Page images

July 1846. Before this day arrived, a pamphlet the morning, they found, at least, a thousand was prepared against me, very secretly,

by a people waiting my arrival. Even one of my priest here, named Callistratus, who, as I am lawyers told me that he felt almost afraid to told, was formerly for some years Abbot of go on shore in the midst of them. the Greek Convent on Mount Sinai.

In fact, I have every reason to believe that Many copies of this pamphlet were sent to there was a murderous plan deeply laid by the Syra a few days before my trial was to come priesthood at Athens and at Syra, to rid on, and were industriously circulated among themselves of me at once ; and that they all classes of people, by the Bishop himself, thought themselves sure of their prey. who sent his deacon to give it to shopkeepers, Since I began this letter, I have learned from and the lowest class of people, with the mes- a source which I deem worthy of confidence, sage that this was from the Bishop. He is i hat there are about fifty persons combined Metropolitan and the High-priest of all the here, who are determined to kill me, and it islands called the Cyclades, and of course has seems that this is known to the “Holy Synod.” much influence with the common people. A certain person, who is very friendly to my Through the advice of my two lawyers here, wife, having learned this in a very direct man. Mr Calligas and Mr Triantaphylles, I had ner, immediately sent his wife to inform my employed also to assist them, in my defence, wife of this, namely, that they intended, when three lawyers in Syra, namely, Mr Stephen I should go out, to kill me, and that if they Galati, who was educated in America, ard could not accomplish this in any other way, whom you know personally; Mr Basilopou they would come and burn my house! los, and Mr Beakes, who had all engaged to His wife came immediately, and with tears defend my cause.

told this to my wife, who told me. Through one of these I learned that the The Rev. Mr Lowndes being accidentally above-mentioned pamphlet was being distri. present, I asked him to call on General buted, and was producing a powerful effect Church, and request him to call on me, and in Syra. And, on this account, I had deter- also to call on Sir Edmund Lyons, the Brimined, before leaving Athens, not to go on tish Ambassador, and inform him of what. shore at Syra, till my two lawyers, who ac- was passing. companied me from Athens,should goon shore In the meantime, I wrote a note to Mr and consult with the three above-mentioned, John Colletti, the Prime Minister, of which and in case of danger, to ask for the neces- the following is a translation :sary protection.

By an arrangement of the Austrian steam- “ VENERABLE SIR,-Called by the civil boats, it so happened, that we could leave authority, I went, the day before yesterday, Athens at six o'clock P.M., on the 21st of to Syra, to be judged. But on arriving there, July, arıive at Syra at six o'clock on the I learned that there was so much tumult, and morning of the 221, and leave the same day so many plots against my life, that all my at six P.M., by the same boat, for Athens. lawyers advised me not to leave the boat.

This, together with my having employed “ And now, I learn that there are also the three lawyers at Syra, was probably the plots against me here in the capital, and I means, in the hands of God, of saving my life wish to learn from the Government of Greece from premeditated and certain destruction. whether I have safety here or not. Soon after we cast anchor in the harbour of “I also inform you, that the books of the Syra, the morning of the 22d—the day of my Consulate of the United States of America trial-Mr Galati came on board and said, are in my keeping, as also the seal, and the that he had come to advise me not to leave flag, &c., and as a citizen of the United the steamer, till he, with my other lawyers, States of America, and as the keeper of the should have a consultation, and come for me, seal, and the books, &c., of the Consulate, I to accompany me to the Court for trial. wish to learn whether I have safety in this

I replied, that this I bad decided upon be- city or not. fore I left Athens.

“I remain, with all respect, an American Ho then went on shore with my two law. citizen, and your friend, yers from Athens, and after about an hour,

“ JONAS KING. or an hour-and-a-half, my five lawyers came on board, and gave me their decided and

“ Athens, 12th (24th) July, 1846.

“ To the Venerable Mr John Colletti, unanimous opinion, “that I should not go on

Prime Minister of Greece." shore, and that I should have my trial put off to some future period.”

