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and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar. And it came to 22 pass, when Israel dwelt in that land, that Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine: and Israel heard it. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve: The sons of Leah ; Reuben, Jacob's 23 firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar and Zebulun: The sons of Rachel; Joseph, and Benjamin: And the 24 sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid; Dan, and Naphtali: And the 25 sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid ; Gad, and Asher: these are the 26 sons of Jacob, which were born to him in Padan-aram. And 27 Jacob came unto Isaac his father unto Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, which is Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac sojourned.

into a great pit in the wood, and laid a very names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. great heap of stones upon him. Now Absalom Re. xxi. 14. in his lifetime had taken and reared up for 23 The sons of Leah.] See chap. xxix. 32 himself a pillar, which is in the king's dale, -35. Ge. XXX. 18—20. xxxiii. 2. and xlvi, for he said, I have no son to keep my name 8–15. in remembrance: and he called the pillar 2 4 The sons of Rachel.] See ver. 16. 18. after his own name, and it is called unto this chap. xxx. 22–24. and Gen. xlvi. 19-22. day Absalom's place. 2 Sa. xviii. 17, 18. 25 The sons of Bilhah.] See chap. xxx.

21 The tower of Edar.] And thou, o 4–8. xxxvii. 2. and xlvi. 23-25. tower of the flock (the church of Christ), the 26 The sons of Zilpah, &c.] See chap. xxx. strong hold of the daughter of Zion, unto 9–13. and xlvi. 16–18. thee shall it come, even the first dominion: In Padan-aram.] (Except Benjamin). See the kingdom shall come to the daughter of ver. 18. chap. xxv. 20. xxviii. 2. and xxxi. Jerusalem. Mi. iv. 8. And there was in 18. the same country shepherds abiding in the 27 Jacob came unto Isaac, &c.] Now, field, keeping watch over their flock by night. therefore, my son, obey my voice, and arise, Lu. ii. 8.

flee thou (Jacob) to Laban, “my” (Rebe22 Lay with Bilhah, &c.] Reuben (said kak's”) brother, to Haran, and tarry with him Jacob), thou art unstable as water: thou shalt a few days, until thy brother's (Esau's) anger not excel, because thou wentest up to thy turn away from thee. Then I will send and father's bed. Ge. xlix. 4. The nakedness of fetch thee from thence. Ge. xxvii. 43–45. thy father's wife shalt thou not uncover: it is And Isaac sent away Jacob, and he went to thy father's nakedness. Le. xviii. 8. Foras Padan-aram, unto Laban, son of Bethuel, the much as he (Ruben) defiled his father's bed, Syrian, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and his birthright was given unto the sons of Esau's mother. Ge. xxviii. 5. Joseph, the son of Israel, and the genealogy Mamre.] See chap. xiii. 18, and com. And is not to be reckoned after the birthright. unto Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, he gave a 1 Ch. v. 1. It is reported commonly that part among the children of Judah, according there is fornication among you, and such for- to the commandment of the Lord to Joshua, nication as is not so much as named among the even the city of Arba the father of Anak, Gentiles : that one should have his father's which city is Hebron. Jos. xv. 13. And wife. I Co. v. 1.

“they" ("the children of Israel") gave“them" Now the sons, &c.] See De. xxxiii. through- (the Levites") the city of Arba the father of out; Jos. xiii. xxi, throughout. These are Anak, which city is Hebron, in the hill country the sons of Israel ; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, of Judah. Jos. xxi. 11. And David said (to and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun, Dan, the Lord), Whither shall I go up ? and he Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, 'and said, Unto Hebron. 2 Sa. ii. 1. So David Asher. I Ch. ii. 1, 2. See i Ch. xii. 23—40. went up thither, and they dwelt in the cities of xxvii. 16-22. Ezr. xlviii. throughout. Abra- Hebron. And the time that David was king ham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the in Hebron, over the house of Judah, was seven eighth day, and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob years and six months. 2 Sa. ii. 3. 11. Then begat the twelve Patriarchs. Ac. vii. 8. I came all the tribes of Israel to David, unto heard the number of them that were sealed, Hebron; so all the elders of Israel came to and there were sealed an hundred and forty the king to Hebron. And king David made and four thousand of all the tribes of the a league with them in Hebron before the Lord. children of Israel, &c. &c. Re. vii. 4-8. And they anointed David king over Israel ; And the wall of the city (the new Jerusalem) in Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years had twelve foundations, and in them the and six months; and in Jerusalem he reigned

