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June 13, 1768, Catherine, only daughter of major-general Grame; but by her, who died May 6th, 1804, had no issue. His Lordship married, secondly, June 12th, 1805, Miss Brown, sister to Lady Wedderburn.
Titles. Thomas · Trevor Hampden, Viscount Hampden, and Lord Trevor, of Bromham.
Creations. Baron Trevor, of Bromham, in com. Bedford, by letters patent, dated December 31st, 1711, 10 Queen Anne, and Viscount Hampden, of Hampden, in Bucks, June 8th, 1776; 16 Geo. III.
Arms. Quarterly : first and fourth, Argent, a saltire, Gules, between four eagles displayed, Azure, for Hampden : second and third, party per bend, sinister, ermine and erminois, a lion rampant, Or, for Trevor.
Crest. On a chapeau, Gules, turned up ermine, a wyvern rising, Sable, for Trevor ; but for Hampden, on a wreath a Talbot passant ermine, plain, collared and chained, Gules.
Supporters. Two Wyverns reguardant, Sable.
Chief Seats. At Brombam Hall, Bedfordshire; Great Hampden, near Wendover, Bucks; and Glynde, near Lewes, Sussex.
a It appears from Malcolm's Lond. Rediv. vol. i. p. 305, that “ John Treavor, the sonne of Sir John Teavor, Knt, of St. Margaret, Westminster, and Agnes Hampden, were married at the church of St. Bartholomew the Less, in London, on Feb. 4th, 1618-19."
His Grace, Lionel Cranfield Sackvile, the first Duke of Dorset, was married, in January 1708-9, to Elizabeth, daughter of lieutenant-general Walter Philip Colyear, brother to David Earl of Portmore, by whom he had issue three sons and three daughters, as has been observed under the title of Duke of Dorset in the second volume, page 177 ; the youngest son,
George, First Viscount SACKVILLE, born January 26th, 1715-16, was christened after his Majesty King George I. his godfather, and assumed the surname of GERMAIN by virtue of an act of parliament (which received the royal assent, February 16th, 1770) to enable him and his issue male to take and use that surpame, pursuant to the wills of Sir John Germain of Drayton, a in the county of Northampton, Bart, and of his widow, Lady Elizabeth Germain, who died 1769.
His Lordship, after serving in the necessary inferior parts of command, was appointed, in 1740, lieutenant-colonel of the 28th regiment of foot : in the battle of Dettingen, fought the 27th of June 1743, his behaviour recommended him to the notice of his Majesty, who, on the 9th of July following, declared him one of his aid-de-camps: he served in the campaign the year after, and at the battle of Fontenoy, on May 11th, 1745, distinguished him
a Sir John Germain had obtained the noble seat of Drayton (for which see Bridges's Northamptonshire) by his former wife Mary, daughter and coheir of Henry Mordaunt, second Earl of Peterborough, (the divorced wife of Henry Howard, Duke of Norfolk.) She died 1705. See vol iii. p. 318. Sir John Germain's last wife, Lady Elizabeth, was daughter of Charles ad Earl of Berkeley
self at the head of his regiment, and was wounded. The rebellion having broken out in Scotland, his Lordship served there under his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland, and on April 9th, 1746, was promoted to the command of the 20th regiment of foot: in the two ensuing campaigns, in 1747 and 1748, he served in Germany under the Duke of Cumberland, who, during the negotiations for a peace in 1748, sent him to the head quarters of the French camp, to confer with Marshal Saxe, and to conclude a general armistice to be proclaimed in both armies, which he effected; after which, his Lordship, accompanied by a French general officer, went to Maestricht, where he lay in the Marshal's apartment, and, having settled affairs there, returned the next day to the English camp. On November 1st, 1749, he was constituted colonel of the 12th regiment of dragoons; and on January 23d, 1749-50, colonel of the King's regiment of horse carabineers in Ireland. In 1751, he went over secretary of state to that kingdom; and on February 22d, 1755, was promoted to the rank of major-general; on April 5th, 1757, was appointed colonel of the 2d regiment of dragoon guards; on December 20th following, was declared lieutenant-general of the ordnance; on January 26, 1758, he was constituted lieutenant-general of his Majesty's forces, and the next day sworn of the privy-council.
His Lordship being next in command to the Duke of Marlborough, in the expedition which proved so fatal in June 1758, to the shipping and naval stores at St. Malo in France, made good the landing at the head of the grenadiers, in the face of the enemy; the Duke, upon his return from that descent, being sent with a body of British troops to Germany, in aid of his Majesty's electoral dominions, his Lordship also accompanied him in quality of lieutenant-general; and upon his Grace's death, which happened on October 20th, the same year, was appointed to succeed him, as commander-in-chief of the British forces in Germany, under his Serene Highness, Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, generalissimo of the allied army there, in the pay of Great Britain.
