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5 out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir. And he brought him
forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars,
if thou be able to number them : and he said unto him, So shall 6 thy seed be. And he believed in the Lord ; and he counted it to him 7 for righteousness. And he said unto him, I am the Lord that brought
thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit
sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed Scripture ? Abraham believed God, and it was after thee, which shall proceed out of thy counted unto him for righteousness; even as bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. David also describeth the blessedness of the 2 Sam. vii. 12 And David said to Abishai man unto whom God imputeth righteousness and to all his servants, behold my son, which without works : cometh this blessedness then came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life; upon the circumcision only, or upon the unhow much more now may this Benjamite do circumcision also ? Not in circumcision, but it (Shimei)? 2 Sam. xvi. 11. And when in uncircumcision. He staggered not at the "he" (“ Sennacherib") was come into the promise of God through unbelief, but was house of his God, they that came forth out strong in faith, giving glory to God. Rom. of his own bowels slew him there by the iv. 3.6.9. 20. “Who" ("Jesus") was delivered sword. 2 Chron. xxxii. 21. Whom (Onesi- for our offences, and was raised again for our mus) I have sent again; thou therefore receive justification. Rom. iv. 25. Even as Abraham him, that is, mine own bowels. Philemon 12. believed God, and it was accounted to him for
5 Tell the stars, &c.] The Lord your God righteousness; that the blessing of Abraham hath multiplied you,and behold ye are, this day, might come on the Gentiles through Jesus as the stars of heaven for multitude. Deut. i. Christ, that we might receive the promise of 10. He telleth the number of the stars; he the Spirit through faith. Gal. iii. 6. 14. By calleth them all by their names. Ps. cxlvii. faith Abraham when he was called to go out 4. As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, into a place, which he should after receive for neither the sand of the sea measured, so will an inheritance, obeyed. Heb. xi. 8. And the I multiply the seed of David my servant. Scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham Jer. xxxiii. 22. Neither because they are the believed God, and it was imputed unto him for seed of Abraham are they all children; but in righteousness. James ii. 23. Isaac shall thy seed be called : that is, they counted it to him for righteousness.] Then which are the children of the flesh, these are stood up Phinehas and executed judgment; and not the children of God, but the children of so the plague was stayed, and that was counted promise are counted for the seed. Rom. ix. unto him for righteousness. Ps. cvi. 31. And 7, 8.
he (Abraham) received the sign of circumcision, So shall thy seed, &c.] See com. on chap. a seal of the righteousness of the faith, which xii. 2. And the angel of the Lord said, I he had, yet being uncircumcised: that he might will multiply thy seed exceedingly, and it be the father of all them that believe, though shall not be numbered for multitude. Gen. they be not circumcised; that righteousness xvi. 10. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and might be imputed to them also. And thereIsrael, thy servants, to whom thou swarest fore it was imputed to him for righteousness. by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will Rom. iv. 11. 22. To wit, God was in Christ, multiply your seed as the stars of heaven. reconciling the world unto himself, not imputExod. xxxii. 13. Deut. i. 10. See preced. com. ing their trespasses unto them, and hath comThy fathers went down into Egypt with three- mitted unto us the word of reconciliation. score and ten persons; and now the Lord thy 2 Cor. v. 19. Gal. iii. 6. See preced. com. God hath made thee as the stars of heaven 7 Brought thee out, &c.) And Haran died for multitude. Deut. x. 22. But David took before his father Terah, in the land of his not the number of "them" (" the children of nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees. And Terah Isruel" &c.), from twenty years old, and under, took Abram his son, and Lot, &c. &c. and because the Lord had said he would increase they went forth with them from Ur of the Israel like to the stars of the heavens. I Chron. Chaldees to go into the land of Canaan. Gen. xxvii. 23. Who (Abraham) against hope be- xi. 28. 31. Now the Lord had said unto lieved in hope, that he might become the Abram, get thee out of thy country, and from fatber of many nations, according to that thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto which was spoken, “so shall thy seed be," a land that I will shew thee. Gen. xii. 1. Rom. iv. 18. “Therefore" (" through faith") Thou art the Lord, the God who didst choose sprang there even of one, and him as good as Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Urol dead, so many as the stars of the sky in mul- the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of titude, and as the sand which is by the sea Abraham. Nehem. ix. 7. The God of glory shore, innumerable. Heb. xi. 12.