28 And the days of Isaac were an hundred and fourscore years. 29 And Isaac gave up the ghost, and died, and was gathered unto his

people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

CHAPTER XXXVI.

1 Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. Esau 2 took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of

Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the 3 daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; And Bashemath Ishmael's daugh4 ter, sister of Nebajoth. And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and 5 Bashemath bare Reuel; And Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam,

thirty and three years over all Israel and and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as Judah. 2 Sa. v. 1. 3. 5.

the stars of heaven, and as the sand which is 28 An hundred and fourscore years, &c.] upon the sea shore. Ge. xxi. 17. See Ge. XXV. These are the days of the years of Abraham's 24-34; xxvii. 35–41; xxxii. 3—7. And life, which he lived, an hundred threescore Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the and fifteen years. Ge. xxv. 7. And Jacob king of Edom : thus saith thy brother Israel, lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years : 80 Behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the utterthe whole age of Jacob was an hundred and most of thy border ; let us pass, I pray thee, forty and seven years. Ge. xlvii. 28. So Jo through thy country. And Edom said, Thou seph died, being an hundred and ten years shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against old. Ge. 1. 26.

thee with the sword. And the children of Israel 29 Gave up the ghost.] Dust thou art, and said unto him, We will go by the high way; unto dust shalt thou return. Ge. iii. 19. and he said, Thou shalt not go through. Thus Thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou Edom refused to give Israel passage through shalt be buried in a good old age. Ge. xv. 15. his border; wherefore Israel turned away And Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in from him. Nu. xx. 14-24 Thou shalt a good old age (having lived an hundred and not abhor an Edomite ; for he is thy brother, threescore years), an old man, and full of years. De. xxiii. 7. The sons of Esau ; Eliphaz, And these are the years of Ishmael, an hun- Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. dred and thirty and seven years, and he gave 1 Ch. i. 35. Who is this that cometh from up the ghost and died. Ge. xxv. 8. 17. When Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this Isaac was old and his eyes were dim, so that that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in he could not see, he said (unto Esau), Behold his strength ? I that speak in righteousness, now I am old, I know not the day of my death, mighty to save. Is. Ixiii. 1. Thus saith the Ge. xxvii. 1, 2. And when Jacob had made Lord God, Because that Edom hath dealt an end of commanding his sons, he gathered against the house of Judah by taking vengeup his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ance, and hath greatly offended and revenged ghost. Ge. xlix. 33. Thou shalt come to himself upon them: therefore, I will also thy grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn stretch out my hand upon Edom. Ez. XI. cometh in his season. Job v. 26. Man goeth 12, 13. to his long home, and the mourners go about 2 Took his wives, &c.) And "he" (" Noak") the streets. Then shall the dust return to said, Cursed be Canaan (the son of Ham, toko the earth as it was, and the spirit shall return saw the nakedness of his father); a servant of unto God who gave it. Ec. xii. 5. 7.

servants shall he be unto his brethren Ge. His sons Esau and Jacob, &c.] Abraham ix. 25. And Esau was forty years old when buried his wife in the cave of the field of he took to wife Judith, the daughter of Beeri Machpelah : and the field, and the cave that is the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a Elon the Hittite: which were a grief of mind possession of a burying-place by the sons of unto Isaac and to Rebekah. Ge. xxvi. 34,35. Heth. Ge. xxiii. 19, 20. The days of mourn- See Ge. xxvii. 46. ing for my father (Isaac) are at hand (said Adah.] See chap. xxvi. 34. Esau). Ge. xxvii. 41.

