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a living soul. And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in 8 Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. And out 9 of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from JO thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of 11 the first is Pison : that is it which compasseth the whole land of
A living soul, &c.] And they (Moses and of Eden, to dress it and to keep it. Gen. ii. daron) fell upon their faces, and said, O God, 15. the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one 9 Every tree, &c.] The cedars in the garman (" Korak") sin, and wilt thou be wroth den of God could not hide " him" (the Assywith all the congregation ? Numb. xvi. 22. rian ;) nor any tree in the garden of God was Let the Lord, (said Moses), the God of the like unto him in his beauty. All the trees of spirits of all flesh, set a man (Joshua) over the Eden that were in the garden of God envied congregation! Numb. xxvii. 16. The spirit him. Ezek. xxxi. 8, 9. al man in the candle of the Lord, searching all The tree of life, &c.] And now, lest he the inward parts. Prov. xx. 27. (The Lord) (Adam) put forth his hand, and take also of forreth the spirit of man within him. Zech. the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever, vil 1. And so it is written, the first man, therefore the Lord God sent him forth from Adia, was made a living soul. I Cor. xv. 45. the garden of Eden, &c. Gen. iii. 22. She Shall we not be in subjection unto the Father (wisdom) is a tree of life to them that lay hold of spirits and live? Heb. xii. 9.
upon her. Prov. iii. 18. The fruit of the 8 A garden, &c.] And Lot lifted up his righteous is a tree of life. Prov. xi. 30. And eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that by the river (of holy waters) shall grow all it was well watered every where, before the trees for meat. It shall bring forth new fruit; Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah ; even and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and as the garden of the Lord. Gen. xiii. 10. the leaf for medicine. Ezek. xlvii. 12. I Thou (" Son of Man") hast been in Eden, the am the bread of life (said Jesus). John vi. 48. garden of God. Ezek. xxviii. 13. The cedars To him that overcometh, (saith Christ), will I in the garden of God could not hide “him,” give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the (* the Assyrian"'). I have made him fair by midst of the Paradise of God. Rev. ii. 7. In the multitude of his branches : so that all the the midst of the street of it, (the heavenly Jerutrees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, salem), and on either side of the river, was envied bim. Ezek. xxxi. 8, 9. A fire devour- there the tree of life: and the leaves of the tree eth before them, (the " locusts") and behind were for the healing of the nations. Blessed them a flame burneth. The land is as the are they that do his (God's) commandments, garden of Eden before them; and behind that they may have right to the tree of life. them a desolate wilderness. Joel ii. 3.
Rev. xxii. 2. 14. Eastward, &c.] So he (God) drove out the The tree of knowledge, &c.) But of the tree man: and he placed at the east of the garden of the knowledge of good and evil, thou (Adam) of Eden, cherubims, and a flaming sword shalt not eat of it (said God). Gen. ii. 17. But which turned every way, to keep the way of of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the tree of life. Gen. iii. 24. And Cain went the garden, God hath said, ye shall not eat of out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye (Adam and in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. Gen. Eve) die. Gen. iii. 3. And it shall be our iv. 16. Have the gods of the nations delivered righteousness, if we observe to do all these the cbildren of Eden, which were in Thela- commandments before the Lord our God, as sar? 2 Kings xix. 12. Haran, and Canneh, he hath commanded us. Deut. vi. 25. (I am and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Ashur, the Lord) that turneth wise men backward, and Chilmad, were thy (the city of Tyre's) mer- and maketh their knowledge foolish. Isa. xliv. chants. Ezek. xxvii. 23. I made the nations 25. Thy wisdom (Babylon's) and thy knowto shake at the sound of his (the Assyrian's) ledge, it hath perverted thee. Isa. xlvii. 10. fall: and all the trees of Eden shall be com- Knowledge puffeth up. I Cor. viii. 1. forted in the nether parts of the earth. To 10 A river, &c.] There is a river, the whom art thou (the Assyrian) thus like in streams whereof shall make glad the city of glory and in greatness among the trees of God. Ps. xlvi. 4. And he shewed me a pure Eden? Yet shalt thou be brought down with river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceedthe trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the ing out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. earth. Ezek. xxxi. 16. 18.
