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His certain life, that never can deceive him,
His life is neither tost in boisterous seas
Of troublous world, nor lost in slothful ease: Pleased and full bless'd he lives, when he his God can please.
His bed of wool yields safe and quiet slecps,
Never his humble house or state torment him;
Less he could like, if less his God had sent him; And when he dies, green turfs with grassy tomb content him.
Envy the next, Envy with squinted eyes;
Sick of a strange disease, his neighbor's health ;
On best men's harms and griefs he feeds his fill;
Else his own maw doth eat with spiteful will:
Which both his sight and object's self belie;
When needs he must, yet faintly, then he praises;
Somewhat the deed, much more the means he raises. So marreth what he makes, and praising, most dispraises.
DECAY OF HUMAN GREATNESS. Fond man, that looks on earth for happiness,
And here long seeks what here is never found!
With many forfeits and conditions bound;
Why shouldst thou here look for perpetual good,
At every loss against Heaven's face repining?
With gilded tops and silver turrets shining;
That all the East once grasp'd in lordly paw?
1 "In his description of Envy, Fletcher is superior to Spenser.”- Relrospectwe 9 Places.
penser."- Relropective Reviere 136
Where that great Persian bear, whose swelling pride
The lion's self tore out with ravenous jaw ?
Or note of these great monarchies we find :
And empty name in writ is left behind:
That monstrous beast, which, nursed in Tiber's fen,
Did all the world with hideous shape affray;
And trod down all the rest to dust and clay:
O'ershadows half the earth, whose dismal sight
Already stoops, and flags with weary flight:
WILLIAM HABINGTON, 1605-1654.
BILLiam HadingTON was born at the country seat of his ancestors in Worcestershire, called Hindlip, in 1605, the year of the famed gunpowder plot, the discovery of which is said to have come from his mother. They were a wealthy family, and were Papists. William was educated in the Jesuits' College in St. Omers, and afterwards at Paris, in the hope that he might enter into that society. But he preferred a wiser and happier course of life, and returning to his own country, married Lucy, daughter of William Herbert. In 1635 he published a volume of poems entitled “Castara," under which name he celebrates his wife, a kind of title fashionable in that day. He died when he had just completed his fiftieth year, and was buried in the family vault at Hindlip.
But little is known of Habington's history. He appears to have been vis. tinguished for connubial felicity, for a love of retireinent and study, and for the dignity and moral beauty of his sentiments. “His poems possess much elegance, much poetical fancy, and are almost everywhere tinged with a deep moral cast, which ought to have ma:le their fame more permanent."'2
| The Mohammedan Empire.
2 See « Censura Literaria, v lam's Literature," *c., #1. 182.
. 227 and 387; and “Retrospect've Review,"
ll. 274 ; also. "Hal.
Do not their profane orgies hear
THE VANITY OF AVARICE.
The sailors to the main;
A tempest checks the fond disdain;
And while proud billows rise
Our love's so sacred mysteries;
Where's now my pride t'extend my fame
Wherever statues are?
In the smooth court or rugged war?
Unmark d in th' shaded vale,
Are breathed forth by an angry gale;
Castara, what is there above
The treasures we possess?
Like stars in th' orb of happiness.
JOSEPH HALL. 1574-1656. Few names in our language have united in a greater degree the character of an instructive prose writer and a vigorous poet, than Joseph Hall. He was born at Briston Park, in Leicestershire, in 1574, and after taking his degree at Cambridge, he rose through various church preferments to be Bishop of Exeter, and subsequently, in 1641, to be Bishop of Norwich. In the same year he joined with the twelve prelates in the protestation of all laws made during their forced absence from Parliament. In consequence of this, he, with the rest, was sent to the Tower, and was released only on giving £5000 bail. Two years after, he was among the number marked out for sequestration. After suffering extreme hardships, he was allowed to retire on a small pittance, to Higham, near Norwich, where he continued, in comparative ob scurity, but with indefatigable zeal and intrepidity, to exercise the duties of a pastor, till he closed his days, in the year 1656, at the venerable age of eighty-two.
As a poet, Bishop Hall is known by his “ Bookes of byting Satyres.” These were published at the early age of twenty-three. They are marked, says Warton,' with a classical precision to which English poetry had yet rarely attained. They are replete with animation of style and sentiment. The characters are delineated in strong and lively coloring, and their discriminations are touched with the masterly traces of genuine humor. His chief fault is obscurity, arising from a remote plıraseology, constrained combinations, un familiar allusions, and abruptness of expression. But it must be borne in mind that he was the first English satirist. Pope, on presenting Mr. West with a copy of his poetical works, observed that he esteemed them the best poetry and the truest satire in the language.
THE ANXIOUS CLIENT AND RAPACIOUS LAWYER.
The crouching client, with low-bended knee,
A trasterly analysis of these satires may be found in Warton's "History of English Poetry, Fol. iv., sections 62, 63, and 64.
Tells on his tale as smoothly as him list;
THE DOMESTIC TUTOR. A gentle squire would gladly entertain Into his house some trencher-chapelain ;3 Some willing man that might instruct his sons, And that would stand to good conditions. First, that he lie upon the truckle-bed, While his young master lieth o'er his head.5 Second, that he do, on no default, Ever presume to sit above the salt.6 Third, that he never change his trencher twice. Fourth, that he use all common courtesies; Sit bare at meals, and one half rise and wait. Last, that he never his young master beat; But he must ask his mother to define How many jerks? she would his back should line. All these observed, he could contented be To give five marks and winter livery,
THE RUSTIC WISHING TO TURN SOLDIER.
The sturdy ploughman doth the soldier see
1 Yet even
Pull them out of his purse. 8 Or, a table-chaplain. In the same sense we have "trencher-knight" in "Love's Labor Lol." We still too often see, as did Hall, the depressed state of modest, but trne genius; we still see "" learned pate duck to the golden fool;" we still see “pastors and teachers" court and flatter mca who have little else than their money to recommend them.
4 Pronounced as in four syllables, con-li-ti-ons.
5 This indulgence allowed to the pupil is the reverse of a more ancient rule at Oxford, by which the scholars are ordered “to sleep respectively under the beds of the Fellows, in a truckle bed, (Trookya Leddys, vulgariter puncupati,) or small bed shifted about upon wheels."
6 In Hall's day the table was divided into the upper and lower messes, by a huge salt ceint, the rank and consequence of the visitors were marked by the situation of their seats above or our the salt-cellar.
7 Lashes. 8 A kind of forester's green cloth, so called from Kendal, Westmoreland county, which was famous for its manufacture.
9“A kind of rustic high shoes or hair boots. 10 That is, to them who have never seen the time when, &c.