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Titles. Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth, of Sidmouth, in Devonshire.
Creation. Viscount Sidmouth, of Sidmouth, by patent, January 12th, 1805.
Arms. Per pale, ermine and sable, a chevron charged with four lozenges counterchanged between three fleurs-de-lis counterchanged.
Crest. A mountain cat on a wreath, holding a shield between its paws, charged with a lozenge.
Supporters. Two stags proper, each encircled in the neck with a chain, to which a key is pendant.
Motto. LIBERTAS SUB Rege pio.
The family of Anson have been seated in Staffordshire for se. veral generations, first at Dunston," in the parish of Penkridge, till
William Anson, Esq. having purchased in the reign of King James I. the manor of Shugborough in that county, made it his chief residence.
This William Anson, Esq. was of Lincoln's-Inn in the reign of Queen Elizabeth; and in the beginning of the reign of King James I. was eminent at the bar.
Sir William Dugdale, in his Antiquities of Warwickshire, gives this account of him. “ Sir Walter Aston, K. B. and Bart. sold the manors of Bolehall, and Glascote, (in com. Warw.) unto William Anson, of Lincoln's-Inn, in com. Middlesex, Esq. of whom they were purchased by William Cumberford, of Tame. worth, Esq. and Anne his wife, second James I."
He lived to a great age; and writing himself William Anson, of Shutborough manor, Esq. declared bis last will and testament, May 10th, 1644, administration was granted to his widow and relict Joan, daughter of Richard Mitchel,d of Odbury, com. Warwick, Esq.
William Anson, Esq. their son and heir, was thirty-five years of age, April 6th, 1663, when his descent was entered in
a Visitation of Staffordshire, c. 36, p. 11, in Offic. Armor.
b First Edition, p. 24.
a Visit. of Staff. prædict.
the visitation of Staffordshire. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Stafford, of Botham Hall, com. Derb. Esq. and by her had
Three daughters; Hannah, Elizabeth, and Mary.
Also William Anson, son and heir, aged seven years, April 6th, 1663. He married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of .... Carrier, Esq. of Wirkworth, com. Derb. (sister to the Countess of Macclesfield, from whom is descended the present Earl.) He died in August, 1720, leaving two sons, and four daughters ; viz.
Third, Jennette, married to .... Adams, Esq. whom she survived; and by whom she left issue George, who took the name of Anson, and was father of the present Peer.
Thomas Anson, Esq. of Shugborough, eldest son, was member of parliament for Lichfield from 174., to 1770; and dying without issue, left his estate to his nephew, Mr. Adams.
GEORGE, LORD Anson, second son, whose merit, as a naval commander, raised him to the rank of nobility, discovering an early passion for naval glory, and taking delight in reading and hearing the stories of our most distinguished voyagers and admirals, was given by his father an education suitable to his genius; and in 1722 he was made captain of the Weazle sloop; and the year following, of the Scarborough man of war; in which station he behaved with the greatest intrepidity and valour.
On the breaking out of the Spanish war, he was appointed to command a fleet of five ships destined to annoy the enemy in that dangerous and unfrequented sea, which lies beyond America ; and in that unexpected quarter to attack then with vigour. His departure being unaccountably delayed some months beyond the proper season, he sailed about the middle of September 1740; and toward the vernal equinox, in the most tempestuous weather, arrived in the latitude of Cape Horn. He doubled that dangerous Cape in March 1741, after a bad passage of forty days, in which he lost two ships; and by the scurvy, four or five men in a day. He arrived off Juan Fernandes in June with only two ships, besides two attendants on the squadron, and 335 men. He left it in September, took some prizes, and burnt Paita ; and staid about the coast of America till May 1742. He then crossed the
Southern Ocean, proceeding with the Centurion only, the other ships having been destroyed in August. Having refreshed his crew at Tinian, he sailed in October for China, staid there till the beginning of 1743, waiting for the Galleon at the Philipine Islands; met her on the 20th of June and took her. Having sold the prize in China, he set sail for England, December 1743; and on the 16th of June, 1744, arrived at Spithead, having sailed in a fog through the midst of a French fleet then cruising in the Channel
Soon after his return, he was appointed Rear-Admiral of the Blue, and one of the Lords of the Admiralty. In April 1745, he was made Rear-Admiral of the White; and in July 1746, ViceAdmiral of the Blue. He was also chosen to represent the borough of Heydon in parliament. That winter he commanded the Channel squadron in a long and tempestuous cruize. The following summer, being then on board the Prince George, of 90 guns, in company with Admiral Warren and twelve ships more, he intercepted, off Cape Finisterre, a powerful fleet bound from France to the East and West Indies, and by his valour and conduct again enriched himself and his officers, and strengthened the British navy, by taking six men of war and four East Indiamen, not one of them escaping. The French Admiral, M. Jouquiere, on presenting his sword to the conqueror said, “ Monsieur, vous avec vaincu L'invincible, et la Gloire vous suit,” pointing to the two ships so named.
