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3. Define Leucocythemia-its pathology and symptoms?

4. Explain alternate Hemiplegia ?

5. Mention the various exciting causes of atrophy of the lung, its varieties, and their differential diagnoses?

6. What do you understand by "Oxaluria," how would you recognise it, with what morbid conditions may it co-exist, and what treatment would you adopt?

DR. AQUILLA SMITH.

1. Name the drugs and preparations in the Pharmacopoeia which impart a characteristic odour to the urine, and also those which produce an abnormal colouration of the urine.

2. State the relative proportion of cinchona bark in the following preparations :-Infusum, Decoctum, the two Tinctures, and the liquid Extract.

3. Describe the signs and symptoms of poisoning from Lead, the various modes by which it may enter the system, and state the treatment. 4. Write a prescription (without abbreviations or symbols) for an eight-ounce diuretic mixture, and another prescription for twelve diuretic pills.

5. What are the usual effects of a large dose of oil of turpentine (one fluid ounce), and state the remedies for the relief of the suffering which may occur?

6. Describe the action of Digitalis on the heart and the circulation. In what disease of the heart is Digitalis most beneficial?

MEDICAL PATHOLOGY.

DR. PURSER.

1. What are the lesions usually found in locomotor ataxy?

2. Describe the process of atheromatous degeneration of the aorta and other large vessels.

3. How would you distinguish between micrococci and fatty or albuminous molecules ?

4. Give the appearances of a liver in an advanced stage of amyloid degeneration.

5. Describe the appearances in a case of tubercular meningitis.

6. What lesions, other than those of the intestine, are commonly found in fatal cases of typhoid fever ?

SURGICAL TRAVELLING PRIZE.

SURGICAL

ANATOMY.

DR. T. E. LITTLE.

1. Give the exact limits of the different Synovial membranes in the regions of the Wrist-joint, Carpus, and Metacarpus ; also the ligamentous structures of the same parts.

2. Name, and give a classification of, the nervous supply of the Muscles of the Fore-arm; indicating, as nearly as you can, the situation of entry of each nerve.

3. Name, in succession, the anatomical structures divided, or met with by the operator in ligaturing the third stage of the Subclavian Artery.

4. Describe the muscles, vessels, and nerves related to the Shoulderjoint.

5. Describe, and contrast the arrangement of, anatomical structures in-(a) Oblique Inguinal Hernia; (b) Congenital Inguinal Hernia; (c) Infantile Hernia (Hey). Also contrast the relative positiou of the Testis and Cord in each case.

6. Mark out, upon the accompanying diagrams, the precise situations of the Epiphysary lines of the Scapula, Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Femur, Tibia, and Fibula.

MR. WILSON.

1. Describe the ophthalmoscopic appearances of the fundus in Reti→ nitis Albuminurica.

2. Describe the pathology of Eutropion, and the operation recommended by Von Gräfe for its removal.

3. Define Cataract, and enumerate its different kinds.

4. How is the exact extent of the field of vision determined in partial detachment of the retina? and describe the operation of M. Wecker for the treatment of this affection, known as the "drainage method."

5. Describe acute suppurative Keratitis-its causes and complications; and state treatment.

6. Give the symptoms, physical signs, course, and treatment of Glaucoma.

EXAMINATION FOR DEGREE IN ENGINEERING.

DR. DOWNING.

1. Describe the main girders of the wrought-iron lattice-bridge on the Drogheda Railway over the Royal Canal, near Dublin, as at first constructed; the alterations or additions found necessary, and made in it, after the first opening, and those subsequently undertaken; noting also the application of the experience gained here in the design of large lattice girders since that time. Also in the case of the Crumlin (South Wales) wrought-iron Warren girders, name the weakness they exhibited after a few years' traffic, and the alterations and additions consequently adopted at the recommendation of the Board of Trade. In both the above instances the answers must be founded on the statements laid before you at the Term Lectures.

2. Give the details, and a sketch of the transverse section of one of the main girders of the wrought-iron viaduct over the Thames leading into the Charing Cross Station, by Mr. Hawkshaw, as described to you at Lectures and illustrated by drawings at the scale of. It consists of two main girders at each side, carrying four lines of railway, span 150 ft. In connexion with this question, state the grounds for the abandonment of the cellular structure in the top of wrought-iron girders for the present practice of superimposed plating.

3. What is the weight of a wrought-iron girder, properly proportioned, having to sustain a uniform load of 1 tons per running foot, the depth to be one-twelfth of the span, and the greatest strain per square inch of section not to exceed 4 tons. Prove each successive step of the rule you employ.

4. State concisely what has been laid before you as to the cross girders in wrought-iron viaducts, and note the difference in this part of a bridge between a structure intended for a railway and for a road, in the latter case describing the details of the roadway in the Obelisk bridge over the Boyne.

5. In the sketch before you of a roof principal, a bow-string girder, and a plate girder, all of wrought-iron, compare the forces of tension and compression (as the case may be), in the vertical planes passing through (1, 1, 1), (2, 2, 2), (3, 3, 3), (4, 4, 4). The space between the top and bottom flanges in the bow-string being of plates of wrought-iron united by T irons and to the flanges by angle irons.