appeared unto our father Abraham when he 6 He believed, &c.] For what saith the was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Char
it. And he said, Lord God, whereby shall I know that I shall 8 inherit it? And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three 9
ran; then came he out of the land of the fleece; let it now be dry only upon the fleece, Chaldeans, and dwelt in Charran; and from and upon all the ground let there be dew. thence, when his father was dead, he removed And God did so that night; for it was dry him into this land wherein ye now dwell. upon the fleece only, and there was dew on Acts vii. 2. 4.
all the ground. Judges vi. 17. 24. 36 to 40. To give thee this land, &c.] See com. chap. If they (the Philistines) say thus unto us xii. 7." And (thou O God), foundest his heart "tarry" (or "be stilr'') until we come, then faithful before thee, and madest a covenant we (Jonathan and his armour-bearer) will stand with " him" (" Abraham"), to give the land still in our place, and will not go up unto of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, them: but if they say thus, Come up unto us, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the then we will go up, for the Lord hath deliGirgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, vered them into our hand, and this shall be and hast performed thy words; for thou art a sign unto us. 1 Sam. xiv. 9, 10. And righteous. Nehen. ix. 8. Unto thee (Abraham) Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, what shall be the will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your sign that the Lord will heal me, and that I inheritance; for he remembered his holy pro- shall go up into the house of the Lord the mise, and Abraham his servant, and gave third day? And Isaiah said, this sign shalt *them" ("the people") the lands of the thou have of the Lord: shall the shadow go heathen, and they inherited the labour of forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees, the people. Ps. cv. 11. 42. 44. For the &c. 2 Kings xx. 8. Shew me a token for promise that he should be the heir of the good (said David), that they which hate me world teas not to Abraham or to his seed, may see it, and be ashamed; because thou, through the law, but through the righteous- Lord, hast holpen me and comforted me. Ps. ness of faith. Rom. iv. 13.
Ixxxvi. 17. Ask thee a sign of the Lord 8 Whereby shall I know, &c.) And Abra- thy God (said God to Ahax king of Judah, har said to his eldest servant of his house, promising the Messiah), ask it either in the that ruled over all that he had, put, I pray depth, or in the height above. Isa. vii. 11. thee, thy hand under my thigh, and swear by And Zacharias said unto the angel, whereby the Lord, the God of heaven and the God of shall I know this (that I shall have a son), the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto for I a man old man, and my wife well stricken my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, in years? Then said Mary unto the angel, among whom I dwell, but thou shalt go into how shall this be ; seeing I know not a man? my country and to my kindred, and take a Luke i. 18. 34. wife unto my son Isaac. And "he" ("the 9 An heifer, &c.] And Abraham lifted up serrant") said, O Lord God of my master his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a Abraham, I pray thee, send me good speed ram caught in a thicket, by his horns; and this day, and shew kindness unto my master Abraham went and took the ram, and offered Abraham, and let it come to pass, that the him up for a burnt-offering in the stead of his damsel to whom I shall say, let down thy pitcher, son. Gen. xxii. 13. If his offering be a burnt I pray thee, that I may drink, and she shall sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male withsay, drink: let the same be she that thou hast out blemish; if his offering be of the flocks, appointed for thy servant Isaac ; and thereby namely, of the sheep, or of the goats, for a shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness burnt sacrifice, he shall bring it a male without unto my master. Gen. xxiv. 2. 4. 13, 14. blemish. And if the burnt sacrifice for his And "he" (" Gideon") said unto “him" ("the offering to the Lord be of fowls, then he shall Lord"): if now I have found grace in thy bring his offering of turtle doves, or of young sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest pigeons. Levit. i. 3. 10. 