## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid : with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle, and the Geometry of Solids : to which are Added Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABC is equal ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC arch base bisected Book called centre circle circle ABC circumference coincide common contained cosine cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular Euclid exterior extremity fall fore four fourth given given straight line greater half inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism produced proportional proposition proved Q. E. D. PROP radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment semicircle shewn sides sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR thing third touches triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 56 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square of the line between the points of section, is equal to the square of half the line.

Page 41 - If a side of any triangle be produced, the exterior angle is equal to the two interior and opposite angles; and the three interior angles of every triangle are together equal to two right angles.

Page 36 - If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the...

Page 33 - ANY two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 19 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Page 308 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 25 - UPON the same base, and on the same side of it, there cannot be two triangles that have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of the base equal to one another, and likewise those which are terminated in the other extremity...

Page 56 - If a straight line be bisected, and produced to any point, the rectangle contained by the whole line thus produced, and the part of it produced, together with the square on half the line bisected, is equal to the square on the straight line which is made up of the half and the part produced.

Page 18 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle ; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.

Page 90 - IF from any point without a circle two straight lines be drawn, one of which cuts the circle, and the other touches it ; the rectangle contained by the whole line which cuts the circle, and the part of it without the circle, shall be equal to the square of the line which touches it.