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rable. Not that it was supposed these p. 163. Who can fail to mark the truths were unknown, but that as yet contrast between the leaders of the they had not been clearly expressed in two parties--the one is becoming withany public declaration. Nothing on out any external temptation more neothis head seems now to be required. logical as he advances: the other, in the So recently as last August, on leaving face of strong temptation to be unfaithLondon, M Czerski and a brother mi- ful, grows in evangelical clearness and nister published in their confession of determination. faith. “We acknowledge the comfor- Nor is it only evangelical symbols table doctrine that Jesus Christ, in and public addresses which can be apwhose name alone salvation and bless- pealed to. It is matter of high satisfacedness are given to man, has through tion, that already proofs of progress can his incarnation-his life-his innocent be quoted. About a year ago, Czerski, sufferings and death-and through his writing to a friend with whom he had resurrection and ascension into heaven, no temptation to exaggerate matters, and his exaltation to the right hand of says, “I will only state in general the Father, wrought out everlasting re- terms, that the blessed truth, that the demption. Through a living faith in gospel of Jesus Christ is the power of God Jesus Christ, through union with Him unto salvation to all that believe, rein his spirit, we, by the help of Divine ceives its confirmation in the hearts grace of the Holy Ghost, become par- and lives of those in this region who takers of this redemption, and receiv. ' have fixed their hope and trust in ing forgiveness of sin, are considered Christ Jesus, the Son of the living God. as righteous before God. The true In this belief and avowal of positive and living faith works by love, and re- Christian doctrine stand firm the veals itself in us and around us through Churches in Schneidemuhl, Posen, Rawa life consecrated to God.”

iecz, Bromberg, Thorn, Grandenz, In harmony with these interesting Nackel, Polichno, Chodziesen, Freystatements of doctrine, we find the stadt, Schwedeens, Lipor, and Reipen; evangelical leader in a protest against while I rejoice to add, individuals are the miserably defective Leipsic confes- from day to day brought to join this prosion addressing the Churches of Wes- fession from seeing that whosoever fortern Prussia, in such language as sakes Christ forsakes all, and will him. Confess the crucified One with bold- self be forsaken, and become an orphan, ness, according as we too frankly and being deprived of his Heavenly Father. freely confess with the Apostle Paul, (1 In regard to the writer's tour through Cor. ii. 3, and Acts ii. 36.) Let us Prussia Proper, though not attended strengthen ourselves when the world with the circumstances of outward trimocks at our faith, with the words of umph which marked the footsteps of Christ, ..Whosoever shall confess me Ronge, there were not wanting indicabefore men,'” &c. Nor, after this, do tions of outward respect from influential we wonder to hear that the congrega- parties, while it is distinctly stated by tion of which he is pastor, on giving in those competent to judge, that his an account of their faith to the Prus- preaching “had given an astonishing sian Government at a later day, should impulse to the cause throughout the have declared, in regard to the great whole province.” Even at Berlin and Lutheran symbol, “that, after having Leipsic, where the unsound views might carefully examined and tested the have been expected individually to preAugsburg Confession, they find it in vail, it appears that there is a protestall essential points so conformable to ing minority, and that their declaratheir own views, that they have no he- tions are full of appeals to the word of sitation in avowing themselves one in God. faith with the Lutheran Church in the Besides the directly evangelical inmain, even as they hold in all points fluences which are at work, we may with the Catholic Church, save and fairly reckon among the favourable except in regard to the abuses and er- features of the case, the stir and rors which Rome has introduced.” awakening which will naturally be