14. And if his obwith me. Then Gideon built an altar there lation be a sacrifice of peace-offering ; if he unto the Lord, and called it Jehovah-Shalom. offer it of the herd, whether it be a male or And Gideon said unto God, if thou wilt save female, he shall offer it without blemish before Israel by my hand, as thou hast said, behold the Lord. And if his offering for a sacrifice of I will put a fleece of wool in the floor, and if peace-offering unto the Lord be of the flock, the dew be on the fleece only, and it be dry male or female, he shall offer it without bleupon all the earth beside, then shall I know mish. Levit. ii. 1. 6. And he (Moses) said that thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, asunto Aaron, take thee a young calf, for a sinthou hast said. And it was so, for he rose up offering, and a ram for a burnt-offering, withearly on the morrow, and thrust the fleece out blemish, and offer them before the Lord. together, and wringed the dew out of the Also a bullock and a ram, for peace-offerings, fleece, a bowl-full of water. And Gideon said to sacrifice before the Lord. Levit. ix. 2. 4. unto God, let not thine anger be hot against And if “she” (“the woman") be not able to me, and I will speak but this once: let me bring a lamb (for a burnt-offering), then she shall prove, I pray thee, but this once with the bring two turtles, or two young pigeons. Lev.
2 exceeding great reward. And Abram said, Lord God, what
made enquiry for Simon's house, and stood understand, and to chasten thyself before thy before the gate; and “they" ("the men") said, God, thy words were heard, and I am come Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one for thy words. Dan. x. 12. Why are ye fearthat feareth God, and of good report among ful, 0 ye of little faith? Matt. viii. 26. And all the nation of the Jews, was warned from fear not them which kill the body, but are not God by an holy angel to send for thee into his able to kill the soul, but rather fear him which house to hear words of thee. Acts x. 10. 17. is able to destroy both soul and body in hell; 22. God, who at sundry times and in divers fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value manners, spake in time past unto the fathers, than many sparrows. Matt. x. 28. 31. And by the prophets, hath in those last days spoken the angel answered, and said unto the women unto us by his Son. Heb. i. 12.
(at the sepulchre), fear not ye: for I know that Fear not, Abram.] That nation whom they ye seek Jesus which was crucified. Matt. shall serve will I judge: and afterwards shall xxviii. 5. But the angel said unto him, Fear they come out with great substance. And thou not, Zacharias, for thy prayer is heard, and shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be thy wife, Elizabeth, shall bear thee a son, and buried in a good old age. But in the fourth thou shalt call his name John; and the angel generation they shall come hither again. Gen. said unto her, Fear not, Mary, for thou hast xy, 14, 15, 16. I am the God of Abraham found favour with God. Luke i. 13. 30. Fear thy father; fear not (said God to Isaac), for I not, little flock; for it is your Father's good am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply pleasure to give you the kingdom. Luke xii. thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake. 32. And when I saw him I fell at his feet as Gen. xxvi. 24. And he said (unto Jacob), I dead, and he (the Son of man in the vision) am God, the God of thy father ; fear not to go laid his hand upon me, saying, Fear not, I am down into Egypt. Gen. xlvi. 3. And Moses the first and the last. Rev. i. 17. said unto the people, fear ye not, stand still, Thy shield, &c.) Happy art thou, O Israel : and see the salvation of the Lord, which he who is like unto thee, O people saved by the will shew to you to-day. Erod. xiv. 13. Be Lord, the shield of thy help, and who is the strong and of good courage (said Moses to sword of thy excellency! Deut. xxxiii. 29. Israel), fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the But thou, O Lord, art a shield for me, my Lord thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; glory and the lifter up of my head. Ps. iii. 3. he will not fail thee nor forsake thee. Deut. For thou, Lord, wilt bless the righteous ; with xxxi. 6. And David said to Solomon his son, favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield. be strong, and of good courage to do it; Ps. v. 12. The Lord is my buckler, and the fear not nor be dismayed, for the Lord God, horn of my salvation, and my high tower. Ps. even my God, will be with thee. 1 Chron. xviii. 