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himself. He married Prudence, daughter of Henry Boteler, Esq. she was buried at St. Bride's, January 6th, 1614, leaving Thomas, only son and heir, of whom presently; he after married Frances, daughter and heir of Daniel Blennerhasset, of Norfolk ; she died January 6tb, 1624, and was buried at St. Bride's; and Sir Thomas himself departing this life December 21st, 1656, æt. eighty-four, was buried at Lemington Hastang, in Warwickshire. He has issue Sir Thomas, his son and heir, who was created a Baronet on August 11th, 1641, being then wrote of Enfield, in the county of Middlesex. This Sir Thomas Trevor, Bart. was made one of the Knights of the Bath at the coronation of King Charles II. and married Anne, daughter and heir of Robert Jennor, of London, Esq. but dying without issue male in the reign of King Charles II. the title became extinct: I now return to
Sir John TREVOR, the second son, before-mentioned. He was seated at Trevallin, in the county of Flint, and received the honour of knighthood at Windsor, on June 7th, 1619. He died in 1673, having married Margaret, daughter to Hugh Trevannion, of the county of Cornwall, Esq. by whom he had issue four sons and three daughters.
First, John, his son and heir.
Fourth, Richard, who being bred at Merton college, in the university of Oxford, afterwards travelled, was doctor of physic of Padua, and dying on July 17, 1676, was buried in the church of St. Dunstan in the West, in Fleet-street, London.
His three daughters were, Anne, married to Robert Weldon, of the city of London, Esq.; Jane, baptized in St. Margaret's, Westminster, on August 31st, 1635, and married to Sir Francis Compton, fifth son of Spencer Earl of Northampton; and Elizabeth, the wife of William Masham, Esq. eldest son of Sir William Masham, Bart. ancestor to the late Lord Masham,
Sir John Trevor, the eldest son of Sir John, was knighted by King Charles II. and constituted one of his PRINCIPAL SECRETARIES or STATE, on his return from his embassy in France, in October, 1668, and sworn of the privy-council. He died on May 28th, 1672," in the offices of Secretary of State and privy coun. sellor, at the age of forty-seven, and about a year before his father;
and was, on June 2d, honourably interred in St. Bartholomew's the less, in Sinithfield.
He married Ruth, daughter of John Hampden,' of Great Hampden, in com. Bucks, Esq. by whom he had issue four sons,
I The family of Hampden are very ancient at Hampden in Buckingham. shire, where they are said to have been settled from the Conquest, and to have married the daughter of Walter Gifford, to whom that monarch granted the Earldom of Buckingham. John Hampden, of Hampden, married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of William Sydney, Esq. (son and heir of Sir Wil. liam Sydney, of Stoke Dabernon, in Surrey, ) and elder brother by the half. blood of Nicholas Sydney, Esq, father of Sir William Sydney, of Penshurst, in Kent, (grandfather of Sir Philip.) Barbara, daughter of Sir John Hampden, married Sir George Powlett, of Crundal in Hants, younger brother of William, first Marquis of Winchester. (Sce vol. ii. p. 370.) Griffith Hampden, of Great Hampaen, Esq. died Oct 27, 1591. By Anne, his wife, daughter and heir of Anthony Cave, of Chicheley, Esq he had three sons and six daughters ; of which Anne married Robert Waller, Esq of Agmondesham, in Bucks, and was mother of Edmund Waller, ibe poet. William Hampden, of Great Hampden, son and heir, was member of parliament for East Looe, com Cornw. 35 Eliz. and died 1597. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Cromwell, and aunt of Oliver Cromwell, the Pro. tector By her he was father of John HAMPDEN, Ibe celebrated patriol, who was member of parliament for Grampound, 18 James I. for Wendover, in ist and 3d of Charles I. and for the county of Bucks, 15th and 16th Charles I.