Rev. xxii. 1. Prut the man, &c.] And the Lord God 1 Havilah.) And the sons of Cush ; Seba, took the man, and put him in the garden and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and
12 Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good : 13 there is bdellium and the onyx stone. And the name of the second
river is Gihon : the same is it that compasseth the whole land of 14 Ethiopia. And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it
which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is 15 Euphrates. And the Lord God took the man, and put him into 16 the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. And the Lord God
commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou 17 mayest freely eat : But of the tree of the knowledge of good and
evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest 18 thereof thou shalt surely die. And the Lord God said, It is not
Sabtecha. And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jo- most sea, shall your coast be. Deut. xi. 24. bab; all these were the sons of Joktan. Gen. x. (I heard a voice), saying to the sixth angel 7. 29. And they (Ishmael's people) dwelt from which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels, Havilah to Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou which are bound in the great river Euphrates. goest toward Assyria. Gen. xxv. 18. And Rev. ix. 14. Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah, until 15 The man, &c.] (Or “ Adam.") If I thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt. (Job) covered my transgressions as Adam, by 1 Sam. xv. 7.
hiding mine iniquity in my bosom; did I fear 12 Onyx.] And the fourth row of the a great multitude ? &c. Job xxxi. 33, 34. breast-plate of judgment shall be) a beryl, and Put him, &c.] (See verse 8). For thou shalt an onyx, and a jasper. Exod. xxviii. 20. And eat the labour of thine hands: happy shall the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. thou (who fearest the Lord) be; and it shall be Exod. xxxix. 13. “It” (“ wisdom") cannot well with thee. Ps. cxxviii. 2. Let him labe valued with the gold of Ophir, with the bour, working with his hands the thing which precious onyx or the sapphire. Job xxviii. 16. is good, that he may have to give to him that Every precious stone was thy covering (Son of needeth. Ephes. iv. 28. Man:) the sardine, topaz, and the diamond; 16 Commanded, &c.] Behold, to obey is the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper ; the sap- better than sacrifice, and to hearken, than the phire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and fat of rams. 1 Sam. xv. 22. gold. Ezek. xxviii. 13.
Thou mayest freely eat, &c.] And “he" 13 Ethiopia.) And the sons of Ham (were), (" the serpent") said unto the woman, Yea, Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree Gen. x. 6. And it shall come to pass, in of the garden? And the woman said unto the that day, that the Lord shall set his hand serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees again the second time, to recover the remnant of the garden ; but of the fruit of the tree which of his people, which shall be left from Cush, is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, and from Elam, and from Shinar, &c. Isa. xi. Ye shall not eat of it, &c. Gen. iii. 1, 2, 3. 1 .
Freely eat, &c.] Every creature of God is 14 Hiddekel.] And in the four-and-twen- good, and nothing to be refused, if it be retieth day of the first month, as I (Daniel) wasceived with thanksgiving; for it is sanctified by the side of the great river which is Hidde- by the word of God and prayer. 1 Tim. iv. 4, kel; then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, 5. (Trust) in the living God, who giveth us and, behold, a certain man clothed in linen richly all things to enjoy. I Tim. vi. 17. Dan. X. 4, 5.
17 Of the tree, &c.] (See verse 9.) And Assyria.] Out of that land went forth “he" (« God") said, Who told thee that thou Ashur, and builded Nineveh. The children wast naked ? Hast thou eaten of the tree of Shem (are), Elam, and Ashur, and Ar- whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. Gen. x. 11. 22. est not eat? And unto Adam he said, BeAnd they (the sons of Ishmael) dwelt from cause thou hast hearkened unto the voice of Havilah unto Shur. Gen. xxv. 18.
thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree of which I Euphrates.] Unto thy seed (Abraham's) commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat have I (Jehovah) given this land, from the of it, &c. Gen. iii. il. 17. river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Thou shalt surely die, &c.] of the fruit Euphrates. Gen. xv. 18. Turn you, and take of the tree which is in the midst of the your journey, (said God by Moses to Israel), garden, (said Eve to the serpent), God and go unto the great river, the river Eu- hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, lest ye phrates. Deut. i. 7. Every place whereon the die. Gen. iii. 3. And God said unto soles of your feet shall tread, shall be yours. “ him," (" Abimelech"), If thou restore " her" From the wilderness, and Lebanon, from the (“ Sarah") not, know thou, that thou shalt river, the river Euphrates, even unto the utter- surely die. Gen, xx. 7. For the Lord had
good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet
said of them, (who were numbered in Sinai), revived and I die; for sin, taking occasion by They shall surely die in the wilderness. Numb. the commandment, deceived me, and by it Ixvi. 65. Cursed be he that confirmeth not slew me; and the commandment which was all the words of this law to do them. Deut. ordained to life, I found to be unto death. XXVİL. 26. For as the Lord liveth, which was then that which is good made death unto saveth Israel, though " it" (" this sin," of eat- me? Rom. vii. 9. 11. 10. 13. For the law ing food on the day of battle against the Philis- of the spirit of life, in Christ Jesus, hath made tises) be in Jonathan my son, (said Saul), he me free from the law of sin and death. Rom. shall surely die. Thou shalt surely die, Jona- viii. 2. For as in Adam all die, even so in than. 1 Sam. xiv. 39. 44. Wherefore, now Christ shall all be made alive. The sting of send and fetch him (the son of Jesse) unto me, death is sin. 1 Cor. xv. 22. 56. For as many (said Saul) for he shall surely die. 1 Sam. as are of the works of the law, are under the IL. 31. And the "king" ("Saul") said, thou curse : for it is written, Cursed is every one shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou and all thy that continueth not in all things which are father's house. 1 Sam. xxii. 16. For it shall written in the book of the law, to do them. be said Solomon) that on the day thou (Shimei) Gal. iii. 10. You hath he quickened who were guest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, dead in trespasses and sins. Eph. ii. 1. thou shalt know, for certain, that thou shalt Awake thou that sleepest, arise from the dead, surely die. And the king sent and called for and Christ shall give the light. Eph. v. 14. Shimei, and said (again) unto him, Did I not And you being dead in your sins, hath he make thee swear by the Lord, and protested quickened together with “him," (“ Christ") unto thee, saying, Know for a certain, on the having forgiven you all trespasses. "Col. ii. 13. day thou goest out, and walkest abroad any She ("the widow") that liveth in pleasure is whither, that thou shalt surely die. 1 Kings dead, while she liveth. 1 Tim. v. 6. Sin, ii. 37. 42. And the prophets and all the when it is finished, bringeth forth death. people took "him" (" Jeremiah"), saying, Thou James i. 15. There is a sin unto death. I John shalt surely die. Jer. xxvi. 8. When I (God) v. 16. He that overcometh shall not be hurt say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die, of the second death. Rev. ii. 11. Blessed and thou (son of man, Ezekiel,) givest him not and holy is he that hath part in the first rewarning, the same wicked man shall die in surrection, on such the second death hath no his iniquity, but his blood will I require at power. And death and hell were cast into thine hand. Again, when a righteous man the lake of fire. This is the second death. doth turn from his righteousness (“righteous. Rev. xx. 6. 14. But the fearful, and unbenesses"') and commit iniquity, and I lay a lieving, and the abominable, and murderers, stumbling-block before him, he shall die: be- and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolacause thou hast not given him warning, he ters, and all liars, shall have their part in the shall die in his sin, and his righteousness lake which burneth with fire and brimstone, which he hath done shall not be remembered, which is the second death. Rev. xxi, 8. but his blood will I require at thine hand. 18 Good, &c.] See chap. i. 31. The woman Ezek. iii. 18. 20. The soul that sinneth it whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me shall die. He, (who hath given forth upon of the tree and I did eat. Gen. iji. 12. Then
sury and hath taken increase) shall surely die. Naomi, her mother-in-law, said unto “her” I have no pleasure in the death of him that (“ Ruth"), my daughter, shall I not seek rest dieth, saith the Lord God. Ezek. xviii. 4. 13. for thee, that it may be well with thee? Ruth 32. O wicked man, thou shalt surely die. iii. 1. Whoso findeth a wife, findeth a good Ezek. xxxii. 8. 14. They which commit thing, and obtaineth favour of the Lord. Prov. such things (being filled with all unrighteous- xviii. 22. Two are better than one. And if ness) are worthy of death. Rom. i. 32. As one prevail against him, two shall withstand by one man sin entered into the world, and him. Eccl. iv. 9. 12. But if any man think death by sin, so death passed upon all men, that he behaveth himself uncomely toward his for that all have sinned. Rom. v. 12. That virgin, let them marry. I Cor. vii. 36. as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might I will make him, &c.] (See verse 18.) For grace reign through righteousness unto eter- as the woman is of the man, even so is the nal life by Jesus Christ our Lord. Rom. v. 21. man also by the woman, but all things of Know ye not, that to whom ye yield your- God. 1 Cor. xi. 12. Let the woman learn selves servants to obey, his servants ye are to in silence with all subjection. 1 Tim. ii. 11. whom ye obey, whether of sin, unto death, or For Adam was first formed, then Eve. 1 Tim. of obedience unto righteousness? The wages ii. 13. Likewise ye husbands dwell with of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal “ them” (“your wives"), according to knowlife, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Rom. vi. ledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto 16. 23. For I was alive without the law the weaker vessel, as being heirs together of once, but when the commandment came, sin the grace of life. 1 Pet. iii. 7.
