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a dúbairt Iosa ris, As mis an slíġe, agus an fírinne, agns an Beata: ní tig aonduine ċum an 'atar, aċd triomsa

dá mad aitnid daoib misi, dob' aitne díb m'atair mar an gcéadna: agus as aitnid daoib anois é, agus do cunncabar é.

1. Write in Irish the Lord's Prayer and the Second Commandment.

2. Quote texts proving "the sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salvation," and that "The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay-people."



1. What are the principles of International Law as to the right of passage over foreign territories ?

2. State the principles which would seem to be now well established as to the navigation of great rivers. By what treaties is the navigation of the Rhine, the Danube, and the St. Lawrence regulated?

3. Explain the absence of any idea of International Law from Roman Jurisprudence.

4. Discuss the late protocol of the European Powers as to the internal condition of Turkey with reference to the principles of International Law as to intervention, and the leading cases on the subject.

5. State the grounds upon which the intervention of England and France in the affairs of Belgium in 1832 was justified.

6. State the origin of the Russo-Turkish war of 1854, and the grounds for the interference of France and England therein.

7. How far are the rights of neutrals subject to restriction and interference by belligerents?

8. Explain an "embargo" and "seizure in transitu." How far are rules as to the latter limited in English Law?

9. How far have the former rules as to privateering been restricted by the Treaty of Paris?

10. Discuss the rules of International Law applicable to the present question of the Suez Canal?

1. State the sources from which, according to Mr. Wheaton, the evidence of International Law is derived.

2. Explain the difference between the legal status of States and individuals, and st te the error of Hobbes on this point.

3. What was the object of Grotius in his work "De jure belli," and who were his predecessors in the views which he announced? 4. State the rules as to jurisdiction over adjoining seas, and the open sea. Who were the authors and what were the objects of the "Mare liberum" and the "Mare clausum" ?

5. Explain the principles of International Law applicable to the navigation of the Dardanelles, and what are the similar cases bearing upon this subject?

6. State briefly the privileges, powers, and duties of ambassadors and consuls. What are the principles established by the case of "Taylor v. Best," 14 C. B. Rep. ?

7. Define and explain the rules applicable to piracy. What was the decision in the case "In re Tirnan," 3 Best & Smith, 645 ?

8. What are the English Statutes as to the slave trade? What were the decisions in the case of "The Amedie," I Acton R., 240, and in the case of "The Diana," I Dodson, 95?

9. What was the principle established by the case of "Santos v. Illidge" ?

10. Write a short synopsis of the case of "The Trent."

11. Write a short synopsis of the case of "The Caroline."

12. Define and distinguish "mediation" and "arbitration."

13. Upon what principles of International Law can the late protocol of the European Powers as to the internal affairs of Turkey, and the invasion of Turkey by Russia in 1877, be justified?



1. State the privileges (beneficia) which the Roman Law recognised in favour of Sureties.

2. State the difference between Agents-General, Particular, and Universal.

3. What were the principles decided in the following cases ?

Copis v. Middleton.

Grant v. Norway.

Smout v. Ilberry.

4. What was the Macedonian Decree, and how far has it been adopted in our Law?

5. What was the Lex Rhodia, and what is its modern equivalent ? 6. What is the nature of the Actio Utilis?

7. Contrast the English Law of Sale with the Roman doctrine of Emptio Venditio.

8. What were the Innominate contracts? What is the English analogue of the Action præscriptis verbis ?

9. State the doctrine of Novatio? What is the English doctrine on the subject?

10. Give Maine's account of the development of the Law of Contracts among the Romans.

11. Give Maine's analysis of the Roman Law of Wills.

12. Show that the progress of society is from Status to Contract.


1. Give Bentham's account of the various Principles of Legislation, and point out the operation of these principles.

2. Bentham points out certain false methods of reasoning on the subject of Legislation ?

3. Point out the ends of Civil Law, and the relation subsisting between those ends.

4. Give an analysis of the evils which result from attacks upon Property.

5. Give an analysis of the titles which constitute Property.

6. Give a sketch of the rights and obligations attached to the more important of the Private Conditions.

7. Contrast ancient and modern ideas respecting Wills and Successions (Maine).

8. Give an account of the early history of Delict and Crime.

9. Show the operation of the Law of Nature and Equity on the Roman Law.

10. Give Maine's theory of the origin of the Feudal System.

II. Show the operation of the idea of the Patriæ Potestas on the English canons of Descent.

12. Give an account of the various theories of the Origin of Property.



1. Give an account of the subsidiary law established by the Foreign Prætors and known as Jus Gentium. Why was the law so named? How was it introduced into Italy?

