Page images


1. Write a note on the objection to the existence of Design in nature, founded on the alleged principle that the bodily structure is the "condition of existence," and no more.

2. How does Mr. Mill make use of this principle? Examine his reasoning.

3. How has Epicurus, under the form of a dilemma, stated the problem presented by the existence of evil? Mr. Mill accepts this statement of the problem.

4. How does Dr. Chalmers attempt to explain by natural causes the efficacy of prayer? Point out how this theory fails.

5. What are the unwarranted assumptions involved in Dr. Colenso's argument against the authenticity of the Book of Genesis, founded on the age of Judah ?

6. Write a brief note on the evidence for Christianity supplied by the existence and progress of the Christian Church.

7. State and answer the different aspects of Hume's argument against miracles.

8. Write a note on the Divine fore-knowledge of future contingents. 9. Examine the argument by which Mr. Matthew Arnold endeavours to overthrow the necessity of Dogma in religion.

10. What is Mr. Irving's heresy as to the human nature of Christ? Point out the erroneous assumptions on which this opinion rests, and answer it.

(The questions proposed for Bishop Foster's Prize, on this Paper, may be considered as proposed to all members of the Class.)

1. State the argument from Design, and quote authorities in support of its extreme value.

2. Define the different forms of Pantheism, and state how this system treats the question of personality.

3. Give some of the chief proofs afforded by Natural Religion for the Immortality of the Soul. How is this question decided by the Pantheist, and by the Positivist ?

4. Consider the question-" What language did Our Lord use in His discourses as preserved in the New Testament ?"

5. Trace the rise of the Mythical system of interpreting Scripture; and add the chief objections to which the application of that system is liable.

6. What are the principles of modern criticism as to the evidential value of Prophecy? Answer the objections founded on these assumptions.

7. What is Dr. Arnold's theory of Prophecy? To what error has the exclusive application of this theory led?

8. The relations which subsist between the Persons of the Trinity must be regarded in all cases as eternal relations. Show distinctly why this must be so.

9. Define the Monothelete heresy, and state its three phases. What truth relating to the death of Christ is denied by this heresy ?

10. What is the truth that underlies the principle of Sacrifice? What is S. Augustine's definition of Sacrifice?

The following questions are specially proposed to Candidates for Bishop Foster's Prize:

II. Write a note on Kant's criticism of the several arguments in support of Theism.

12. Give some account of the system of the Positivists.

13. Consider the arguments which would resolve Causation into mere succession. What is your own conclusion as to the principle of Causality?

14. How has Bishop O'Brien criticized Paley's introductory argument in proof of the probability of miracles?

15. Write a note on the use and abuse of the terms "Nature" and "Law" in modern controversy.

16. Give some account of Keim's work entitled "Jesus of Nazara.” 17. Criticize Renan's theory as to miracles. Point out the fallacious character of the so-called spiritualistic miracles.

18. Under what aspect has Sabellianism presented itself in ancient and in modern times? Write a short note on the sense in which the word "Person," as applied to the "Persons" of the Trinity, is to be understood.

19. Trace the formulation of the doctrine of the Church as to the "Hypostasis" of the SoN.

20. Define the heresy of Nestorius; and reply to the Nestorian theories of συναφεία and ἐνοίκησις. Trace the origin of the term θεοτόκος, and explain its true meaning.


Write a Sermon, popularly applying the words :

"Whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother."

S. Mark, iii, 35.

In place of this subject, Candidates for Bishop Foster's Prize may write on the following :—

Show that, as contrasted with all apparent resemblances, whether Oriental or Hellenic, the Christian doctrine of the Incarnation is unique and original.





I. Translate, and write a note on any words of moment in the following texts:

(α). οἱ γὰρ Φαρισαῖοι καὶ πάντες οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι, ἐὰν μὴ πυγμῇ νίψωνται τὰς χεῖρας, οὐκ ἐσθίουσι, κρατοῦντες τὴν παράδοσιν τῶν πρεσβυτέρων


(β). Ελεγον οὖν αὐτῷ, “ Σὺ τίς εἶ;” Καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς, “ Τὴν ἀρχὴν ὅ, τι καὶ λαλῶ ὑμῖν.