While writing this, I sent for my two law. Though disappointed in not having my

yers, one of whom, Mr Triantaphylles, came, trial, I thought ibat it was the part of pru

and I requested him to convey this letter to dence to listen to their counsel, and so I re.

Mr Colletti, so as to be sure that he received mained on board the steamer during the day. it, which he said he would do, and also take My lawyers then went on shore, but all

with him the king's attorney, Mr Diomodes. came again on board just before I left for

Colonel Mostras, who was present, sent for Athens, with the two who had accompanied a carriage, so that it might not appear that me from that place.

there was any movement from my house. From them I learned that the danger, had I He is now gone, and I am waiting to learn gone on sbore, was quite as great as I had sup- the result. posed: that the priests had assembled in the About this time, a priest, Chelidon by Court-house waiting for me-that the High- name, who is a known enemy-who burnt my priest himself was to have been present- book in one of the churches, and anathema. that a multitude surrounded the Court-house, tized me, and who lives with the priest Caland that when it was said that I had got out listratus-who published the pamphlet wbich at a certain place, some rap in that direction awakened so much rage at Syra-passed my -that when my lawyers went on shore in book shop, and asked Constantine, a man in

my employ, “How is your master to-day? on the European side. During all this time, Does he not go ont? Why does he not go the Austrian authorities had not lost sight, out ?"

of John Serapian; and were only waiting, it I have no doubt they are waiting for me to seems, for a convenient opportunity to go out, that they may take away my life. I pounce upon him. A visit which the conhave all the doors of my garden locked or bar- verted priest was paying to his uncle at Pera red, though I do not much expect an assault presented a favourable moment for putting to-day. I think it more probable that they their designs in execution. While he was will choose next Sunday for the attack, conversing with his uncle, a message arrather than this day.

rived from the Catholic Armenian patriarch. My wife thinks that ought to go away Two kavasses of the Austrian embassy for a few months to Europe, and perhaps to waited at the door; and, securing his person, America, till

there shall be some change for led him by the elbows down to Galata, and the better. But I do not like much going conveyed him on board the Imperatrice, an away, because it will be so difficult to get Austrian government steamer. In vain back again. If, however, this conspiracy John Serapian protested against this viocontinues, and I find that I cannot be pro- lence; in vain he asserted that he was not an tected by the Government, I shall feel war. Austrian subject, but a rayah subject of the ranted, by the commission of my Master Sultan, and showed his teskery, or permit of (Matt. x. 23), to leave for a while, hoping in residence, and his receipt for the Haratch, or better times to return.

capitation-tax, which he had paid, as a proof I do not know what may happen, but I of this. On board the steamer he was treated feel confident that He who has thus far de- as a prisoner. The Imperatrice arrived at livered me will still deliver me, and that I Smyrna on the afternoon of the 10th; and, shall yet, in some way or other, gain the vic- during the captain's absence on shore, the tory. Yours truly,

JONAS KING. prisoner made his escape through the cabin P.S.-Evening of the 24th July.- After I window into a boat. No sooner was he had written the above, Sir Edward Lyons, landed than he took refuge in the house of the British Ambassador, having learned the an American missionary. The captain, as danger to which I am exposed, called, and soon as he became aware that his prisoner very kindly offered me, in case of need, Bri. was flown, set on foot a strict search, and tish protection. This I consider of great im- succeeded in tracing him to the missionary's portance in my present circumstances, and I abode. He called upon the latter in the beg that you will communicate this to the name of his government to deliver up the Government of the United States.

refugee priest, whom he claimed as an

Austrian subject and his prisoner. II. The next instance is the at

The missionary affirmed that John Sera

pian was not an Austrian subject, but a rayah tempt to kidnap a converted priest, subject of the Porte, and refused to give him in which the Austrian Government is up. Both then appealed to their Consuls. unpleasantly involved

But Mr Offley, the American Consulat

Smyrna, taking up the matter firmly, and CONSTANTINOPLE, Sept. 23.

