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afflict them four hundred years. And also that nation, whom they 14 shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou 15
I judge, said God; and after that shall they Jacob and his children went down into Egypt; come forth and serve me in this place. Acts and when they cried unto the Lord, he put vii. 6, 7. By faith Abraham, when he was darkness between you and the Egyptians, and called to go out into a place which he should brought the sea upon them and covered them ; after receive for an inheritance, obeyed, and he it is that brought us up and our fathers, out he went out, not knowing whither he went of the land of Egypt, from the house of bond(The ercellent men of old time) these all died age, and which did those great signs in our in faith; not having received the promises, sight, and preserved us in all the way wherein but having seen them afar off, and were per- we went, and among all the people through suaded of them, and embraced them, and con whom we passed. Josh. xxiv, 4.7. 17. When fessed that they were strangers and pilgrims Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers on the earth. Heb. xi. 8. 13.
cried unto the Lord, then the Lord sent Moses Pour hundred years, &c.] Now the sojourn- and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers ing of the children of Israel, who dwelt in out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years; place (said Samuel). 1 Sam. xii. 8, And and it came to pass, at the end of the four (thou God), didst see the affliction of our hundred and thirty years, even the self-same fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the the Red Sea. And thou didst divide the sea Lord went out from the land of Egypt. Exod. before them; so that they went through the xii. 40, 41. And this I say, that the covenant midst of the sea on the dry land : and their that was confirmed before, of God, in Christ, persecutors thou threwest into the deeps, as a the law, which was four hundred and thirty stone into the mighty waters. Nehem, ix. 9. . years after, cannot disannul, that it should 11. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, make the promise of none effect. Gal. ii. 17, and done this evil in thy sight; that thou
14 That nation, &c.] See chap. xlvi. through mightest be justified when thou speakest, and out. And I have also heard the groaning of be clear when thou judgest. Ps. li. 4. They the ebildren of Israel, whom the Egyptians remembered not how he (the Lord) had wrought keep in bondage; and I have remembered my his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the covenant, wherefore say unto the children of field of Zoan. And (God) smote all the firstIsrael, I am the Lord, and I will bring you born in Egypt, the chief of their strength in out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, the tabernacles of Ham. Ps. lxxviii. 43. 51. and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I They shewed his signs among them, and wonwill redeem you with a stretched-out arm, and ders in the land of Ham. He brought them with great judgments. Erod. vi. 5, 6. Exod. forth also with silver and gold ; and there was ckapters vii. and xiv. throughout. But the Lord not one feeble person among their tribes. Ps. hath taken you and brought you forth out of cv. 27. 37. Who (God) sent tokens and wonthe iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be unto ders into the midst of thee, o Egypt, upon him a people of inheritance, as ye are this day. Pharaoh and upon all his servants. For the Deut. iv. 20. And the Lord shewed signs and Lord will judge his people, and he will repent wonders, great and sore, upon Egypt, upon himself concerning his servants. Ps. cxxxv. Pharaoh, and upon all his household, before 9. 14. our eyes. Deut. vi. 22. Thou shalt not be With great substance, &c.] And I will give afraid of them, but shalt well remember what this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, the Lord thy God did unto Pharaoh, and unto and it shall come to pass, that when ye go, ye all Egypt. The great temptations which thine shall not go empty; but every woman shall eyes saw, and the signs and the wonders, and borrow of her neighbour jewels of silver and the mighty hand, and the stretched-out arm jewels of gold, and raiment, and ye shall put whereby the Lord thy God brought thee out; them upon your sons and your daughters; and so shall the Lord thy God do unto all the ye shall spoil the Egyptians. Exod. iii, 21, 22. people of whom thou art afraid. Deut. vii. 18, And the children of Israel did according to 19. And know ye this, for I speak not with the word of Moses, and they borrowed of the your children, which have not known, and Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, which have not seen the chastisement of the and raiment; and the Lord gave the people Lord your God, his greatness, his mighty favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that hand, and his stretched-out arm; and what he they lent unto them such things as they redid to the army of Egypt, unto their horses, quired; and they spoiled the Egyptians. Erod. and to their chariots; how he made the water xii. 35, 36. He brought them (Israel) forth of the Red Sea to overflow them, as they pur- also with silver and gold. Ps. cv. 37. sued after you ; and how the Lord hath de- 15 Thou shalt go, &c.] Then Abraham stroyed them unto this day. Deut. xi. 2. 4. gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age,
