he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath terse 4. · And "he" ("the Hebrew") said, done despite unto the Spirit of grace? He. X. Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? 28, 29. Intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the. 9 Another dream.] See verse 7. And JoEgyptian? And Moses feared, and said, seph said unto Pharaoh, The dream of Pharaoh Surely this thing is known. Ex. ii. 14. The is one : God hath shewed Pharaoh what he is children of Belial said (of Saul), How shall about to do : and for that the dream was this man save us? And they despised him, doubled unto Pharaoh twice; it is because and brought him no presents. 1 Sa. X. 27. the thing is established by God, and God will Eliab's anger was kindled against David (his shortly bring it to pass. Ge. xli. 25. 32. brother), and he said, Why camest thou down The sun and the moon. And his father hither ? and with whom hast thou left those rebuked “him" ("Joseph"), and said unto few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy him, Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren pride and the naughtiness of thine heart, for indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee thou art come down that thou mightest see to the earth? Ge. xxxvii. 10. And they the battle (in which Goliath defied the armies (Joseph's brethren) answered him, Thy ser. of Israel). 1 $a. xvii. 28. The kings of the vant our father is in good health, he is yet earth set themselves, and the rulers take alive ; and they bowed down their heads, and counsel together, against the Lord, and against made obeisance. Ge. xliii. 28. And Judah his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands and his brethren came to Joseph's house; for asunder, and cast away their cords from us. he was yet there : and they fell before him on He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the ground. My lord asked his servants, the Lord shall have them in derision. Then saying, Have ye a father, or a brother? Ge. shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and xliv. 14. 19. Haste ye, and go up to my
10 the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me. And he
told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast
dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come 11 to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth? And his brethren 12 envied him; but his father observed the saying. And his brethren
father (said Joseph to his brethren), and say and all they that despised thee shall bow unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and hath made me lord of all Egypt; come down they shall call thee, The city of the Lord, The unto me, tarry not. Ge. xlv. 9. And Joseph Zion of the Holy One of Israel. Is. Ix. 14 made ready his chariot, and went up to meet At the name of Jesus every knee should bow, Israel his father to Goshen, and presented of things in heaven, and things in earth, and himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, things under the earth; and that every tongue and wept on his neck a good while. Ge. xlvi. should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to 29. And Joseph nourished his father, and the glory of God the Father. Phi. ii. 10, 11. his brethren, and all his father's houshold, 11 Envied him.) He (Isaac) had possession with bread, according to their families. Ge. of flocks, and possession of herds, and great xlvii. 12. And they (Joseph's brethren) sent store of servants; and the Philistines envied a messenger to Joseph, saying, Thy father him. And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go did command before he died, saying, So shall from us, for thou art much mightier than we. ye say unto Joseph: Forgive, I pray thee Ge. xxvi. 14. 16. They envied Moses also now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their in the camp, and Aaron the saint of the Lord. sin, for they did unto thee evil; and now, we Ps. cvi. 16. I considered all travail, and pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants every right work, that for this a man is of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept envied of his neighbour. Ec. iv. 4. The when they spake unto him. Now therefore, envy also of Ephraim shall depart in the fear ye not (said Joseph), I will nourish you, peaceable kingdom of the Branch), and the and your little ones; and he comforted them, adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim and spake kindly unto them. Ge. I. 15. 21. shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not The patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph vex Ephraim. Is. xi. 13. Lord, when thy into Egypt; but God was with him, and de- hand is lifted up they will not see ; but they livered him out of all his afflictions, and gave shall see, and be ashamed for their envy at him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pha- the people; yea, the fire of thine enemies raoh, king of Egypt; and he made him go- shall devour them. Is. xxvi. 11. For he vernor over Egypt, and all his house. Now (Pilate) knew that for envy they (the Jers) there came a dearth over all the land of Egypt had delivered him (Jesus). Mat. xxvii. 18. For and Chanaan, and great affliction, and our he knew that the chief priests had delivered fathers found no sustenance. But when Ja- him for envy. Mar. xv. io. The patriarchs, cob heard that there was corn in Egypt, he moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt sent out our fathers first; and at the second Ac. vii. 9. But when the Jews saw the multime Joseph was made known to his brethren, titudes they were filled with envy, and spake and Joseph's kindred was made known unto against those things which were spoken by Pharaoh. Then sent Joseph, and called his Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. dc. father Jacob to him, and all his kindred, three xiii. 45. (Among the works of the flesh are) score and fifteen souls. Ac. vii. 9–14. envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings,
Stars made obeisance.) And “it” (“ the and such like: of the which I tell you before, little horn," in Daniel's vision of the ram and as I have also told you in time past, that they he-goat) waxed great, even to the host of which do such things shall not inherit the heaven; and it cast down some of the host kingdom of God. Ga. v. 21. We ourselves and of the stars to the ground, and stamped also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, &c. upon them. Da. viii. 10. Do all things &c. living in malice and envy, hateful, and without murmurings and disputings, that ye hating one another. Ti. iii. 3. If ye have may be blameless and harmless, without re- bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory buke in the midst of a crooked and perverse not, and lie not against the truth; for where nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the envying and strife is, there is confusion, and world. Phi. ii. 14, 15. .
every evil work. Ja. iii. 14. 16. Do yo 10 Shall I and thy mother, &c.] Let people think, then, that the Scripture saith in vain, serve thee, and nations bow down to thee (said The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy Isaac to Jacob); be lord over thy brethren, Ja. iv. 5. and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee. Observed the saying.) And the man (Abra Ge. xxvii. 29. The sons also of them that ham's servant), wondering at “her” ("Reafflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; bekah”), held his peace, to wit whether the