being warmly seconded by the English Con

sul, Mr Brant, the priest was placed under A flagrant breach of international law has the temporary protection of the American just been committed here by the Austrian flag, and the Austrian captain was obliged power. An Armenian Catholic priest and to sail without his prisoner. Meantime rayah has been snapped up by the authority these gentlemen have written to the Minis. of the Austrian minister, and whisked off in ters of their respective nations at Constantia Trieste steamer to Ancona, for trial before pople, and the matter is being debated with the Dominican tribunal at Rome. The pre- much animation at head-quarters. Count tence alleged for this outrage on the personal Sturmer, and Mr Carr, the minister of the liberty of a subject of the Sultan, is that the United States, have sent in notes to the Porte priest has a Vienna passport, that his life upon the subject; and no doubt Mr Welleshas been unholy, and that he has changed his ley gives as much support as the nature of religion. In the meantime the prisoner the question will allow him to the representamanaged to make his escape at Smyrna. But tions of the latter. for this, probably, the man would have been handed over by the inquisition at Rome to an Austrian dungeon, and no one would have

III. But chiefly we call for symheard a word about the matter. Johannes pathy on behalf of the poor people of Serapian was brought up at the Catholic

Madeira. We do not dwell so much Armenian Convent of Mechtar at Vienna. From thence he came to Turkey, and took on the wrong and injury done to Dr charge of a Catholic Armenian congregation Kalley, the Misses Rutherford, and at Angora in Asia. Two years ago he was accused of having formed a connection with a

other English residents, who have sufwoman of the place, and was expelled by the fered from mob violence and official Catholic Armenian patriarch to Sivas. pusillanimity, or something worse. We From Sivas he came to Constantinople, leave it to Lord Palmerston and the where he has relatives. Here he formed acquaintance with the American Protestant ship of war he has sent out to settle that missionaries, and having embraced their re- matter. It is somewhat instructive, ligions views, was received into the small however, to observe, that there is in so establishment which they maintain at Bebek, a village fire miles up the Bosphorus, many quarters a disposition to attach blame to Dr Kalley himself for all who followed the gentleman wore struck, that has happened, and to congra, of those at the meeting were afraid to venture

deprived of their Testaments, &c. The bulk tulate the island on peace restored out. The mob besieged the house till late in by his expulsion. Will men never the evening; they then left, and the guard, open their eyes to see what sort of which had been sent, left also. Abont one

o'clock in the morning the mob returned peace Popery values ? Is there to be they broke the windows of the house ; a mo struggle for freedom of speech as large stone thrown through a window, par

rowly missing one of the ladies, who want rer well as of thought? Are British sub

monstrating with the mob on the illegality jects to be held sufficiently protected, if of their proceedings. They forced open the they have merely house-room on that door, commenced a search for those within

brutally injured one of those whom they fell petty rock, while their mouths are

in with, laying his head open to the bone gagged, and their Saviour's name with a large stick, and throwing him over must not be spoken to any Portuguese in their work of violence, when some police

the balustrade; and they were proceeding man or woman they may meet? But

and soldiers arrived, and put a stop to it. what shall we say of the Portuguese Two of the perpetrators of the outrago were converts themselves ? Glory be to apprehended on the spot, but were set at God! He has been carrying on a

liberty the very same afternoon! What could

be looked for as the consequence of this? great work: its greatness might never Perhaps exactly what has liappened. The have been seen on earth, but for the

rabble apparently satisfied not only of their trouble that has arisen. Hundreds,

power but of their security, paraded the

streets in parties with music, vociferatiog probably not fewer than half a thou- against the Kallistas and Calvinistas, and sand, have embraced the gospel, and

threatening an attack upon the house of my

brother-in-law the following Sabbath. These are ready to suffer for it. Thanks be

threats were kept up throughout the week, to God, also, for the marvellous and and the very hour at which it was to take placu most seasonable providence which has

(eleven o'clock forenoon), and the signals ar,

ranged, were towards the end of the week opened up to so many of them an asy

openly spoken of. In these circumstances, lum of refuge in Trinidad !