II. Write a note on the word "Calvary."

III. Translate, and comment upon, the following passages, adding such other passages as seem to you to be parallel, giving the various readings which occur, and explaining, according to such readings, the construction of each :

(α). παρέστησαν οἱ βασιλεῖς τῆς γῆς, καὶ οἱ ἄρχοντες συνήχθησαν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ κατὰ τοῦ κυρίου, καὶ κατὰ τοῦ Χριστοῦ αὐτοῦ. Συμήχθησαν γὰρ ἐπ ̓ ἀληθείας ἐπὶ τὸν ἅγιον παῖδά σου, Ἰησοῦν, ὃν ἔχρισας, Ἡρώδης τε καὶ Πόντιος Πιλάτος, σὺν ἔθνεσι καὶ λαοῖς Ἰσραὴλ, ποιῆσαι ὅσα ἡ χείρ σου καὶ ἡ βουλή σου προώρισε γενέσθαι.

(6). Εὐχαριστοῦμεν τῷ Θεῷ καὶ πατρὶ τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, πάντοτε περὶ ὑμῶν προσευχόμενοι.

(c). οἷς ἠθέλησεν ὁ Θεὸς γνωρίσαι, τίς ὁ πλοῦτος τῆς δόξης τοῦ μυστη ρίου τούτου ἐν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν, ὅς ἐστι Χριστὸς ἐν ὑμῖν, ἡ ελπὶς τῆς δόξης (α). δι' ἃ ἔρχεται ἡ ὀργὴ τοῦ Θεοῦ ἐπὶ τοὺς υἱοὺς τῆς ἀπειθείας· ἐν οἷς καί ὑμεῖς περιεπατήσατέ ποτε, ὅτε ἐζῆτε ἐν αὐτοῖς·

(ε). διδάσκοντες καὶ νουθετοῦντες ἑαυτοὺς, ψαλμοῖς καὶ ὕμνοις καὶ ᾠδαῖς πνευματικαῖς ἐν χάριτα ᾄδοντες ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ ὑμῶν τῷ Κυρίῳ· καὶ πᾶν ὅ τι ἂν ποιῆτε ἐν λόγῳ ἢ ἐν ἔργῳ, πάντα ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου Ἰησοῦ, εὐχαριστ τοῦντες τῷ Θεῷ καὶ πατρὶ δι ̓ αὐτοῦ. Αἱ γυναῖκες, ὑποτάσσεσθε τοῖς ἰδίοις ἀνδράσιν, ὡς ἀνῆκεν ἐν Κυρίῳ. Οἱ ἄνδρες, ἀγαπᾶτε τὰς γυναῖκας, καὶ μὴ πικραίνεσθε πρὸς αὐτάς. Τὰ τέκνα, ὑπακούετε τοῖς γονεύσι κατὰ πάντα· τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν εὐάρεστον τῷ Κυρίῳ. Οἱ πατέρες, μὴ ἐρεθίζετε τὰ τέκνα ὑμῶν, ἵνα μὴ ἀθυμῶσιν.

IV. Translate the following passages:

(α). οὐκ ἦν ἐκεῖνος τὸ φῶς, ἀλλ ̓ ἵνα μαρτυρήσῃ περὶ τοῦ φωτός. ἦν το φῶς τὸ ἀληθινὸν, ὃ φωτίζει πάντα ἄνθρωπον ἐρχόμενον εἰς τὸν κόσμον. ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ ἦν, καὶ ὁ κόσμος δι' αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο. καὶ ὁ κόσμος αὐτὸν οὐκ ἔγνω. Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο, καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν, καὶ ἔθεα

σάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρὸς, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. Ἰωάννης μαρτυρεῖ περὶ αὐτοῦ, καὶ κέκραγε λέγων, “ Οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον, Ὁ ὀπίσω μου ἐρχόμενος, ἔμπροσθέν μου γέγονεν· ὅτι πρῶτός μου ἦν.” Καὶ ἐκ τοῦ πληρώματος αὐτοῦ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἐλάβομεν καὶ χάριν ἀντὶ χάριτος

(6). καὶ αὐτὸς ἐστιν ἡ κεφαλὴ τοῦ σώματος τῆς ἐκκλησίας· ὅς ἐστιν ἀρχὴ, πρωτότοκος ἐκ τῶν νεκρῶν, ἵνα γένηται ἐν πᾶσιν αὐτὸς πρωτεύων. ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ εὐδόκησε πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα κατοικῆσαι.

ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ κατοικεῖ πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα τῆς θεότητος σωματικῶς, καί ἐστε ἐν αὐτῷ πεπληρωμένοι· ὅς ἐστιν ἡ κεφαλὴ πάσης ἀρχῆς καὶ ἐξουσίας Give the substance of Dr. Lightfoot's note on the word πλήρωμα. (c). ὅς ἐστιν εἰκὼν τοῦ Θεοῦ τοῦ ἀοράτου, πρωτότοκος πάσης κτίσεως. Write a note on the word εἰκών, and on πρωτότοκος πάσης κτίσεως.