16 shalt be buried in a good old age. But in the fourth generation
they shall come hither again : for the iniquity of the Amorites is 17 not yet full. And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down,
an old man and full of years, and was gathered the cave that is in the field of Ephron the to his people. Gen. xxv. 8. Aaron shall be Hittite. There they buried Abraham and gathered to his people. Numb. xx. 24. And Sarah his wife. There they buried Isaac and when thou (Moses) hast seen "it" (" the pro- Rebekah, his wife; and there I buried Leah, mised land"), thou also shalt be gathered unto (one of Jacob's wives). Gen. xlix. 29. 31. His thy people (said the Lord), as Aaron thy bro- sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and ther was gathered. Numb. xxvii. 13. And buried him (Jacob) in the cave of the field of also all that generation of Israel) were ga- Machpelah. Gen. 1. 13. If a man beget an thered unto their fathers. Judges ii. 10. Thou hundred children, and live many years, so that (whom God correcteth) shalt come to thy grave the days of his years be many, and his soul be in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh not filled with good, and also that he have no in his season. Job v. 26. Man goeth to his burial; I say that an untimely birth is better long home; then shall the dust return to its than he. Eccles. vi. 3. At" that time" ("the earth as it was, and the spirit shall return destruction of Jerusalem"), they shall bring out unto God who gave it. Eccles. xii. 7. David, the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones after he had served his own generation, fell of his princes, and the bones of the priests, and on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw the bones of the prophets, and the bones of corruption. Acts xiii. 36.
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of their In peace.] Behold (saith the Lord) I will graves. And they shall spread them before gather “thee" ("Josiah") to thy fathers, and the sun, and the moon, and the host of heaven, thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace. whom they have loved, and whom they have 2 Chron. xxxiv. 28. Mark the perfect man, served, and after whom they have walked, and behold the upright, for the end of that and whom they have sought, and whom they man is peace. Ps. xxxvii. 37. The righteous have worshipped; they shall not be gathered perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart, and nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon merciful men are taken away, none considering the face of the earth. Jer. viii. 1, 2. that the righteous is taken away from the evil A good old age. And these are the days of to come. He shall enter into peace. Isa. Ivii. the years of Abraham's life, which he lived, an 1, 2. But go “thou" (“Daniel") thy way, hundred threescore and fifteen years. Gen. till the end be; for thou shalt rest, and stand xxv. 7. So when David was old and full of in thy lot at the end of the days. Dan, xii. days, he made Solomon his son king over 13. God is not the God of the dead, but of Israel. 1 Chron. xxii. I. And he died in a the living. Matt. xxii. 32. For when God good old age, full of days, riches, and honour. made promise to Abraham, because he could i Chron. xxix. 28. Thus shalt thou (cohor swear by no greater, he sware by himself. God correcteth) come to thy grave in full age. Which hope (the hope set before us through Job v. 26. Só Job died, being old and full of Christ) we have as an anchor of the soul, both days. Job xlii. 17. sure and stedfast, and which entereth into 1 6 Fourth generation, &c.] Now the sothat within the veil. Heb. vi. 13. 19. These journing of the children of Israel, who dwelt all died in faith, &c. Now they desire a bet. in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years ter country, that is, an heavenly. Wherefore Exod. xii. 40. God is not ashamed to be called their God, Amorites.] And he (Ahab) did very abofor he hath prepared for them a city. Heb. minably in following idols, according to all xi. 13. 16.