We hope

Dr Kalley felt it to be his duty to make the to hear, immediately, of some provi

Civil Governor and her Britannic Majesty's

Consul aware of the exasperated feeling sion being made for the organizing of which existed, and the danger to which he this new Church, in the land of their was exposed, and he demanded as a British exile : as well as for the supply of

subject, the necessary protection, I waited

on them both also on Saturday with a simitheir pressing temporal wants. Their

lar purpose. Protection was promised, How case is near to every Christian heart, was the promise fulfilled ! A party of six or and is carried by many Christian

eight soldiers wero sent on the Saturday

evening to guard the house; but about the prayers near to the throne of

grace. dead of night, my brother-in-law and I, who We let the following extracts speak had been busy for several hours fastening ad. for themselves :

ditional bolts to the doors, barricading windows, &c., overheard the soldiers in familiar

converse with men who were walking about 1. Extract, letter of Dr Miller, outside the wall, in masks, and with their dated Maderia, 14th August 1846.

faces blackened, and in converse with those

whom we heard whetting their knives on the You are well aware of the long continged door lintels as they passed, preparing, as they persecution to which the poor Protestants said, for the “ killing on the morrow.” This here have been exposed-brutally beaten and at once struck conviction to our minds that maltreated on all hands, without the least the very men sent to guard, or their emnotice being taken by the authorities of such ployors, were faithless, and that life was in outrages, or any thing being done towards imminent peril. After consultation and the punishment of the perpetrators. En prayer, we resolved it was my brother-incouraged, as was natural, by all this, the law's duty to flee-to trust himself, not to enemies of the truth, instigated by the the protection of faithless men, but to the priests, on Sabbath the 2d instant, took a good providence of God, to guide him to a more dariog step. On that day a few Portu. place of concealment for a time. Mrs K. guese had assembled by permission in the and I disguised him, and he left by the garhouse of an English family (Misses Ruther- den, and found his way through fields and ford,) for reading the Scriptures and for vineyards to the house of a friend. I then prayer. On the ineating breaking up, and got Mrs &. removed in disguise to my house, the Portuguese gentleman who conducted it and after making all as secure as possible, passing out, he was met by a mob, headed left myself, about day-break, riding quietly by a Cunego or Canon of the cathedral, who through the soldiers in front, as if leaving all thrust an image before his face, and desired things as usual within. At the hour fixed him to “ adore his god.” Passing quietly on (eleven o'clock), the mob collected in front with some mild expression, the priest struck of the cathedral, where they bad been at bis bat from his head. One or two others mass, moved to Dr Kalley's house, broke into

it in a few minutes, and in presence of the 2. Extract, letter to Rev. Dr HenGovernor, head of police, and a party of soldiers-Mr Stoddart, H.B. Majesty's Consul,

derson, Glasgow, dated Madeira 29th being also shortly afterwards on the spot- August 1846. ransacked and destroyed at their pleasure,

Madeira, August 29. 1846. taking especial delight in heaving Bibles and other books and papers from the windows, After the night of the 2d of August, a and making a bonfire of them upon the street. series of attacks was commenced and carried Their eager search for the Doctor was, of on, without opposition, upon the houses of course, in vain. Meantime, after seeing from all the Portuguese families who had left the my windows that the mob had the mastery, I Church of Rome. Every night we heard of had removed with Mrs Kalley and my family some new instance of violence and cruelty ; to the British Consulate, judging that my till at last all the converts felt themselves house would be the next point of attack and under the necessity of seeking safety in search. Failing in their principal object- flight. The mob broke open their doors, de. the possession of Dr Kalley's person--and stroyed the windows, furniture, and all they believing what was told them, that my house could find, and trampled down the grapes was empty, they came next in a body to the and corn of those who had vineyards and Consulato, demanding Dr Kalley, and would gardens. When the work of destruction was have succeeded in breaking into it, but for done, the ruthless persecutors followed the the interference of the soldiery. While all scattered flock to the Serras, hunting them this had been going on, seeing that there was down like wild beasts. Early on the morn. no safety for Dr Kalley on land, we bad been ing of the 9th (the day of the attack on Dr taking measures for his being removed Kalley's house), a girl in the outskirts of the secretly, and again in disguise to the beach, town had her neck broken, so that she died to be placed on board some English merchant in a few hours. Another poor woman was ship in the bay. Before this was completed, beaten till she was supposed to be dead, then the mob got some bint of the movement, and her body was dragged down to the place rushed to the beach. In God's good provi- where the Portuguese converts have been dence, however, they were a little too lato buried on the road side. Sbe afterwards refor their object. Dr Kalloy, when the mob vived ; one arm was broken, and her whole reached the beach, was on the sea, and being body a mass of bruises. Another woman put on board the West India mail steamer, was treated in the same way some days later; which had providentially almost at the mo- and one man was murdered in St Roque. ment arrived. After the most agonised feel- When this dreadful state of things bad ings for some hours, we now breathed freely. lasted about ten days, and the government No more violence was done in the city that began to be afraid of the spirit they had consight, the mob having taken their way to the jured up, but could not now control, a depu. country, to fall upon some obnoxious Kal. tation waited on the Governor, and obtained listas, or rather their houses, which had for from him a dispensation as to personal apseveral days been deserted for safety; and plication for passports; and also as to the Mrs Kalley was quietly placed on board the certificates of Church attendance, always in. steamer with her husband.