Aholibamah.) And the children of Anah sene

these; Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter Chap. XXXVI.-) Generations, &c.] In of Anah. Ge, xxxvi. 25. See chap. xxvi. 37, &c. blessing I will bless “thee" (" Abraham"); 3 See chap. xxv. 13. and xxviii. 9.

and Korah : these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan. And Esau took his wives, and his 6 sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan ; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. For their riches were more than that they 7 might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. Thus dwelt Esau in 8 mount Seir: Esau is Edom. And these are the generations of 9 Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir: These are the 10 names of Esau's sons; Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau. And the sons of 11 Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. And Timpa was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare 12 to Eliphaz Amalek : these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife. And these are the sons of Reuel ; Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, 13 and Mizzah: these were the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife. And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah the 14 daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. These were dukes of the sons of Esau: 15

5 In the land of Canaan.] See verse 6, and And when they had made an end of the inhachap. xxxv. 29.

bitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy 6 Persons of his house.] Javan, Tubal, another. (Having attacked Judah, they were and Meshech, they were thy merchants (Tyre). overthrown by Jehoshaphat.) 2 Ch. xx. 10. 23. They traded the persons of men and vessels Son of man, set thy face against mount Seir, of brass in thy market. Ez. Xxvii. 13. No and prophesy against it. Because thou hast man buyeth “her” (Babylon's ") mer- had a perpetual hatred, and hast shed the chandise any more ; of cinnamon, and odours, blood of the children of Israel, I will prepare and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, thee unto blood, even blood shall pursue thee. &c. &c. and slaves, and souls of men. Re. Thus will I make mount Seir most desolate, xviii. 13.

and cut off from it him that passeth out, and Went into the country.) And the land was him that returneth. Ex. xxxv. 2. 5. 7. I not able to bear them that they might dwell hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his together, for their substance was great, so heritage waste, for the dragons of the wilderthat they could not dwell together. Then ness. Mal. i. 3. Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan, and Esau is Edom.] See verse 1. Lot journeyed east. And “they" (" Abram 9 The Edomites.] The firstborn (of Lot's and Lot") separated the one from the other. daughters) bare a son, and called his name Ge. xlii. 6. 11. I will give unto thee, and thy Moab; the same is the father of the Moabites seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a unto this day. Ge. xix. 37. stranger. Ge. xvii. 8. and xxviii. 4. And 10 Eliphaz, &c.] See verse 3, 4. The Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his sons of Esau ; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and brother, unto the land of Seir, the country of Jaalam, and Korah. 1 Ch. i. 35. Edom. Ge. xxxij. 3.

11 Zepho.] See verse 15, 16. The sons of 7 See preced. com.

Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, 8 Mount Seir.] These are the sons of Seir Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek. 1 Ch, i. 36. the Horite, who inhabited the land, &c. &c. See last com. Ge. xxxvi. 20. xiv. 7. and xxxii. 3, and com. 12 Timna.] The children of Lotan were Some of them (who sought pasture for their Hori and Hemam; and Lotan's sister was flocks), even of the sons of Simeon, five hun- Timna. Ge. xxxvi. 22. See preced. com. dred men, went to mount Seir. 1 Ch. iv. 42. 13 These are the sons, &c.] See verse 17. Now, behold, the children of Ammon, and The sons of Reuel ; Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, Moab, and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest and Mizzah. 1 Ch. i. 37. not let Israel invade, when they came out of 14 See verse 17, and preced. com. the land of Egypt. The children of Ammon 1 5 Dukes of the sons of Esau.] See verse and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of 18, and 1 Ch. i. 35. preced. com. mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy them.