2. Behold, O God our shield, and look xxviii. 20. The Lord is my light and my upon the face of thine anointed; for the Lord salvation, whom shall I fear? the Lord is the God is a sun and shield. Ps. lxxxiv. 9. 11. strength of my life, of whom shall I be afraid ? His (the Lord's) truth shall be thy shield and Ps. xxvii. 1. Say to them that are of a fearful buckler. Ps. xci. 4. Thou (O Lord) art my heart, be strong, fear not ; behold your (the hiding-place, and my shield. Ps. cxix. 114. Church's) God will come with vengeance, even (God) is a shield unto them that put their God with a recompence; he will come and trust in him. Prov. xxx. 5. save you. Isa. XXXV. 4. Fear thou not, for I Exceeding great reward, &c.] There is am with thee, I will help thee; be not dis-* none like unto the God of Jeshurun, wko mayed, for I am thy God; fear not, thou worm rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in Jacob, and ye men of Israel, I will help thee, his excellency on the sky: happy art thou, o saith the Lord and thy Redeemer, the Holy Israel: who is like unto thee, O people saved One of Israel. Isa. xli. 10. 14. But now thus by the Lord ? Deut. xxxiii. 26. 29. The saith the Lord that created thee, O Jacob, and Lord recompense thy work (said Boaz to he that formed thee, O Israel, fear not, for I Ruth), and a full reward is given thee of the have redeemed thee; fear not, for I am with Lord God of Israel, under whose wings thou thee. Isa. xliii. 1. 5. Thus saith the Lord, art come to trust. Ruth ii. 12. The Lord is that made thee, and formed thee from the the portion of mine inheritance, and of my womb, which will help thee, fear not, O Jacob, cup; thou maintainest my lot, the lines are my servant; fear ye not, neither be afraid: is fallen unto me in pleasant places, yea I have there a God besides me? Isa. xliv. 2. 8. I, a goodly heritage. Ps. xvi. 5, 6. Verily even I, am he that comforteth you: who art there is a reward for the righteous. Ps. Iviji. thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man 11. I cried unto thee, O Lord : I said, Thou that shall die, and of the son of man which art my refuge, and my portion in the land of shall be made as grass? Isa. li. 12. Then the living. Ps. cxlii. 5. The wicked worketh said he (whose hand touched Daniel in the a deceitful work, but to him that soweth vision) unto me, fear not, Daniel, for from the righteousness shall be a sure reward. Prou. first day that thou didst set thine heart to xi. 18. The Lord is my portion, saith my
wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus ? And Abram said, Behold, 3 to me thou hast given no seed : and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir. And, Behold, the word of the Lord came unto him, 4 saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth
soul; therefore will I hope in him. Lam. make thee swear by the Lord. And the servant in. 24. Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, took ten camels, of the camels of his master, or the world, or life or death, or things present, and departed (for all the goods of his master or things to come ; all are yours. 1 Cor. iii. were in his hand): and he arose, and went to 22. For he (God) hath said, I will never Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor (to seek leave thee, nor forsake thee ; so that we may a wife for Isaac). Gen. xxiv. 2, 3. 10. And boldly say, the Lord is my belper, and I will Joseph found grace in his (Potiphar's) sight, not fear what man shall do unto me. Heb. and he served him; and he made him overxiii. 5, 6. And I heard a great voice out of seer over his house, and all that he had he heaven, saying, behold, the tabernacle of God put into his hand; and he left all that he had is with men, and he will dwell with them ; in Joseph's hand, and he knew not ought he and they shall be his people, and God himself had, save the bread which he did eat. There shall be with them, and be their God. And is none greater in this house than "I" (" said God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; Joseph"), neither hath he kept back any thing and there shall be no more death, neither sor- from me but thee, because thou art his wife. row nor crying, neither shall there be any Gen. xxxix. 4. 6. 9. And they (Joseph's bremore pain : for the former things are passed thren) came near to the steward of Joseph's away. Rev. xxi. 3, 4.