imparted to many minds, courage in Compared, with the higher matters following out religious convictions, the to which we have been referring, sound freedom from the thraldom of Rome, views of Church government and diswhich will be secured for parents and cipline may seem a thing of small conchildren, and the increased reading and sideration; and yet, remembering that circulation of the Scriptures of truth. all Divine truth is precious, and that With multitudes, these advantages may the external organization of a Church, come to nought—they may even be as the history of Popish and Erastian perverted; but their position can scarcely Churches can testify, holds a strong be worse than it is at present, while it connection with doctrine, we cannot would be contrary to all the past ana- help regarding the Ecclesiastical order logies of God's providence and grace, and rule which have been adopted in to doubt that many will be enabled to the new German Church among the improve their new privileges to God's favourable omens of the movement. glory, and their own highest good, as They are much more propitious than well as to the advantages of after genera- the opposite would have been. Though tions. False views of inspiration may educated in all the superstition and prevent very many from yielding to the despotism of prelacy, the leaders have word of God the homage which is due; adopted some of the substantial prinstill it is surely matter of no small con- ciples of Presbytery—there are elders as gratulation that one of the first pro- well as pastors; the election of both is ceedings of the reform has been to trans- vested in the members, the ordination of late the New Testament Scriptures for office-bearers belongs to the ministers ; the use of the flocks-a translation which the Erastian rule of the State in the bears the sanction of Czerski as well as Church is disowned, and spiritual indethe other leaders, and which able Ger- pendence maintained. Ordinances are man scholars and sound divines of this administered, not on the ground of precountry have pronounced not only trust- vious connection with Rome, but of the worthy, but in point of modern style inherent rights of the Church of Christ. much superior to general use to the Dr Theiner has ably shewn that no old version of Luther. It is delight supremacy was granted by the Master ful, too, to hear an excellent priest to Peter over his brethren, and hence of thirty years' standing, and most that all the usurpations of the Pope are estimable character, M. Licht, who, as anti-scriptural as they are monstrous; for conscience sake, has recently while M. Czerski, and his friend, M. abandoned the Romish Church, and Port, have recently stated in London,

in connection with the evangelical that the ground why heavy charges of part of the movement, la bours in Elber- unsound doctrine have been preferred feld, say, “Let us oppose to our enemies against them, is their resistance to a fearless front, and meet them with efforts—we believe English efforts ! corresponding, although more powerful “to alter the formula of baptism, and to weapons, as far as the distribution is introduce Episcopal government as exconcerned, but above all by bringing clusively of Divine institution.” These the Bible into every house to which we faithful men add, “we have firmly rehave access.We must blush as sisted every attempt to impose human Christians if, in any house belonging to institutions upon us, and, by the grace our people, the Christian code be want. of God, shall continue to do so, coming. The Bible societies aid us nobly ; mitting our cause to him who judgeth but we must ourselves unite in the work righteously, p. 459. to the utmost of our power,” (p. 393). And this leads us to notice as a In accordance with this spirit, it is favourable omen, the disinterestedness stated that two of the new pastors, who of the leading men, and the irreproach. are masters of the Polish tongue, are ableness of their general character. about to translate the Scriptures into This may not, in the circumstances, be that language, the language of one of entitled to great weight, but it is dethe hitherto most inaccessible Popish serving of attent.on. Most of them kingdoms of the world.

have made worldly sacrifices by the


change-some of them serious sacrifi- alarmed and enraged.

They have ces—have abandoned for instance the shewn this in ways too clear and status and emoluments of professors varied to be misunderstood. Czerski's in universities. With regard more par- safety has been repeatedly endanticularly to the Evangelical party, M. gered. Bribes, as

we have

seen, Port, though his means of livelihood have been again and again prewere very limited, indignantly spurned sented. A highly respectable party in an offer which would have compro- the Romish Church have, as in the mised his principles. M. Licht, sooner days of the earlier Reformation, got up than retract, at three days' notice earnest petitions to their ecclesiastical quitted a fine parsonage house for a superiors for a reform of abuses. In sorry dwelling; while M, Czerski not a rural deanery of 37 parishes, not only gave up fair prospects for poverty less than 32 of the clergy presented and straits, but refused the well-meant such prayers, and the more they disaid of a friend, lest the purity of his cussed the questions brought before motives should be exposed to any sus- them, the more comprehensive became picion; on the same ground he refused the reformation which they sought. In collections which friends would have Baden it is stated that the answer been glad to make in London.* It is which is now expected to the address creditable to the whole party, that demanding the revival of synods, and “one of the fundamental novelties of which Dean Kunzer signed with the the infant reformation is the abroga- rest, will bring matters to a crisis. tion of all perquisites for burials, bap- For if the petition be negatived, Rome tisms, marriages, &c., which have will lose at one blow 50,000 disciples hitherto formed the chief part, not who now but await the result of the only of Catholic, but of Protestant pas- legitimate means they have tried for toral income, and are felt in the effecting reform within the Church, Lutheran Church itself as not merely before resorting to the ultimate step a very irksome, but a most injurious ar. of separating from its communion. rangement,' p. 201. Such disinterest- The fate of Rome, in a thousand inedness may seem small to us, but it stances, now hangs in the balance." is something worthy of remark in men &c., p. 314. Another petition, signed fresh from the mercenary spirit of the by 280 of all classes, though chiefly Church of Rome.

