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(f). What evidence is considered by Hallam to disprove decisively Burnet's assertion that there was a Republican party in existence in William III.'s reign?

(g). The Commons in 1685 gave an oblique and timid hint to James of their disapprobation of a regular military force?

(h). "By these measures," says Coxe, "Ormond gave the deathblow to the Grand Alliance." What measures?

(i). The Emperor, in a letter (1710), gave the States the title which they had long demanded in vain from the Court of Vienna. What title?

(j). Chief causes of the failure of the expedition against Toulon, 1707?



1. (a). What conditions must be fulfilled in order to enable a labouring population to increase rapidly in numbers without undergoing a decline in material welfare ?

(B). Give illustrative examples, positive and negative, noticing particularly the case of Ireland previous to and subsequent to the famine of 1845-52.

2. (a). How far is it true that wages vary with the price of the necessaries of life?

(B). Show that, so far as the statement is true, it does not conflict with the arithmetical fact that wages depend on the ratio of the wages fund to the population?

3. Who are the authorities quoted by Mill as to the prosperity produced by a system of peasant-proprietorship? Cite some of the more remarkable testimonies.

4. What are the real objections to Communism, and what are the replies to the fallacious objections ?

5. What are the real and what the supposed advantages of a double currency? Apply your statements to the present state of the currency in India.

6. (a). Can rapidity of circulation be increased in money without a corresponding increase in the sales of commodities?

(B). Consider the bearing your answer has on Mill's account of the effect of an increased circulation of money on prices.

7. (a). Discuss the question whether the existence of rent imposes any burden on the consumer.

(8). Is it necessary (for equal profits) that a Grafton-street trader should charge higher for his goods than a trader in a less highly-rented street?

8. (a). In what sense is it true that wages do not enter into value? (8). Give the corrections which the statement requires.

9. We may gather from Mill an explanation of the fact that retail trades (e. g., butchers and bakers) can keep up prices for some time after the cost of production has fallen ?

10. Is the extravagant expenditure of the rich beneficial to the poor? Give your reasons.

Modern Literature and Composition.



A.-I. What is the end of learning, according to Milton?

2. Why are so many years ordinarily spent in acquiring less Latin and Greek than might be learned in one?

3. Milton objects to the order usually pursued in studies at the Universities?

4. Milton's conception of "a complete and generous education"? 5. Subject of the first Greek or Latin book the student should read? Second subject?

6. At what point is poetry introduced into Milton's scheme, and what poets are first read?

7. He speaks of "those Locrian remnants." Explain.

8. There are two stages in the study of tragic poetry?

9. What subject is to be studied last in chronological order?

10. What time of the day is devoted to music?

B.-I. Explain the circumstances under which the Areopagitica was written.

2. How far, in your opinion, was Milton in writing his Speech influenced by classical models?

3. Mention the chief subsequent facts in the history of freedom of the press in England.

4. Illustrate by quotations the Miltonic use of the simile in this Speech.

5. Milton's conception of true human virtue?

6. "Lords and Commons of England, consider what Nation it is whereof ye are." How does this passage go on?

C.-(a). Sir Thomas Browne's genius was essentially literary, not scientific.

(b). "His habitual mood is determined by an attraction towards the two opposite poles of humour and mysticism."-Leslie Stephen.

(c). "Strong convictions are needed for the ordinary controversial successes, and Sir Thomas Browne's favourite point of view is the centre

from which all convictions radiate, and all look equally probable. But then, instead of mocking at all, he sympathises with all, and expresses the one sentiment which may be extracted from their collision-the sentiment of reverence blended with scepticism."—Leslie Stephen.

Consider the justice of the above critical remarks on Sir T. Browne.


1. Is there an antagonism between Puritanism and dramatic genius? Consider the case of Milton. Are strong convictions-religious, social, political-unfavourable to dramatic genius? Consider the cases of Shakspere, Calderon, Sophocles.