house, &c. Gen. xliii. 19. And he (Joseph) 2 What wilt thou give me, &c.] Get thee commanded the steward of his house, saying, out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and fill the men's (his “ brothers"") sacks with from thy father's house, unto a land that I food, as much as they can carry, and put will shew thee; and I will make of thee a every man's money in his sack's mouth. Gen. great nation, and I will bless thee, and make xliv. 1. A wise servant shall have rule over thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing. a son that causeth shame, and shall have part Gen. xii. 1, 2.
of the inheritance among the brethren. Prov. Childless. And Isaac entreated the Lord xvii. 2. for his wife, because she was barren. Gen. 3 Behold, to me thou hast given, &c.] I will XXV. 21. And when Rachel saw that she make of thee a great nation, and I will bless bare Jacob no children, Rachel envied her thee, and make thy name great. Gen. xii. 2. «sister" (" Leah"); and said unto Jacob, give And I will make thy seed as the dust of the me children, or else I die. And Jacob's anger earth ; so that if a man can number the was kindled against Rachel, and he said, am dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also I in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee be numbered. Gen. xiii. 16. Hope deferred the fruit of the womb ? Gen. xxx. 1, 2. And maketh the heart sick, but when the desire she (Hannah) vowed a vow, and said, O Lord cometh, it is a tree of life. Prov. xiii. 12. God of Hosts, if thou wilt indeed look upon Righteous art thou, O Lord, when I plead the affliction of thine hand-maid, and remem- with thee; yet let me talk with thee of thy ber me, and not forget thine hand-maid, but judgments. Jer. xii. 1. Cast not away therewilt give unto thine hand-maid a man-child, fore thy confidence, which hath great recomthen I will give him unto the Lord all the days pence of reward, for ye have need of patience, of his life, and there shall no razor come upon that after ye have done the will of God, ye his head. 1 Sam. i. 11. Lo children are an might receive the promise. Heb. x. 35, 36. heritage of the Lord, and the fruit of the womb Born in my house, &c.) And when Abram is kis reward. Ps. cxxvii. 3. Hope deferred heard that his brother was taken captive (by maketh the heart sick, but when the desire the four kings), he armed his trained servants, comech, it is a tree of life. Ps. xiii. 12. Even born in his own house, &c. Gen. xix. 14. onto them will I give in mine house, and He that delicately bringeth up his servant within my walls, a place and a name better from a child shall have him become his son than of sons and of daughters; I will give at length. Prov. xxix. 21. And an handthem an everlasting name, that shall not be maid that is heir to her mistress (is one of the cut off. Isa. Ivi. 5. He promised he would three things that disquieteth the earth). Prov. give "it" (" the land") to "him" ("Abraham") XXX. 23. I got me servants and maidens, and for a possession, and to his seed after him, had servants born in my house. Eccles. ii. 7. when, as yet, he had no child. Acts vii. 5. 4 Shall come forth, &c.] And I will bless
The steward of my house, &c.] And Abra- “her" (© Sarah"), and give thee à son also ham said unto his eldest servant of his house, of her. Gen. xvii. 16. In Isaac shall thy that ruled over all that he had, put, I pray seed be called. Gen. xxi. 12. And when thy thee, thy hand under my thigh, and I will (David's) days be fulfilled, and thou shalt
years old, and a she-goat of three years old, and a ram of three 10 years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon. And he took
unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each 11 piece one against another: but the birds divided he not. And
when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them 12 away. And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon 13 Abram ; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. And he
said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall
xii. 8. And (he shall take) two turtledoves, Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great or two young pigeons, such as "he" (" the vision, and there remained no strength in me, leper") is able to get; and the one shall be a for my comeliness was turned in me into corsin-offering, and the other a burnt-offering. ruption, and I retained no strength. Yet And he shall offer the one of the turtledoves, heard I the voice of his words; then was I in or of the young pigeons, such as he can get. a deep sleep, on my face, and my face toward Lev. xiv. 22. 30. Gather my saints together the ground. Dan. x. 8, 9. And there sat in unto me, those that have made a covenant a window a certain young man named Euty. with me by sacrifice. Ps. I. 5. (They brought chus, being fallen into a deep sleep; and as the infant, Jesus, to Jerusalem) to offer a sacri- Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with fice, according to that which is said in the law sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and of the Lord, a pair of turtledoves or two young was taken up dead. Acts xx. 9. pigeons. Luke ii. 24.