2. Give a brief account of the laws or rules styled Customary. Point out the error of writers on Jurisprudence, Roman, English, and German, on the subject.

3. A glaring deficiency of the French Code is pointed out by Austin? Another defect is pointed out by Savigny? The authors of the Code seem to have been profoundly ignorant of the Roman Law?

4. What is the true character of Public Law? And what is its true position in the legal system?

5. Give Austin's comments on the Maxims of Law, Sic utere tuo ut alienum non lædas; Qui jure suo utitur neminem lædit.

6. What is the index to such of the Divine Laws as are unrevealed? State the hypotheses or theories which attempt to resolve this question. 7. Give a statement of the law as to Inofficious Testaments.

8. Give an account of the different degrees of Culpa, and show how far they are of importance in our own law.

9. "Is qui exequitur mandatum non debet excedere fines mandati." Write a short comment upon this.

10. Give a brief sketch of the Roman Law of Actions.

11. Give the true theory of Possession as a legal conception. 12. What is the advantage of a study of the Roman Law?



1. State the rules established by the 2 & 3 Wm, 4, c. 71, as to
(a). Rights of common and other profits a prendre (s. 1),
(b). Rights of way and other easements (s. 2),

(c). Rights of light (s. 3).

2. Explain the term "interruption" as used in the Act of the 2 & 3 Wm. 4, c. 71.

3. What periods are to be excluded from the term of forty years appointed by the Act of the 2 & 3 Wm. 4, c. 71?

4. Explain and illustrate the principle established by the case of Bright v, Walker, I Cr. Mees. & Rosc. 211.

5. Explain the rule that easements are destroyed by unity of ownership.

6. State the principles and theory upon which English Courts proceeded in questions of prescription prior to the passing of the Act of the 3 & 4 Wm. 4, C. 71.

7. When was the English Act of the 3 & 4 Wm. 4, c. 71, extended to Ireland?

8. State the alterations in the law of limitation introduced by the Act of the 37 & 38 Vict. c. 57.

9. State the object and substance of the respective Acts "De Mercatoribus" and "Elegit."

10. Explain the different modes in which the assets of a deceased debtor were applied, according to the Common Law and the principles of Equity, to the payment of his debts.

11. State the effect of the following Acts:

(a). The Act of the 3 & 4 Wm. & Mary, c. 14 (extended to Ireland by the 4 Anne, c. 5).

(b). The Act of the II Geo. 4, and I Wm. 4, c. 47.

(c). The Act of the 3 & 4 Wm. 4, c. 104.

12. State the alterations in the law of Dower introduced by the Act of the 3 & 4 Wm. 4, c. 105.

13. To what extent did the power of disposing of real estate exist under the Common Law prior to the Act of the 32 Hen. 8, c. I?

14. Write a short sketch of the origin and progress of the power of disposition of real estates by will in the English Law.




1. From what source does the Allantois develop, and what are the earliest conditions of it that have hitherto been observed ?

2. Enumerate the constituents of the umbilical cord, specifying in each case the source of each part.

3. Contrast the condition of the parts of the head in a human fœtus of the third month, with the same region of a fourth month's fœtus.

4. What are the boundaries of the cavity wherein the liquor Amnii is contained? and describe the formation of the cavity.

5. What conclusions as to the structure and relations of the placenta do you draw from the researches of Ercolani ?

6. Describe the real nature of the decidua scrotina.

7. What are "primitive ova," and what is their method of formation? 8. Describe the condition of the heart and primary bloodvessels in a human foetus of eight weeks.

9. Contrast the earliest stages of the formation of the blastoderm in the egg of a fowl, and in the Mammalian ovum.

10. What is the nature of the axis band of His, and what becomes of it in course of development?

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