sisted upon from the vicar before a passport We were now in hopes, the principal ob- is given. ject of their eversion being thus violently The ship “William," Captain Lyon of forced from the island, that quietness might Glasgow, bound for Trinidad, came into the be restored. Next day, however, after re- harbour on the 10th of August, and offered maining during the night with my family at peculiar advantages for emigration-a Go. the Consulate, I was met at all hands with vernment bounty, securing a free passage to reports that the mob, having felt their power, all labourers and their families. Besides were determined to ase it in attacking the these, however, it was necessary to send off houses of those persons especially who had many old and infirm, and also some young been particularly connected with Dr Kalley, and unprotected women, who could have no and forcing them too to leave the island; claim on this bounty. At least twelve such and we were advised, together with the Misses have been sent off in the “ William”-a gen. Rutherford, and Mr Tate, in whose house my tleman, at present residing here, having bebrother-in-law was for a time concealed, to come guarantee for the payment of their take refugo on board some ship in the bay. passage. At thirty dollars per head, the sum We did so on Tuesday (the whole of the three required for twelve would be £75. And profamilies), one of the Missos Rutherford in bably more than twelve must be thus proextreme ill health, and almost killed outright vided for out of the 200 who left their native by the events that had taken place, and Miss land in the “ William,”on the morning of the Tate (also extremely delicate); and so we 23d inst. literally leaving all to follow remain, obliged, in all probability, to leave Christ, and seek across the Atlantic another the island by the very first opportunity ; land, and other homes, where they might while the enemies of the truth are scouring serve the Lord in peace. The largest prothe country in all directions in search of tho portion of these emigrants had left all; huntKallistas, hundreds of whom are at this mo- ed down from the hills, many of them could ment driven to the dens and caves of the not, without risking their lives, return to carth, for shelter from their persecutors. their ruined cottages to collect their little

The Governor told Dr K., when he de. property. Many of them came on board with manded of him protection from the threat- nothing but the clothes they had on--and ened assault, that he was himself the cause these worn with their wanderings among the of the disturbances; and I daresay that there Serras-yet during the days we sojourned are many in half-Popish England who will among them in that ark of refuge, which most gladly believe it.