19 for him. And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast
of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto
Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam 20 called every living creature, that was the name thereof. And
Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and
to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found 21 an help meet for him. And the Lord God caused a deep sleep
to fall upon Adam, and be slept: and he took one of his ribs, 22 and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which the
Lord God had taken from man, made be a woman, and brought 23 her unto the man. And Adam said. This is now bone of my
bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, be24 cause she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave
his father and his mother, and shall cleare unto his wife: and
19 Out of the ground, &c.) See chap i .l. Te ere may brethren (said Dærid to the
elders of Josa, ye are my bones and my Brought them, &c.] See verses 22. 23. fesh. And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of and (chap. i 26. 2.) Of fow is after their EY bode and of my fesh! 2 Sam. xix. 12, 13. kind and of castle after their kind, and of We are Dentbers of his (Christ's) body, of his every creeping thing of the earth after his flesh, and of his bodes Epkes. v. 30.
(said God to Nocuk) to keep them alive. Gen van leave his father and mother and shall vi. 20.
cleave unto his wife : and they shall be one 20 Bad for Adam, &c.] (See verse 18, and flesh. Gen. ii. 24. Commentary.)
Woman, &c) For the man is not of the 21 A deep sleep, &c.] And when the sun woman, but the woman of the man. Neither was going down a deep sleep fell upon Abram, was the man created for the woman, but the and, ko, an horror of great darkness fell upon woman for the man. I Cor. xi. 8, 9. bim. Gen u. 12. David took the spear 24 Leare, &c. And “they" (" her brother and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster, and her mother") called Rebekah, and said because a deep sleep from the Lord was fallen unto her, Wilt thou go with this man? And upon “ them' (upon * Saul and his men"). I she said, I will go. And they sent away ReSam. xxvi. 12. In thoughts from the visions bekah their sister, and her nurse, and Abraof the night, when deep sleep falleth on men, ham's servant and his men. Gen. xxiv. 58, fear came upon me. Job iv. 13. (God speak. 59. And Rachel and Leah answered and eth, in a dream, in a vision of the night, when said unto “ kim" *** Jacob), Is there yet any deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings portion or inheritance for us in our father's upon the bed. Job iwli. 15. Slothfulness house? Are we not counted of him strangers ? casteth into a deep sleep. Prov. xix. 15. Now Gen. xxxi. 14, 15. Hearken, o daughter, as he (Gabriel, sent by the Lord) was speak. and consider, and incline thine ear. Forget ing with "me" (" Daniel"), I was in a deep also thine own people and thy father's house. sleep on my face toward the ground, but he Ps. xlv. 10. touched me, and set me upright. Dan. viii. Cleave unto his wife, &c.] If the priest's 18.
daughter also be married unto a stranger, she 22 Made he, &c.] (Or“ builded"'). Except may not eat of an offering of the holy things. the Lord build the house, they labour in vain But if the priest's daughter be a widow, or that build it. Ps. cxxvii. I. Por Adam was divorced, and have no child, and is returned first formed, then Eve. 1 Tim. ii. 13. unto her father's house, as in her youth, she
Brought her, &c.] (See verse 19.) Whoso shall eat of her father's meat. Lev. xxii. 12, findeth a wife findeth a good thing. Prov. 13. But ye that did cleave unto the Lord xviii. 22. A prudent wife is from the Lord. your God are alive every one of you this day. Prov. xix. 14. Marriage is honourable in all, Deut. iv. 4. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy and the bed undefiled. Heb. xiii. 4.
God, him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt 23 Bone of my bones, &c.] And Laban thou cleave. Deut. x. 20. But cleave unto said to him (Jacob) surely thou art my bone the Lord your God, as ye have done unto this and my flesh. Gen. xxix. 14. Remember day. Josh. xxiji. 8. Ps. xlv. 10. A virtuous also that “I" (" Abimelech") am your (" the woman is a crown to her husband, but she Shechemites") bone and your flesh. Judges that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his ix. 2. Behold "we" (" the tribes of Israel") bones. Prov. xii. 4. Who can find a virtuous are thy (David's) bone and thy flesh. 2 Sam. woman? for her price is far above rubies.
they shall be one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and 25 his wife, and were not ashamed.
