## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid, with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle, and the Geometry of Solids; to which are Added, Elements of Plane and Spherical Geometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC base bisected Book called centre chord circle circle ABC circumference coincide common consequently construction cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equilateral Euclid exterior angle extremity fall fore four fourth given given straight line greater half Hence inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism PROB produced PROP proportional proposition proved radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure remaining right angles segment shewn sides similar sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR third touch triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 49 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square of the line between the points of section, is equal to the square of half the line.

Page 147 - ... cuts the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.

Page 292 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 7 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Page 139 - K hag to M the ratio which is compounded of the ratios of the sides ; therefore also the parallelogram AC has to the parallelogram CF the ratio which is compounded of the ratios of the sides. COR. Hence, any two rectangles are to each other as the products of their bases multiplied by their altitudes.

Page 33 - Parallelograms upon the same base and between the same parallels, are equal to one another.

Page 79 - If a straight line touch a circle, and from the point of contact a straight line be drawn cutting the circle, the angles made by...

Page 125 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 131 - If four straight lines be proportionals, the rectangle contained by the extremes is equal to the rectangle contained by the means; And if the rectangle contained by the extremes be equal to the rectangle contained by the means, the four straight lines are proportionals. Let the four straight lines, AB, CD, E, F, be proportionals, viz.

Page 78 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle ; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle ; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.