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case seemed to require. And if he fect unison with the other parts of it. administered reproof, it was done in Of husbands, he was one of the most so delicate and mild a manner, that kind and accommodating ;-of parit oftener conciliated esteem, than ents, the most affectionate and encreated offence. In his prayers with dearing.-It pleased the Author of the sick, however intricate the oc Wisdom to visit him with peculiar casion, he was always both appropri. trials. In the course of a few years ate and highly devotional. So emi- he was called to bury seven of his nent was his character for piety, und children, all adults, and some of them so universally was he beloved, that he with families; yet such was his confi. was often called to the sick and af. dence in the perfect wisdom of God's Aicted of difierent denominations. government, that he was always pa. How many wounded hearts he has tient and submissive, and his mind bound up, and from how many weep- lost nothing of its lively confidence ing eyes he has wiped the tears away; and checitul hope. how many thoughtless sinners he was His habit of body, through life, was the means of awakening; and how weakly, and he was not unused to many saints he has edified and built
occasional interruptions of his minisup unto eternal life ; how many wa terial labours ; yet he survived all his vering minds he has soutled, and to clerical cotemporaries both in this how many repenting sinners his words town and its vicinity. It was his conadministered peace, can
stant prayer that's his life and his useknown only at the great day. fulness might run parallel.” In this,
The integrity of Dr. S.'s character his desires were gratified. A slight was such as produced universal con- indisposition detained him at home fidence in hiin. Expressive of this the two last Lord's days of his life. was his election by the town of Bus. On the Wednesday following the ton, as a inember of the State Con- second of them, without any previvention, for the formation of the State
ous symptoms, he was suddenly atConstitution, in 1779; as also for the tacked, at about 11 o'clock, A. M. adoption of the Federal Constitution, by a paralytic shock. At 10 at night, in 1788. In this last body he deliv. having received a second stroke, he ered a very eloquent speech in its grew insensible, and at 12 expired. support ; and was considered, at the could he have selected the manner of time, as having contributed much to his death, it had probably been such wards its adoption, and confirmed an one as this, which spared him the many members in its favour, who pain of separation from a flock he was were previously wavering upon that most ardeiitly attached to, and a famquestion. To that constitution, he ily he most tenderly loved; a scenc, ever after continued a firm, unshaken which to a person of his feeling mind, friend, and a warm approver of the notwithstanding all his religion, must administrations of WASHINGTON and have occasioned a shock. On the ADAMS,
Monday following, his remains were In 1789, he delivered the town attended to the Meeting House, Oration on the 4th of July, in which where a pathetic and appropriate disa be also highly celebrated the virtues course was delivered on the occasion, of the Father of his Country.
by the Rev. Dr. BALDWIN, pastor The University in Cambridge con of the 20 Baptist Church in this town, ferred on him the honourary degree from 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8, to an immensely of A. M, in 1761, and the College thronged and deeply affected assemof Rhode Island gave him a diploma bly; after which his remains were of D. D. in 1788.
carried to the tomb, amidst the reTo his church and people he was grets of a numerous concourse of peoparticularly attentive, and suffered ple, who crowded around his bier, to no calls of relaxation or amusement to take a last look at the urn, which coninterfere with the conscientious dis- tained the relics of him, who once to charge of the smallest professional them was so dear, but whose face duty. His duty was always indeed they now should see no more. His his delight, and nothing in his mind loss will long be felt, not only by his ever stood in any sort of competition own immediate Society, but all his with it.
other numerous friends. His domestic character was in per The memory of the just is blesset.
The Biographical Sketch of the Rev. Wm. COOPER, has come to hand and shall appear next month.
We have received the Remarks of Candidus, on the Extract from Sennebier's History of Literature, (see Panoplist for Sept.] which contains an account of Calvin's treatment of Servetus. This respectable correspondent will excuse us if we decline publishing his objections in the manner in which they are brought forward. Were they reduced to a concise and specific form, and accompanied by proper references to authorities, we could have no objection to their admission ; as truth is our object. Were we to admit the whole communication of Candidus, as it now stands, it would still be a question, whether we are to submit to his authority or to that of Sennebier. Especially when we consider, that the extract from Sennebier, which we published, received the sanction of the late learned Dr. Erskine, who was intimately conversant with ecclesiastical history, and with European literature.