things, as did the Amorites, whom the Lord Buried.] Give me (said Abraham to the cast out before the children of Israel. I Kings Sons of Heth) a possession of a burying-place xxi. 26. But, beloved, be not ignorant of this with you, that I may bury my dead out of my one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a sight. And after this Abraham buried Sarah thousand years, and a thousand years as one his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah. day. The Lord is not slack concerning his Gen. xxiii. 4. 19. Then Abraham gave up promise as some men count slackness, but is the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old long-suffering to us ward, not willing that any man, and full of years, and was gathered to should perish, but that all should come to his people, and his sons Isaac and Ishmael repentance. 2 Pet. ii. 8, 9. buried him in the cave in Machpelah, which Not yet full.] And in the latter times of is before Mamre. Gen. xxv. 8, 9. And Isaac their kingdom" (of Grecia), when the transgave up the ghost and died, and was gathered gressors are come to the full, a king of fierce unto his people, being old and full of days, countenance, and understanding dark senand his sons Esau and Jacob buried him. tences, shall stand up. Dan. viii. 23. Then Gen. xxxv. 29. “I” (“Jacob'') am gathered the angel that talked with me went forth, and unto my people; bury me with my fathers, in said unto me, lift up now thine eyes, and see
and it was dark, behold, a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. In the same day the Lord 18 made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given
what is this that goeth forth. And I said, what day that I brought them forth out of the land is it? And he said, this is an ephah that of Egypt, from the iron furnace, &c. Jer. xi. geeth forth. And this is a woman that sitteth 3, 4. in the midst of the ephah. And he said, this A nd a burning lamp that passed, &c.] For is wickedness; and behold there came out thou art my lamp, O Lord, (said David, in two women, and the wind was in their wings; his psalm of thanksgiving,) and the Lord will and they lifted up the ephah between the lighten my darkness. 2 Sam. xxii. 29. earth and the heaven (after he cast the weight Passed between those pieces. And I will of lead upon the mouth thereof). Then said I give the men that have transgressed my coveto the angel that talked with me, whither do nant, when they cut the calf in twain, and these bear the ephah? And he said unto me, passed between the parts thereof, the princes to build it an house in the land of Shinar; of Judah, and the princes of Jerusalem, &c. &c. and it shall be established and set there upon which passed between the parts of the calf, her own base. Zech. v. 5–11. Fill ye up, I will even give them into the hand of their then, the measure of your fathers; that upon enemies. Jer. xxxiv. 18, 19. you may come all the righteous blood shed 18 Made a covenant with Abram.] See upon the earth, from the blood of righteous com. on Gen. ix. 8. and Gen. chap. xvii. throughAbel, unto the blood of Zacharias, son of Ba- out. Unto thy seed will I give this land (said rachias, whom ye slew between the temple God to Abraham). Gen. xxiv. 7. He (the and the altar. Matt. xxiii. 32. 35. And they Lord, said David,) hath made with me an (the Jetes) please not God, and are contrary to everlasting covenant, ordered in all things all men, forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles, and sure. 2 Sam. xxiii. 5. I will make (said that they might be saved, to fill up their sins God) an everlasting covenant with you (O alway, for the wrath is come upon them to the house of Israel), even the sure mercies of David. uttermost. 1 Thess. ii. 16.
Isa. lv. 3. Behold the days come, saith the 17 Smoking furnace, &c.] And the angel Lord, that I will make a new covenant with of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of the house of Israel, and with the house of fire out of the midst of the bush, and he looked, Judah. And they shall teach no more every and behold, the bush burned with fire, and the man his neighbour, and every man his brother, bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I saying, Know the Lord; for they shall all will now turn aside, and see this great sight, know me, from the least of them unto the why the bush is not burned. Exod. iji. 2, 3. greatest of them, saith the Lord; for I will Bot the Lord hath taken you and brought you forgive their iniquity, and I will remember forth, out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt. their sin no more. Jer. xxxi. 31. 34. And I Dent. iv. 20. Then the angel of the Lord put will make an everlasting covenant with them, forth the end of the staff that was in his hand that I will not turn away from them, to do (to give a sign to Gideon), and touched the them good, but I will put my fear in their flesh and the unleavened cakes (which he had hearts that they shall not depart from me. brought to offer), and there rose up fire out of Jer. xxxii. 40. If my covenant be not with the rock and consumed the flesh and the un- day and night, then will I cast away the leavened cakes. Judges vi. 21. For it came seed of Jacob and David my servant. Jer. to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven xxxiii. 25, 26. Brethren, I speak after the from off the altar (where Manoah, with his wife, manner of men. Though it be but a man's were offering), that the angel of the Lord covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disascended in the flame of the altar; and Manoah annulleth, or addeth thereto. And this I say, and his wife (the mother of Samson), looked on that the covenant that was confirmed before of it, and fell on their faces to the ground. Judges God in Christ, the law, which was four hunxiji. 