Now the serpent was more subtile than any beast of the field which
Pree. xxxi. 10. And (Barnabas) exhorted the people (who made the golden calf) were thern all that with purpose of heart they would naked, for Aaron had made them naked unto cleave unto the Lord. Acts xi. 23.
their shame among their enemies (those that They shall be one flesh.] Because the Lord rose up against them), then Moses said, Who hath been witness between thee and the wife is on the Lord's side ? &c. Exod. xxxii. 25. of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt Yea, let none that wait upon thee be ashamed ; treacherously, yet is she thy companion, and let them be ashamed which transgress without the wife of thy covenant. For the Lord, the cause. Ps. xxv. 3. 2. Let me not be ashamed, God of Israel, saith that he hateth “putting O Lord, for I have called upon thee. Let the away" (or “ to put away"). Mal. ii. 14. 16. wicked be ashamed. Ps. xxxi. 17. They Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for that make a graven image are all of them every cause? Whosoever shall put away his vanity, and their delectable things shall not wife, except it be for fornication, and shall profit, and they are their own witnesses. marry another, committeth adultery. Matt. They see not nor know, that they may be xix. 3. 9. From the beginning of the creation ashamed. Isa. xliv. 9. Thy nakedness (Ba. God made them male and female. For this bylon's) shall be uncovered, yea thy shame cause shall a man leave his father and mother shall be seen. Isa. xlvii. 3. Fear not, for thou and cleave to his wife, and they twain shall (the Church) shalt not be ashamed; neither be one flesh, so then they are no more twain, be thou confounded, for thou shalt not be but one flesh. And he (Jesus) saith unto put to shame; for thou shalt forget the shame them, Whosoever shall put away his wife and of thy youth, and shalt not remember the marry another, committeth adultery against reproach of thy widowhood any more. Isa. her. Mark X. 6, 7, 8. 11. For the woman liv. 4. Were they ashamed (the people of which hath an husband is bound by the law Judah) when they had committed abominato her husband so long as he liveth. Rom. vii. 2. tion ? Nay they were not at all ashamed, Por two, saith he (God), shall be one flesh. neither could they blush. Jer. vi. 15. 0 I Cor. vi. 16. Nevertheless, to avoid fornica- Lord, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee tion, let every man have his own wife, and let shall be ashamed. Jer. xvii. 13. Then thou every woman have her own husband. The shalt remember thy ways and be ashamed, wife hath not power of her own body, but the (Jerusalem). Ezek. xvi. 61. And my people husband; and likewise also the husband hath shall never be ashamed. Joel ii. 26. Whonot power of his own body, but the wife. soever, therefore, shall be ashamed of me, and I Cor. vii. 2. 4. Let not the wife depart from of my words, in this adulterous and sinful geher husband; but, and if she depart let her neration, of him also shall the Son of Man be remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his husband, and let not the husband put away Father with the holy angels. Mark viii. 38. kis wife. I Cor. vii. 10, 11, So ought men For whosoever shall be ashamed of me, and of to love their wives as their own bodies ; for my words, of him shall the Son of Man be no man ever yet hated his own flesh. For ashamed, when he shall come in his own this cause shall a man leave his father and glory, and in his Father's, and of the holy mother and shall be joined unto his wife, and angels. Luke ix. 26. For the Scripture saith, they two shall be one flesh. Ephes. v. 28, 29. Whosoever believeth on him (Christ) shall not 31. I will therefore that the younger women be ashamed. Rom. x. 11. marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak re- CHAP. III.-1. The serpent.) And the proachfully. 1 Tim. v. 14. Likewise ye wives woman said, The serpent beguiled me and be in subiection to your own husbands. 1 Pet. I did eat. And I will put enmity between iii. 1.
thee and the woman (said God), and be25 Both naked.] And the eyes of them tween thy seed and her seed. It shall both were opened, and they knew that they bruise thy head and thou shalt bruise his spere naked. And “he" (" Adam") said, heel. Gen. ii. 13. 15. In that day the I heard thy (God's) voice in the garden, and I Lord, with his sore and great and strong was afraid because I was naked, and I hid sword, shall punish leviathan, the “piercmyself. And he said, Who told thee that ing" serpent (" crossing like a bar”), even thou wast naked ? Gen. iii. 8, 10, 11.
leviathan that crooked serpent, and he shall Ashamed, &c.] And when Moses saw that slay the dragon that is in the sea. Isa.