An horror of great darkness, &c.] Bat Three years old, &c.] My heart shall cry know, that the Lord hath set apart him that is out for Moab: his fugitives shall flee unto Zoar, godly for himself. The Lord will hear, when an heifer of three years old. Isa. xv. 5. I call upon him. Stand in awe, and sin not;
10 Divided, &c.] And I will give the men commune with your own heart upon your bed, that have transgressed my covenant, which and be still ; offer the sacrifices of righteoushave not performed the words of the covenant ness, and put your trust in the Lord. Ps. iv. which they had made before me, when they 3, 4, 5. And Saul arose from the earth, and cut the calf in twain and passed between the when his eyes were opened, he saw no man, parts thereof, the princes of Judah, and the but they led him by the hand, and brought princes of Jerusalem, the eunuchs and the him to Damascus ; and he was three days priests, and all the people of the land, which without sight, and neither did eat nor drink. passed between the parts of the calf. I will Acts ix. 8. 9. even give them into the hand of their enemies. 13 Thy seed shall be a stranger, &c.] I Jer. xxxiv. 18, 19. Study to shew thyself will give unto thee, and thy seed after thee, approved unto God, a workman that needeth the land wherein thou art a stranger. Gen. not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word xvii. 8. Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, of truth. 2 Tim. ii. 15.
nor oppress him, for ye were strangers in the The birds divided he not.] And he shall land of Egypt. Exod. xxii. 21. Also thou cleave "it" (" the bird”) with the wings there. shalt not oppress a stranger, for ye know the of, but shall not divide it asunder. Lev. i. 17. heart of a stranger; seeing ye were strangers
11 Fowls came down, &c.] And say, thus in the land of Egypt. Erod. xxiii. 9. But saith the Lord God, A great eagle with great the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be wings, long-winged, full of feathers which had unto you as one born among you, and thou divers colours, came unto Lebanon, and took shalt love him as thyself, for ye were strangers the highest branch of the cedar. There was in the land of Egypt. Levit. xix. 34. Love also another great eagle, with great wings, and ye, therefore, the stranger, for ye were strangers many feathers, and behold this vine (emble in the land of Egypt. Deut. x. 19, Unto matic of Jerusalem) did bend her roots toward thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of him, and shot forth her branches toward him, your inheritance, when they were but a few that he might water it by the furrows of her men in number, yea very few men, and stranplantation. Ezek. xvii. 3. 7. And when he gers in it. Israel also came into Egypt, and sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the Jacob sojourned in the land of Hamn. He fowls came and devoured them up. Matt. turned their heart to hate his people, and to xiii. 4.
deal subtilely with his servants. Ps. cv. II, Abram drove them away, &c.] I hate vain 12. 23. 25. And God spake on this wise, that thoughts, but thy law do I love. Ps. cxix. 113. his seed should sojourn in a strange land, and Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity, that they should bring them into bondage, and and quicken thou me in thy way. Ps. cxix. 37. entreat them evil four hundred years; and the
12 A deep sleep, &c.] See com. chap. ii. 21. nation to whom they shall be in bondage will