We readily admit the correctness and pertinency of many of the remarks of Candidus. With some abatement in respect to the characters and conduct of the first Reformers, we could subscribe to the following observations. " It cannot be contested that the Reformers were pretty generally," we should say, in too frequent instances,“ actuated by a blind, intemperate zeal against all, whom they suspected to be enemies of the gospel of truth, and embraced too often, improper methods for its support, which by the more candid and Christian sentiments of our day, are disapproved. Calvin too was a son of Zebedee. Francis Davidis also experienced, that even Socinus was, in this respect, not inore tinctured with the meek doctrine of our humble Saviour. It becomes us to state historical facts fairly; then we may try, as far as truth will allow, to lessen their faults, who greatly sinned through ignorance. Let the purity of our doctrine and lives be their severest condemnation, and the mouth of unbelief shall be stopped forever.”
The following are pertinent and forcible observations of Candidus, intended to expose one of the pleas of Sennebier in favour of Calvin. “ Had Sennebier; to extenuate Calvin's guilt, fairly acknowledged this instance of human weakness, and expatiated on Calvin's piety; on his eminent services in the cause of Christendom; on his elegant, learned writings ; on that masterly piece of composition, his preface, and I had nearly said, unequalled dedication to Francis I.; on his modesty, as a divine interpreter, and his disinterestedness ; had he even concluded with his panegyrist Beza, that Calvin left us in his life and death an example, which it was more easy to slander than to imitate; had Sennebier delineated, with few strokes, the turbulent spirit of democracy rankling in every breast at Geneva, Calvin's high authority in that city, with his uncontrolled power in the church, as President in the assembly of the clergy and ecclesiasucal judicatory ; had he shown this reformer exasperated by the virulent invectives of his haughty antagonist, and urged his irritable temper unused to brook opposition, he might have induced his readers to deplore the frailty of Calvin, and to avert their eyes from a foul spot in such a bright character. But what friend of Calvin can bear with patience Sennebier's plea ! “Calvin's situation was delicate. The Catholics accused him of dangerous errors. Had he remained an indifferent spectator of the process against Servetus, they would bare pronounced him a favourer of his opinions." Had Servetus escaped, his gross and abusive charges against Calvin would have appeared to be well founded.” If Calvin's conduct will admit no better apology than this, his character, we freely grant, deserves to be stigmatized.
If, after the foregoing remarks, Candidus shall feel disposed to forward us his remaining communications on this subject, they shall be treated with the respect due to their author.
Ż. on Christian Zeal, and the Biographical Sketch by Theophilus shall appear next month.
Our other correspondents shall be attended to as fast as the limits of our work will admit.
A PASTOR OF THE CHURCH IN DRATTLE STREET, BOSTON.
Tue early years of Mr. Coop At seven years old, while er were distinguished by presa- hearing a sermon of Mr. Colges of that eminence, which in man, with whom he afterward future life he actually attained. was colleague, he was so attractA vigorous mind, intense appli- ed by the eloquence of his mancation, and an ardent thirst for ner, that he went home with a knowledge marked his child- determination to read like him ; hood. Blest with a religious ed a circumstance, which drew from ucation, he exhibited, even at that venerable man (who survive this period, hopeful evidences of ed him, and preached on his piety ; evidences which bright- death) the following affectionate ened with his years, till all who and humble remark. “I ought knew him were convinced that to thank God, (says he) if I have the grace of God had taken pos- served any way to form him for session of his heart. At his fa- his since eminent pulpit serther's death, his lovely and af- vices, and in particular, his methflicted mother found in him a son od of preaching Christ and Scripof consolation indeed. His ten ture.
So a torch may be lit at a der and sympathetic attentions, farthing candle." in this trying scene, were min Mr. Cooper's youth, though gled with a seriousness, which passed in the midst of temptation, gave them a double value. was exemplarily pure. He was
His progress in the branches grave, but not gloomy, nor ausof knowledge usually taught at tere ; discrcet, but not precise ; school, was rapid. But the Bin and cheerful, with innocence. ble was his chosen companion ;. Study was his recreation. He and with the greatest assiduity, accurately discriminated, he stored his mind with its sa- ardently cultivated those branchcred truths. He had early set
es of science which were most his heart on being a minister of useful and important. Every Jesus Christ; and from this literary pursuit was sanctified by choice he never swerved.
prayer, and every human acqui. No. 12. Vol. II.
sition rendered subservient to the upon Christian principles, and by knowledge of God and relig. Christian arguments. ion.
