## Elements of Surveying, and Navigation: With Descriptions of the Instruments and the Necessary Tables |

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### Common terms and phrases

angle axis base line bearing called centre chords circle column correction corresponding Cosine Cotang course decimal departure describe designated determined difference direction distance divided division double draw drawn east equal error example extremity feet field figure give given greater ground half hence horizontal horizontal line inch intersection known land latitude length less limb logarithm longitude manner marked means measure method middle miles minutes multiplied notes object opposite parallel passing perpendicular plane plate position radius reading remaining REMARK represent right angles rods sailing scale screws ship shows sides sights Sine square staff station subtract suppose surface survey taken Tang tangent telescope theodolite third triangle true turn unit variation vernier vertical yards

### Popular passages

Page 42 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees...

Page 65 - Being on a horizontal plane, and wanting to ascertain the height of a tower, standing on the top of an inaccessible hill, there were measured, the angle of elevation of the top of the hill 40°, and of the top of the tower 51° ; then measuring in a direct line 180 feet farther from the hill, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower was 33° 45' ; required the height of the tower.

Page 115 - Longitude of the preceding course^ plus the Departure of that course, plus the Departure of the course itself* The Double Longitude of the last course (as well as of the first) is equal to its Departure. Its "coming out" so, when obtained by the above rule, proves the accuracy of the calculation of all the preceding Double Longitudes.

Page 13 - THE LOGARITHM: of a number is the exponent of the power to which it is necessary to raise a fixed number, to produce the given number.

Page 144 - Now, if the elongation, at the time of observation, was west, and the north end of the needle is on the west side of the line, the azimuth, plus the angle shown by the needle, is the true variation. But should the north end of the needle be found on the east side of the line, the elongation being west, the difference between the azimuth and the angle would show the variation, and the reverse when the elongation is east. 1. Elongation west, azimuth 2° 04' North end of the needle on the west, angle...

Page 96 - What must be the nominal value of 4% bonds that will yield to their owner an annual income of $720 ? 7. A owns $6000 of 5% bonds; B owns $8000 of 4£% bonds. How much greater is the annual income from B's bonds than from A's ? 8. Find the area of a piece of land in the form of a rhomboid, whose base is 32 rods and whose altitude is 15 rods.

Page 144 - Then if the star depart from the plumb-line, move the compass-sight, east or west, along the timber, as the case may be, until the star shall attain its greatest elongation, when it will continue behind the plumb-line for several minutes ; and will then recede from it in the direction contrary to its motion before it became stationary. Let the compass-sight be now fastened to'the horizontal plank.

Page 26 - In a Right-angled Triangle, the side opposite the right angle is called the Hypothenuse ; and the other two sides are called the Legs, and sometimes the Base and Perpendicular.

Page 49 - C' (89) (90) (91) (92) (93) 112. In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference.

Page 43 - The secant of an arc is the line drawn from the centre of the circle through one extremity of the arc, and limited by the tangent passing through the other extremity. Thus, . 00 is the secant of the arc AB.