the influential, has been addressed to We conclude the favourable signs the Archbishop of Freiburg. Meanby noticing the enmity which has been while other means are employed by the provoked on the part of the Romish old bigotted priesthood. • In addition Church. Knowing on what a friendly to all fair means of stopping the torfooting superstition continues to live rent, such as counter publications, with scepticism, this surely speaks well counter associations, formation of readto the Evangelical character at least of ing societies, in which carefully selected many engaged in the work. There Roman Catholic books are furnished can be no question that Rome, and gratis, they add the institution of new particularly the Jesuits, with all their religious orders—such as, “the Order professed indifference, are really of the Heart of Mary,” “the Order of the Rosary." High privileges are than a hundred years, have treated the bestowed on those who distinguish Scriptures with dishonour and neglect. themselves in this good work.

* We need scarcely allude to Popish allegations against his character, to the effect that he had misapplied money sent for the building of a Church, and that he was irregular in his marriage. It is a pity that any Protestants should give heed to such charges. In the circumstances they may be fairly looked for. At the same time, we are glad that a committee of members of the Evangelical Alliance, of the highest character, investigated the case in London a few months ago, and pronounced a unanimous verdict of acquittal. Thereafter, M. Czerski attended a large breakfast meeting of congratulation, called by the leading Congregrationalist ministers of the metropolis, besides appearing at a public meeting, regarding the German Reform, in whi h men of the first character bore a part. Every allegation was satisfactorily cleared up and disposed of. “ After a fortnight's close and intimate intercourse, the Rev. Mr Herschell felt able to speak very confidently as to his gue-t's uprightness of motive, humility, and tenderness of spirit, Evangelical views, and godly sincerity.” We have seen a letter from a gentleman who was in almost daily intercourse with him while in London.

His remark is, “ He is artless and sincere, and if there be truth in God's word, he is just such an instrunient as God, in his sovereignty, often chooses to confound the things that are mighty.” M. Czerski had married while yet a priest in the Church of Rome, before many witnestes, but this, it seems, is not rrgular. It may be remembered that Luther's marriage was not more pleasing to the same parties,

We are persuaded that nothing extenIt is pleasant to see the stir which sive or effectual for good will be accomhas been called forth, and to behold plished for its many millions, whether the German mind so minute and la- Popish or Protestant, till the Word borious in penetrating into the past, is restored among them to its ancient exploring the relics and antiquities seat of authority. What is it which of Popish Rome. If we may augur gives us so much more confidence in from the searching exposure of the the stability of the religious awakentwo professors at Bonn, into “the ing which is appearing in many quarhistory of the coat of Treves, and ters of France and Belgium, over the twenty other coats,” we may what we are able to cherish in regard expect a dissection of the pretensions to Germany, endeared to us by many of Popery, as curious as complete. associations ? It is because the colThere cannot be a better field for porteur and the Bible are the great German learning. Here it will be safe instruments in the one, while they are and useful.

comparatively unknown in the other. We might have referred to the pro- Let Christian men, and Christian bable influence of the present religious Churches at home–let “ German cormovement on the political feeling and respondents” from abroad, seek to prospects of Germany, as fitted to give awaken the German people to a more courage in the war against despotism; just estimate of the inspiration and but we have detained the reader too authority of the Word of God-let long.

them seek to reduce vaunted but deluSurveying the whole, we cannot help sive reason to its proper place, and feeling and saying that the great want give to the Spirit what is His due. If, for Germany at the present day, as for by God's blessing, successful in this many years past, is a just value for work, they will have opened up the way the inspired Word of God. In the to the most glorious prospects. Reformation of the sixteenth century We were forgetting, but is right and the Word was everything ; all other pleasant for us to acknowledge, that the agencies were accounted despicable in volume which we have been reviewcomparison, Luther fought the great ing abounds in important documents, battle with the Bible, received and dis- translated from the German-a deseminated in all its integrity as the partment in which the author peculiWord of God. Strange that a coun- arly excels. The present state of the try where this conviction was Protestant Church of Germany which, predominant, and which shared so is full of interest, we find we must largely in the benefit, should, for more postpone to a subsequent paper.