the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau ; duke Teman, duke 16 Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and

duke Amalek: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the 17 land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah. And these are the

sons of Reuel Esau's son ; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Sham. mah, duke Mizzah : these are the dukes that came of Reuel in

the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife. 18 And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife ; duke Jeush,

duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of 19 Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife. These are the 20 sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes. These are

the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land; Lotan, and 21 Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, And Dishon, and Ezer, and

Dishan: these are the dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir 22 in the land of Edom. And the children of Lotan were Hori and 23 Heman; and Lotan's sister was Timna. And the children of

Shobal were these; Alvan, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and 24 Onam. And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and

Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness,

23. Heman; and Edom. Andes of the Horiteshon, and Eren

The sons of Eliphaz.] Their seed is estab- 17 Reuel.] See verse 4. 13. lished in their sight with them, and their off- 18 See verses 5. 14. spring before their eyes. Job xxi. 8. I have 19 See verse 1. seen the wicked in great power, and spreading 20 Seir the Horite.] See verse 2. 22. 30. himself like a green bay tree. Ps. xxxvii. 35. And the Horites in their mount Seir (* were

Duke Teman.] See verse 4. 11, 12. See smote by Chedorlaomer, and the kings that sere 1 Ch. i. 36. 45. 51. 53. Now when Job's three with him"), unto El-paran, which is by the friends heard of all this evil that was come wilderness. Ge. xiv. 6. The Horims also upon him, they came every one from his own dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Esau succeeded them, when they had deShuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite; for they stroyed them from before them, and dwelt in had made an appointment together to come to their stead; as Israel did unto the land of his mourn with him, and to comfort him. Job ii. possession, which the Lord gave unto him. 11. Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered As he did to the children of Esau, which dwelt and said. Job iv. 1. Concerning Edom, thus in Seir, when he destroyed the Horims from saith the Lord of hosts, Is wisdom no more in before them; and they succeeded them, and Teman ? Is counsel perished from the pru- dwelt in their stead. De. ii. 12. 22. See dent? Is their wisdom vanished? There- Ch. i. 38–42. fore hear the counsel of the Lord that he hath 22 See verse 12. taken against Edom, and his purposes that he Heman.) And the sons of Lotan; Hori, hath purposed against the inhabitants of and Homam : and Timna was Lotan's sister. Teman. Surely the least of the flock shall 1 Ch. i. 39. draw them out; surely he shall make their 23 Alvan, &c.] The sons of Shobal; Alian, habitations desolate with them. Je. xlix. 7. 20. and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. I will also stretch out mine hand against Edom, 1 Ch. i. 40. and will cut off man and beast from it, and 24 Found the mules.] Ye shall keep my will make it desolate from Teman. Ez. xxv. statutes, thou shalt not let thy cattle gender 13. I will send a fire upon Teman which with a diverse kind. Le. xix. 19. The shall devour the palaces of Bozrah. Am. i. 12. Emims dwelt “there" (" in Moab") in times And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dis- past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the mayed, to the end that every one of the mount Anakims. De. ii. 10. The servants of Abof Esau may be cut off by slaughter. Obad. 9. salom did unto Amnon as Absalom had comGod came from Teman, and the Holy One manded. Then all the king's (David's) sons from mount Paran. Habak. iii. 3.

arose, and every man gat him upon his mule, 16 Dukes that came of Eliphaz.] The dukes and fled. 2 Sa. xiii. 29. And Absalom rode of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men upon a mule, and the mule went under the of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; thick boughs of a great oak, and his head all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away. caught hold of the oak, and he was taken ap Ex. xv. 15.