King George II. for his signal services rewarded him with a Peerage, by the title of LORD Anson, Baron of Soberton in Hants, June 13th, 1747. In the same year he was appointed Vice-Admiral of the Red; and on the death of Sir John Norris, Vice-Admiral of England ; in 1748, he was appointed Admiral of the Blue, and commanded the squadron that conveyed the late King to and from Holland; and ever after constantly attended his Majesty in his foreign expeditions. In 1751, he was appointed FIRST LORD OF THE ADMIRALTY, in which station he continued, with a very short interval, till his death.
In 1758, being then Admiral of the White, having hoisted his flag on board the Royal George of 110 guns, he sailed from Spithead on the 1st of June, with a formidable fleet, Sir Edward Hawke commanding under him; and by cruizing continually before Brest, he covered the descents that were made that summer at St. Maloes and Cherburgh. After this he was appointed Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of bis Majesty's ficets. The last
service he performed was conveying to England our present Queen Charlotte. He had been some time in a languishing state of health, but died suddenly just after walking in his garden at his seat at Moor Park in Hertfordshire, June 6th, 1762. He married the eldest daughter of the first Earl of Hardwicke, who died before him without issue.
As to his natural disposition, he was calm, cool, and steady ; but it is reported, that our honest undesigning seaman was frequently a dupe at play: and it was wittily observed of him, that he bad been round the world but never in it. No performance ever met with a more favourable reception than Lord Anson's Voyage round the World;" four large impressions were sold off in a twelvemonth; it has been translated into most of the European languages, and still supports its reputation. It was composed under his Lordship's own inspection, and from the materials which he furnished, by Mr. Benjamin Robins, who designed to have favoured the world with a second part of it."
George ADAMS, Esq. bis Lordship's nephew, already mentioned, succeeded to his Lordship's property, as well as to that of his elder uncle, Thomas Anson, Esq. whom he succeeded as member of parliament for Lichfield 1770.
He took the name of Anson, April 30th, 1773, and continued to represent Lichfield till his death in ......
1769. He married, January 5th, 1763, Mary Vernon, daughter of George-Venables Vernon, first Lord Vernon, by Mary, second daughter and coheir of Thomas Howard, sixth Lord Effingham, by his first wife, Mary, sole daughter and heir of Ruishe Wentworth, Esq. son and heir of Sir George Wentworth, Knt. and a privy-counsellor in Ireland, younger brother of Thomas, Earl of Strafford, and had issue,
First, Thomas, the present Viscount Anson.
Second, George, born August 12th, 1769, a major-general in the army, August, 1810, and lieutenant-colonel of the 16th dragoons, aid-de-camp to the King, and member of parliament for Lichfield; married, May 27th, 1800, Frances, grand-daughter of Sir Robert, and sister of Sir Frederic Hamilton, Bart, and has issue, Augustus-George, born August 13th, 1801 ; FrancisHarcourt, born April 20, 1802 ; Mary Anne, born January 28th, 1803 ; Frances-Elizabeth, died an infant. Third, Charles, in holy orders, M. A. archdeacon of Carlisle,
An ingenious woman, and a poetess.
f Biog. Dict. vol. i p. 389---91.