ONE night towards the end of No- greatly, and to be getting extremely vember, in the year 1761, a man, who impatient in his uncomfortable stand. looked like a sort of gamekeeper, was To judge from certain uneasy glances waiting at the door of a house in the which he cast from time to time tovicinity of the small town of Strehlen, wards another house at a little distance, in Silesia. The night was very cold, before which a sentinel was pacing up and the man appeared to feel the cold and down, there appeared to be other

causes for his impatience besides the arrived at the outer gate of what apo cold.

peared a house of considerable size and At length the hour of midnight importance. On the servant's ringing sounded from the neighbouring steeple, a bell, the gate was opened by a porand almost immediately after a person

ter. The master dismounted, and with something of a military air issued throwing his bridle to the servant, and from the door of the house, and ordered ordering him to give the horses to a the man who was standing there to bring groom who was waiting, and go to bed, the horse. He disappeared, and re- as he must have been long enough in turned in a few minutes leading two the cold, entered the house.

The man horses. The master and servant (for Kappel seemed to be of the same such they appeared to be) mounted and opinion as his master on this point, rode off at a brisk pace.

that he had been long enough in the Crossing a small stream by a wooden cold, and quickly disappeared by a door bridge, they passed the footpath lead- in another part of the building. ing to Troppendorf, where some of When Mathias Kappel, the gameZastrom's dragoons were posted, and keeper, entered his room, he received soon found themselves in the open from his wife the by no means agreecountry. The master now slackening able information to a man cold, tired, his pace, and beckoning to his servant and somewhat hungry, that before he to come close up, suddenly asked him went to bed he must deliver to bis masif he had not observed that the king was ter, the baron, a letter which had been very much exposed in his quarters, hav- left by the curate, Schmidt, with a ing no other protection but about thir. particular charge that it should be teen men of his guard ; adding, that no given to his master when he came Austrian general was so ill protected home, be it ever so late. The letter as the king, and that if the Austrians was without address, and Kappel's knew this, they might come and carry wife, as she handed it to him, asked him off with the greatest ease.

what was the meaning of the letter's “ Who's to tell the Austrians that ?" having no direction ; adding that replied the man, rather bluntly. Schmidt had been half the day, till “Dont you suppose that they have late in the evening, with the baroness,

and might have given the letter to her. Even though they may have spies, Kappel made no reply to his wife's obSir, unless God gives them the power, servations, but took the letter and prothey will not get hold of the king.” ceeded with it to his master's bed“ Dont be such a fool, Kappel," re

chamber. joined his master, as to imagine that Kappel having reached his master's God cares about the king. God leaves room, knocked at the door, and being great personages like him to take care desired to enter, found the baroness of themselves.

sitting there, as well as the baron, and “For heaven's sake, Sir, dont talk delivered the letter to the latter, with so loud.

Somebody near, patrols, the curate Schmidt's compliments. The sentinels, may overhear us, and then baroness was very angry that Schmidt we may get into trouble.”

should have been with her half the day " Ride closer then, that I may not without having given her the letter. have to talk so loud.”

The baron ordered her to go to her The man rode close up to his mas- chamber, as it was time to be in bed, ter's side, who thus continued

and added, that she had nothing to do “Haven't you noticed how often we with his letters. He then desired Kaphave rode from the head-quarters at pel to go to bed. night, without ever seeing a single pa- It appeared, however, that the weary trol, or even a sentinel on the hill ? gamekeeper was destined to have little It is very

cold ; they are all in their rest that night, or rather morning. In quarters—they have no fear that the about half an hour he heard the voice Austrians will come and attack them." of the baron at his door, who ordered

After riding about two hours, they him to go to him immediately. The

spies ?"


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