between the heaven and the earth; and the

as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father. And the children of Anah 25 were these; Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, and Eshban, and 26 Ithran, and Cheran. The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and 27 Zaavan, and Akan. The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and 28 Aran. These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke 29 Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah, Duke Dishon, duke 30 Ezer, duke Dishan : these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir. And these are the kings 31

mule that was under him went away. 2 Sa. by me (in the vision). He told “me" (" Daxviii. 9. So Zadok the priest, and Nathan niel"), These great beasts, which are four, are the prophet, &c. &c. caused Solomon to ride four kings, which shall arise out of the earth. apon king David's mule, and brought him to Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the Gihon. And Zadok the priest, and Nathan fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be the prophet (said Jonathan), &c. &c. have diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour caused “him" (" Solomon") to ride upon the the whole earth, and shall tread it down and king's mule. l Ki. i. 38. 44. Barley also break it in pieces. Da. vii. 17. 23. and straw for the horses and dromedaries, 31 These are the kings, &c.] See Ge. xvii. brought "they" ("Solomon's officers") unto the 6. 16; xxv. 23. And Moses sent messengers place where the officers were, every man ac- from Kadesh unto the king of Edom. Thus cording to his charge. 1 Ki. iv. 28. And so saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the shall be the plague of the horse, of the mule, travel that hath befallen us. Nu. xx. 14. I shall of the camel, and of the ass, and of all the see him (said Balaam), but not now; I shall beasts that shall be in these tents (of Jerusa- behold him, but not nigh; there shall come a lem's enemies), as this plague (of Jerusalem). star out of Jacob, and a sceptre shall rise out of Zec. xiv. 15.

Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and 25 Anah.] See verse 2. 5. 14. 18; also I destroy all the children of Sheth. Nu. xxiv, Ch. i. 41.

17. And Edom shall be a possession, Seir 26 Hemdan. The sons of Anah; Dishon. also shall be a possession for his enemies; and And the sons of Dishon; Amram, and Eshban, Israel shall do valiantly. Nu. xxiv. 18. When and Ithran, and Cheran. 1 Ch. i. 41.

thou art come unto the land which the Lord 27 Ezer.] See verse 21. And the sons of thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and Seir; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and shall dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a Anah, and Dishon, and Ezar, and Dishan. king over me like as all the nations that are I Ch. i. 38.

about me. Thou shalt in any wise set him Akan.] The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and king over thee, whom the Lord thy God shall Zavan, and Jakan. 1 Ch. i. 42.

choose. And it shall be with him, that his 28 Uz. There was a man in the land of heart be not lifted up above his brethren; and Uz, whose name was Job. Job i. I. All the that he turn not aside from the commandkings of the land of Uz (were made with other ment, to the right hand or to the left, to the nations to drink the winecup of God's fury). end that he may prolong his days in his kingJe. xxv. 20. Rejoice and be glad, O daughter dom, he and his children, in the midst of of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz. Israel. De. xvii. 14. 19, 20. And he (Moses) The cup also shall pass through unto thee; was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the thou shalt be drunken, and shalt make thyself people and the tribes of Israel were gathered naked. La. iv. 21.

together. Happy art thou, O Israel! Who 29 The Horites.] See verses 20. 28. and 1 is like unto thee, O people, saved by the Ch. i. 41. 42.

Lord, the shield of thy help, and who is the 30 Dukes in the land of Seir.) And he sword of thy excellency! and thine enemies (Jehoida the priest) took the rulers over hun- shall be found liars unto thee, and thou shalt dreds, and the captains, and the guard, and tread upon their high places. De. xxxiii. 5. all the people of the land; and they brought 29. Now these are the kings that reigned in down the king (Jehoash) from the house of the kingdom of Edom, before any king the Lord; and came by the way of the gate of reigned over the children of Israel : Bela the the guard to the king's house, and he sat on son of Beor ; Jobab the son of Zerah ; Husham the throne of the kings. 2 Ki. xi. 19. And of the land of the Temanites; Hadad the son it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre of Bedad; Samlah of Masrekah; Shaul of shall be forgotten seventy years, according to Rehoboth; Baal-hanan the son of Achbor. the days of one king: after the end of seventy And when Baal-hanan was dead, Hadad years shall Tyre sing as an harlot. Is. xxiii, reigned in his stead. 1 Ch. i. 43–50. 15. I came near unto one of them that stood

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