their Heavenly Father had prepared for His persecuted flock, no words of repining reach- The Lord has wonderfully upheld his ed our ears (except from one or two uncon- people amidst the buffetings of this storm, verted members of large families, who had and enabled them to “overcome by the blood not yet learned to love the cause for which of the Lamb, and by the testimony which the rest of their family rejoiced to suffer.) they held.” 'One has been murdered-others The more I saw of this persecuted flock, in have been beaten almost to death. A wo. these most trying circumstances, the higher man, apparently lifeless in consequence of did their Christian principle rise in my esti. the bodily injuries which she had sustained, mation. Those who know the general cha- was dragged by the blood-thirsty mob to a racter of the Portuguese, in their state of part of the causeway where one of the condarkness, can alone form a just estimate of verts, a considerable time ago, was buried, the total change that must have passed on and there she was cast upon the grave. these converts. They had become new Having revived, she was carried by the police creatures." The mate and steward both re. to the hospital, and there ordered to confess. marked to us repeatedly,“that they had never She refused, and was carried to the police seen folk love one another as these folk did.” station; bat Divine grace enabled her still to 200 are gone, and at least 350 more of the maintain stedfast her adherence to the cause converts are now preparing to leave their of Christ. Several of those who had professnative land, and follow their brethren to edly embraced Protestant doctrine, but who Trinidad. The “Lord Seaton” from Liver. never exhibited anything like decided eri. pool will probably take about 200 more, and dence of being renewed by grace, have yieldwill sail on the 3d of Sept.; and 150 more ed to the violence of the persecution, and are waiting for the first opportunity that returned into the bosom of the persenjay afterwards offer.

cuting Church. There were others, re

garding whom better bopes were entertain3. Extract, letter of Rev. Mr Hew- ed, though it was impossible to hazard a

judgment as to whether they were true disitson, dated Linlithgow 22d September ciples or not. One of these has fallen in the 1846.

day of trial : perhaps when more detailed in

telligence arrives, it may be found that seveSeptember 22, 1846. ral of these have given way. But a great A letter which I have received this morn. number, whom I rejoiced in as being by ing from Madeira brings the intelligence that manifest tokens children of God, have rethe church of native converts in that island mained firm and immoveable in the Lord. is completely broken up, and being scattered Some of them have, in the hour of seemingly in fragments upon distant shores. A hun impending death, evinced a calmness and dred and eighty of them, including children, resignation, an intrepidity and readiness to were about to sail from Madeira in an emi. “seal their testimony with their blood," which grant ship bound for Trinidad. Seventy of nothing but the grace of God could have in. these bad embarked before the 18th of last spired. They know the voice of the good month. Another vessel was expected, wbich Shepherd, and whithersoever He goes before, was to take an additional number likewise to they gladly follow, though it be" through the Trinidad. The rest of the converts were ef. valley of the shadow of death." fecting their escape from Madeira by other

Let me request all who love the Lord to vessels, bound for other lands. The local give thanks and praise ou behalf of those of Government seems to be desirous of facili. the persecuted flock now scattered abroad, tating their emigration, for it had issued a who have been upheld by His mighty arm, proclamation to the effect that all of them and “ delivered out of the mouth of the lion." miglit obtain passports without exhibiting If they could send a call to us from their certificates from the priests of their respec- hiding-places in Madeira - from the ships that tive parishes, or making a personal appear- now waft them across the sea-or from the ance at the police office.

distant shores on which they are already Many of the converts were still in their landed, their call would be,“ Brethren, pray hidiog places among the mountains. The for us.” In their name, therefore, and as one seventy who were on board the emigrant who has laboured amongst them in the work ship had been all previously in hidings; of the ministry, I request that prayers and their houses had been forced open and pil- supplications be offered on their behalf: that, laged ; and many of them had nothing left of as they have been kept bitherto, they ray earthly substance but the clothes that they be" kept still by the power of God through wore. They know in themselves, however, faith unto salvation." Nor should the weak that in heaven they had “ a better and more ones of the flock who have denied the Lord enduring substance” than that of which they through fear of death, be forgotten in our had been spoiled. Driven from all besides, prayers. Peter denied his Lord, and was they clung to the Lord as their portion. My converted.” Cranmer also, and Jerome of correspondent, who was on board the same Prague, nevertheless the Lord restored them, vessel, writes -." The sound of their hymns is and they died in martyrdom for His name's very sweet as it rises from the tide. Mar

sake. Who knows but the Lord will be tiulio's (an elder) prayer last night was full pleased, in answer to many prayers, to lift up of the spirit. It is a great privilege to be again those who have stumbled in Madeira near them in their time of need, and to be during this “ dark and cloudy day!"-I am, able to say that their faith does not fail.”

dear Sir, yours truly, W. H. HEWITSON.

« PreviousContinue »