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DUBLIN EXAMINATION PAPERS,

1877.

UNDERGRADUATE HONOR EXAMINATION PAPERS.

Hilary Term.

SENIOR SOPHISTERS.

Ethics.

ARISTOTLE'S ETHICS.-BOOKS I.—IV.

DR. SHAW.

1. In treating of Happiness (B. I.), and of Virtue (B. II.), Aristotle notices incidentally the (a) purpose, and (8) method of Ethical Science, as he conceived them. Quote the passages and comment on them.

2. Clarke's definition of Virtue is applicable to acts, Aristotle's to persons. Show that the English moralist's definition is a part, and an important part, of the Greek's.

3. (a). To what limited extent does Aristotle (B. III.) succeed in proving that vice is voluntary? (8). For what purpose does he, in his argument on this subject, repeat from B. II. his account of the formation of the moral states ?

4. (a). What is the order in which Aristotle treats (BB. III. & IV.) of the Virtues? (8). Can you discover any reason for the adoption of this order, or of any other and better order? (y). Is the treatment of any important Virtue omitted or remarkably imperfect?

5. (a). There is a certain hierarchy among ends or Téλn? (8). Give instances, whether your own or from the text. (7). For what purpose does Aristotle notice the fact?

b

6. ̓Αρκτέον μὲν οὖν ἀπὸ τῶν γνωρίμων, ταῦτα δὲ διττῶς· τὰ μὲν γὰρ ἡμῖν, τὰ δ ̓ ἁπλῶς. When ought the rule to be interpreted in the first sense, when in the second?

7. Δοκεῖ δὲ καὶ Εὔδοξος καλῶς συνηγορῆσαι περὶ τῶν ἀριστείων τῇ dov. Translate and explain the allusion.

8. Οὐ γὰρ ἐκ τοῦ πολλάκις ἀκοῦσαι ἢ πολλάκις ἰδεῖν τὰς αἰσθήσεις ἐλάβομεν, ἀλλ ̓ ἀνάπαλιν ἔχοντες ἐχρησάμεθα, οὐ χρησάμενοι ἔσχομεν. (a). Discuss the psychology here laid down, and the reality of the distinction founded thereon. (B). Consider the value of the argument drawn from the action of νομοθέται.

9. Discuss the question whether Liberality (èλev@epiórns) or Resentment (véueous) is more voluntary, taking as your model the analogous discussion by Aristotle.

10. Describe the Bávavois, substituting modern for ancient illustrative details.

BUTLER'S SERMONS,

MR. ABBOTT.

1. Give an analysis of the argument in Butler's Sermons on Human Nature.

2. What are the different senses in which we may understand the phrase "sequi naturam ?" Compare Butler's view with that of the Stoics, Peripatetics, and Epicureans.

3. Butler notices two erroneous arguments against future punishment taken from Shaftesbury's Characteristics?

4. Analyse as far as possible the notion of ill desert.

5. Show that the perception of vice implies reason and comparison.

6. To what extent may it be admitted that vice consists in " an unreasonable regard to ourselves," or in a want of benevolence?

1. Within what limits, according to Smith, is it true that Reason is the source of our moral judgments? Give his reasons.

2. How does he show that these perceptions are not due to a peculiar sentiment?

3. What view might Hutcheson be supposed to take of the hypothetical case which Smith suggests in disproof of the moral sense?

4. What are the fundamental objections to systems of Casuistry?

BUTLER'S SERMONS.

MR. MAHAFFY.

1. Do we, in Compassion, substitute ourselves for others, or others for ourselves? What difference does it make ?

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