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WITH INTRODUCTION, NOTES, AND VOCABULARY
CHARLES E. BENNETT
PROFESSOR OF LATIN IN CORNELL UNIVERSITY
Allyn and Bacon
JUN 27 1905
1 of the Publishers.
COPYRIGHT, 1904, BY
Norwood, Mass., U.S.A.
In this edition j has been printed instead of į where the character has consonantal force, since without such differentiation the pupil must be entirely at a loss to know whether i before a vowel is consonantal or vocalic. Following the example of the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, I have also regularly printed aff- (not adf-), agg- (not adg-), arr- (not adr-), ass- (not ads-), ast- (not adst-), etc., in prepositional compounds.
The Vocabulary has been independently prepared by Dr. John C. Watson, of Cornell University, on the basis of a careful study of all instances of the different words.
Grateful acknowledgments are hereby tendered to Dr. Watson, and also to Professor Charles L. Durham and Professor H. C. Elmer for valuable criticisms and suggestions on the notes of this volume.
CHARLES E. BENNETT.
ITHACA, November, 1904.
PUNISHMENT OF TANTALUS, Ixion, AND SISYPHUS
PUBLIUS VERGILIUS MARO was born at the little hamlet of Andes, near Mantua, in Cisalpine Gaul, Oct. 15, 70 B.C. His father, though in modest circumstances, was able to provide his son excellent educational advantages, sending him to school first in the neighboring cities of Cremona and Milan (Mediolanum) and later at Rome. Little is known of the events of Virgil's life until 41 B.C.
In that year Octavian, afterwards known as Augustus, began the confiscation of lands near Cremona for the purpose of distributing them as rewards among his veteran soldiers. Among the lands marked for forfeiture was the estate of Virgil's father, on which the poet was then living. Retention of this was temporarily secured for him through the intervention of influential friends. Chief among these was Gaius Asinius Pollio, an enlightened patron of literature, who, presumably, was already familiar with Virgil's poetic gifts, and who at this time was governor of Transpadane Gaul, in which Mantua was situated. But Pollio was soon succeeded by Varus, who, although a friend of Virgil, seems to have been unable to protect him longer in the possession of his estate. About this time, however, Virgil formed the acquaintance of Maecenas, the friend and adviser of Octavian. Maecenas not only proved a generous patron, but also introduced Virgil to Octavian and secured him compensation for the confiscated property of his father.