Value and Obligation: Systematic Readings in Ethics
Most people interested in the problems of ethics aspire to two kinds of knowledge, one systematic, the other historical. They wish a systematic understanding of the field: knowledge of what are the various problems and their interrelations and knowledge of what has been done toward the solution of these problems. They also wish to learn what the great historical philosophers -- particularly those who have had the most important ideas about values and conduct -- have said about the subject. This book is intended to enable the reader to approximate the achievement of these twin goals at once.
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THE SUBJECT MATTER
WHAT IS WORTHWHILE?
PLEASURE THE ONLY INTRINSIC VALUE
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A. C. Ewing according action agent argument Aristotle attitude behavior believe blame blameworthy called categorical imperative cause character claim common concept conduct consequences consider criminal cultural relativism culture defined definition desire determine disagreement duty effect egoist emotions Epicurus equally ethical relativism ethical statements EUTHYPHRO evil experience fact feel freedom give happiness hedonic human implies individual interest intrinsically judgment justice Kant kind knowledge mankind matter means ment merely metaethical mind moral philosophy moral responsibility motive nature normative ethics object obligation one's opinion pain particular person philosophers pleasure possible practice prima facie duty principle problem produce propositions punishment qualities question rational reason regard relation right and wrong rules seems self-love sense social society SOCRATES suppose theory things thought tion true truth universal utilitarian utility virtue W. D. Ross words