Lord Clarendon gives the following character of him:
“ Mr. Hampden was a man of much greater cunning, (than Mr. Pym) and it may be of the most discerning spirit, and of the greatest address and insinuation to bring any thing to pass which he desired, of any man of that time, and who laid the design deepest. He was a gentleman of a good ex, traction, and a fair fortune, who, from a life of great pleasure and science, had on a sudden retired to extraordinary sobriety and strictness, and yet re. tained his usual cheerfulness and affability, which, together with the opi. nion of his wisdom and justice, and the courage he had shewed in opposing the Ship-money, raised his reputation to a very great height, not only in Buckinghamshire, where he lived, but generally throughout the kingdom. He was not a man of many words, and rarely begun the discour:e, or made the first entrance upon any business that was assumed; but a very weighty speaker, and after he had heard a full debate, and observed how the House was likely to be inclined, took up the argument, and shortly, and clearly, and craftily, so stated it, that he commonly conducted it to the conclusion he de. sired; and if he found he could not do that, he was never without the dexte. rity to divert the debate to another time, and to prevent the determining any thing in the negative, which might prove inconvenient in the future. He made so great a shew of civility, and modesty, and humility, and always of mistrusting his own judgment, and esteeming his with whom he conferred for the present, that he seemed to have no opinions or resolutions, but such as he contracted from the information and instruction he received upon the discourses of others, whom he had a wonderful art of governing, and leading into his principles and inclinations, whilst they believed that he wholly dc. pended upon their council and advice. No man had ever a greater power over
himself, or was less the man than he seemed to be, which shortly after appeared to every body, when he cared less to keep on the mask.”
Lord Clarendon thus records his death :
“ But that which would have been looked upon as a considerable recompence for a defeat, could not but be thought a great addition to the vic. tory, which was the death of Mr. Hampden ; who, being shot into the shoulder with a brace of bullets, which broke the bone, within three weeks after died with extraordinary pain ; to as great a consternation of all that party, as if their whole army had been defeated, or cut off
“ Many men observed as upon signal turns of great affairs, as this was, such observations are frequently made), that the field in which the late skir. mish was, and upon which Mr. Hampden received his death wound, Chal. grave field, was the same place in which he had first executed the ordinance of the militia, and engaged that county, in which his reputation was very great, in this rebellion : and it was confessed by the prisoners that were taken that day, and acknowledged by all, that upon the alarm that morning, after their quarters were beaten up, he was exceeding solicitous to draw forces together to pursue the enemy; and, a colonel of foot, put himself among those horse a volunteer who were first ready; and that when the Prince made a stand, all the officers were of opinion to stay till their body came up, and he alone (being second to none but the General himself in the observance, and application of all men) persuaded and prevailed wiih them to advance ; so violently did his fate carry him to pay the mulct in the place where he had committed the transgression, about a year before.
“ He was a Gentleman of good family in Buckinghamshire and born to a fair fortune, and of a most civil and affable de;ortment. In his entrance into the world, he indulged to himself all the licence in sports and exercises, and company which were used by men of the most jolly conversation. Afterwards, he retired to a more reserved, and melancholy society, yet preserving his own natural cheerfulness and vivaciiy, and above all, a flowing courtesy to all men; though they who conversed nearly with him, found him growing into a dislike of some church men, and of some introducements of theirs, which he apprehended might disquiet the public peace He was rather of reputation in his own county, than of public discourse or fame in the kingdom, before the business of Ship-money; but then he grew the argument of all tongues, every man inquiring who, and what he was, that durst, at his own charge, support the liberty and property of the kingdom, and rescue his coun ry, as he thought, from being a prey to the court. His car. riage, throughout this agitation, was with that rare temper and modesty, that they who watched him narrowly to find some advantage against his person, to make him less resolute in his cause, were compelled to give him a just testimony. And the judgment that was given against him, infinitely more against him, than the service for which it was given. When this parliament begun (being returned knight of the shire where he lived) the eyes of all men were fixed upon him, as the Patriæ Pater, and the pilot that must steer the vessel through the tempests and rocks which threatened it And I am persuaded, his power and interest, at that time, was greater to do good of
