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Among other powerfal Normans, who accompanied Duke William in the conquest of England, was Walter de Ewrus, Earl of Rosmar, to whom, in consideration of his valour, he gave the lordships of Salisbury and Arnesbusy, in Wilts. This Earl before he came hither bad issue Gerold, called 'Le Gros, afterwards Earl of Rosmar, father of William, surnamed Meschin, father of Wil. liam, who died issueless.

But after his coming to England he had other sons, viz.
First, Edward, ancestor to the ancient Earls of Salisbury.

Second, Robert, ancestor to the Viscounts Hereford, and Earls of Essex.

Edward, eldest son, called De Saresberié, a was possessed, at the general survey, of large estates, among which were thirtythree lordships in Wilts. In 20 Hen. I, he was standard-bearer in the famous battle at Brenneville in Normandy. He left a son WALTER; whose son and heir Patric was advanced to the

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dignity of Earl of Salisbury, b by Maud the Empress ; and being the King's lieutenant in Aquitaine, in 1167, was slain by Guy de Lezinnian on his return from a pilgrimage, which he had made to St. James in Galicia; and was buried at St. Hilarier. He was succeeded by his son and heir William, second Earl of Salisbury, who died in 1196, 8 Rich. II. leaving Ela, his sole daughter and heir, “ of whom," says Dugdale, “ it is thus reported; that being so great an inheritrix, one William Talbot, an Englishman, and an eminent soldier, took upon hiin the habit of a pilgrim, and went into Normandy, where wandering up and down for the space of two months, at length he found her out. Likewise that he then changed his habit; and having entered the court, where she resided, in the garb of an harper, (being practised in mirth. and jesting) he became well accepted there. Moreover, that growing acquainted with her, after some time he took her into England, and presented her to King Richard ; who, receiving her very courteously, gave her in marriage to William, surnamed Lor:gspé, his brother, (that is, a natural son to King Henry II. begotten on the Fair Rosamond, sometime his concubine.) And that thereupon King Richard rendered unto him the Earldom of Rosmar, as her inheritance, by descent from Edward of Saresburie, the son of Walter de Ewrus before-mentioned.” This Earl William died in 1226, his widow Ela surviving till about 1263, at the age of seventy-eight. d

ROBERT, before-mentioned, younger son of Walter Earl of Rosmar, was styled De Ebrois, and De Ebroicis, and was father of

REGINALD D'EVEREUX, his only son and heir, wbo, in 1140,gave ten marks of silver to that Monarch, and fifty marks of the mean profits, for the recovery of his father's lands in Cornwall. The said Reginald bad also an only son and heir,

WILLIAM D'Evereux, whose widow, Halewyse, bestowed on the monks of St. Peter's abbey, at Gloucester, certain lands, called the Hyde, in Herefordshire, which Walter de Laci gave her in marriage, King Henry II. confirming the grant.

EUSTACE D'Evereux, 3 the only son and heir of William, in the fifth year of King John's reign, impleaded Herbert Waleran. for one knight's fee in Kington.

Dugd. Bar. vol. i. p. 174.

Ibid. p. 175. • Ibid. p. 177. William, their grandson, left only a daughter and heir. Rot. Pip. 5 Steph. Cornub.

Monast. Angl. vol. i. p. 115. • Rot. Pip, 5 Joh. Dors. Somerset.

. Stephen D'Evereux, (or d’Ebrois, as sometimes wrote) only. son of the said Eustace, attended King John in the expedition into Poictou, h in the fifteenth year of his reign; and, having also served King Henry III. in his wars against the Welch, i had, on that account scutage of his tenants, in the counties of Gloucester and Hereford, who held of him by military service. By Isabel, his wife, he had a son,

William d'Evereux, who, being one of the Barons Marchers, k fought for the said King Henry against the Welch; but at the battle of Lewes, in Sussex, May 14th, 1264, he forsook him,' and siding with Simon Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and his partizans, was slain in the fight near Evesham, on August 4th, 1265. He married Maud, sister to Walter de Gifford, bishop of Bath and Wells, and by her had an only son,

WILLIAM: but, the father's lands being forfeited by his said treason, the son was kept out of them, till making his composition at three years value, according to the dictum de Kenilworth (published on October 31st, 1266,) he obtained livery thereof. This last mentioned William had summons to parliament, A. D. 1298; and by Alice, his wife, left a son,

Sir WILLIAM D'Evereux, Knight, who wedded Alice, daughter of ......., and by her was father of

Sir Walter Devereux, Knight, who, by Margery, his wife, had two sons.