2. Consider the harmony or contrariety between Bacon's philosophical effort and his life and moral character.

3. Keble degraded Milton from the highest class of poets, on the ground that his poetry was not spontaneous. Discuss the question thus raised generally, and with reference to Milton.

[Choose one subject.]



1. What were the reflections of Milton "on his being arrived to the age of 23"?

2. Describe the scene in Pandemonium at the conclusion of Satan's speech in which he related his success against Man.

3. Give Uriel's account of the creation of this universe.

4. (a). "Though like a cover'd field where champions bold

Wont ride in arm'd."

What was this "cover'd field"?

(¿). In P. L. the word obscure occurs accented on the first syllable ?

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(e). "The smell of grain, or tedded grass, or kine."

What is "tedded grass" ?

(f). What were the gardens of Adonis ?

(9). "So scented the grim Feature, and upturn'd
His nostril wide into the murky air,
Sagacious of his quarry from so far."





“nor could his eye not ken The empire of Negus to his utmost port Ercoco."

"till at last

Of middle age one rising, eminent

In wise deport, spake much of right and wrong.”

Who was this, and what was his age?


“their strife pollution brings

Upon the temple itself.”

Instances in history?

5. How does Samson defend himself from Harapha's charge of being a league-breaker?

6. Give, at full length, Milton's remedy “against eating cares."

7. What was the speech of "the pilot of the Galilean lake"?

8. Give the substance of the speech of Comus when he enters with his rout of monsters.

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1. (a). What, according to V. Hugo, is the real definition of 'le romantisme'?

(b), La poësie doit avoir la même devise que la politique ?

(c). What is the point of the following: "peut-être ne trouvera-t-on

pas mauvaise un jour la fantaisie qui lui a pris de mettre une porte presque moresque à sa cathédrale gothique"?

2. Translate into English:

(a). j'en aurai raison avec quelque milice.

(b). notre homme a la mine attrapée.

(c). ils ont un amour qui mue ainsi que (— ?).

(d). je veux voir Notre-Dame

luire en sa châsse ardente, avec sa chappe d'or.

(e). mais écrasons d'abord ce ramas qui conspire,

3. Write out what you remember of the monologue of Don Carlos, beginning with 'Charlemagne, pardon!' &c.


4. Analyse the poems Date lilia,' 'Au bord de la mer.'

5. In the Crépuscules, V. Hugo declares himself to be 'ni de ceux —, ni de ceux qui -: il est de ceux qui -;' fill up the missing words, and criticise the statement itself from what you know of the recueil.

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(h). la bruine tend son écran jaloux devant (·

(i). le visage a du hâle.

(k). un écrit passé devant tabellion.

(1). dans le casier poudreux d'un savant.


7. The leading idea in each of Soulary's eight sonnets called 'Les Métaux '?

8. Write out l'envoi du livre à une dame.'

9. Give as many rimes as you can on the endings -oite, -aine, -ise, -ame; quoting (where you can) lines in which they occur.

10. Fill up the endings in these lines :

Si j'avais à remplir le livre de tes

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Rien de terrestre, ami, n'en ternirait les
J'en bannirais surtout les leçons de nos
Sophistes si légers, philanthropes si
Là-bas, peintre, là-bas sont les fraîches
Laisse l'homme à sa chair et la boue à ses

Vers l'Inconnu, pays des splendides
Poursuis ton Idéal aux radieux


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11. Write (in French) a criticism of the various forms of the sonnet used by Soulary.


1. La poësie familière, ingénieuse et sensée, trouva dans ( expression définitive [an xvime siècle]?

?) son

2. (a). La longue série des mémoires du xvime siècle s'ouvre par (b). Coligny wrote mémoires: are any left?


(c). Mention all you know of the mémoire writers of this period.

3. (a). Who were the writers of the Satire Ménippée ?

(b). Chacun des collaborateurs se chargea de faire parler à sa guise l'un des orateurs des états ?

(c). Give a brief analysis of the work.

4. (a). Who wrote l'Anti-Espagnol ?

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