John Trevor, Esq. eldest son of the last named Sir John, was of Trevallin, (in which estate he succeeded his grandfather)
hurt, than any man's in the kingdom, or than any man of his rank hath had in any time : for his reputation of honesty was universal, and his affections seemed so publicly guided, that no corrupt or private ends could bias them. He wa; of that rare affability and temper in debate, and of that seeming hu. mility and submission of judgment, as if he brought no opinion of his own with him, but a desire of information, and instruction ; yet he had so subtle a way of interrogating, and, under the notion of doubts, insinuating his ob. jections, that he infused his own opinions into those from whom he pretended to learn and receive them. And even with them who were able to preserve themselves from his infusions, and discerned those opinions to be fixed in him, with which they could not comply, he always left the character of an ingenious, and conscientious person. He was indeed a very wise man, and of great parts, and possessed with the most absolute spirit of popularity, and the most absolute faculties to govern the people, of any man I ever knew. For the first year of the parli:ment, he seemed rather to mode. rate and soften the violent and distempered humours, than to infiame them. But wise and dispassioned men plainly discerned that that moderation pro. ceeded from prudence, and observation that the season was not ripe, rather than that he approved of the moderation, and that he begot many opinions, and motions, the education whereof he committed to other men; so far dis. guising his own designs, that he seemed seldom to wish more than was con. cluded; and in many gross conclusions, which would hereafter contribute to designs not yet set on foot, when he found them sufficiently backed by a ma. jority of voices, he would withdraw himself betore the question, that he might not seem to consent to so much visible unreasonableness; which produced as great a doubt in some, as it did approbation in others, of his in. tegrity. What combination soever had been originally with the Scots for the invasion of England, and what farther was entered into afterwards in favour of them, and to advance any alteration of the government in parliament, no man doubrs was at least with the privity of this gentleman.
“ After he was among those members accused by the King of high treason, he was much altered ; his nature and carriage seeming much fiercer than it did before. And without question, when he first drew his sword, he threw away the scabbard ; for he passionately opposed the overture made by the King for a treaty from Nottingham, and as eminently all expedients that might have produced any accommodations in this that was at Oxford ; and was principally relied on, to prevent any infusions which might be made into the Earl of Essex towards peace, or to render them ineffectual, if they were made, and was indeed much more relied on by that party, than the general himself. In the first entrance into the troubles, he undertook the command of a regiment of foot, and performed the duty of a colonel, upon all occasions, most punctually. He was very temperate in diet, and a supreme governor over all his passions and affections, and had thereby a great power over other mens. He was of an industry and vigilance not to be tired out, or , wearies by the most laborious; and of parts not to be imposed upon, by the most subile or sharp; and of a personal courage equal to his best parts, so that he was an enemy not to be wished whenever he might have been made
married Elizabeth, daughter of ..... Clarke, Esq. and widow of John Morley, of Glynd, in com. Sussex: by this lady, who, after his decease, married thirdly, the Lord Viscount Cutts, he had
a friend; and as much to be apprehended when he was so, as any man could deserve to be. And therefore his death was no less pleasing to one party, than it was condoled in the other. In a word, what was said of Cinna, might well be applied to him : “ He had a head to contrive, and a tongue to persuade, and a hand to execute, any mischief." His death there. fore seemed to be a great deliverance to the nation."'*
He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Edmund Symeon, Esq. of Pyrton, com. Oxf, who lies buried in the chancel of Great Hampden church, with the following inscription :
To the eternal memory
of the truely
Vertuous and pius
Sole daughter and heire of Edmund
Symeon, of Pyrton in the county
In her Pilgrimage
In her dissolution
Blest, and they recomperced in her
Translation from a tabernacle of clayo
20th day of August, 1634.
His second wife was Letitia Lady Vachell, who long survived him, and dying 1666, was brought from Cooley, near Reading, and buried at Great Hampden.
The issue by the first marriage were,
• Clarendon's Hist, of Rebellion, vol. iii. p. 264---267.