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Eleventh, John, born on January 20, 1713-14. This gentle. man, choosing a military life, passed through the several degrees of an officer in the first regiment of foot-guards, till he arrived at the rank of colonel, on May 1st, 1758. On November 11th, 1761, he got the command of the forty-fifth regiment of infantry; and, on March 4th, 1761, was constituted inajor general. He was master of the horse to the Duke of Cumberland, and one of the grooms of his bed-chamber. He was likewise deputy-governor of Scilly islands. He served as a member for Truro, in every parliament from the year 1747, till his death, which happened in June, 1767. He married, in December, 1748, Thomasina, k daughter of Robert Surman, of Valentine-house, in Essex, Esq. by whom he had a son, William-Augustus-Spencer, born on January 7th, 1749-50, formerly lieutenant-colonel in the footguards, and member of parliament for Truro, 1784, 1790; for which he vacated his seat, June, 1792, on being inade a commis, sioner of the salt-office. Of him his mother died in child-bed on the 29th following. The general died April 30th, 1767.
Twelfth, Eleanor, who was born on February 18th, 1714-15, and died young
Thirteenth, Arabella, who was born on Feb. 13th, 1715-16, and died young
Fourteepth, William-Frederic, born on September 18th, 1717, went out supercargo in the service of the East India Company, and died unmarried.
Fifteenth, Lucy, who was born on May 6th, 1719, married Sir Charles Frederick, Knight of the Bath, surveyor-general of the ordnance; and died in 1784.
Sixteenth, Catharine, who was born on December 11th, 1720, and departing this life on June 5th, 1736, had sepulture at Beddington, in Surry.
Seventeenth, Henry, who was born on April 18th, 1722, and died unmarried.
Eighteenth, Nicholas, born on August 16th, 1723, created at Cambridge doctor of divinity, in June, 1753, at the time the Duke of Newcastle, chancellor of the University, was there. He was dean of St. Burien, in Cornwall, a prebendary of Westminster, and chaplain to his Majesty. He married Jane, daughter of .... Woodward, and relict of .... Hatton, of Stratford upon Avon, in Warwickshire, Esqrs. and by her, who died in January, 1797,
k Buried at Barking in Essex, aged thirty years,
had two sons; Hugh, who was born on March 25th, 1755, died on April 21st, 1756, and was buried at Heydon, in Essex ; and Nicholas, who was born on March 25th, 1756.
Her Ladyship, their mother, was exemplary in her piety, virtue, and charity: and though, for some years past, she endured the miseries of a tedious, lingering, and gradual decay, yet she perfectly retained her senses unto her last moments, and bore her sufferings with a firmness and resolution peculiar to herself, which can be equalled but by few, but exceeded by none.
We shall now return to the Right Hon. Edward Boscawen, third son of Hugh, Viscount Falmouth. The said Edward was born on August 19th, 1711. His genius leading him to a seafaring life, he had the command of the Shoreham, of twenty guns, which made part of Admiral Vernon's squadron in the West Indies, in 1739, where he distinguished himself as a volunteer, at the taking and blowing up of the fortifications of Porto-Bello. On the attack of Carthagena, in February 1741-2, he had the command of a party of seamen, who bravely and resolutely attacked and took the Fascine-battery of fifteen twenty-four pounders, and a smaller of five guns, notwithstanding a bloody resistance; and, spiking up all the guns, tore up, and burnt all the platforms and carriages, wherewith General Wentworth bad complained the enemy had much galled him. After that siege, so glorious to our naval forces, having the command of the Prince Frederic, he arrived on May 14th, 1742, at St. Helen's, in nine weeks from Jamaica, sent by Admiral Vernon and General Wentworth, with advice, that the fleet, and land forces under their command, were under sail from Jamaica, on a new expedition against the Spaniards.
On November 26th, 1746, being captain of the Namure, and commodore of a squadron of his Majesty's ships, he took the Intrepide, a French privateer of St. Maloe's, of twenty guns, and two hundred men ; also a dispatch snow from the Marquis d'An. ville's squadron at Chebucto, in Acadia, with advices of great im. portance to the court of France.
On May 3d, 1747, he signalized himself in that engagement with the French fleet, which was convoying from the ports of France, to the East and West-Indies, ships laden with merchandize and warlike stores ; and not one of the ships of war belonging to that fleet escaped. Thereupon he was constituted rearadmiral of the blue squadron of his Majesty's fleet; also coma
mander of a squadron, and general of his Majesty's marine forces, employed in an expedition to the East-Indies. On November 4th, 1747, he sailed from St. Helen's, with a fair wind.
On July 28th, the fleet arrived at fort St. David's; and from thence proceeded to attack the fort of Pondicherry, but was obliged to raise the siege. The Admiral's strongest force was but 3200 men, who did all that could be expected from them.
Soon afterwards news arrived of the peace; but unfortunately two of our men of war were lost in a storm. The admiral, having sent forces, and taken possession of Fort St. George, wbich was delivered up by the French, prepared for his voyage home. On October 19th, 1749, he sailed from fort Șt. David's, on his return to Europe, and arrived at Spithead in April 1750.