First, Sir John Devereux, his heir; and,

Second, Sir William Devereux, seated at Bodenbam (or Bo.. dynham) and Whitechurch, in Herefordshire, of whom asterwards, as ancestor to the Viscounts Hereford.

Sir John, the eldest son, married Margaret, daughter of John Vere, Earl of Oxford ; and by her (who had been successively the widow of Sir Nicholas Lovain, of Penshurst in Kent," and Henry Lord Beaumont) had issue,

Sir John Devereux, and a daughter, Joan; which

Sir John, in the 40th of Edw. III. engaged with others of the English and Gascoyners in the service of the Black Prince, in Aquitaine, to go into Spain in assistance of Peter (surnamed the

* Claus. 15 Joh. in Dors. m. i. ; Claus. 7 Hen. III. m 5, in Dors.

k Monast. Angl. vol. ji. p. 263. Pat 51 Hen. 111. m. 33.
m These two generations are omitted by Dugdale, vol. ij. p. 177. .

• Lilly's Ped. of the Nobility, MS. . Sir John lived at Penshurst, which he had licence to embattle in 10 Rich, II.

Cruel) King of Castile, against Henry II. the bastard, newly legitimated by the Pope, and to whom he had given that crown. He was afterwards made Captain of Rochelle, and Seneschal of Limosin: and in 1363 I attended the Black Prince in Gascoigne, and afterwards served in the wars in France; as he did King Richard II, in his fleet at sea, and also in his wars by land. After being made a Knight Banneret, he was installed Knight of the Garter, in the ninth year of that King; in whose eleventh year he was made constable of Dover Castle, and warden of the Cinque Ports; and joined in commission with Walter Skyrlaw, bishop of Durham, and others, to treat with the King of France touching peace (being steward of the household at that time) 80 likewise to treat with the Flemings on certaio important affairs.

And having been summoned u to parliament, amongst the Barons of this realm, from 8 Richard II. till the sixteenth inclusive, died in 1394, the year following, and was buried in the Grey Friers church, London ; whereupon Margaret his widow, daughter of Sir John Barre, had * her dowry assigned her.

To him succeeded Sir John, his son and heir, who died three years after his father, without leaving any issue by Philippa his wife, daughter of Guy, and grand-daughter and heir to Sir Guy de Bryan; and before he had accomplished his full age : upon wbich his sister, Joan, the wife of Sir Walter Fitz-Walter, became his heir,

Having thus done with the principal branch of this family, we come to Sir WILLIAM DeveREUX, Knight, of Bodypham and White-church, before-mentioned, who was sheriff of the county of Hereford in 1371 and 1376, and, by Anne his wife, daughter of Sir John Barre, Knight, had issue

Sir Walter Devereux, who, 2 in the 50th of Edward III. was sheriff of Herefordshire, as also the year after, and in 1379a obtained licence for a market and fair at his martor of Bodynham. In 7 Rich. II, he married Agnes, daughter of Thomas Crophull, cousin and heir to Sir John Crophull, Knight, in whose right he became seized of the manor of Weobley in Herefordshire, and died in 4 Henry IV. leaving issue four sons and two daughters,

Rot Vasc. 42 Edw. III. m. 4.
Ex Coll. Tho. Meller, Gen. • Pat. 11 Rich. II. p. 2, m. 19.
Rot. Franc. 13 Rich. II. m 2. u Claus. de iisd Ann. in Dors.
* Claus. 17 Rich. II. m 14. Rot. Fin 20 Rich. II m. 16.

Y
< Fuller's Worthies in com. Heref,

Cart. : Rich. II. ntis to Claus. 7 Rich. II. m. 36.

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