A Feast of Meanings: Eucharistic Theologies from Jesus Through Johannine Circles

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BRILL, Dec 31, 1993 - Religion - 210 pages
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The monograph analyses eucharistic texts on the basis of the social practices which generated them. Six stages of ideology are identified. Jesus himself practised fellowship at meals as celebrations of Israel's purity (stage 1), and later insisted that a pure meal was a better sacrifice than an offering in the Temple (stage 2). The circle of Peter made such meals into covenantal celebrations; Jesus became a new Moses (stage 3). In order to militate against the full participation of non-Jews, the circle of James invented the full identifications with Passover (stage 4). Paul resisted any such limitations (stage 5). The Synoptic tradition accepted the Jacobean chronology, but joined Paul in developing the Hellenistic theme of Jesus as heroic martyr, and in explaining eucharist as a means of effecting solidarity with Jesus (stage 5). The Johannine ideologies transformed the idiom of eucharist by making Jesus into the paschal lamb which is consumed (stage 6). A conclusion relates the practices identified to the sources behind the Gospels; and shows how practice is key to the meanings of eucharistic texts.
 

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Contents

The Purity of the Kingdom
13
The Surrogate of Sacrifice
46
The Covenantal Sacrifice of Sharings
75
The Passover
93
Pauline and Synoptic Symposia
109
The Miraculous Food of Paul and John
131
The Generative Exegesis of Eucharistic Texts
146
The Pharisees in a Recent Dispute
161
The construction ou ii 8coq 6v in asseverations
169
Aramaic Retroversions of Jesus Sayings
177
Bibliography
195
Index
202
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Page 195 - RH Charles, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Revelation of St. John (2 vols.; ICC; Edinburgh: T.

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About the author (1993)

Bruce Chilton, Ph.D. (1976) in Divinity, Cambridge University (St. John's College) is Bernard Iddings Bell Professor of Religion at Bard College. He is a scholar of early Christianity and Judaism; his publications include "The Isaiah Targum" (Clark and Glazier, 1987) and "The Temple of Jesus" (Penn. State, 1992).