20. And David built "there" (at " Or- dred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, raa's thrashing-floor") an altar unto the Lord, that it should make the promise of none effect, and offered up burnt-offerings, and peace-offer- Gal. iii. 15. 17. Now the God of peace, that ings: and called upon the name of the Lord, brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, and he answered him from heaven by fire, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the upon the altar of burnt-offering. 1 Chron. blood of the everlasting covenant, make you IXI. 26. For Zion's sake will I not hold my perfect in every good work, to do his will. peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, Heb. xiii. 20. until the righteousness thereof go forth as Unto thy seed, &c.] See com. chap. xxii. 7. brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp And the land which I gave Abraham, and that burneth. Isa. lxii. 1. Cursed be the Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed man that obeyeth not the words of this cove- after thee will I give the land. Gen. xxxv. 12. nant, which I commanded your fathers, in the And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die, and
this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river 19 Euphrates; The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kad20 monites, And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, 21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and
God will surely visit you, and bring you out Nehem. ix. 8. Unto thee will I give the land of this land, unto the land which he sware of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance (sailk unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. Gen. the Lord to Jacob). Ps. cv. 11. 1. 24. I (the Lord) am come down to bring From the river of Egypt, &c.] And the them up out of that land, unto a good land and border (of Canaan) shall fetch a compass frorn large, unto a land flowing with milk and Azmon unto the river of Egypt, and the honey. Exod. iii. 8. And I have also esta- goings out of it shall be at the sea. Numo. blished my covenant with them, to give them xxxiv. 5. From thence it (the south border of the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, the lot of Judah) passed towards Azmon, and wherein they were strangers. Exod. vi. 4. went out unto the river of Egypt. Josh. xv. 4. Mine angel shall go before thee, and bring And it shall come to pass in that day of God's thee unto the Amorites, &c. &c.; and I will chastisements), that the Lord shall beat off cut them off, and I will send my fear before from the channel of the river unto the stream thee, and will destroy all the people to whom of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, thou shalt come ; and I will set thy bounds Oye children of Israel. Isa. xxvii. 12. from the Red sea, even unto the sea of the Euphrates.] And the fourth river (of Eden) Philistines, and from the desert unto the river, is Euphrates. Gen. ii. 14. David smote also for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, into your hand, and thou shalt drive them out as he went to recover his border at the river before thee. Exod. xxiii. 23. 27. 31. Behold Euphrates. 2 Sam. viii. 3. And eastward he I drive out before thee the Amorite, &c. &c. (Reuben) inhabited unto the entering in of the Erod. xxxiv. 11. Then your south quarter wilderness, from the river Euphrates. 1 Chrona shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by v. 9. the coast of Edom, and your south border 1 9 Kenites.] And he (Balaam) looked on shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastthe Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, ward. Numb. xxxiv. 3. When the Lord thy strong is thy dwelling-place, and thou puttest God shall bring thee into the land whither thy nest in a rock; nevertheless, the Kenite thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out shall be wasted until Asshur shall carry thee many nations before thee; seven nations away captive. Numb. xxiv. 21, 22. greater and mightier than thou, thou shalt 20 Rephains, &c.) And the kings that were smite them and utterly destroy them. Deut. with him (Chedorlaomer) smote the Rephaims vii. 1. Every place whereon the soles of your in Ashteroth, Karnaim, &c. Gen. xiv. 5. And feet shall tread shall be yours. Deut. xi. 24. "it" (" the glory of Jacob'') shall be as he that This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim. Isa. unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give xvii. 5. it unto thy seed. Deut. xxxiv. 4. Every 21 Amorites.] And Canaan begat Sidon, place that the sole of your foot shall tread his first born, and Heth, and the Jebusite, and upon, that have I given unto "you" ("Joshua"), the Amorite, and the Girgasite. Gen. x. 15, as I said unto Moses. From the wilderness, and 16. But if thou shalt indeed obey his (the this Lebanon, even unto the great river, the angel's) voice, and do all that I speak (said river Euphrates. Josh. i. 3, 4. See Josh. chaps. God), then I will be an enemy to thine enemies, xii. and xix, throughout. And Solomon reigned and an adversary to thine adversaries; and I over all kingdoms from the river unto the land will send hornets before thee which shall drive of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt. out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, 1 Kings iv. 21. And he reigned over all the before thee. Exod. xxiii. 22. 28. And I will kings from the river even unto the land of the send an angel before thee, and I will drive out Philistines, and to the border of Egypt. 2 Chron. the Canaanite, the Amorites, &c. &c. Exod. ix. 26. Thou (the Lord) foundest his heart xxxii. 2; xxxiv. 11. Deut. vii. 1. faithful before thee, and madest a covenant Girgashites.) And when he (Jesus) was with him (Abraham), to give the land of the come to the other side, to the country of the Canaanites, &c. &c. to his seed, and hast per- Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with formed thy words, for thou art righteous. devils. Matt. viii. 28.
Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an i bandmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar. And Sarai said 2 unto Abram, Behold now, the Lord hath restrained me from bear. ing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai. And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after 3 Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife. And he went in unto Hagar, 4
CHAP. XVI.- Bare him no children.] Obtain children by her.] She shall bear Wherefore she (Sarah) said unto Abraham, upon my knees (said Rachel of her maid, cast ont this bond-woman and her son, for the Bilhah), that I also may have children by her: son of this bond-woman shall not be heir with and Rachel said, God hath judged me, and my son, even with Isaac ; and God said unto hath also heard my voice, and hath given me Abraham, let it not be grievous in thy sight a son, therefore called she his name Dan. because of the lad, and because of thy bond- Gen. xxx. 3. 6. If his master have given woman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, “him" (“his manservant") a wife, and she hearken unto her voice, for in Isaac shall thy have born him sons or daughters, the wife and seed be called. Gen. xxi. 10. 12. And Abram the children shall be her master's. Exod. xxi. said, Lord God, what wilt thou give me, seeing 4. The Lord make the woman (said the I go childless? behold, to me thou hast given people), that is come into "thine" house no seed. Gen. xv. 2, 3. And Isaac entreated (“Boaz"), like Rachel, and like Leah, which the Lord for his wife, because she was barren, two did build the house of Israel. Ruth iv. 11. Ger. xxv. 21. And his (Manoah's) wife was Hearkened to the voice of Sarai.] Now the barren. Judges xiii. 2. And they (Zacharias serpent was more subtile than any beast of the cad Elizabeth) bad no child, because that field which the Lord God had made; and Elizabeth was barren; and this is the sixth when the woman saw that the tree was good month with her who was called barren, for for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, with God nothing shall be impossible. Luke and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she i. 7. 37
took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and the Aa Egyptian. See chap. xii. 16. And man said, the woman whom thou gavest to be Sarah saw the son of Hagar, the Egyptian, with me, she gave me of the tree and I did which she had born unto Abraham, mocking; eat: and unto Adam he (the Lord) said, beand his mother took him (Ishmael) a wife out cause thou hast hearkened unto the voice of of the land of Egypt. Gen. xxi. 9. 21. thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which
Whose name was Hagar.] These are the I commanded thee, saying, thou shalt not eat two covenants; the one from Mount Sinai, of it, cursed is the ground for thy sake. Gen. wbich gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. iii. 1. 6. 12. 17. Gal. iy. 24.
3 Abram had dwelt ten years, &c.] See 2 The Lord hath restrained, &c.] I will Gen. xii. 4. 5. bless her, and give thee a son also of her. Gen. Gave her, &c.] And Sarai said unto Abram, xvii, 16. Sarah thy wife shall have a son. my wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid Gen. xviii. 10. The Lord had fast closed up into thy bosom; and when she saw that she all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, be- had conceived, I was despised in her eyes. cause of Sarah, Abraham's wife. Gen. xx. 18. Gen. xvi. 5. And “she" (" Rachel'') gave And the Lord was entreated of him (Isaac), “him” (“Jacob") Bilbah, her handmaid, to and Rebekah his wife conceived. Gen, xxv. wife; when Leah saw that she had left bearing, 21. Am I in God's stead (said Jacob to she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob Rachel), who hath withheld from thee the to wife. Gen. xxx. 4. 9. fruit of the womb? and she said, Behold my T o be his wife.] But unto the sons of the maid, Bilhah, go in unto her, and she shall concubines which Abraham had, Abraham bear upon my knees, that I may also have gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac children by her : when Leah saw that she had his son (while he yet lived) eastward, unto the left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and east country, Gen. xxv. 6. There was a cergave her Jacob to wife; and God remembered tain Levite sojourning on the side of Mount Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened Ephraim, who took to him a concubine. Judges her womb. Gen, xxx. 2, 3. 9. 22. Lo, children xix. l. And David took him more concubines are an heritage of the Lord, and the fruit of and wives out of Jerusalem. 2 Sam. v. 13. the womb is his reward. Ps. cxxvii. 3. And he (Solomon) had seven hundred wives,