V. Give some account of the various explanations suggested in the following passage, and state what you consider to be the translation which best suits the context:

Εἰ οὖν ἀπεθάνετε σὺν τῷ Χριστῷ ἀπὸ τῶν στοιχείων τοῦ κόσμου, τί ὡς ζῶντες ἐν κόσμῳ δογματίζεσθε; Μὴ ἅψῃ, μηδὲ γεύσῃ, μηδὲ θίγῃς. Ἡ ἐστι πάντα εἰς φθορὰν τῇ ἀποχρήσει, κατὰ τὰ ἐντάλματα λαὶ διδασκαλίας τῶν ἀνθρώπων· ἅτινά ἐστι λόγον μὲν ἔχοντα σοφίας ἐν ἐθελοθρησκείᾳ καὶ ταπεινοφροσύνῃ καὶ ἀφειδίᾳ σώματος, οὐκ ἐν τιμῇ τινι πρὸς πλησμονὴν τῆς σαρκός.

VI. (α). Write a note on the Churches in the Valley of the Lycus. How are these Churches referred to by S. Paul (quoting the passages), and elsewhere in the New Testament?

(6). Translate:

καὶ ὅταν ἀναγνωσθῇ παρ' ὑμῖν ἡ ἐπιστολὴ, ποιήσατε ἵνα καὶ ἐν τῇ Λαοδι κέων ἐκκλησίᾳ ἀναγνωσθῇ, καὶ τὴν ἐκ Λαοδικείας ἵνα καὶ ὑμεῖς ἀναγνῶτε, adding the substance of the discussion on this passage, as supplied by Bishop Ellicott and Canon Lightfoot.

VII. (α). Distinguish between θεότης, θειότης, τὸ θεῖον, giving the contexts where each expression occurs.

(6). Distinguish between στέφανος, διάδημα-μωρολογία, αἰσχρολογία, εὐτραπελία-ταπεινοφροσύνη, πραότης, ἐπιείκεια-φῶς, φέγγος, φωστὴρ, λύχνος, λαμπάς.



Write an Essay on the doctrinal signification of the words :— being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high."—HEB. i., 3.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Agus do imtis sé as sin, agus táinic sé d’a tír féin; agus do Leanadar a deisciobuil [féin] é.

Agus an tan táinic an tsabóid, do ¿ionnsgain sé teagasg do déanad annsa tsinagóig: agus do gab iongnað mórán d'a gcualaid [é], ag rád, Creud as a dtigid na néitesi čum an [firs]? agus creud [i] an eagna so tugað dó, ionnus go ndeuntar a Leiteide so do súbailciġe tré na Láṁuib ?

An né naċ é so an saor úd, mac Mhuire, agus dearbrátair Sheumais agus 1óses, agus Iúdáis agus Shímóin? agus an né naċ Bfuilid a deirbseatraċa ann so eadruinne? Agus fuaradar oilBéim ann.

Aċd a dúbairt Iosa riu, ni bfuil fáid gan meas, aċd ann a čír féin, agus eidir a [daoinib] gaoil, agus ann a tíg féin.

Agus níor B’féidir leis súbailciġe ar bit do deunad annsa náit sin, acd ag cur a láṁ ar beagán do daoinib éagcruaide, do šlánaiġ [sé iad).

Agus do Bi 10ngnad aige ann a neaṁċreideaṁ súd. agus do timčeálluid sé na bailte fá gcuairt, ag teagusg.


Na buaideartar Bur gcroíder; creidíd a nDia, agus creidíd 1onnamsa.

As iomda tiaĝais a dtiġ m’atarsa : Agus muna [mbéit], d'inneosuinn daoib é. Atáim ag dul d'ullṁuġad áite daoib.

Agus ma imċiġim d'ullṁuiġad áite daoib, tiocfaid mé arís, agus géabfuid mé sibs cugam féin; 10nnus mar a' bfuilims, go mbia sibse fós [ann].

Agus atá a fios aguibsi gá háit a dtéiġins, angus atá eolus na slígead aguib.

a dúbairt Tomás ris, A Thiġearna, ní feas dúinne gá háit a dtéid tú; agus cionnas as éidir linn eolus na slíġead do Beit aguinn?

« PreviousContinue »