## Euclid's Elements of Geometry: The Six First Books. To which are Added, Elements of Plain and Spherical Trigonometry, a System of Conick Sections, Elements of Natural Philosophy, as Far as it Relates to Astronomy, According to the Newtonian System, and Elements of Astronomy: with Notes |

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Page 15

... and each minute into 60 equal parts , called seconds , & c . and a circle being

described from the vertex of an angle , as a centre , an angle is said to be of as

many degrees , minutes , seconds , & c . as are contained in the

...

... and each minute into 60 equal parts , called seconds , & c . and a circle being

described from the vertex of an angle , as a centre , an angle is said to be of as

many degrees , minutes , seconds , & c . as are contained in the

**arch**intercepted...

Page 16

A square , is one , which has all its sides equal , and all its angles right .

contained in the

trigonometry in this work . This note is inserted , to give beginners a more correct

idea of the ...

A square , is one , which has all its sides equal , and all its angles right .

contained in the

**arch**BD , as will be more fully explained in the tract on plaintrigonometry in this work . This note is inserted , to give beginners a more correct

idea of the ...

Page 43

3 above ; ČD is in this case also equal to CB ; for , if not , it is either greater or less

than it ; and first , let CD , if possible , be greater than CB , and on it take CF equal

to CB ; from the centre C , at the distance CF , describe an

3 above ; ČD is in this case also equal to CB ; for , if not , it is either greater or less

than it ; and first , let CD , if possible , be greater than CB , and on it take CF equal

to CB ; from the centre C , at the distance CF , describe an

**arch**of a circle FG ... Page 44

1 ) ; therefore CD is not greater than CB : Let now CD , if possible , be less than

CB , and , on CD produced , take CH equal to CB ; from the centre C , at the

distance CH , describe an

KB ...

1 ) ; therefore CD is not greater than CB : Let now CD , if possible , be less than

CB , and , on CD produced , take CH equal to CB ; from the centre C , at the

distance CH , describe an

**arch**of a circle , meeting . AD produced in K , and joinKB ...

Page 56

... from the point E , draw EF perpendicular to BD ( 11. 1 ) , meeting the

in F ; EF is the right line required . Join BF . The square of BF , or of 56 BOOK I.

EUCLID'S ELEMENTS.

... from the point E , draw EF perpendicular to BD ( 11. 1 ) , meeting the

**arch**AFDin F ; EF is the right line required . Join BF . The square of BF , or of 56 BOOK I.

EUCLID'S ELEMENTS.

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Euclid's Elements of Geometry, the First Six Books: To Which Are Added ... John Allen No preview available - 2015 |

Euclid's Elements of Geometry, the First Six Books: To Which Are Added ... John Allen No preview available - 2017 |

### Common terms and phrases

adding applied arch axis base bisected body centre circle circumference common compounded conick section Constr contained contrary course described diameter difference directrix distance double draw drawn ellipse equal equal angles equiangular extremes figure focus force formed four given greater half hyperbola inscribed join legs less let fall magnitudes manner meet motion opposite ordinate parabola parallel parallelogram parameter passing perpendicular plain principal produced PROP proportional proposition proved radius ratio rectangle remaining right angles right line secant segments shewn sides similar sine square taken tangent THEOR third touching triangle ABC unequal vertex whence whole

### Popular passages

Page 40 - Therefore all the interior angles of the figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 428 - Lastly, if it universally appears, by experiments and astronomical observations, that all bodies about the earth gravitate towards the earth, and that in proportion to the quantity of matter which they severally contain: that the moon likewise, according to the quantity of its matter, gravitates towards the earth; that, on the other hand, our sea gravitates towards the moon; and all the planets mutually one towards another; and the comets in like manner towards the sun...

Page 13 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.

Page 116 - To describe an isosceles triangle, having each of the angles at the base double of the third angle.

Page 430 - A stone, whirled about in a sling, endeavors to recede from the hand that turns it; and by that endeavor, distends the sling, and that with so much the greater force, as it is revolved with the greater velocity, and as soon as it is let go, flies away.

Page 374 - ... figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has be divided into as many triangles as the figure has sides, by drawing straight lines from a point F within the figure to each of its angles.

Page 459 - In a parabola, the velocity of a body at any distance from the focus is to the velocity of a body revolving in a circle, at the same distance...

Page 434 - Whatever draws or presses another is as much drawn or pressed by that other. If you press a stone with your finger, the finger is also pressed by the stone. If a horse draws a stone tied to a rope, the horse (if I may so say...

Page 127 - D, is said to be Compounded of the ratios of the first to the second, of the second to the third, and so on to the last.

Page 106 - A rectilineal figure is said to be described about a circle, when each side of the circumscribed figure touches the circumference of the circle. 5. In like manner, a circle is said to be inscribed...