6. State from precedent, derived from existing works, the proportions of the depth of the key, the thickness of the piers and of the abutments in terms of the span; and, in the case of the depth of the key, point out how the proportion varies with the magnitude of the structure, proving your statement by quoting all, or some, of the works which have been laid before you in connexion with this subject. The arch sheeting is sometimes constructed with a uniform thickness; but the more general practice is to make it of greater depth at the springing. By what pro

portion would you make it deeper at that part? and draw, in vertical longitudinal section through the centre line a suitable arrangement between the key and the springing, in the case both of a brick arch and one of stone masonry. An empiric rule has been given for the depth of key in the case of a single arch, and a series of contiguous arches resting on piers; state this, and shew that it applies well to many bridges and viaducts.

Ist.

7. A retaining wall, 24 ft. high (= h) above the level surface of the ground, and 425 ft. wide (=x), built of good rubble masonry, and weighing 146 lbs. per cb. ft. (= W). The earth filling at the back (made ground) may be taken to have a slope of repose of 45°, and to weigh 87 lbs. per cb. ft. (=w), and to be level with the top of the wall. Will this wall be able to withstand the pressure of the earth? Investigate this exactly in the same manner, and using the formula by which the experiments on retaining walls were treated in the course; and write out fully and clearly the proof of the formula. 2ndly. What should be the thickness of the wall so as to have 2 for a co-efficient of stability. 3rdly. If the weights be as above, and the thickness of the wall ft. 6 inches, what will be the height at which it will just resist the pressure of the earth?

8. State generally the alteration in the amounts of earthwork, land soiling of slopes, and also in bridges and culverts, which takes place in ground which has a transverse slope. In the woodcut GG' represents

the surface of the ground in a transverse direction perpendicular to the centre line which crosses at 0; the depth of cutting at that point is OC, and the base at formation level FF; the side-slopes intersect the ground line at G and G, and the transverse section becomes FF'G'G. Had the ground been level transversely, LL' being the horizontal line through O, then FF' L'L would represent the trapezium of the transverse section. Deduce-first, the general expression which has been given you for the difference between the areas of these two figures; and secondly, apply it to obtain the difference of volume in the following particular case. The end heights of a portion of a cutting or embankment, one being 30 ft., the other 20 ft., the length between them 400 ft.,

and the base at formation level 34 ft., slopes (s) 2 to 1, and surface of around, LL', required the volume in cube yards. And again, when the surface of the ground transversely is GG', or (r) 25 to 1; compute the difference in cubic yards.

9. An embankment is to be constructed for an impounding reservoir to retain the water at a depth of 60 ft. above the original surface of the valley in the deepest part; the length of the completed embankment will be 900 ft. Draw a transverse section of the embankment about 30 ft from the course of the stream, giving fully and distinctly all the details of thework, and figure the dimensions of the various parts; the valley slopes down stream transversely at about one in thirty.

Draw also a longitudinal section through the central line. At one part in this section, midway between the stream and the commencement of the work, the foundation turns out to be unexpectedly bad for a depth of 28 ft. below the surface, and for a length of 120 ft., and on the other side of the valley several small springs are found; in each case describe the necessary steps, both temporary and permanent, to make good watertight work.

[A scale drawing is not required, but it is well to give as much truth as possible to the different parts relatively to each other].

10. Give a specification of the works in the last question, carefully introducing the points which have been laid before you from the best recent examples, and assign prices: introduce also the intended method of dealing with the stream temporarily during the progress of the works, and permanently, mentioning, but not as part of a specification, the different methods adopted by engineers in this branch of the works.

II. Give a vertical section of a filter-bed from the surface of the water downwards, figuring the several depths of water, filtering materials, &c., and state and sketch the various details found essential to the satisfactory working of the filtration, &c., and a general plan of the whole of this department of the work for the supply of pure water. State also the rate at which water may be most advantageously filtered, in gallons, per square yard of the bed, and from this the total area of the beds required for a supply of 180,000 persons, with 25 gallons per

diem.

12. A town having a population which, allowing for future increase, amounts to 124,600 persons, is to be supplied with 25 gallons per diem each person. Calculate the diameter of the pipe necessary to convey that quantity, the inclination which can be obtained on the line of the mains being one in 352. And also the velocity with which the water flows.

13. State the general theorems as to the Volume of water passing through an orifice at the bottom of a prismatic vessel receiving no supply. And secondly, as to the Time of complete discharge in the same circumstances, giving the proof in full in each case.

From these proceed to obtain an expression for the time which the water takes to descend a given depth, and apply it to determine the time the surface would require to descend 3.5 ft. in a tank having 18 square feet of area of water surface, and at the commencement of discharge being 6 ft. in depth over the centre of the orifice, which is circular, and 11 in. in diameter. The co-efficient m being equal to 0·61.

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