On his return he was constituted rear admiral of the White squadron of his Majesty's feet; and, in June, 1751, one of the lords commissioners of the admiralty. On February 4th, 1755, he was constituted vice-admiral of the Blue squadron of his Majesty's fleet; and the French having, in April, that year, equipped a large navy, with a considerable number of regular troops, and military stores in proportion, on board, to reinforce their garrisons, and execute their ambitious schemes, in North America, he was appointed commander of a squadron rigged out to watch their motions. Accordingly he set sail from Plymouth, on the 27th of that month, with eleven ships of the line, and a frigate, with two regiments, for the Banks of Newfoundland. In a few days after his arrival there, the French fleet, consisting of twentyfive ships of the line, besides frigates and transports, under the command of M. Bois de la Mothe, came to the same statiun : but the thick fogs which prevail on those coasts, especially at that season of the year, kept the two armaments from seeing each other; and part of the French squadron sailed up the river St. Lawrence, whilst another part of it went round, and got into the same river through the straits of Bellisle, on the north of the island of Newfoundland, by a course which was never attempted before by ships of the line. Nevertheless, when the admiral lay with the fleet off Cape Race, the most southern point of Newfoundland, and deemed the most proper station for intercepting the enemy; two French ships, the Alcide, of sixty-four guns, with 480 men, and the Lys, pierced for sixty-four guns, but mounting only twenty-two, with eight companies of land forces on board, having been separated from the rest in the fog on June gth, fell in, the next day, with the Dunkirk and Defiance, two sixty-gun ships, commanded by Captain Howe (afterwards Earl Howe) and Captain Andrews, and were both taken, after an engagement of near five hours.
Mr. Boscawen was, on February 8th, 1758, declared admiral of the Blue, having regularly gone through the two intermediate stations, of vice-admiral of the White and Red, between that and the rank of vice-admiral of the Blue, to which he had been promoted before his last expedition to America, as before related : and, the reduction of Louisbourg, in the island of Cape-Breton, being about that time concerted, he was pitched upon as the best qualified officer to command the armament destined for that service, being equally capable of conducting the operations by land as well as sea. He sailed from St. Helen's on the 19th of that month, when the Invincible, a seventy-four gun ship, and one of the best of his squadron, missing her stays, ran upon a flat, and was lost, but the men, artillery, stores, &c. were saved. At his arrival at Halifax in Nova Scotia, he was joined by General Amherst (afterwards created Lord Amherst,) and took his departure thence, on May 28th, with that officer, the ships of war and transports amounting to 157 sail, with about 12,000 land forces on board,
After the surrender of this important place, which cost the besiegers about 400 killed and wounded (William Cochran, seventh Earl of Dundonald, a captain in the sixteenth regiment of foot, commanded by brigadier-general Jobn Forbes, being in the pumber of the former) and which paved the way for the reduction of Quebec, and conquest of all Canada, Admiral Boscawen, having detached some ships, with a body of troops under Andrew, Lord Rollo, to take possession of the island of St. John, and having left a sufficient squadron at Halifax, in Nova Scotia, returned with Sir Charles Hardy, and four ships of the line, to England, where they arrived on November 1st, 1759, after giving chace to six large French ships, which they descried to the westward of Scilly, but could not overtake or bring to an engagement. The house of commons bad so just a sense of the service done by Admiral Boscawen to his country, by his operations in North America, that on December 6th, 1758, it was unanimously agreed, that the thanks of that house should be given to him for the same.
Mr. Boscawen having given such eminent proofs of his abilities, he was by his Majesty's command, on February 20, 1759,
sworn of the privy-council, and took his seat at the board accordingly. This gallant admiral, being vested with the command of a squadron, of fourteen ships of the line and two frigates, for the Mediterranean service, set sail from St. Helen's on April 14th, 1759; and after his arrival in that sea, he displayed the British flag before Toulon, by way of defiance to the French fleet that lay at anchor there under M. de la Clue, consisting of twelve large ships and three frigates, preparing to join M. Conflans, at Brest. Finding that he could not provoke M. de la Clue to quit his moorings, he sent three ships of the line, on July 7th, under captains Callis, Harland, and Barker, to burn two ships that lay close to the mouth of the harbour; and, though they did not succeed in the enterprize, yet they gained great honour by sustaining, for upwards of three hours, the fire of several batteries, some of which they had not seen before their approach. They attempted to destroy two forts, which they cannonaded with great vivacity : but being overmatched by superior force, and the wind subsiding in a calm, they suffered considerable damage, and were, with some difficulty, towed off. The admiral then steered to Gibraltar, in order to refit; and, when that was near completed, he was advertised, on August 17th, about eight in the evening, by one of his two cruizing frigates, that fourteen large ships appeared on the Barbary coast to the eastward of Ceuta. He immediately weighed anchor, and was out of the bay before ten, with fourteen sail of the line, and two fireships. At day-light next morning he descried seven sail, which proved to be the best part of the French fleet, from which five capital vessels, and three frigates, had separated in the night: but the English squadron not answering their signal, they endeavoured to make the best of their way. However, as the wind blew fresh, the British admiral came fast
with them till about noon, and made signal to chace and engage in a line of battle a-head; in which engagement he gloriously succeeded.
This signal victory, which in a great measure disconcerted the future operations of M. Conflaus, was gained at the expense of about 250 killed and wounded, and without the life of any officer ; but must have proved very dear to the vanquished, as M. de la Clue, in his letter to the French ambassador at Lisbon, acknowledged that 100 men were killed on board his sbip, and 70 dangerously wounded. Admiral Boscawen, after this memorable ex., ploit, arrived at Spithead on September 15th ; and waiting on bis Majesty, on the 17th, was very graciously received. For hia