In that important station his Lordship discovered his great abilities, and promoted the interest of his country, and of the service, with much zeal and firmness : but it unfortunately happended that his Lordship's behaviour at the battle of Minden, fought on August 1st, 1759, did not give satisfaction to Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, the commander-in-chief; which his Serene Highness seemed tacitly to imply in his orders of the next day, wherein his Lordship was not mentioned. His Lordship there
upon applied for, and obtained his Majesty's permission to return home; and upon bis arrival in England a court-martial was, by his own repeated desire, appointed to inquire into his conduct; in consequence of which, he was removed from all his military commands.
On December 26th, 1765, his Lordship was made one of the joint vice treasurers of the kingdom of Ireland, which he resigned in August following.
In November 1775, he was appointed first Lord of Trade and Plantations, which he beld till November 1779; and November 10th, 1775, was appointed SecreTARY OF State for the American colonies, in which post he continued till February 1782.
His Lordship was elected one of the members for the port of Dover to the parliaments summoned to meet in 1741, 1747, and 1754, and at the general election in 1761 was returned both for the town and port of Hythe in Kent, and for the borough of East Grinstead in Sussex, but chose his seat for the former. In 1708 he was chosen for East Grinstead, wbich he continued to represent till bis Majesty was graciously pleased to advance him to the peerage by letters patent, dated February 11th, 1782, creating him Baron BOLEBROKE in the county of Sussex, and Viscount SACKVILLE, of Drayton in the county of Northampton. His Lordship was also one of his Majesty's privy-council, clerk of the council in Ireland, and one of the keepers of the Phænix Park near Dublin.
His Lordship died April 26th, 1785, æt. seventy. I shall insert his Lordship's character as given by Mr. Cumberland immediately after his Lordship’s death, in a pamphlet, which being of a fugitive nature, I am glad to take the opportunity of preserving in its proper place.
- Whoever stands forth as the advocate of a great man's fame, whilst he is living, will hardly gain credit for his motives, be they ever so sincere; but it is to be hoped there is no such risque in describing the real merits of one, whom death has removed from all sense of human kindness, and who has left this world with such prejudices against his memory, that the surviving friend who
b The details of this once-celebrated trial may be found in most of the coteinporary prints. It certainly did furnish appearances very unfavourable to his Lordship. His friends have always been anxious to blend his conduct wiih political causes.
publishes these truths in his defence, would better consult his own interests by suppressing them,
“ As it is an inviolable principle with me, to bring no man's name before the public without committing my own, I have subscribed this paper; and having so done, I hope I may claim belief in the two following assertions ; first, that I have in no instance of my life been a party-writer, or ever published one line in defence of Lord Sackville, or in praise or dispraise of his or any other man's person or politics ; secondly, that in what I now shall say of him, I have spoken the truth conscientiously to the best of my knowledge and belief, without flattery or disguise.
“ If malice, which is not apt to spend its shafts upon those who cannot feel the wound, will suffer this testimony to pass undisputed, those who were inclined to think favourably of him will be pleased to find they had grounds for their candour; if otherwise, it will not be the first time that, in the pursuit of truth, I have found myself on the unpopular side of a question.
“ It was Lord Sackville's fate to act for several years in a responsible office during an unpopular and unprosperous war. In the evil temper of those times, it is not to be wondered at, if a minister, at once so efficient and so out of favour with the public, bad a full share of personal rancour and animosity from the opponents to his measures. I think however they did not attack him on the score of capacity; his abilities were probably too well established for their purpose ; but as they could not deny that he was a capable man, they could insinuate that he was a cunning one, and by this misconstruction of truth, though they could not remove it out of their own way, they contrived to turn it against bim.
“I need not remark how often opinions of men's characters are taken up upon distant and exterior views only; and it must be cunfessed that, in this instance, appearances were more in favour of the false impression than of the truth; for he was of a grave and thoughtful cast, mixed but little with the world at large, and his manners and deportment had not the easy freedom of the present fashion; he talked little, and his opinions, being expressed without circumlocution or hesitation, stamped an air of forethought and reflection upon what he said, which might be charged to the account of studied preparation and deliberate design : he gave much matter in few words, and as he seldom, if ever, betrayed a heat of temper, a false conclusion might be drawn, that because he controlled his passions, he disguised his heart: nothing