His sermons were composed Though he entered the desk with cart ; easy and natural in young; it was not without the ad- method ; rich in important truth; vice of the most eminent mi- plain, but not grovelling in style ; isters in Boston. Their expecta. solid and argumentative, yet anitions were high; but they were mated with the spirit of devotion. exceeded. lu the opinion of the They were calculated at once to ablest judges, his first exhibi- enlighten the inind, impress the tions stamped him with the conscience, and warm the heart. character of an accomplished In explaining the profound and and eminent preaciser.
sublime truths of the gospel, he The Church in Bratile streety had the singular felicity to be inof which he was a member, telligible to the ignorant, instrucsoon chose him,
with great tive to the well-informed, and edunanimity, as co-pastor with the ifying to the serious. In prayer, Reverend Mr. Colman, afterward he remarkably excelled. AlD. L. The ordinatin, which, ways ready, always serious and itt Mr. Cooper's request, was de animated, with a mind stored ferred for a year, wis solemnized with scriptural ideas and expresMay 23, 1716.
From this peri- sions, and a heart fired with deor to that of his death, his min- votion, he seemed to converse isterial gilts, graces and useful with his God, and bear along his ness seemed regularly and unin- fellow-worshippers to the very termittingly to increase, and the
gate of heaven. He had a voice more he was known, the more he
at once powerful and agreeable, wits esteemed, loved, and hon- an elocution grave and dignified; oured, as one who eminently ful, while a deep impression of the filled the ministry which he had
majesty of that BBING whose received from the Lord Jesus.
inercy be implored, and whose As a preacher he mus mighty
messages he delivered, was visible in ilie Scriptures, and contended in his countenance and demeanearnestly for the faiih once deliv
or, and added an indescribable soareď to the sainis. He was an
lemnity to all his performances. able and zealous advocate for the
In his discharge of pastoral cistinguishing doctrines of the duties, he was exemplarily diligospel. Christ, th: aliha and
gent, faithful and affectionate. Omega of the Bible, was ever tho
His preaching being very accepprominent object in his discours- table to other congregations be
On the doctrines of grace, side his own, scarce a Sabbath he insisted much ; considering passed in which he did not theni as not only constituting the
preach both parts of the day ; in sole foundation of a sinner's hope, addition to which, he frequently But'as exhibiting the ca.tal aids performed at stated and occasionand incentives
to holiness of al lectures. heart and life. Hence his preach Nor were his abundant labours ir.g was firactical, as well as evan in th gospel without important gelic. It inculcated obedience and happy effect. God was pleas
ed to grant the desire which was lencies of the gentleman and nearest his heart ; to make him Christian. In conversation, he an instrument of saving good to was equally entertaining and inmany, who loved and revered structive ; and while he was him as their spiritual father. courteous and kind to all within He was an eminent instrument his.sphere, he was.especially val. and promoter of the great revi- red and endeared in the relations val of religion which took place of husband, father, master and toward the close of his life. friend. With a beart overflowing with He lived in great affection and joy, he declared, that since the farmony with his colleague, year 1740, more fi-ople had some serving with him as a son with a times come to himn in concern about father. “If in any particular lheir souls in one week, than in the point," says that great and good preceding træenty-four years of his man, “ I could not act with him, ministry. To these applicants, yet he evidently appeared to me he was a most judicious, affec- to act, as he professed—as of sintionate counsellor and guide. cerity, in the sight of God, and as Some, indeed, stigmatized those his conscience commanded him." remparkable appearances as noth In the sermon occasioned by ing better than delusion and en Mr. Cooper's death, Dr. Coiman thusiasm. Nor did Mr. Cooper expresses himself in this rehimself fail to bear a decided tes- markably affectionate style : simony against the spirit of sep. This I can truly say (as I said aration, and other irregularities in tears over the dear remains, which mingled themselves with on the day of interment) that had the religious commotions, in I the like confidence of my own some parts of the land. Yet, actual readiness to be offered, I nobly disregarding human cen
would much rather, . for your sure and applause, where he sake, and the churches through thought the honour of God was the land, have chosen to die in his concerned, he invariably declared stead, might he lave lived to my his persuasion that a remarkable years, and seryed on to the glory work of divine grace was going of God."
The numerous instances Mr. Cooper was truly an honwhich met him, in his own circle, our and blessing to his country. of persons affected, either with Scarce any minister was more pungent and distressing convic, esteemed and loved by his brethtions of sin, or with deep humilie ren, or by the community at ation and self-abhorrence, or with large. In the year 1737, he ardent love to God and man, or was chosen by the Corporawith inexpressible consolation in tion, president of Harvard Colreligion, perfectly satisfied him lege ; but when the vote was that the presence and power of presented to the board of Overthe divine REPROVER, SANCTIFI: seers, he declined the honourable ER and COMFORTER was among trust. Near the period of bis them.
death, his reputation for piety In the private walks of life, he and learning was rapidly extenddisplayed the combined excel. ing, and several divines of the